2003-2004 annual report of the College of Human Ecology.
New courses in the Department of Design and Environmental Analysis (DEA) that address the broad themes of the environment and health and well-being (Environments and Health, DEA 661 and Poverty over the Life Course and Public Policy, DEA 691) were introduced into the curriculum. The long-term commitment to a service-learning model continues to grow, extending Cornell expertise into the community. This benefits both the community and our students, who have the opportunity to explore and apply concepts, skills, and knowledge introduced in the classroom to solving real-world problems.
Efforts of the DEA faculty to increase externally funded research have resulted in new research programs such as Environment of Childhood Poverty, funded by the MacArthur Foundation; Neighborhood Design and Physical Activity, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; Environment, Occupational Stress, and Health Among Urban Bus Drivers, funded by the Swedish Council for Worklife, which provides for the continuation of a six-year longitudinal study; Syracuse Healthy Indoor Environment Living Demonstration (a part of the New York Indoor Environmental Quality Center), funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development; and Ecology of Knowledge Networks, funded through the International Workplace Studies Program.
Healthy Indoor Air for America's Homes is a national extension program funded through a cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Its goals are to educate consumers about sources, health risks, and control measures related to common residential indoor-air problems and to help consumers reduce their health risks from these problems. The project is being implemented in most states through the network of more than 3,000 county Cooperative Extension Service offices. In New York State, the program has enabled county extension educators to form partnerships with county health departments to educate communities about childhood lead poisoning and radon in homes.
The New York Center for Indoor Environmental Quality is a coalition of 12 New York universities and nonprofit organizations that is funded through the New York Strategically Targeted Academic Research program. The center's mission is to improve the quality of indoor environments and urban systems through education and job creation in New York State. Professor Joseph Laquatra, the outreach team leader, is currently involved in a joint effort with the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Upstate Medical University, and Cornell Cooperative Extension of Onondaga County to implement an asthma-education initiative for limited-resource households in Syracuse.
The undergraduate curriculum in Human Development (HD) provides a comprehensive education in biological, psychological, social, and cultural development from conception to old age, focusing on the processes and mechanisms of growth and change over the life course. This major is an excellent foundation for many careers, such as medicine, clinical psychology, the mental-health professions, law, business, and education. The flexibility of the HD major allows students to focus on a selected area of interest as well as to pursue classes, research, and field experiences that are required for admission to professional programs and careers. Students take part in field placements, internships, independent studies, teaching assistantships, and faculty research that allows development of problem-solving, writing, and critical-thinking skills. Concentrations are offered in cognitive development; biology and human development; social and personality development; and life course, social contexts, and social policy.
Although genomics traditionally has not been a major focus of HD, during the last several years the department has been exploring the possibility that the future advancing edge in its field might well reside in part within the biological and life sciences. To enhance this exploration, the department made several steps toward better integrating human development with the life sciences. New courses on the human brain and mind have been developed. Undergraduate field-study internships are organized to deliver education programming on topics related to brain science and the brain and behavior to local middle and high schools. Research continues in areas of the neurobiology of personality and the neural mechanisms that underlie the theory of the mind.
HD faculty members take active roles in the university's social-science initiative, participating in the provost's Social Science Advisory Council and the Institute for the Social Sciences. The department has also initiated a self study to identify concrete steps to be taken to raise the department to the top rank among developmental programs. Departmental efforts include the Cornell Institute for Research on Children (CIRC): Creating and Disseminating Developmental Science to Benefit Children, Science, and Society, which is a five-year, multistate, multischool study of the science-education program funded by the National Science Foundation. The Cornell Institute for Translational Research on Aging, funded by the National Institute on Aging, unites the gerontological and geriatrics resources of the Ithaca campus, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Cornell's Institute for Geriatric Psychiatry in Westchester, New York. Ties are being established to community agencies in New York City for the purposes of planning applied research projects. A research-needs assessment has been conducted, using concept-mapping methods. The Advancing Youth Development Partnership conducts facilitator trainings in New York State to create interagency teams that have helped to educate more than 1,500 youth workers. The ACT for Youth Upstate Center of Excellence has developed a partnership with Cornell Cooperative Extension, the Office of Children and Family Services, and the Association of New York State Youth Bureaus.
