A History of Anatomy Theaters in Sixteenth-century Padua.
A History of Anatomy Theaters in Sixteenth-century Padua
C. Klestinec. 2004. Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences 59:375-412.
The author discusses the controversial role of visual aids and demonstration in the education of medical students in sixteenth-century Padua. In the early 1500s Andreas Vesalius encouraged the manual participation of his students in anatomical demonstrations, including both vivisections and dissections: "I do not want to give my opinion; you yourselves should feel with your own hands, and trust them." This hands-on, interactive approach was gradually displaced in the university by the conceptual approach of Hieronymus Fabricus, whose anatomical demonstrations were selective and incomplete and did not actively involve the students. In response to students' complaints, the university sanctioned private, supplementary demonstrations that provided the necessary technical education in structural anatomy. By the end of the 16th century there had developed at least two contrasting styles of anatomical demonstration: the low style, which was student-centered, private, and useful, and the high style, which employed dead animals and already-dissected cadavers as props in a theatrical performance for both academic and nonacademic spectators.
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|Author:||Malone, Edward A.|
|Date:||Feb 1, 2005|
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