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A. solidly-written Tautonyms.

(In this list, strict alphabetical order is sometimes ignored in order to permit uninflected forms to appear before their inflected variants. The asterisked words were all previously noted in Jeff Grant's Nov. 2008 Word Ways article, "Accidental Tautonyms.")

ablesables

addlesaddles

addlersaddlers

alesales

amplesamples

ankleranlder

aperaper

arksarks

augersaugers

aursaurs

azorazor

cabscabs

cadscads

Calderscalders

camscams

carnpscamps

camperscampers

canscans*

cannerscanners

capeseapes*

Carscars

carescares

carerscarers

carpscarps

Catherscathers

centscents

centerscenters

coldscolds

conescones

coopscoops*

cooperscoopers

copescopes

coperscopers

eopingscopings

corescores

corerscorers

comerscomers

Cotscots

COWSCOWS

cowlscowls

cragscrags

crapescrapes

crapscraps

crapperscrappers

crawlerscrawlers

crawlingscrawlings

creakscreaks

creakingscreakings

creamingscreamings

creedscreeds

crewscrews*

crimperscrimpers

Cubascubas

cuffscuffs*

cufferscuffers

cuffingscuftings

cuttlerscuttlers

deedee*

eatseats

eaterseaters

eatingseatings

eclipseclips

ectorector

edgesedges

educerseducers

electionselections

electorselectors

Euroneuron

ewersewers

extradextrad*

hackleshackles

hackshacks*

hackershackers

hadshads

haftshafts

haftershafters

hagshags*

hakeshakes

hammershammers

hamshams

hameshames

hardshards

haringsharings

harpsharps

harpersharpers

havenshavens

hayshays

hearershearers

heathersheathers

heathsheaths

heaversheavers

hellershellers

hellshells

hemichemic

herdsherds

hillshills

hipships*

hippershippers

hittershitters

hiveshives

hockshocks

hockershockers

hoeshoes

holesholes

hootshoots

hootershooters

hootingshootings

hopshops*

hoppershoppers

homshoms

hovelshovels

huntshunts

huntershunters

huntingshuntings

hushershushers

hushingshushings

icklesickles

idlingsidlings

ilksilks

impsimps

Indowindow

inksinks

inkersinkers

insins

innersirmers

inningsinnings

intersinters*

kidskids*

kidderskidders

killskills*

killingskillings

ldnskins

kipperskippers

labslabs

lackslacks*

laggerslaggers

Lakerslakers

lammerslammers

lammingslammings

lapperslappers

lappingslappings

lasherslashers

lashingslashings

lateslates

laterslaters

latherslathers

lathererslatherers

latterslatters

laughterslaughters

laverslavers

lavingslavings

layerslayers

ledsleds

ledgesledges

ledgersledgers

lickslicks

lickerslickers

lickingslickings

lightslights

lighterslighters

lightingslightings

limeslimes*

limerslimers

lipperslippers

lipslips*

litslits

litterslitters

liverslivers

lobslobs

lobberslobbers

logslogs

loggingsloggings

loopsloops

loppersloppers

lothsloths

loughsloughs

lowerslowers

lowingslowings

lowdownslowdowns

lugslugs

luggersluggers

luggingsluggings

lumberslumbers

lumperslumpers

martsmarts

mattersmatters

meltersmelters

meltingsmeltings

milesmiles

mitersmiters

mocksmocks

mockersmockers

motherersmotherers

moochersmoochers

muggersmuggers

nagsnags

naggersnaggers

naggingsnaggings

nailsnails

napsnaps

nappersnappers

nappingsnappings

narksnarks

nicksnicks

nickersnickers

nippersnippers

nippingsnippings

nitsnits

nobsnobs

nonanona*

nooksnooks

notsnots

nubsnubs

nubbingsnubbings

oddersodders

oftsofts

oilsoils

oilersoilers

oilingsoilings

oresorcs

otorotor

ottersotters

pacespaces

pacerspacers

pacingspacings

panspans*

pannerspanners

parersparers

paringsparings

parksparks

parkersparkers

parkingsparkings

patespates

pattererspatterers

pawnspawns

pawnerspawners

pawningspawnings

payerspayers

pearspears

peckspecks

peckerspeckers

peepee

peculatorspeculators

pendingspendings

pewspews

picespices

pikespikes

