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27th census of world casting production: 1992.

Casting production in 1992 increased for two of the world's largest producers, while output fell for most of the 30 countries in modern casting's 27th Census of World Casting Production.

Overall, casting tonnages rose in four countries and dropped in 20 nations. Two countries--Belgium and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)--rejoined this year's census, while Denmark and Italy were deleted for lack of updated information. Previous estimates were used for four participants.

Inclusion of CIS tonnage represents an important addition in this year's census because the Soviet Union had been a consistent multimillion-ton producer. In 1990, the now-defunct U.S.S.R. reported an estimated 18 million metric tons of castings. In 1992, the CIS produced about 14,330,000 metric tons.

The U.S. and People's Republic of China were the only two million-plus producers that boosted casting production in 1992. U.S. output climbed from 8,839,327 metric tons in 1991 to 10,537,200 in 1992. China's production rose from 10,750,000 metric tons in 1991 to 11,615,500 in 1992.

Elsewhere in the Pacific Rim, casting tonnages reversed an upward trend recorded in last year's census. Japan's output dropped from 7,958,663 metric tons in 1991 to 7,197,231 in 1992; South Korea's fell from 1,452,500 to 1,409,000; and Taiwan's decreased from 1,454,600 to 1,317,500.

In Europe, only Norway increased casting production--from 52,290 metric tons in 1991 to 58,553 in 1992. Germany, which recorded higher output in last year's census, reported a small decline--from 4,336,688 metric tons in 1991 to 4,098,668 in 1992. France's tonnage decreased from 2,351,344 in 1991 to 2,257,148 in 1992, while the U.K.'s fell from an estimated 1,307,700 to 1,164,800.

Canada showed a similar pattern as its production dropped from 566,204 metric tons in 1991 to 563,886 in 1992.

When examining modern casting's breakdown of each country's casting production, readers should keep in mind that some nations have combined their metal production under one category (gray iron) for convenience.

The Census of World Casting Production has been compiled for 27 consecutive years by modern casting to serve metalcasters, foundry equipment manufacturers, suppliers and others by citing global trends in casting production.

Tonnage information received after the publishing deadline will appear in the monthly "Around the World" department of modern casting.

Photocopies of the preceding 26 years' censuses are available from the AFS Library.

Comments regarding the annual census should be directed to: Publisher/Editor, modern casting, American Foundrymen's Society, Inc., 505 State St., Des Plaines, Illinois 60016-8399 USA; 708/824-0181; and fax 708/824-7848.
Number of Operating Foundries Worldwide--1992
(from countries participating in 27th Census of World Casting
Production)

COUNTRY IRON STEEL NONFERROUS

Austria 36(1) 8 37
Belgium 73 16 59
Brazil(*) 1011(2) -- --
Canada 100 41(3) --
China, People's Rep(*). 9049 592 2887
Egypt(*) 60 7 9
Finland 44 -- --
France 186(5) -- 340(6)
Germany 378 81 475
Hungary 52(7) -- 38
Japan 767 120 565
Korea, Rep. 505(8) 123 246(9)
Netherlands(*) 26(10) -- 21(11)
Norway 18(12) 3 10(13)
Peru 102(14) 7 100(15)
Portugal 63(16) -- 62(17)
Romania(**) 236(18) 87(19) 175
South Africa(**) 42 13 24
Spain 156 38 72
Sweden 40 11 85
Switzerland 24(20) -- 53
Turkey 95(21) 42 57(22)
United Kingdom 255(23) 45(24) --
United States 700 300 2100
Zambia 1(25) 1 --

* 1991 estimate

** 1990 estimate

1 includes 21 ductile and four malleable iron foundries; 11
foundries have ferrous & nonferrous production

2 includes all foundries

3 investment casting foundries not included

4 includes all foundries

5 includes steel foundries & 28 foundries with non-ferrous
operations

6 includes 28 foundries with ferrous operations

7 includes steel foundries

8 includes 370 gray iron, 115 ductile iron & 20 malleable iron
foundries

9 includes 112 Cu-based & 109 aluminum foundries

10 includes iron & steel foundries and only foundries with 20
or more employees

11 includes only foundries with 20 or more employees

12 includes 9 gray, 8 ductile, 1 malleable iron foundries

13 includes 5 Cu-based, 4 aluminum & 1 zinc foundries

14 includes 2 ductile iron foundries

15 includes 50 Cu-Based and 50 aluminum foundries; most are
small and unregistered

16 some produce all alloys; 12 make steel and iron (gray and
ductile); and 2 produce ductile & malleable iron castings

17 most of these listed under iron

18 includes 35 producers of nodular graphite iron and 10 of
malleable iron castings

19 six of these foundries also make gray iron castings

20 gray and ductile iron foundries

21 includes 80 gray, 12 ductile & 3 malleable iron foundries

22 includes 15 Cu-based, 22 aluminum & 20 zinc foundries

23 British Foundry Assn. (BFA) estimate

24 BFA estimate

25 gray iron foundry


TABULAR DATA OMITTED
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Copyright 1993, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Publication:Modern Casting
Article Type:Cover Story
Date:Dec 1, 1993
Words:815
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