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1989: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.

In sports, Ty Murray of Odessa, Tex., became at age 20 the youngest person to win the all-around championship of professional cowboys; Georgia Southern University, playing in the NCAA's Division I-AA, became the first school in the 20th century to win 15 football games in a season; Sunday Silence set a thoroughbred horse racing record for earnings in one season with $4,578,454; at the Henley Regatta in England 60 of the 400 competing crews were from the U.S.; Tom Kite set a record for annual winnings on the PGA tour with $1,395,278; and Tom Watson became the second professional golfer to pass the $5,000,000 mark in winnings. The designers of high fashion brought forth clothes with softer and gentler lines, abandoning the mannish silhouette. Deep and bright colors were featured but most young women seemed to prefer to go around in black. In men's fashions the double breasted suit made a comeback. The population of federal prisons reached 48,017 compared with 24,162 in 1980. This left the 70 available facilities 50% over their rated capacity. In spite of the number in jail, one of every 42 registered automobiles was stolen or looted in the course of the year. Prominent people who died included Earl "Red" Blaik, football coach at West Point from 1941 to 1958, May 6, at 92; John "Jocko" Conlan, feisty major league baseball umpire, as well liked by fans as any ump could be, Apr. 16, at 89; Lily Dache, designer noted for her hats, especially turbans, Dec. 31, at 97; A. Bartlett Giamatti, Renaissance scholar, president of Yale University, and commissioner of Major League Baseball, Sept. 1, at 51; Vernon "Lefty" Gomez, pitcher for 14 years for the New York Yankees, winner of six World Series games without a loss, and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, Feb. 17, at 80; William "Billy" Martin, bad boy of baseball and manager at five different times of the New York Yankees, Dec. 25, at 61; William "Bill" Terry, New York Giants player and manager with a .341 batting average over 14 seasons, Jan. 9, at 90; Sugar Ray Robinson, five times middleweight boxing champion, Apr. 12, at 67; Valentina Nicholaevna Sanina Schlee, fashion designer known professionally by her first name only, who dressed many stars of the theater, Sept. 14, age uncertain; Glenna Collett Vare, a pioneer of women's golf and a charter member of the Women's Golf Hall of Fame, Feb. 3, at 89; Diana Vreeland, the most influential fashion editor of her time, Aug. 22, at 86.

Jan. 2

In college football bowl games the results were UCLA 10, Arkansas 2 in the Cotton Bowl; Miami 23, Nebraska 3 in the Orange Bowl; Michigan 22, USC 14 in the Rose Bowl; and Florida State 13, Auburn 7 in the Sugar Bowl. Both the AP and the UPI polls chose Notre Dame as the 1988 national champion. Notre Dame defeated West Virginia, 34-12, in the Fiesta Bowl.

Jan. 22

Super Bowl XXIII was won by the San Francisco 49ers (NFC) who defeated the Cincinnati Bengals (AFC) 20-16. On Jan. 8 San Francisco had won the NFC title by defeating the Chicago Bears 28-3 and Cincinnati had taken the AFC title by defeating the Buffalo Bills 21-10.

Feb. 3

The National League of major league baseball elected Bill White as president. A player for 14 years and then a sports broadcaster, he was the first black elected to head a major sports organization.

Feb. 11-12

U.S. figure skating championships were won in Baltimore, Md., by Jill Trenary, women's singles; Christopher Bowman, men's singles; Kristi Yamaguchi and Rudi Galindo, pairs; and Susan Wynne and Joseph Druar, dance.

Apr. 2

The NCAA women's basketball championship was won by Tennessee which defeated Auburn 76-60.

Apr. 3

The NCAA men's basketball championship was won by Michigan which defeated Seton Hall 80-79 in overtime.

Apr. 9

The Masters golf tournament was won by Nick Faldo of England on the second hole of a playoff with Scott Hoch.

Apr. 17

The 93rd Boston Marathon was won in the men's division by Abebe Mekonnen of Ethiopia in a time of 2 hrs., 9 min., 6 sec. The women's division was won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway in 2 hrs., 24 min., 33 sec.

May 6

The 115th Kentucky Derby was won by Sunday Silence with a time of 2:05. The jockey was Pat Valenzuela.

May 20

The 114th Preakness Stakes was won by Sunday Silence with a time of 1:53 4/5. The jockey was Pat Valenzuela.

May 21

The LPGA golf tournament was won by Nancy Lopez by three strokes.

May 25

The NHL Stanley Cup was won by the Calgary Flames who defeated the Montreal Canadiens four games to two.

May 26

A new sailing record for the New York-San Francisco run was set by a trimaran, Great American, when it sailed under the Golden Gate Bridge one hour short of 77 days after a 14,500-mile journey. The previous record had been set Feb. 12 when Thursday's Child completed the same voyage in 80 days, 20 hours. Prior to these two voyages the record had been held by a clipper, Flying Cloud, which made such a trip in 1854 in 89 days, 8 hours.

May 28

The 73rd Indianapolis 500 auto race was won by Emerson Fittipaldi of Brazil with an average speed of 167.581 mph.

June 10

The 121st Belmont Stakes was won by Easy Goer, with a time of 2:26. The jockey was Pat Day.

June 13

The NBA basketball championship was won by the Detroit Pistons who defeated the Los Angeles Lakers four games to none.

