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A Twenty-First-Century Claim.

Though the Toledo War officially ended in 1836, the last battle wasn't fought until 136 years later, when it was brought before the United States Supreme Court. In the case of Michigan v. Ohio, decided in 1972, the Supreme Court heard arguments regarding the states' boundary line as it extended through Lake Erie and across tiny Turtle Island--the same island on which Robert E. Lee camped in July 1835 and wrote his letter to George W. Cullum.

Michigan argued that a proper reading of the boundary gave it a greater share of Turtle Island than Ohio. The Court disagreed. Overruling Michigan's exceptions to the report and recommendation of the special master assigned to the case, the Court held that the "boundary line between the States of Ohio and Michigan in Lake Erie follows a line drawn from the point in Maumee Bay where the north cape of that bay was located in 1836 on a course having a bearing North 45[??] East measured from a true meridian, passing over the center of the existing circular concrete seawall on Turtle Island and continuing on the same course through the lake to the point where it intersects the boundary line between the United States and Canada." When the lawsuit was over, Ohio was left with roughly two-thirds of the island. Michigan retained a mere third and the costs of the court case.

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Title Annotation:1972 Supreme Court case on Michigan-Ohio boundary dispute over Turtle Island
Publication:Michigan History Magazine
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1U3MI
Date:Jul 1, 2017
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