3 U.S. scientists awarded 1999 Japan Prize.
Three U.S. scientists received the 1999 Japan Prize at a ceremony Wednesday for their contributions to the development of information technology and life sciences. The Science and Technology Foundation of Japan honored Wesly Peterson, 75, a professor of information and computer sciences at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, and Jack Strominger, 73, and Don Wiley, 54, biochemistry professors at Harvard University. Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko attended the award ceremony. Peterson was awarded 50 million yen while Strominger and Wiley each received 25 million yen. Peterson created the framework of coding theory based on modern algebra and invented practical methods for error detection and correction, making digital systems used in CD-ROMs and computers reliable. Strominger and Wiley are credited with clarifying the structure of antigens and providing understanding toward the mechanism of immune response. Their study will pave the way for research on rejections in organ transplants and allergic diseases, the prize selection committee said earlier. At the ceremony, Masami Ito, chairman of the Tokyo-based foundation, handed a certificate of commendation and a check for the prize money to each of the winners. The foundation announced the recipients of the 1999 Japan Prize in December last year. The three scientists received the 15th Japan Prize, which was first awarded in 1985. Among the 41 winners of the Japan Prize including the 1999 recipients, three have gone on to win Nobel Prizes for their academic achievements. The prize is offered to those whose achievements in science and technology have ''advanced the frontiers of knowledge and served the cause of peace and prosperity for mankind.'' Each year the Japan Prize is awarded in two categories, with the scope of the awards rotating every three years. Categories for the 2000 Japan Prize will be system science and technology, and health care and therapeutic science and technology, the committee said.
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|Publication:||Japan Science Scan|
|Date:||May 3, 1999|
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