June 18

The U.S. Open golf tournament was won by Curtis Strange who became the first player since 1950-1951 to win the title two years in succession.

July 11

The baseball All-Star Game was won by the American League, which beat the National League 5-3.

July 16

The U.S. Women's Open golf tournament was won by Betsy King by a margin of four strokes.

July 23

The British Open golf tournament was won by Mark Calcavecchia of the U.S. who defeated Greg Norman and Wayne Grady in a four-hole playoff.

July 23

An American won the Tour de France for the second time when Greg Lemond triumphed in the cross-country bicycle race by the smallest victory margin ever, eight seconds. In 1986 Lemond became the first American to win the event.

July 23

The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted Johnny Bench, catcher, Carl Yastrzemski, outfielder, Al Barlick, umpire, and Albert F. "Red" Schoendienst, infielder.

Aug. 13

The PGA golf tournament was won by Payne Stewart who birdied four of the last five holes.

Aug. 19

One of the most lavish parties of the century was given by Malcolm S. Forbes, a magazine publisher, who hosted it in his palace in Tangier, Morocco, to celebrate his 70th birthday. Invited were 600 or so glamorous, rich, and famous guests. The evening's entertainment included hundreds of belly dancers, a charge by Berber horsemen, and fireworks. The party was estimated to have cost $2,000,000.

Aug. 22

The first pitcher to strike out 5000 batters, Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers (AL), reached this mark in a game against the Oakland Athletics (AL).

Aug. 24

Pete Rose, one of the game's superstars, was banned from baseball for life by A. Bartlett Giamatti, commissioner of Major League Baseball, for having bet on games, allegedly including those of his own team, the Cincinnati Reds (NL), for whom he played and managed.

Aug. 30

Wealthy hotel owner Leona Helmsley was found guilty in federal court in New York City on 33 counts of tax evasion, fraud, and conspiracy. She was acquitted on eight other counts. On Dec. 12 she was sentenced to four years in prison, fined $7,200,000, and ordered to perform 750 hours of community service.

Sept. 9-10

The U.S. Open tennis singles championships were won in the men's division by Boris Becker and in the women's by Steffi Graf, both of West Germany.

Sept. 13

Francis F. "Fay" Vincent was named commissioner of Major League Baseball, in succession to A. Bartlett Giamatti, who died Sept. 1. Vincent was a lawyer and a friend of Giamatti and had recently been deputy commissioner.

Sept. 17

The Miss America title was won by Debbye Turner, 23, of Columbia, Mo., at the annual pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.

Sept. 20

The murderer known as the "Night Stalker" for his method of operation, Richard Ramirez, a drifter from Texas, was found guilty in Los Angeles of 30 murders and 30 other crimes. He had terrorized Southern California in the summer of 1985 with a series of killings.

Sept. 29

Law officers seized 20 tons of cocaine in a raid on a warehouse in Los Angeles. They also found $10,000,000 in cash in what was said to be the largest drug seizure in history. Four persons were arrested. The cocaine had a wholesale value of $2,000,000,000 and a street sale value of up to $7,000,000,000. One of the suspects arrested said 60 tons had passed through the warehouse during the year. In Texas, near the Mexican border, and also on a Panamanian ship, agents seized 14 tons of cocaine on Oct. 14. In New York City more than 5 tons of the drug were found Nov. 10 hidden in drums of a toxic chemical.

Oct. 14-28

The World Series was won by the Oakland Athletics (AL) when they defeated the San Francisco Giants (NL) four games to none. The last two games had been postponed since Oct. 17 when an earthquake shook Candlestick Park in San Francisco just as the third game of the series was about to start. On Oct. 8 the Athletics had won the American League championship by beating the Toronto Blue Jays four games to one and the next day the Giants had won the National League title, beating the Chicago Cubs four games to one.

Oct. 15

Wayne Gretzky became the highest scorer in NHL history when, playing for the Los Angeles Kings against the Edmonton Oilers, he registered his 1850th point. The record broken had been set by Gordie Howe over 26 seasons. This was Gretzky's 11th season.

Oct. 26

Paul Tagliabue was named commissioner of the National Football League, succeeding Pete Rozelle who had retired after 30 years. Tagliabue as a lawyer was associated with a law firm that was outside counsel to the NFL.

Nov. 5

The 20th New York City Marathon was won in the men's division by Juma Ikangaa of Tanzania with a time of 2 hrs., 8 min., 1 sec. The women's division was won by Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway with a time of 2 hrs., 25 min., 30 sec.

Nov. 21

For the exclusive right to broadcast all NCAA tournaments for a seven-year period CBS agreed to pay the college sports organization $1,000,000,000. Seventeen sports were included but the chief prize was the annual national basketball championship.

Nov. 22

Kirby Puckett, a centerfielder, became the first $3,000,000-a- year baseball player when he signed a three-year contract with the Minnesota Twins of the American League for $9,000,000. This figure was exceeded Dec. 1 when Mark Langston, a left-handed pitcher, agreed to a five-year contract with the California Angels for $16,000,000, or $3,200,000 a year. Mark Davis, a left-handed relief pitcher, signed on Dec. 11 with the Kansas City Royals for $13,000,000 for four years, or $3,250,000 a year.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
Previous Article:1988: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.
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