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A Dictionary of Pali.

A Dictionary of Pali, pt. 2: g-n. By MARGARET CONE. Bristol: PALI TEXT SOCIETY, 2010. Pp. x + 653. [pounds sterling]40.

A Critical Pali Dictionary, vol. 3, fasc. 8, Kamadhatu-kareti. Edited by OSKAR VON HINUBER). Bristol: PALI TEXT SOCIETY, 2011. Pp. xv-xxxvii + 387-474. [pounds sterling]15.

In JAOS 123.3 (2003): 687-90, it was my privilege to celebrate the publication of part 1 of Margaret Cone's new Dictionary of Pali (= DOP). There is no need to repeat here the remarks about the history of Pali lexicography made in the earlier review. But one can repeat the celebration: this is another landmark in the study of Pali, a required reference tool for anyone working on Pali texts, at whatever level. Part 2 has author and title details on the front cover as well as the spine as was the case with part 1, and--a most welcome addition--running heads at the top of pages, which makes it easier to use than part 1. Part 2 has a list of addenda to part 1 (pp. 645-53). Many of the entries are major research contributions, with many centrally important terms: part 1, for example, has long and extremely useful entries on kamma and related terms; part 2 has entries on dhamma and nibbana. Dr. Cone has been working on the dictionary since 1984. At the time of writing this review, I gather (October 2011) she has reached the letter p (s.v. parama). Let us hope that part 3 will be published in the not-too-distant future.

In the previous review T mentioned the Critical Pali Dictionary (= CPD), begun in 1926 (not 1924 as is stated on the title page), which had at the time of that writing reached vol. 3, fasc. 6, to kasavacunna, published by the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. The year 2001 saw the appearance of vol. 3, fasc. 7, kasavacurma-kamadhatu, then published by the Department of Asian Studies, University of Copenhagen, reviewed in JAOS 123.4 (2003): 932. 2011 brought the appearance of volume 3, fasc. 8, kamadhatu-kareti, now published by the Pali Text Society. Here the tone must be elegiac as well as celebratory, for this will be the last fascicule to appear: CPD has now come to an end. The entire CPD to date is available in hard copy from the Pali Text Society: see http://www.palitext.com; entries from all fascicules up to the penultimate (vol. 3, lase. 6) are also available on-line at http://pali.hum.ku.dk/cpd/. (This site also contains the prefaces to the three volumes, abbreviations, obituaries, and other useful material.) The introductory materials to three separate fascicules of volume 3 give the recent history of CPD, with details of the contributors: readers should note that of the prefatory pages (in roman numerals) to volume 3, pages i - vi are in fascicule 1, pp. vii - xiv in fascicule 7, and pp. xv - xxxvii in fascicule 8, as is the contents page for volume 3 as a whole. Anyone binding the fascicules of volume 3 together should take note of this. At the end of the fascicule (pp. 469-74) is a list of additions and corrections to volume 3 as a whole. Of the two dictionaries, CPD is for the most part fuller, quantitatively: the entry for the simple verb karoti, 'to do', for instance, occurs in volume 3, fasc. 6, pp. 301-14, with twenty-six columns of entries, while the causative forms hi rayati, karapeti, and kareti have separate entries in fasc. 8, pp. 453-55 (six columns), pp. 456-58 karapeti, and kareti have separate emries in fasc. S. pp 453-55 (sux columns), pp. 456-58 (lour columns), and pp. 464-67 (seven columns) respectively. DOP has both simple and causative forms of the verb logether under karoti, pp. 646-53 (just over thirteen columns). Bom have various derivatives ol [check]kr under separate headings- CPD does not end with ktiiett. despite the cover page: the last entry is karetu-kama, with a final sub-entry karetu-kama-ta (referred to felicitously by von Hinuber on the final prefaratory page [p. xxxvii]).

The history of DOP and its antecedents is discussed in the preface to part 1 and in two articles by Dr. Cone: "Lexicography, Pali, and Pali Lexicography," Journal of the Pali Text Society 22 (1996): 1-34, and "The New Pali-English Dictionary," in Lexicography in the Indian and Buddhist Cultural Field: Proceedings of the Conference at the University of Strasbourg 25 to 27 April 1996 (Studio Tibetica: Quellen and Studien zur tibetischen Lexikographie, vol. 4 [Munich 1998]), 39-46. The history of CPD has been discussed in a number of prefaces to the volumes and fascicules of CPD, and also by Prof von Hiniiber in his article "The Critical Pali Dictionary: History and Prospects," in the work just cited (pp. 65-73; reprinted in his Kleine Schriften, vol. 1 [Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2009], 470-78). As he explains, there was originally a single project to replace Childers' pioneering A Dictionary of the Pali Language (originally published in 1875), but the First World War alas brought such cooperation to an end and the dictionary was thereafter split into British and Scandinavian branches, which led to the Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary and CPD respectively. In his "Concluding Remarks" to CPD III (p. xxxv) Prof. von Hiniiber reports that at a conference on the future of Pali lexicography held in Mainz in 2007 and attended by many leading Pali scholars, it was decided "that all efforts of Pali lexicography should be concentrated on one Pali dictionary in future, the Pali-English Dictionary presently being compiled by Margaret Cone ... [and thus] a new era of Pali lexicography may begin which ultimately achieves the concentration of all efforts on one dictionary as originally planned about a century ago." This is indeed very much to be hoped.

STEVEN COLLINS UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
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Title Annotation:A Critical Pali Dictionary, vol. 3
Author:Collins, Steven
Publication:The Journal of the American Oriental Society
Article Type:Book review
Date:Jan 1, 2012
Words:965
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