The Division of Nutritional Sciences (DNS) works to promote health and well-being and is organized around three overlapping topics: nutritional biochemistry; human metabolism; and community and population nutrition. Future development of scholarship will be in nutritional genomics, health disparities, and metabolism. DNS faculty members are participating fully in advancing the university goals in genomics, with seven members currently having active research in nutritional genomics. Others are orienting their research in this direction, and two open faculty searches are in support of this initiative. In addition, DNS is participating in the work set out by the Social Science Task Force with international and domestic contributions.
Comprehensive review of the Human Biology, Health, and Society major is underway. New courses were added in epigenetics: community nutrition research; globalization, food security, and nutrition; as well as a current-topics seminar in nutritional biochemistry. The multidisciplinary faculty allows a comprehensive study of human nutrition and a diverse research portfolio with federal, corporate, foundation, and international funding agencies, including the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Wellcome Trust, the Dannon Institute, UNICEF, the World Bank, Mead Johnson, and the African Economic Research Consortium. The opening of the new Human Metabolic Research Facility in the west addition of Martha Van Rensselaer Hall provides new space and facilities for conducting metabolic studies on human subjects. The Cornell Institute for Nutritional Genomics provides a university-wide structure for integrating nutritional genomic research. Investigations are ongoing into the feasibility of a core facility in support of metabolic phenotyping and increased faculty collaborations with the University of Rochester Medical Center and the Weill Cornell Medical College to open opportunities for research in clinical settings with ethnically diverse populations.
Extension faculty members are leading efforts for a coherent, institution-wide response to the obesity epidemic. New faculty programming and applied research efforts are converging on obesity prevention. This includes a focus in Cornell Nutrition Works on building capacity to prevent obesity among nutrition and health professionals, applied research on environmental approaches to obesity prevention in the Program on Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors, and applied research on community capacity building to prevent excess weight gain in pregnant women. Connections between the food system and consumers have been strengthened by the Farm to School and Farmer's Market Nutrition Programs.
Policy Analysis and Management
The Department of Policy Analysis and Management was formed with the mission to achieve excellence in research, teaching, and extension/outreach in three areas of competence--family/social welfare, health, and consumer policy. The research profile of this unit continues to grow, with the faculty publishing in major journals in their fields as well as in multidisciplinary journals, with increased recognition of their scholarship. Research is integrated into both teaching and extension/outreach programming.
Research on issues related to obesity, employment, and disability are funded from a variety of external sources. Smoking cessation and issues surrounding alcohol taxes and prices are topics of continuing research. Other faculty members conduct research in parenting, child care quality indicators, and child care choice behavior of consumers as well as on child support, child welfare, and the effects of welfare reform. The Merck Company Foundation has provided funding for a program on pharmaceutical policy issues, and the Economic Research Initiative on the Uninsured has funded investigation of the relationship between insurance coverage and macro-employment measures. Faculty members participate with other leading social scientists at Cornell who are shaping the social science agenda on campus. Health promotion is focal area for research in the department and links efforts in health economics and administration.
As part of the goal to maintain teaching and advising quality, the department set several priorities including: balancing the number of courses in each concentration area across semesters; offering at least two courses in each concentration area each semester; minimizing course scheduling conflicts; and strengthening the management component of the curriculum. Substantial progress was made toward the goal of enhancing experiential and research experience for undergraduate students.
