1987 ACM annual award recipients announced.
A.M. Turing Award
To John Cocke of IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorkstown Heights, New York, for "significant contributions in the design and theory of compilers, the architecture of large systems and the development of reduced instruction set computers (RISC); for discovering and systematizing many fundamental transformations now used in optimizing complier including reduction of operator strnegth, elimination of common subexpressions, register allocation, constant propagation, and dead code elimination."
John Cocke received his Ph.D in mathematics in 1956, and B.S. inc mechanical engineering in 1946, both from Duke University. He joined IBM in 1956 and has been an IBM fellow at the T.J. Watson Research Center since 1972. He was the technical leader of the IBM Stretch computer, and throgh his many publications, patents and lectures has proved to be a lasting influence on the theory and design of high performance systems.
The A.M. Turing Award, named for the English mathematician, is ACM's most prestigious technical award. A prize of $2000 is given to an individual selected for contributions of lasting and major technical importance made to the computing community.
Distinguished Services Award
To Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. For "Lasting contributions as a teacher and researcher in computer architecture, interactive computr graphics, and software engineering, and for dedicating his personal and professional life to public service."
Currently Kenan Professor of Computer Science at Chapel Hill, as well as founder and chairman of the Computer Science Department, Brooks is also a distinguished author and researcher. His affiliation with IBM over several years included management of the IBM 360 project. More recent research includes working with NIH's National Research Resources for Molecular Graphics, as principle investigator for one of their two projects. His analysis of the survey of military environment software use and DoD procedures will be presented in the forthcoming "Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Military Software."
This award is presented on the basis of value and degree of service to the computing community. The contributions are not limited to service to the Association, but include activities in other computer organizations and emphasize contributions to the computing community at larger.
Outstanding Contribution Award
To Edward G. Coffman, Jr. of AT&T Bell Laboratories in New Jersey, for "outstanding contributions to ACM Publications, having served on the Editoria Board of the Journal of the ACM from 1969 through 1985, four of these yers as editor-in-chief."
Coffman is currently a member of the technical staff at AT&T. The author and coauthor of several publications, he has held positions with the System Development Corporation, designing and writing the scheduling component of the SDC/ARPA time-sharing system. He was a member of the technical staff of the Institut de Recherche d'Informatique et d'Automatique, in France.
This award is given for the value and degree of service to ACM.
Grace Murray Hpper Award
To John K. Osterhout of the University of California, Berkeley, for "his contribution to very large scale integrated circuit computer aided design. His systems, "Caesar" and "Magic," have demonstrated that effective CAD systems need not be expensive, hard to learn orslow."
Osterhout currently teaches in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at Berkeley. His present research involves leading the development of "Sprite," a network operating system. Prior research has included project leadership of the task force operating system for Cm*, "Medusa," and authorship of the widely distributed manual, "The Spring 1982 VLSI Tools," a result of his work with the design tool, "Caesar."
The Grace Murray Hopper Award is presented to up to two outstanding, young computer professionals . . . selected on the basis of a single recent major technical or service contribution. A prize of $1000 is supplied by Unisys. Candidates must have been 30 years of age or less at the time the qualifying contribution was made.
Special President's Award for Sustained
Support of Computer Research and
To Kent K. Curtis, of the Division of Computer Research at the National Science Foundation.
For "sustained support of computer research and education, for enlightened research administration and support policies and for application of computers to research and education."
Currently senior scientist of Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate at NSF, Curtis' long and distinguished career has included positions with the University of California at Berkeley, as a lecturer in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, assistant branch chief of the Applied Mathematics and Computing Branch at the research division of USAEC, and head of the Mathematics and Computing Division of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
This award is presented for sustained Support of Computer Research and Education.
Software System Award
To three people, Adele Goldberg, Daniel H.H. Ingalls, and Alan C. Kay, who share the year's award, for "seminal contributions to object-oriented programming languages and related programming techniques. The theories of languages and development systems known as "Smalltalk" laid the foundation for explorations in new software methodologies, graphical user interface designs, and forms of on-line assistance to the software development process."
Adele Goldberg, currently president of ParcPlace Systems, Palo Alto, California, is a former research manager for the Xerox Corporation. Her leadership of research and development teams was instrumental in the design and implementation of the Smalltalk-80 system.
Goldberg has held various teaching posts at several prestigious universities. She was ACM president from 1984 to 1986, and has recently edited a book on the history of personal workstations, to be published by ACM Press in early 1988.
Daniel H.H. Ingalls, Jr. is currently on leave from Apple Computer Inc., in Cupertino, California, where his most recent research has been in the area of visual programming environments. Formerly with Xerox PARC, he was chief designer of four generations of Smalltalk systems, including Smalltalk-76 and Smalltalk-80.
Alan C. Kay is currently with Apple Computer, Inc., as one of three scientists pursuing ideas under an independent charter. Prior to that, Kay worked for Atari Corp., and Xerox PARC, where he was a founding principal. During his ten years with PARC, he conceived the idea of Dynabook, the laptop personal computer, which was the inspiration for Alto, the forerunner of the Macintosh. In his work on Smalltalk, he pioneered the use of icons instead of typed words.
This award is presented to an institution or individual(s) for developing a software system that has had lasting influence, reflected in contributions to concepts, commercial acceptance, or both.