2015 Honorees of the U.S. Army Chemical Corps.
The U.S. Army Chemical Corps Hall of Fame award is the highest form of recognition offered by the Regiment. This coveted award honors those who have made landmark contributions to the overall history and traditions of the Chemical Corps. These individuals have distinguished themselves through advances in science and technology, a lifetime of service and devotion to the Corps, or gallantry in battle. Two individuals were inducted to the Hall of Fame on 23 June 2015.
Major General John C. Doesburg (Retired)
John C. Doesburg had a long and illustrious military career. Born into an Army family in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he moved repeatedly and attended schools in Pennsylvania, Texas, Germany, and Oklahoma before graduating from high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. After receiving a bachelor of science degree in chemistry from the University of Oklahoma, Doesburg entered the Army in 1970 through the Reserve Officers' Training Corps. He later received a master of military arts and science degree from the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and graduated from the Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. Throughout his 34 years of Army service, he has prestigiously represented the Chemical Corps around the world in a number of command and staff positions.
Major General Doesburg's last active duty assignment was as Commanding General, U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. His previous assignment was Commanding General, U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground. In 2002, he was tasked to establish and stand up the U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command using resources from the U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command and the Research, Development, and Engineering Center that were assigned to the other Army material command elements. During the course of his career, Doesburg directed the formation of three new organizations: the U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command; the Chemical Materials Agency (including the demilitarization and chemical weapons storage missions); and the Guardian Brigade (which later became the 20th Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives [CBRNE] Command).
Doesburg's significant duties included Joint Program Manager, Biological Defense; Chief, Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Defense Division, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans, Department of the Army; director of the Joint Program Office for Biological Defense, Washington, D.C.; and the senior technical advisor to the commanding general of the 20th CBRNE Command. In 2010, Doesburg was named the Honorary Colonel of the Regiment, and he continues to serve in that capacity today.
After retiring from the Army, Doesburg continued his work in chemical and biological defense at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, focusing on the detection of the next generation of threats. He then became part of the new management team at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, becoming its principal associate director for global security. Furthermore, he was responsible for more than 900 programs and 1,000 scientists, engineers, and support staff. He returned to Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 2009 and served as the director of International Security and Analysis Programs.
Major General Doesburg's awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit with one bronze oak-leaf cluster, Defense Meritorious Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal (7th Award), Army Commendation Medal with one bronze oak-leaf cluster, Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, Army Superior Unit Award, and National Defense Service Medal with two bronze oak-leaf clusters. In 2007, Doesburg was inducted as a Distinguished Member of the Chemical Corps.
Major General Doesburg (Retired) now serves as a member of the Strategic Advisory Group for the Global Security Directorate, with a focus on chemical and biological defense. Currently, he is an adjunct faculty member of the Howard Baker Center for Public Policy at the University of Tennessee, where he continues to foster the next generation of chemical and biological defense leaders.
Lieutenant Colonel Edgar D. Stark (Killed in Action)
Edgar D. Stark was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1927, and he was commissioned as a second lieutenant of infantry. He transferred to the Chemical Warfare Service in 1939 and, with America's entry into World War II, took command of the newly activated 3d Chemical Battalion in 1942. In less than a year, Stark and his staff oversaw the monumental task of organizing, equipping, and training the 3d Chemical Battalion, Fort Benning, Georgia. This was no simple task, especially considering the lack of sufficient chemical mortars and training materials; furthermore, the urgency to dispatch chemical mortar battalions to the theaters of war intensified this mission. In February 1943, the battalion underwent amphibious training in Florida; and within 2 months, shipped out for duty in North Africa in support of the 3d Infantry Division. The battalion soon made a name for itself, receiving accolades from the divisions it supported through their on-call, supporting mortar fire. With the invasion of mainland Italy, the 3d Battalion received a new mission: to provide close-fire support for the 2d Division of Moroccan Infantry, part of the French Expeditionary Corps attached to the American 5th Army. The high-angle fire of the 4.2-inch mortars was very effective in the mountainous terrain of Italy.