Funded extension and outreach projects increased in 2003-2004, as did the involvement of undergraduate students and faculty members in extension/outreach activities. Undergraduate students have assisted in projects focused on the economic impact of nonprofit organizations and on cost containment in public education. A student intern was placed with the Healthcare Association of New York State to conduct an economic impact study, and several county extension programs benefited from student involvement in planning and evaluation efforts. The Family Social Welfare area was strengthened by a number of new and continuing programs this year. The Family Resolution Project maintained 32 sites across the state. Collaborations continue with the New York State Office of Temporary Assistance and Disabilities to examine issues of welfare reform and family structure. Adding It Up, First Accounts, and Money 2000 bring together state banking, credit union, government, and extension educators in a statewide network. In the area of health, the department has several active projects: the Food Stamp Education Program Evaluation; a program focusing on food insecurity infrastructure; the New York State Health Department Rural Health Networks; a program initiative in the area of public policy--Obesity and Physical Fitness; and a series of projects working with the Cornell Center for Gerontology focused on planning and research design that includes work with Cornell Weill Medical Center and the Office of the Aging.
Textiles and Apparel
The Department of Textiles and Apparel (TXA) completed a program review that rated the program as excellent. The department continues to target goals and priorities including integrating the unique combination of fiber science and apparel design in research, education, and extension; developing research in areas of strength and recognized specialties while new and more risky research areas are encouraged with timely incentives; continuing to seek collaborations outside the department and outside Cornell to support interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches to problem solving; expanding the Ph.D. program to add apparel design as a concentration; continuing review and discussion of curriculum, taking advantage of student views; designing capstone courses; using networks, especially alumni networks, to place students in internships and jobs; continuing extension programming in areas of demonstrated strength; strengthening the established link between outreach and research; and developing an Industry Advisory Board to provide an industry perspective.
Faculty are very productive, working on collaborative and multidisciplinary research. Funding from the National Textile Center supports research to advance the knowledge of biomaterials and develop new biomaterials technology, particularly biologically active and hydrogel-textile hybrid biomaterials, to develop environment-friendly and fully degradable or compostable "green" composites using plant-based fibers and resins, to develop protective clothing that can limit dermal exposure, and to study solvent spinning cellulosic fibers from reclaimed cellulose. Various bioactive compounds are being included in the spinning dopes, and their activity in the spun fibers is under investigation. Multidisciplinary research integrates technology and design, investigating sizing and fit of apparel. In addition, body scan research addresses the development of mathematical models to help apparel firms improve their existing sizing systems to better fit their target market. The Body Scan Research Group has developed a new interactive web site--www.explore.cornell.edu/bodyscanner. Research in fashion consumption considers how high-fashion apparel might affect the design of low-fashion apparel and non-fashion products. Components of design and strategy necessary for particular apparel items to achieve a status of desire in the mind of the consumer are explored.
The department has a strong history of integrating across the college's three missions. The electronic text developed for Designers as Entrepreneurs, TXA 332, an on-campus course, was reformatted for delivery to an industry audience. "The Cutting Edge: Guide to the Apparel and Sewn Products Industry" offers six lessons in a web-based format that can easily be printed. The content addresses the needs of small entrepreneurial firms serving specific niches, including product development and life cycle, sourcing materials and labor, intellectual property, and information technology.
Family Life Development Center
The Family Life Development Center continues to provide leadership in preventing family violence and neglect, emphasizing community-based approaches. It is building capacity to provide leadership in community youth development and in research and evaluation supporting these efforts. Programs include ACT for Youth, the Residential Child Care Program/Therapeutic Crisis Intervention project, the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, the Army and Marine military parenting and family education projects, and the Parent HIV/AIDS Education Project.
Bronfenbrenner Life Course Center
The Bronfenbrenner Life Course Center (BLCC) focuses on research that is conducted within the life course perspective. Research on the life course considers both stability and change in lives as they unfold across time and generations and in historical, social, and cultural contexts. This orientation promotes an ecological model, placing families and individuals in the context of historical, demographic, and social change. The center takes a lifelong view of human development, recognizing that developmental growth continues through adulthood into old age.
The center has a: multidisciplinary focus, involving scholars from departments across Cornell. Although specific topics range widely, BLCC affiliates conduct basic, applied, and outreach work on topics employing a life course perspective, focusing on such themes as long-term outcomes (e.g., health, economic) of early experiences; development in the context of historical, demographic, and social change; life course transitions in areas such as family, work, or health; longitudinal assessment and analysis; and social policy. Other research areas are: the interplay between work and family; social networks, social integration, and social support; career pathways; grandparenting; environment and behavior; retirement and productive aging; health, mental health, and well-being; housing decisions and transitions; care giving throughout the life course; impact of poverty on development and aging; and research methods and measurement.
