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A Bibliometric Portrait of Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research (PJSIR) During the Period of 1958-2007.

Introduction

Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research (PJSIR) regularly published from 1958 under the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) Government-owned body. It covers the research in basic and applied sciences of physical, biological and technological sciences with their sub-specialties. Bibliometric is the branch which measures the information regarded to the book, an article or a text. This application handles the information mathematically and statistically of a written article published as a text in the book or another format (Wilson, 2014). A journal plays a vital role in disseminating the knowledge to update the researchers, institutes, and countries around the world journals (Mohan and Raigoly, 2017). Publishing articles in journals is a powerful method and provides the help to institutes for more attention in progress of individual talent and funding from the donors (Rawat and Meena, 2014).

Literature review. A quantitative study was carried out to estimate IEEE scientific journals on the Google Scholar, Web of Science and Scopus databases by traditions about the value of citations, the reliability of search engine statistics and the similarity. This study found 250,000 authors which published their research in 110 IEEE journals. This study also provides bibliometric as a methodological tool for monitoring a large number of scientific journals (Canavero et al., 2014). Computers and Industrial Engineering (CIE) is a leading international journal in the field of industrial engineering published research regularly from 1976 to-date. With the help of Web of Science (WoS) database, a study was conducted to know the prominent participators in this journal. The United States of America (USA) was most productive country followed by the People Republic of China (PRC) publishing in CIE (Cansino et al., 2017). A research was examined to discover critical themes with collaboration in international construction, the patterns of development and active institutes. Only 87 articles were published in six journals in this field from 2003-2013. The risk management, measuring performance, competencies and foreign market were top trends in industrial research. The National University of Singapore, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, and Middle East Technical University, Turkey were top in publications (Li et al., 2018; Gundes and Aydogan 2016) conducted bibliometric investigations based on the literature covering terms of solid waste reuse and recycling published in Web of Science and its subdatabases; Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science (CPCI-S) and Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Social science & Humanities (CPCI-SSH) during the period of 1992-2016. Study finds 6289 articles published in 1402 journals. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Bohemia, Czech Republic conducted an interested study on the title of computer science with artificial intelligence, interdisciplinary applications, hardware and architecture with software engineering as sub-titles and it reveals that 1,922,652 (1.9 million) articles published all-around the world from 1945-2014 and available on Web of Science (Fiala and Tutoky, 2017). A comparative study was carried out on the journals of Pakistan Heart Journal (PHJ) and Journal of Saudi Heart Association (JSHJ), it was revealed that 393 (207; 906% by PHJ and 186; 10.7% by JSHA) articles were published during the year 2012-2016 with the contribution of 1840 researchers (Baladi and Satti, 2018).

Materials and Methods

This retrospective study started with the aim to evaluate the number of published articles under the title of physical, biological and technological sciences with short communications, volume, decade, and year-wise. The data of all research items published during 1958 to 2007 in the form of abstracts was downloaded and collected from the website of an electronic journal: (http://www.pjsir.org/arc.php) during January to July, 2018 in the library of College of Applied Medical Sciences King Saud bin Abdulaziz University of Health Affairs, Riyadh Kingdome of Saudi Arabia. Microsoft Excel 2010 spreadsheet had been prepared for data analysis.

The objectives were set to examination:

(a) To identify the year, volume and issue wise distribution of publications;

(b) To calculate the share of disciplines:

(i) Physical, biological, technological sciences;

(ii) Short communications wise;

(c) To recognize the decade wise publications.

Results and Discussion

Figure 1 and Table 1 reveals the results of this study it shows the results that PJSIR published 4929 articles in 340 issues and 50 volumes with an average of 14.4% articles per issue and 98.5% articles per volume. PJSIR published 156; 45.8% issues as bi-monthly followed by 132; 38.8% issues as monthly and 52; 15.2% issues as on quarterly basis.

Figure 2 and Table 2-3 summarized the position of distribution of publications in PJSIR during the studied period, it reveals that research on physical sciences shows influences with n=1790; 36.3% articles followed by biological science n=1651; 33.5% articles and Table 2 elaborate the picture of publications decade wise from 1958-2007. The fourth decade (1988-1997) published 1375; 28% articles out of 4929 articles followed (1968-1977) by 1005; 20.3% as maximum.

Figure 3 and Tables 4-8 explained the decade and year wise breakdown of PJSIR publishing research during the period of 1958-2007. Maximum n=238; 4.8% articles were published in the year 1987 followed by n=235; 4.7% articles in the year 1989. The minimum n=29; 0.5% articles published in the year 1997 and followed by n=36; 0.7% in the year 1959.
Fig. 1. Resarch Published in PJSIR during the period of 1958 - 2007

Year 1958   61
            36
Year 1960   53
            54
Year 1962   69
            76
Year 1964   76
            83
Year 1966  104
            82
Year 1968  115
           116
Year 1970  106
           148
Year 1972  127
            84
Year 1974   71
            61
Year 1976   78
            99
Year 1978   65
            93
Year 1980   70
            55
Year 1982   63
            96
Year 1984   96
           105
Year 1986  116
           238
Year 1988  221
           235
Year 1990  152
           143
Year 1992  142
           147
Year 1994  142
           114
Year 1996   50
            29
Year 1998   63
            90
Year 2000   82
            85
Year 2002   98
            99
Year 2004   97
            89
Year 2006   84
            70

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Fig. 2. Resarch articles published in PJSIR from
1958 - 2007.

