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A Practical Application of Technology in the Music Classroom.

The use of technology, specifically Google Forms, can alleviate many of these issues and provide a quality listening and learning experience for the students. Using this technology, students can listen privately with headsets. This eliminates noise from the environment. With Google Forms students may listen once, or as many times as needed to complete the listening assignment. This permits the students to work at their own pace. The technology also allows the students to complete the listening assignment after listening to the music selection, or during listening to the music selection. This gives flexibility regarding the students' learning style. In addition, the technology provides a valid and reliable evaluation option for the Music teacher.

For the purpose of demonstration of this technology, the writer will create a Listening Test for Sousa's Stars and Stripes Forever using Google Forms. The writer presumes that readers have access to Google accounts for students and teachers in their music classroom.

Using Google Forms to Create the Listening Test

To create the Listening Test using Google Forms, you must first log in to your Google Drive. Click the "Google Apps" icon in the upper right-hand corner, scroll down and click "Forms". [See Table 1 for a complete description of all icons used in this article.] Click the "Blank" form. Click "Untitled form" and write "Listening Test #1--Sousa Stars and Stripes Forever". Click "Untitled form" in the top left-hand corner of the page. The title should automatically appear in this area. If it does not appear, write the title.

Click "Form description" and write your directions: "Listen to the music selection below. Answer all questions. Click Submit when completed."

Select the "Add Section" icon in the right menu of the page. A new section labelled Section 2 will appear in your document. Click "Untitled section" and write the name of Section 2: "Music Selection: Sousa / Stars and Stripes Forever".

Selecting and Adding a Video to the Listening Test

To add a video to the Listening test, you must first go to YouTube. Search for a video of a performance of Sousa's Stars and Stripes Forever. Open that video. Right click the URL and copy it. Return to your Google Form. Click the "Add Video" icon in the right menu. A Search Video window will open. Click "URL". Right click and paste the URL in the window that reads "Paste You Tube URL here". Click "Select". The video will appear in your document. Click the circle with the 3 dots found in the top left corner on the video and select "Center Align". The video will be centered on your page. Click Description (optional)" and write "Listen to the Music selection and answer the questions in Section 3". Click "Untitled video" and write "Sousa: Stars and Stripes Forever".

Creating Questions for the Listening Test

Before creating questions for the Listening Test, you must first create a Question Section in the Google Form. Click the "Add Section" in the right menu of the page. A Section 3 will be added to your document. Click "Untitled Section" and write "Questions: After listening to the music selection above, answer all of the following questions. Click Submit when completed." Click the "Add question" icon at the top of the menu on the right of the page. An untitled blank question will appear. Click "Untitled Question" and write your first question: "The ensemble you hear is a / an" as the main body of the question. On the right side of the page select "Multiple Choice" as your type of test question. Write "Vocalist" as Option 1. Write "Choir" as Option 2. Write "Orchestra" as Option 3. Write "Band" as Option 4. Click "Required" in the lower right-hand corner. The dot will become coloured when "Required" is active.

To add more questions to your Listening Test, click the "Add Question" icon, and continue in this manner until you complete all your test questions. Listening test questions may be created based on pitch, rhythm, texture, instrumentation, dynamics, beat, tempo, style, form, timbre, and / or mood.

Making the Listening Test a "Google Quiz"

To create a Google Quiz, go to the top of your form, and click the "Settings" icon next to the "Send" button at the top right corner of the page. Click "General". Click only the following items in that window: "Collect email addresses", "Response receipts", and "If respondent requests it". Under "Requires sign in", only click "Restrict to users", and "Limit to 1 response". In the Settings menu bar click "Presentation". Only click "Show progress bar", and "Shuffle order". The "Shuffle order" feature allows each student to receive a unique version of the test. This adds to the validity of test answers. In the Settings menu bar click "Quizzes". Only click "Make this a quiz". Under "Release grade", click "Later, after manual review". Under "Respondent can see", only click "Missed questions", and "Point values". Click "Save". All settings will be saved for the selections you made under "General", "Presentation", and "Quizzes".