Alumni Affairs and Development
The Diane Baillet Meakem Tot Lot is now a reality, thanks to the generosity of Diane '61 and Jack '58 Meakem. Nearly 100 Early Childhood Education Center parents and children attended the celebration on October 17, 2003. This new, safe, outdoor wheeled-toy riding area is located at Cornell's Early Childhood Education Center at Martha Van Rensselaer Hall.
Alumni took the leadership in raising funds for the Alumni Metabolic Dining Room in honor of Patsy M. Brannon, Ph.D., dean from 1999-2004. The dining room is located in the metabolic unit of the west addition to Martha Van Rensselaer Hall and is utilized for human nutrition studies.
Alumni reunion gifts have resulted in a named conference room in the Policy Analysis and Management suite and original artwork in the Human Development suite. A gift from Alumna Cynthia B. Green '79 and her husband Lee Cohen has allowed for renovation and furnishing of the PAM conference room, making it substantially more usable for meetings and presentations. New audio-visual equipment also has been installed. Robert Chodock '89 and his spouse, Karen Mitchell, ILR '90, made a gift in celebration of his 20th reunion, enabling the college to purchase two original oil paintings thereby increasing the attractiveness of an otherwise utilitarian environment.
Endowment funds established during the past year include the Henry Ricciuti Lecture Series in Human Development, which provides support that brings influential individuals to campus to expand perspectives regarding the future of the field of human development. The Phyllis Moen Book Acquisitions Fund for Mann Library, which honors the former director of the Brofenbrenner Life Course Center, will be used to purchase library materials including human development and life course studies.
The year brought $4,907,239 in new gifts and commitments, including $302,000 in unrestricted funds, $1,482,239 in current-use restricted gifts, and $3,125,000 in endowment.
The college endowment has a book value of $30,700,000 and a market value of $41,900,000. The book value has increased six-fold since 1994.
College of Human Ecology 2003-2004
Patsy M. Brannon, Rebecca Q. and James C. Morgan Dean of Human Ecology
Jennifer Gerner, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs
S. Kay Obendorf, Associate Dean for Research
Josephine Swanson, Associate Director, Cornell Cooperative Extension, and Assistant Dean for Extension and Outreach
Janet McCue, Director, Mann Library
Barry Lee Brighton, Associate Dean for Administration and Facilities
Brenda H. Bricker, Director, Undergraduate Affairs
Darryl Scott, Director, Admissions, Student, and Career Services
Lorraine Johnson, Director, Alumni Affairs and Development
Joanne LaValle, Registrar
Academic Unit Administration
Franklin Becker, Chair, Design and Environmental Analysis
Cutberto Garza, Director, Division of Nutritional Sciences
Ritch Savin-Williams, Chair, Human Development
Richard Burkhauser, Chair, Policy Analysis and Management
Ann Lemley, Chair, Textiles and Apparel
Karl Pillemer, Acting Director, Bronfenbrenner Life Course Center
David Stapleton, Director, Cornell University Institute for Policy Research
John Eckenrode, Co-Director, Family Life Development Center
Stephen Hamilton, Co-Director, Family Life Development Center
This 79th annual report of the New York State College of Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-4401, covers the period from July 1, 2003 through June 30, 2004. This document fulfills the reporting responsibility under the March 2, 1887 Act of Congress establishing agricultural experiment stations and section 5714 of the New York State Education Law.