Physical Sciences       36%
Short Communications     3.7%
Biological Sciences     33.5%
Short Communications     4.2%
Technological Sciences  19.8%
Sohrt Communications     2.3%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 3. Resarch published in fifty years of PJSIR
(1958 - 2007).
1958-1967 1968-1977     1978-1987   1988-1997    1998-2007

694(14%)  1005 (20.3%)  997(20.2%)  1375(27.9%)  858(17.4%)

Note: Table made from bar graph.


Conclusion

Interesting results were found in this study that there are three hundred forty issues were published in50 volumes with an average of 6.8 per issue. Total 4417 (1790; 40.5%, 1651; 37.3% and 976; 22%) articles published under the caption of Physical, Biological, and Technology out of 4929 articles. Remaining 512; 10.3% articles were short communications. There is a difference of 311; 6.3% articles published in the first decade to the second decade, instead of 517; 10.4 articles between fourth to fifth decades out of 4929 articles published in five decades. Short communications reflect the new ideas and opinions of researchers in a concise way about any discipline of study. A publisher plays a significant role to encourage researcher for contributing their knowledge, ideas, and experiments in the form of articles, to get the value that supports teaching and learning. This study found that short communication in technology gets the minimum attention of researchers, except the fourth decade 75; 51.7% out of 145 short communications in biological science during the period 1988-1997 as a maximum. The management of Pakistan Journal of Science and Industrial Research (PJSIR) try to engage and facilitate to researcher through its challenging policies.

References

Baladi, Z.H., Satti, M.H. 2018. Comparative research productivity of Pakistan Heart Journal and Journal of Saudi Heart Association. A bibliometric analysis 2012-2016. Pakistan Heart Journal, 51.

Canavero, E, Franceschini, E, Maisano, D., Mastrogiacomo, L. 2014. Impact of journals and academic reputations of authors. A structured bibliometric survey of the IEEE publication galaxy. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 57: 17-40.

Cancino, C., Merigo, J.M., Coronado, F., Dessouky, Y., Dessouky, M. 2017. Forty years of computers and industrial engineering. A bibliometric analysis. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 113: 614-629.

Fiala, D., Tutoky, G. 2017. Computer Science Papers in Web of Science. A bibliometric analysis. Publications, 5: 23.

Gundes, S., Aydogan, G. 2016. Bibliometric analysis of research in international construction. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 43: 304-311.

Li, N., Han, R., Lu, X. 2018. Bibliometric analysis of research trends on solid waste reuse and recycling during 1992-2016. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 130: 109-117.

Mohan, B.S., Rajgoli, I.U. 2017. Mapping of Scholarly Communication in Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan and Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. A bibliometric approach. Science and Technology Libraries, 36: 351-375.

Rawat, S., Meena, S. 2014. Publish or perish. Where are we heading?. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. The official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 19: 87-89.

Wilson, V. 2014. Research methods. Triangulation. Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, 9: 74-75.

Zameer Hussain Baladi

King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

E-mail: baladiz@ksau-hs.edu.sa & zameer.baladi@gmail.com

(received September 17, 2018; revised October 3, 2018; accepted October 5, 2018)
Table 1. Nomenclature of PJSIR 1958 - 2007

PJSIR volumes          Total issues

1 to 13 (Quarterly)      52 (1.05%)
14 to 29 (Bi-Monthly)    96 (1.95%)
30 to 40 (Monthly)      132 (2.68%)
41 - 50 (Bi-Monthly)     60 (1.22%)
Total volumes            50 (98.5 articles published per volume
Total issues            340 (14.4 articles published per issue)
Total articles         4929

Table 2. Decade wise distribution of articles from 1958 - 2007

Decades                 1958-1967  1968-1977  1978-1987  1988-1997

Physical Sciences       284        297        358        509
Short Communications     13         51         34         38
Biological Sciences     234        295        316        473
Short Communications     12         49         26         75
Technological Sciences  147        261        246        248
Short Communications      4         52         17         32
Total (It include 17    694        1005       997        1375
Special Articles and    14%          20.3%     20.2%       28%
18 Review Papers)

Decades                 1998-2007  Total  PDA (*)  %

Physical Sciences       342        1790   358      36.3%
Short Communications     50         186    37.2     3.7%
Biological Sciences     333        1651   330.2    33.5%
Short Communications     46         208    41.6     4.2%
Technological Sciences   74         976   195.2    19.8%
Short Communications     13         118    23.6     2.3%
Total (It include 17    858        4929
Special Articles and     14.4%
18 Review Papers)

(*) PDA: per decade average.