pikerspikers

pilespiles

pillspills

pinspins

pinnerspinners

pinespines

pitspits

plattersplatters

playersplayers

poonspoons

poorspoors

porespores

portsports*

portersporters

potspots*

potterspotters

pottingspottings

poutingspoutings

pratsprats

prayersprayers

prayingsprayings

prigsprigs

printsprints*

printingsprintings

punkspunks

puttersputters

putteringsputterings

quadsquads

quidsquids

quintsquints

quiresquires

quirtsquirts

quirtersquirters

reprep*

retterette*

tabstabs

tabberstabbers

tablestables

tablerstablers

tabletable*

tackstacks

tackerstackers

taggerstaggers

takeoutstakeouts

takerstakers

talkstalks

talkerstalkers

talkingstalkings

tallstalls

tampstamps

tartstarts

teamsteams

teedsteeds

temstems

ticksticks*

tickerstickers

tickingstickings

ticklersticklers

tiffstiffs

tillerstillers

tillingstillings

tiltstilts

tinkerstinkers

tinterstinters

tintingstintings

tipplerstipplers

tonestones*

tonerstoners

toolstools

topperstoppers

toppingstoppings

towerstowers

towingstowings

trainstrains

trainerstrainers

trainings/rainings

trapstraps

trapperstrappers

trappingstrappings

trikestrikes*

trikerstrikers

trikingstrikings

tripestripes

tripperstrippers

trollstrolls

trumpetstrumpets

tubstubs

tuffstuffs*

turnblestumbles

tumblerstumblers

ubicubic

umpsumps

undersunders*

uppersuppers*

urgesurges

urgingsurgings

waddlerswaddlers

wainswains

wallowswallows

wallowerswallowers

wallowingswallowings

wanswans

warmswarms

washingswashings

watcherswatchers

wearerswearers

wearingswearings

weepersweepers

weepingsweepings

willingswillings

wingswings*

wingerswingers

wipeswipes

wiperswipers

wipingswipings

wisherswishers

witcherswitchers

witchingswitchings

woonswoons

wordswords*

wordersworders

woundswounds

B. Hyphenated Tautonyms

abbe-dabbed

age-rager

aide-raider

ain't-saints

almoner-salmoners

Angle-dangled

co-decode

ducat-educate

eigne-deigned

eigne-reigner

erne-demed

ice-diced

Ouse-doused

Ouse-rouser

owl-yowly

pa-spas

pier-spiers

Pepsi-apepsia

raft-ingrafting

rain-ingraining

Ross-ingrossing

scape-escapee

scurriers-currier

slavers-laver

slobbers-lobber

squirters-quirter

strollers-troller

taxi-ataxia

then-Athena

uke-duked

Ulf-ingulfing

ur-church

C. Tautonymic Phrases

Tautonymic phrases, which are nearly always "accidental" in nature, are a fascinating tribe. In the sampling of this engaging genre that follows, the sample is divided into four categories: general phrases, anthroponomic phrases, affix-enabled phrases, and short tautonymic sentences.

1. General Phrases

ace racer

ampler samplers

a lay, a la Malayalam

a star dastard

bay abaya

caring scarings

cat scats

chilling schillings

colder scolders

coot scoots

cute scutes

dappled apple

dewed ewe

diced ice

dim, aged image

drilled rille

edited it

educing seducings

elude deluded

enate senates

ever severs

gauntleting aunt let in

hearing shearings

hooting "Shootings!"

Iberian Siberians

icily Sicily's

idle sidles

i.e., died

ill sills

insect-sin sects

inverse sin-verses

irenic sirenics

lake slakes

lapel ape

limps in, glimpsing

lither slithers

liver slivers

low-down slowdowns

lusher slushers

mash-up smashups

milk-warm ilk-war

nob snobs

often softens

oft-good softgoods

older solders

OPEC kopeck

Our sours

Ouse souses

palling spallings

peck specks

pending spendings

pie spies

pindling spindlings

pink spinks

pit-fire spitfires

Pope epopee

pout spouts

"Putterer!" sputterers

putter sputters

quint squints

rawer awe

Sarawak's Arawak

Saudi's Audi

sauger's auger

Saxon's axon

scabs' cab

scamps' camp

scants cant

Scars car

scents cent

SCOITIS corn

scorners' comer

Scot quean's cotquea

scraps crap

scrawls "Crawl!"

screams "Cream!"