Academic Personnel in the College, 1999-2004 2001- 2002- 2003- Title 1999-2000 2000-2001 2002 2003 2004 Academic Professorial 92 90 94 91 90 Professor 44 45 46 43 45 Associate Professor 40 36 34 30 29 Assistant Professor 8 9 14 18 16 Academic Non-Professorial 97 87 127 104 99 Senior Lecturer 4 5 6 5 7 Lecturer 15 9 19 15 14 Instructor 0 0 1 0 1 Senior Research Associate 11 11 14 11 15 Research Associate 13 18 15 14 16 Senior Extension Associate 19 16 19 16 15 Extension Associate 27 20 34 32 24 Postdoctoral Associate 8 8 19 11 8 Undergraduate Enrollment by Major and Degrees Awarded, 1999-2004 Major 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 Design and Enironmental Analysis 117 112 110 Human Development 437 472 477 Human Biology, Health, and Society 226 213 217 Nutritional Sciences 154 141 102 Textiles and Apparel 86 106 131 Biology and Society 60 41 47 Policy Analysis and Management 283 301 319 Total 1,408 (1) 1,403 (2) 1,418 (3) Bachelor's Degrees Awarded 392 398 379 Major 2002-2003 2003-2004 Design and Enironmental Analysis 111 108 Human Development 467 435 Human Biology, Health, and Society 233 228 Nutritional Sciences 74 83 Textiles and Apparel 135 139 Biology and Society 47 41 Policy Analysis and Management 331 316 Total 1,413 (4) 1,352 (5) Bachelor's Degrees Awarded 455 381* * August 2003, January 2004, and May 2004 1. Includes 21 double majors; actual student enrollment was 1,387. 2. Includes 30 double majors; actual student enrollment was 1,373. 3. Includes 31 double majors; actual student enrollment was 1,387. 4. Includes 39 double majors; actual student enrollment was 1,374. 5. Includes 8 double majors; actual student enrollment was 1,344. Graduate Student Degrees Awarded, 1999-2004 2001- 2002- 2003- Major 1999-2000 2000-2001 2002 2003 2004 Students Enrolled M.A., M.S., 99 67 87 89 85 M.N.S., M.P.S., M.H.A. Ph.D. 102 122 128 138 128 Total 201 189 215 227 213 Degrees Awarded M.A., M.S., 44 56 52 36 42 M.N.S., M.P.S., M.H.A. Ph.D. 34 22 16 15 15 Total 78 78 68 51 57 Graduate Enrollment by Field, 1999-2004 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- Major 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Design and Environmental Analysis M.A. 6 1 9 9 11 M.S. 16 16 19 19 17 Total 22 17 28 28 28 Human Development M.A./Ph.D. 32 35 33 37 32 Total 32 35 33 37 32 Nutritional Sciences* M.S./M.N.S./M.P.S. 22 21 13 13 13 Nondegree dietic interns 0 5 8 5 5 Ph.D. 47 50 63 65 65 Total 69 76 84 83 83 Policy Analysis and Management M.S. 5 5 3 3 0 M.H.A./M.P.S. 28 32 31 31 30 Ph.D. 17 19 20 24 22 Total 50 56 54 58 52 Textiles and Apparel M.A., M.S., M.P.S. 10 10 12 14 14 Ph.D. 6 6 4 5 5 Total* 16 16 16 19 19 * These figures include the Field of Nutritional Sciences, which is part of both the College of Human Ecology and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Trends in Research and Outreach Productivity, 1999-2004 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- Major 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Book chapters 61 69 63 58 77 Books and monographs 24 29 25 20 23 Exhibitions 5 8 12 11 19 Extension: bulletins; fact sheets; 87 64 101 129 57 training manuals and materials; technical reports Journal articles, refereed 153 174 181 158 206 Journal articles, nonrefereed 12 18 12 20 16 Short notes, letters, abstracts, 55 58 51 59 70 book reviews Total articles 220 250 244 237 292 News Service articles, radio 243 201 237 254 73 tape releases, newsletters Media interviews 136 187 195 130 218 Proceedings 50 30 30 37 43 Research: training manuals and 39 16 32 25 22 materials; technical reports Web pages and other 44 55 76 171 47 computer-related products; nonprint educational materials (e.g., video) External Awards by Funding Source Active during 1999-2004 Grants and Funding Source Contracts Federal Sources U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 