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26th Census of World Casting Production--1991.

By all indications, global casting production decreased in 1991--though by how much is unknown, according to modern casting's 26th Census of World Casting Production.

Updated tonnages for a major producer, the Commonwealth of Independent States (the former Soviet Union), were unavailable at press time. modern casting will publish this information in an upcoming issue, along with 1991 tonnages for Mexico.

Of the 24 countries providing tonnages for 1991, five had production increases and 17 reported decreases of varying magnitudes. Two countries--Brazil and Egypt--were added to the census, while Israel was dropped for lack of updated information. Previous estimates were used for five of the 30 nations in this year's census.

The Pacific Rim showed the most strength as South Korea's production jumped from 1,395,200 to 1,452,500 metric tons; Taiwan's from 935,000 to 1,454,600 metric tons; and the People's Republic of China from 8,859,400 to 10,750,000 metric tons.

However, Japan's production fell from 8,197,252 (adjusted 1990 total) to 7,958,663 metric tons in 1991, as output decreased in all categories.

In Europe, only Germany and Portugal registered production increases during this period. Germany's climbed from 4,249,617 to 4,336,688 metric tons, while Portugal's casting output rose from 110,585 to 114,664 metric tons.

U.S. metalcasting production decreased to 8,839,327 metric tons in 1991. This represents a 12% drop in ferrous castings and a 7% decline in nonferrous ones, according to the U.S. Dept. of Commerce.

Other million-plus producers reporting lower production included France, Italy and the United Kingdom. Both Poland and Romania fell below the 1 million mark in 1991.

Canada's production slipped from 668,680 to 566,204 metric tons.

When examining modern casting's breakdown of each country's casting production, readers should keep in mind that some nations have combined their metal production under one category (gray iron) for convenience.

The Census of World Casting Production has been compiled for 26 consecutive years by modern casting to serve metalcasters, foundry equipment manufacturers, suppliers and others by citing global trends in casting production.

Tonnage information received after the publishing deadline will appear in the monthly "Around the World" department of modern casting.

Photocopies of the preceding 25 years' censuses are available from the AFS Library.

Comments regarding the annual census should be directed to: Publisher/Editor, modern casting, American Foundrymen's Society, Inc., 505 State St., Des Plaines, Illinois 60016-8399 USA; 708/824-0181; and fax 708/824-7848.
Number of Operating Foundries Worldwide--1991
(from countries participating in 26th Census of World Casting
Production)
COUNTRY IRON STEEL NONFERROUS
Austria 66 (1) 9 45
Brazil 1011 (2) -- --
Canada 99 40 (3) --
China, People's Rep. 9049 592 2887
Egypt 60 7 9
Finland 48 (4) -- --
France 189 (5) -- 342
Germany 404 (6) 89 473
Hungary 44 29 (7) 39
Japan 805 (8) 118 596 (9)
Korea, Rep. 543 (10) 137 247 (11)
Mexico, D.F. -- 10 (**) 410 (*)
Netherlands 26 (12) -- 21 (13)
Norway 18 3 13
Peru 135 (14) 7 95 (15)
Portugal 65 (16) -- --
Romania(*) 236 (17) 87 (18) 175
South Africa(*) 42 13 24
Spain 141 (19) 31 127 (20)
Sweden(**) 52 11 84
Switzerland 26 (21) -- 55
Turkey 82 (22) 36 40
United Kingdom 270 47 --
United States (23) 750 300 2200
Zambia(*) 1 1 --
* 1990 estimate
** 1989 estimate
1 includes 23 ductile and four malleable iron foundries
2 includes all foundries
3 excludes investment casting foundries
4 includes all foundries
5 includes steel foundries
6 includes 23 malleable iron foundries
7 twelve foundries produce only precision castings
8 includes 768 gray & ductile iron foundries, 37 malleable
9 includes 213 Cu-base, 349 Al, Mg & Zn foundries, and 34 other
nonferrous foundries
10 includes 409 gray, 113 ductile & 21 malleable iron foundries
11 includes 117 Cu-base, 105 Al & 25 other nonferrous
12 includes iron & steel foundries & only foundries with 20 or
more employees
13 includes only foundries with 20 or more employees
14 includes 130 gray iron and five ductile iron foundries
15 includes 50 Al, 30 Mg and 15 Zn foundries
16 incudes all foundries
17 includes 35 producers of nodular graphite iron and 10
producers of malleable iron castings
18 includes six foundries that also produce gray iron castings
19 includes 135 gray & ductile iron foundries, 6 malleable iron
20 includes 21 Cu-base, 69 Al and 37 Zn foundries
21 includes iron and steel foundries
22 includes foundries with mixed production; companies with
fewer than 20 employees not included
23 estimated numbers


TABULAR DATA OMITTED
COPYRIGHT 1992 American Foundry Society, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1992, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Publication:Modern Casting
Article Type:Industry Overview
Date:Dec 1, 1992
Words:755
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