screed's creed

scrimper's crimper

scuffs cuff

scuffer's tufter

sears ear

sedges' edge

sedition's edition

seducer's educer

selector's elector

sender's ender

sending's ending

sentry's entry

shad's had

shakes hake

shankers hanker

shard's hard

shares hare

shatters hatter

shingle's hingle

shows how

shuns Hun

shusher's husher

shuts hut

Siberia's Iberia

a sinning's inning

sire's ire

skidder's kidder

skink's kink

skins kin

skipper's kipper

skirtless kirtles

slammer's lammer

slasher's lasher

slathers lather

slaughters laughter

sledger's ledger

slices lice

slitter's litter

slob's lob

sloth's loth

slowpoke's low poke

slugs lug

slugger's lugger

smelter's melter

smites mite

smiter's miter

smockers' mocker

smotherer's motherer

snags nag

snook's nook

soaks oak

sodium's odium

Spain's pain

spanner's panner

spatters' patter

spears pear

spikes pike

spoke's poke

spontoons' pontoon

spore's pore

sprat's prat

sprinter's printer

squad's quad

squid's quid

squill's quill

squire's quire

squirt's quirt

stag's tag

staggers tagger

starrer's tarrer

steals teal

steams team

stickler's tickler

stingless tingles

Stones' tone

straits trait

stumbler's tumbler

swaddler's waddler

swager's wager

swallow's wallow

swayback's way back

swell's well

swilling's willing

swine's wine

swordplay's wordplay

tabling stablings

tale stales

taller stallers

tarter starters

tick sticks

toning stonings

took stooks

tray strays

tripling striplings

tun stuns

tutter stutters

Tyrian Styrians

uluant Sulu ants

unburst sunbursts

unset sunsets

wagger swaggers

warmer swarmers

wee tweet

yeasty East

2. Anthroponomic Phrases

A gift to wordplay from lexicographers is the useful word anthroponomy, "a branch of onomastics that consists of the study of personal names." Short anthroponomic tautonymic phrases tend to be either characterizers ("doled Ole") or possession-noters ("Diana's Indiana sin"):

gaming Amin

gelding Eldin

hardish Ardis

Sally's ally

sap Ron's apron

Sargent's argent

Saxe's axe

Schiller's chiller

hartish Artis

hellish Ellis

hennish Ennis

Shakespear's* hake-spear

Shaw's "Haw!"

Sheppard's heppard

lamed Alameda

randier Andie

rangier Angie

Sid's id

silly Ria's Illyria

Skip's kip

Sloan's loan

rasher Ashe

readier Eadie

ringer Inge

smart Ian's Martian

Speke's peke

Spike's pike

Spence's pence

Rio-diner Iodine

rover Ove

Smyma's Myma

Spook's pock

Stan's tan

Stanfield's tan

field

Swen's wen

* One of several known spellings of his name

3. Affix-Enabled Phrases

"Hi! I'm Mick in Gimmicking here at the G's-R-Us Emporium, and I'd like to invite you to bring the missus and come on down to G's-R-Us and meet me and some of our other friendly staff, such as ... Arden in Gardening, Inger in Gingering, her kin in Gherkining, Ladd in Gladding, Nash in Gnashing, old Smith in Goldsmithing, Oral in Goraling (mind the gorals, they're testy), Raft in Grafting, Ray in Graying, Rip in Griping, "String" in G-Stringing and many more, including (if you're the dilatory type) our congenial collections gum, Unsel in Gunseling!

"And just between us, while you're on the premises, you really ought to take a peek at the ... ash in Gashing, asp in Gasping, ass in Gassing, "ear" shift in Gearshifting, host in Ghosting, lass in Glassing, lobal fish in Global Fishing, lory in Glorying, loss in Glossing, offer in Goffering, old brick in Goldbricking, rat in Grating, rout in Grouting, "rifling" room in Griffin-Grooming, rift in Grifting, rump in Grumping, runt in Grunting, umbo in Gumboing and--the rest of our merchandise always looks a lot better after you've seen it--utter slop in Gutter-Sloping!

"And if you've brought the kids along, why, there' s plenty here to keeep them entertained! If nothing else, they can...lean in Gleaning, low in Glowing, listen in Glistening for a slight in Gaslighting, litter in Glittering, loom in Glooming, lower in Glowering, rant in Granting, rap Nel in Grapneling, rasp in Grasping, row in Growing, ravel in Gravel--" [Click!]

Notice, in the foregoing, the profusion of --ing suffixes; --ing, like a number of other affixes, can be exploited to generate an entire family of tautonymic phrases. Here are some other examples of such affix-enabled tautonymic phrase (and sometimes sentence) families:

ad--

sad diction's addiction

sad dresser's addresser

sad mission's admission

sad mixture's admixture

sad option's adoption

sad verb's adverb

dis--

Is charge discharged?

Is courage discouraged?

Is gorge disgorged?

Is "like" disliked?

Is tribute distributed?

Is Em Bodie disembodied?

ex--

expert sex perts

extant sextants

sex-changer's exchanger

sex-citation's excitation

sex-poses expose

sex-tract's extract

--ism: Oral is moralism. Ental is mentalism. Old, avian, is Moldavianism! A "niche" is Manicheism?