42 U.S. Department of Agriculture* 33 U.S. National Science Foundation 3 U.S. Government other 13 New York State Sources New York State Office of Children and Famiy Services 5 New York State Department of Health 3 New York State other 4 Foundations 24 Corporations 7 Miscellaneous 29 *Does not include federal formula funds. Expenditure of Restricted Funds by Academic Function, 1999-2004 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 Restricted Gifts Research 549,612 647,544 630,703 535,773 202,285 Extension 103,497 131,884 89,682 88,810 70,351 Instruction 319,683 448,945 378,538 369,819 319,072 Grants, Contracts, and Other Restricted Funds Research 5,684,248 5,384,565 6,703,782 6,892,061 6,902,315 Extension 3,505,597 4,236,556 4,609,005 3,836,628 4,836,384 Instruction 534,107 451,718 597,297 531,081 536,272 Financial Statement Statement of Current Fund Revenues, Expenditures, Other Changes in Dollars for the Year ended June 30, 2004, with Comparative Amounts for the Year Ended June 30, 2003 Unrestricted Undesignated Designated Total Revenues Tuition and fees 26,119,839 80,857 26,200,696 State appropriations 7,192,535 -- 7,192,535 Federal appropriations 3,923,587 -- 3,923,587 Federal grants and contracts -- 1,876,532 1,876,532 State and local grants and -- 601,922 601,922 contracts Private grants and contracts -- 728,242 728,242 Contributions (gifts) -- 383,711 383,711 Interest and dividends -- 66,887 66,887 Sales and services of 424 2,197,785 2,198,209 educational departments Other sources 79,562 397,106 476,668 Total revenues 37,315,947 6,333,042 43,648,989 Investment payout -- 775,893 775,893 Capital investments and (3,214,028) 796,000 (2,418,028) withdrawals Total revenues and other 34,101,919 7,904,935 42,006,854 additions Expenses Instruction 9,536,343 2,226,059 11,762,402 Research 3,692,277 (2,331) 3,689,946 Public service 4,249,841 1,718,146 5,967,987 Academic support 562,075 251,168 813,243 Student services 2,707,744 74,876 2,782,620 Student aid 3,639,367 84,961 3,724,328 Institutional support 6,746,673 305,595 7,052,268 Plant operation and maintenance 4,122,914 212,548 4,335,462 Total expenses 35,257,234 4,871,022 40,128,256 Total net change (1,155,315) 3,033,913 1,878,598 Balances July 1, 2003 1,705,044 9,815,149 11,520,193 Balances June 30, 2004 500,500 12,849,060 13,349,560 2004 2003 Restricted Total Total Revenues Tuition and fees -- 26,200,696 22,857,576 State appropriations -- 7,192,535 9,384,560 Federal appropriations -- 3,923,587 4,571,152 Federal grants and contracts 10,955,935 12,832,467 11,602,822 State and local grants and (725) 601,197 1,103,300 contracts Private grants and contracts 97,973 826,215 1,259,583 Contributions (gifts) 141,108 524,819 1,807,454 Interest and dividends 99,407 166,294 149,724 Sales and services of 20,160 2,218,369 1,856,718 educational departments Other sources 450 477,118 12,346 Total revenues 11,314,308 54,963,297 54,605,235 Investment payout 1,445,347 2,221,240 2,256,523 Capital investments and (285,310) (2,703,338) (1,658,489) withdrawals Total revenues and other 12,474,345 54,481,199 55,203,269 additions Expenses Instruction 855,344 12,617,746 11,861,076 Research 6,716,974 10,406,920 10,954,202 Public service 4,909,413 10,877,400 11,010,489 Academic support 25,216 838,459 1,506,133 Student services 2,144 2,784,764 3,471,246 Student aid 852,553 4,576,881 4,351,269 Institutional support -- 7,052,268 9,057,102 Plant operation and maintenance 989 4,336,451 1,291,745 Total expenses 13,362,633 53,490,889 53,503,262 Total net change (888,288) 990,310 1,700,007 Balances July 1, 2003 3,116,010 14,636,203 12,936,197 Balances June 30, 2004 2,227,722 15,577,282 14,636,203 *Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 2003, the categories included in Income from Investments have been modified.
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