A road map for warhead elimination.
Duration of the nuclear ban warhead elimination period is proposed to be either three or four years, depending on the higher number of either Russian or US nuclear warheads remaining when the worldwide, unanimously joined nuclear ban treaty enters into force. If that quantity is less than 5,000, the elimination period would be 3 years, and 4 years if over 5,000. (The US reportedly is approximately at 5,000 already.) "Warheads" in this discussion includes strategic and substrategic or "tactical," deployed and those in reserve, and those already slated for dismantling. Assuming for illustration that Russia has 4,500 total warheads and the US 4,000 when a nuclear ban enters into force, meaning a three-year elimination period (because neither has more than 5,000), Russia would have to decrease to the US level of 4,000 before the US begins reducing -- or vice versa if quantities were reversed.
From the date Russia (in this example) has decreased to the US level and the US then joins with Russia in parallel further reductions, the other nuclear weapon states commence a 90-day period of dismantling 25 percent of their warheads; but thereafter the latter states can "wait" until Russia and the US, reducing in tandem and following the elimination timetable, reduce to the other states' varying (25 percent-reduced) levels, at which successive points those states join the US and Russia in the final phases, on a month-by-month and then week-by-week basis, of the progress to zero.
It may be noted -- and objected -- that in anticipation of the 25 percent required decrease, pertinent states could counteract this by increasing their arsenals, i.e., before (impending) nuclear ban entry into force. However, even if some states did so, which would be liable to world criticism with a nuclear ban on the immediate horizon, under the enacted ban such a state must promptly and transparently eliminate 25 percent of its arsenal -- which in any case would be much smaller than those of Russia and the US. It would not be fair, though, to the US and Russia to instead exempt, until US/Russian warhead levels are all the way down to those of the other nuclear weapon states, the latter states from the transparency, cooperation, and good-faith demonstrations attendant upon prompt (90-day) and internationally-monitored dismantling of a significant percentage (such as 25) of a state's nuclear arsenal.
Russia and the US, for their part, would be dismantling from their starting points many more warheads than the other nuclear weapon states; but due to arsenal size the US and Russia would still, as today, be possessors of a large (though diminishing) majority of the world's nuclear weapons through most of the weapons elimination period. Nearing the end, however, such as final six or nine months, the US and Russia together would reach the varying levels of the other nuclear weapons states, and as noted be (re)joined by them in further reductions as the elimination timetable fixes ever-lower permissible ceilings on warhead possession.
To summarize: Proposed duration of the weapons elimination period is 3 or 4 years, depending on whether the US or Russia has over 5,000 total warheads (including inactive and those already slated for dismantling). Of the two countries, the greater-possessor undertakes reductions in accordance with the 3-4 year nuclear ban timetable, and is joined by the other when initial reductions by the former bring the two countries even. From that day also, the other nuclear weapon states must within 90 days eliminate 25 percent of their warheads. Thereafter, though, those states are not required to reduce further until Russia and the US, following the treaty's timetable, reduce to the other states' varying but much lower levels, whereupon the latter states join the final phases of warhead elimination -- on month-by-month and then week-by-week basis -- leading to day of total elimination.
The above scheme would please the US and Russia, on one hand, because of the 25 percent, transparent warhead reduction over just 90 days by the other nuclear weapon states (whose arsenals in any case are much smaller than US-Russian). On the other hand, it would please the other (currently seven) nuclear weapon states because ultimately, over the final and thus most-important six or nine months of weapons elimination, the US and Russia would reduce to the other states' varying lower levels before the latter states must rejoin the warhead elimination process in final reductions to zero.
On a critical issue of warhead elimination, it is here recommended that today's nuclear weapon states not be prohibited by the treaty from maintaining their remaining, diminishing warheads as "active" during the elimination period -- with the alternative being to require their overall, mass inactivation or extreme dealerting at some early or middle phase of the elimination period (here posited as 3-4 years). The reason is because today's nuclear weapon states probably would prefer, and may insist upon, having a "ready arsenal" (although shrinking) as a hedge against a conceived nuclear ban "break-out" -- until all weapons are eliminated and the nuclear weapons-free world is a reality, underlain by the unprecedented geopolitical and other force of a unanimously joined treaty that regards states equally and relieves all of today's nuclear threats. (With that said, countries such as the US and Russia or others could certainly choose to negotiate and establish de-alerting measures beyond present ones -- but outside of nuclear ban auspices.) After nuclear ban baseline accountancy and recordation of nuclear warheads, conducted by the nuclear ban Technical Secretariat (inspectorate), states also -- on the viewpoint here -- would not be required to maintain remaining (diminishing) warheads in the "same place(s)," nor to report movement of warheads -- until each state's necessary consolidation of its final several or so warheads in the final few days or day of weapons elimination. Why? Because a state with a relatively small nuclear arsenal, if instead required by treaty to keep its weapons in a "declared" location or locations during the period of warhead elimination, could be afraid of being an easy target for liquidation of its (small) nuclear arsenal by another state's military resources.
Of course, all dismantling of warheads under the nuclear ban timetable would be conducted under full monitoring of the nuclear ban regime, resulting in ongoing and public accountancy of exact quantities and respective owners of the world's shrinking number of nuclear warheads. To emphasize, though: As incentive for today's nuclear weapon states to actually join the nuclear ban, it is here recommended as not having a requirement for states to reveal location(s) of still-extant warheads during the progress to zero of the warhead elimination period.
What, then, would prevent a state from attempting to hide some warheads and not initially declare and then eliminate them as required by treaty elimination timetable -- or, for that matter, to attempt secret development of nuclear weapons after their worldwide elimination under a fully enacted nuclear ban treaty? Response: The unprecedented geopolitical, legal, psychological, and moral force of unanimous accession by states to the treaty (Nuclear Weapons Convention) before it takes effect; the absence of assured or easy success in cheating due to the worldwide verification regime, plus presumable workings of "societal verification" with a worldwide treaty; the treaty's equal applicability and thus fairness to states (removing any putative, psychological "justification" for treaty violation); the treaty's main benefit to states (removal of current nuclear weapons-related threats, including possible terrorist acquisition from a state's arsenal); and the certitude of worldwide opposition to a pernicious violator of the worldwide treaty.
Copyright: Arab News 2012 All rights reserved.
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|Publication:||Arab News (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)|
|Date:||Jun 12, 2012|
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