--ist: At: Error is terrorist. Reason is treasonist. Hither is thitherist. Ravi sat-- he is, Travis, a theist!

Both with and without a preceding apostrophe, the suffix --s seems endlessly productive of tautonymic words, phrases and sentences; as may have been noticed, in fact, the great majority of the examples cited in this article employ it. Here are some slightly longer [-s]-enabled tautograms:

A do-sa-do's a dos-a-dos.

"Do ... as pirates may do!" aspirates May.

Hiding, izzards hid in gizzards.

Lacedaemonian simps, lace daemon Ian's imps!

Now goggle ... snowgoggles! peculation speculations

"Proximate's" approximate, sap!

sin-tractability's intractability

Sir, rationality's irrationality!

Sir, religion's irreligion!

Sir, responsibility's irresponsibility!

strikebreakers' trike-breaker

("Sunder stands, understand?")

trike-breaking strikebreakings

U.S. pension suspensions

witch-back switchbacks

4. Short Tautonymic Sentences

One might define "short" tautonymic sentences as those that consist of a single parent word or phrase plus one or more smaller words that were dissected from it, with nothing more added.

Add in gadding.

Allie dallied.

Amble, rambler!

Andy is handyish ...

Angles sang less?

Anita's amanita, Sam!

Ankles sank less.

"Annotate!" Dan notated.

"Antidote, Dan?" Ti doted.

"Apostle rap," ostler?

Apperceive rap, perceiver!

Apt, O raptor!

Ashe dashed.

Carve scarves?

Dante "loped," antelope?

Den raged, enrage.

Den silaged ensilage.

Di eddied.

Diluted, I lute.

Diseased is ease.

Dispraised is praise.

Eat heath!

Educe, reducer!

Egress, O regressor!

Eject, O rejector!

Elapse, relapser!

Evolve, revolver!

Evulse, revulser!

Hammer shammers!

Hank shanks.

Hark--sharks!

Have shaves.

Heave sheaves.

Herein, she reins.

Hi, Ohio!

Hough thought.

Humph, ump!

I am Siam's!

Ignore "signores."

Incur sin, curs!

Ireland, sir--elands?

Isabelle is a belle!

Is Grace disgraced?

Is Honore dishonored?

I've dived.

Kate skates?

Laps elapse.

Lass, work in glassworking.

Lumber slumbers.

Nip, pet, snippets.

No piano, Pia?

Obscure, Rob's curer ...

Ob sobs!

Opinion so pinions!

Oregano, Regan?

"Overcharge!" Dover charged

Oviedo vied.

O, we're dowered?.

Palls appall, sap!

Parents apparent, sap?

Peals appeal, sap!

Pears "appear," sap?

Portions apportion, sap!

Poses appose, sap!

Praises appraise, sap!

Prizes apprize, sap!

Probate approbate, sap!

Remit, eremite!

Rob later, oblate!

Rout rager outrage!

Sad Aden's a den.

"Sad"--age's adage?

Saddling's addling.

Sad duces adduce.

Sad judges adjudge.

Sad ministers administer.

Sad verse's adverse.

Satire's afire!

Sages age.

Sailing's ailing.

Sap aches, Apache!

Sap an age's apanage!

Saturn's a turn.

Scarsdale's cars, Dale?

Scurvy's curvy.

Seven's even?

Sex acts exact.

Sexists exist.

Sex or cists, exorcist?

Sheldon's held on.

Sherman's her man!

Sherwood's "her" wood?

She's he?

Shipmates hip, mate?

Shovers hover.

Shun Gary's Hungary.

Sin-flames inflame.

Sin-snares insnare.

Sin's in!

Sinter cessors, intercessor!

Sinter lopers, interloper!

Sir, Ma's "Irma."

Slacking's lacking?

Slagging's lagging.

Slingers linger.

Slogans, Logan?

Smelts melt?

Smews mew?

Smolts molt?

Snicks nick!

Snowdrifts now drift.

So dense's Odense!

So lives Olive.

Sonya's on ya!

Spatterdocks patter dock.

Spotters potter.

Staking's taking.

Stalks talk?

Stampers tamper.

Strumpets trumpet.

Tingles sting less.

Tinkles stink less.

Unedible dun Ed I ... bled.

Us, hush?

"Val" is medievalism, Edie!

Yearly, earl.
COPYRIGHT 2009 Jeremiah Farrell
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Publication:Word Ways
Article Type:List
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Aug 1, 2009
Words:1832
Previous Article:More accidental tautonyms.
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