Near Cerasuolo, Italy, on the 59th consecutive day in combat, 12 January 1944, Lieutenant Colonel Stark met with his five company commanders to coordinate efforts of fire support for a Moroccan attack on a vital enemy position. While conducting this meeting, the position was bombed by German aircraft and Lieutenant Colonel Stark was killed. The citation for his posthumous award of the Silver Star Medal reads:
"[Lieutenant Colonel] Stark left his command post to direct his troops, who were supporting a constant shell fire. He remained with his units to assist his company commanders in supporting the attack and in coordinating the mortar fire of the platoons committed. [Lieutenant Colonel] Stark was killed during an enemy aerial bombardment, but his excellent directing, his timely advice, and excellent coordination of fires enabled his units to complete their mission successfully."
In addition to the Silver Star, Lieutenant Colonel Stark was awarded the French Croix de Guerre with Vermeil Star and the Purple Heart. These awards were presented to his widow and two children.
The importance of Lieutenant Colonel Stark's leadership and service to present-day Soldiers of the 3d Chemical Brigade, who carry on the lineage of the 3d Chemical Battalion, cannot be overstated. Stark's dedication to the training and wellbeing of his Soldiers and his personal courage in combat are sterling examples of the types of values the 3d Chemical Brigade instills through training every day.
Distinguished Members of the Chemical Corps Inductees
The award of the Distinguished Member of the Chemical Corps title signifies that an individual has not only contributed a lifetime of service in the Corps, but also supported the Chief of Chemical in implementing the Corps vision. One individual was inducted into the 2015 Distinguished Members of the Chemical Corps on 23 June 2015.
Sergeant Major Joseph Edward Brauch Jr. (Retired)
Joseph Edward Brauch Jr. was born at Fort Dix, New Jersey. After completing basic training, combat engineer advanced individual training, and Airborne School, Brauch joined the U.S. Army Special Operations Command, where he collectively served 7 years in the 7th Special Forces Group (Airborne) and the 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne). He then qualified for the prestigious 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta organization, where he served for more than 16 years, as a team member, team sergeant, master breacher, instructor/trainer, operator training course noncommissioned officer in charge and sergeant major, and unit breaching sergeant major. After retiring from active duty, Brauch served as a security consultant at Los Alamos National Laboratory; a counter-surveillance consultant for U.S. embassies worldwide; the program manager for the Center for National Response; and the deputy chief of the Joint Special Operations Command, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Branch.
Brauch's capstone effort consisted of managing the Joint Service Operations Command CBRN training program, Jefferson Gold. Designed to prepare unit members to conduct tactical operations against chemical or biological targets, the program focuses on a series of technical and complex objectives involving live-agent training to locate, render-safe, seize, recover, neutralize, interdict, sample, and destroy chemical or biological weapons, production facilities, agents, and materials.
Brauch contributed greatly to the research, development, testing, and evaluation effort of numerous cutting-edge technologies, which were transformed into equipment capabilities. His contributions were largely due to his direct input toward requirements, his industry relationship-building abilities, and his dedicated follow-through with actions. Most of these technologies--including the M53 protective mask, the All-Purpose Protective Ensemble Emergency Personnel Decontamination System, and several classified libraries of emerging threat agents for detection equipment--were transitioned jointly across all Department of Defense Services. Brauch was also heavily involved in the refinement of the U.S. Special Operations Command Counter-Proliferation Analysis and Planning System (CAPS), which has evolved to become one of the Nation's premier leading CBRN planning tools. CAPS is an encyclopedia for weapons of mass destruction resources, containing more than a thousand engineering- and intelligence-derived, detailed analyses concerning CBRN facilities. Brauch also worked hand in hand with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to develop this tool to meet the needs of combating weapons of mass destruction planners and CBRN defense personnel from the tactical, operational, and strategic levels.
Additionally, as the senior training program manager and site facility manager for the Center of National Response in West Virginia, Brauch was responsible for the scenario development, event execution, and overall safety of CBRN training conducted from 2000 to 2002. He personally developed and supervised training events at the world-class tunnel complex for a multitude of CBRN elements, including state civil support teams, CBRNE response teams, nuclear disablement teams, and various chemical company and chemical battalion level exercises for Regular Army, U.S. Army Reserve, and Army National Guard personnel.
Sergeant Major Brauch was awarded the Honorable Order of the Dragon Award in April 2012, and he was inducted into the U.S. Special Operations Command Commando Hall of Honor in April 2014. Sergeant Major Brauch (Retired) passed away on 11 April 2012.
Ms. Lindberg is the historian at the U.S. Army Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear School (USACBRNS) History Office, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.
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|Publication:||CML Army Chemical Review|
|Date:||Dec 22, 2015|
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