Previewing and Changing the Appearance of the Listening Test

To change the look of your test, click the "Colour Palette" icon at the top of the page. Under this option you can change the colour, or select a theme for your test.

To preview your test, click the "Preview" icon in the top menu. The test will appear as your students will see it.

Creating an Answer Key for the Listening Test

To make an Answer Key for correcting your test, go to the Listening Test, and click the body of the first question. Click Answer Key. Click the correct answer for that question. In the top right-hand corner, select the point value for that question.

Continue to do this for every question of your test. Be sure to add a point value, a correct answer for every question, and click required for every question.

Allowing Student Access to the Listening Test

When you are ready to give your test, click "Responses" at the top of the test. Click the toggle button, "Accepting responses / Not accepting responses". Toggle "Accepting responses" and your students will have access to the test. When your students have completed the test, toggle "Not accepting responses" and your students will no longer be able to access the test.

Linking the Listening Test to Google Classroom

To make your test available in your Google Music Classroom, click "Send" in the top menu bar. Click the URL icon. Click "Shorten URL". Click "Copy". Close that window.

Go to your Google Classroom. Select the Music class of students that will complete the Listening Test. Click the "Add" icon + in the bottom right of the page. Click "Create assignment". Click the URL Link icon. An "Add link" window will open. Right-click and paste the test URL into the space provided. Click "Add Link". The link is now added to your Google Music Classroom. Click the Title line, and write "Listening Test #1: Sousa--Stars and Stripes Forever". Click "Instructions" and write: "Click the link below. Listen to the Music selection. Answer all questions. Submit when completed". Click "No due date" and select the test date from the drop-down calendar menu. Click "Assign". Students will now be able to link to, and complete the Listening Test using Google Classroom.

Creating a Test Score Spreadsheet for the Listening Test

To create a test score spreadsheet, go to your Google test. Click "Responses". Click the "Create spreadsheet" icon. Click "Create a new spreadsheet". Click "Create". A test score spreadsheet will open with the scores for all the students who have completed the Listening Test. This feature saves the music teacher valuable time. The time that music teachers would have spent correcting tests may now be used on class instruction, lesson planning, or professional development.

Releasing Test Scores to Students for the Listening Test

After test scores have been recorded, the test scores may be released to each student. To do this go to your listening test. Click "Responses". Scroll down the page to the "Scores" section. Click the "Release Scores" button found at the top-right of the Scores. Each student will receive via e-mail an individual test score, missed questions, and correct answers. This feature gives students immediate and valuable feedback about their learning.

Conclusion

The use of Google Forms allows music teachers to utilize technology in the delivery of the music curriculum. The technology has applications at all grade levels K- 12, and in all music classes (general classroom music, music history, music theory, music appreciation, and music performance). It provides music students with a quality listening experience that allows for an individual approach to learning. As well, it assists with developing the students' listening skills, and helps to focus the students' learning and listening. In addition, the technology saves valuable time for music teachers, creates a unique test for each student, and provides a reliable and valid assessment in music listening.

This is the Google Apps icon.

This is the "Add Section" icon.

This is the "Add Video" icon.

This is the "Add Question" icon.

This is the "Settings" icon.

This is the "Colour Palette" icon.

This is the "Preview" icon.

This is the "URL" icon.

This is the "Create Spreadsheet" icon.

Dr. Ann Marie Lane holds a Ph. D. in Music Education and Conducting. She has taught Music for over 25 years at all grade levels K--12 and at the university level. Music performance ensembles under her direction have achieved top ratings at local, regional, and national competitions. She has multiple research publications in national journals in Canada, and in the USA. She is currently serving as Music Education Specialist with the Newfoundland and Labrador English School District.
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Title Annotation:principal themes: technology in the music classroom; Google Forms
Author:Lane, Ann Marie
Publication:Canadian Music Educator
Article Type:Report
Date:Jan 1, 2019
Words:1606
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