Table 3. Special Articles/Review Papers published in PJSIR during
1958 - 2007

PJSIR             Phys. Sci.  Biol. Sci.  Tech. Sci.  Total

Special Articles  5           4            8          17
Review Papers     1           1           16          18
Total             6           5           24          35

Table 4. Distribution of articles during the period of!958 - 1967

Years                   1958  1959  1960  1961  1962  1963  1964  1965

Physical Sciences         26    17    19    21    23    36    32    33
Short Communications                   0     2     0     2     1     2
Biological Sciences       21    13    21    24    23    19    25    27
Short Communications                   4     1     1     1     3     1
Technological Sciences    14     6     9     6    20    17    15    19
Short Communications                   0     0     2     1     0     1
Total                     61    36    53    54    69    76    76    83

Years                   1966  1967  Total  PDA (*)

Physical Sciences        42   35    284    28.4
Short Communications      3    3     13     1.62
Biological Sciences      34   27    234    23.4
Short Communications      1    0     12     1.5
Technological Sciences   24   17    147    14.7
Short Communications      0    0      4     0.5
Total                   104   82    694    69.4

(*) PDA: per decade average.

Table 5. Distribution of articles during the period of 1968 - 1977

Years                   1968  1969  1970  1971  1972  1973  1974  1975

Physical Sciences        38    44    27    39    28   26    24    19
Short Communications      6     7     2     5     9    4     3     6
Biological Sciences      34    31    45    64    33   20    14    17
Short Communications      7     6     2     7     9    8     1     3
Technological Sciences   21    22    30    23    37   23    29    14
Short Communications      9     6     0    10    11    3     0     2
Total                   115   116   106   148   127   84    71    61

Years                   1976  1977  Total  PDA (*)

Physical Sciences       26    26     297   29.7
Short Communications     7     2      51    5.1
Biological Sciences     16    21     295   29.5
Short Communications     3     3      49    4.9
Technological Sciences  22    40     261   26.1
Short Communications     4     7      52    5.2
Total                   78    99    1005

Table 6. Distribution of articles during the period of 1978 - 1987

Years                   1978  1979  1980  1981  1982  1983  1984  1985

Physical Sciences        21    24    27    22    29    41    36     37
Short Communications      4     5     1     4     4     6     2      0
Biological Sciences      13     9    15    10    12    19    38     52
Short Communications      0     3     1     3     1     5     1      1
Technological Sciences   23    46    25    14    17    24    17     15
Short Communications      4     6     1     2     0     1     2      0
Total                    65    93    70    55    63    96    96    105

Years                   1986  1987  Total  PDA (*)

Physical Sciences         38    83   358    35.8
Short Communications       5     3    34     3.4
Biological Sciences       46   102   316    31.6
Short Communications       4     7    26     2.6
Technological Sciences    23    42   246    24.6
Short Communications       0     1    17     1.7
Total                    116   238   997    99.7

Table 7. Distribution of articles during the period of 1988 - 1997

Years                   1988  1989  1990  1991  1992  1993  1994  1995

Physical Sciences         74    69    68    57    59    45    57    46
Short Communications       6     6     7     2    10     4     1     0
Biological Sciences       81   101    42    40    30    61    49    39
Short Communications      10    11     6    16    13    11     8     0
Technological Sciences    47    47    28    26    29    25    19    17
Short Communications       3     1     1     2     1     1     8    12
Total                    221   235   152   143   142   147   142   114

Years                   1996  1997  Total  PDA (*)

Physical Sciences         18    16   509   50.9
Short Communications       2     0    38    3.8
Biological Sciences       22     8   473   47.3
Short Communications       0     0    75    7.5
Technological Sciences     6     4   248   24.8
Short Communications       2     1    32    3.2
Total                     50    29  1375   37.5

(*) PDA = per decade average.

Table 8. Distribution of articles during the period of 1998 - 2007

Years                   1998  1999  2000  2001  2002  2003  2004  2005

Physical Sciences         30    35    39    32    29    36    32    39
Short Communications       2     4     3     6    11     6     5     4
Biological Sciences       24    33    28    38    43    46    46    27
Short Communications       1     5     4     2     5     5     6     8
Technological Sciences     6    11     8     6     9     6     7     7
Short Communications       0     2           2     1     0     1     4
Total                     63    90    82    86    98    99    97    89

Years                   2006  2007  Total  PDA (*)

Physical Sciences         40    30  342    34.2
Short Communications       4     5   50     5
Biological Sciences       23    25  333    33.3
Short Communications       6     4   46     4.6
Technological Sciences     8     6   74     7.4
Short Communications       3     0   13     1.4
Total                     84    70  858    85.8

(*) PDA = per decade average.
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Title Annotation:Special Paper
Author:Baladi, Zameer Hussain
Publication:Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Series A: Physical Sciences
Date:Sep 1, 2018
Words:2517
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