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1985: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.

The Coca-Cola Company shocked the public on Apr. 23 when it announced it was doing away with its 99-year-old recipe for the famous soft drink and offering a new formula. Faithful Coke drinkers responded so forcefully against the change that on July 10 Coca-Cola was forced to reintroduce the old Coke under a new name, Coca-Cola Classic. In fashion elegance continued to gain favor. Career women were beginning to wear more colorful suits, not just feminized copies of men's traditional wear. Meanwhile, the U.S. Army ruled that its male officers were not allowed to carry umbrellas. The national craze for Cabbage Patch dolls continued, and the classic Barbie doll was given a new French-designed wardrobe as well as a business suit with attache case. In sports the North American Soccer League went out of business after heavy financial losses. Professional basketball and major league baseball, however, reported record attendance in 1985. This year the major league baseball playoffs were extended to best-of-seven series. Critics of the move said it would detract from the importance of the World Series. In golf the top money winners were Curtis Strange, $542,321, and Nancy Lopez, $416,472. Notables who died this year included James Beard, authority on cooking, Jan. 23, at 81; Rudi Gernreich, avant-garde fashion designer who introduced the topless bathing suit for women in the 1960s, Apr. 21, at 62; Burleigh Grimes, pitcher and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, Dec. 6, at 92; John B. Kelly, Jr., president of the U.S. Olympic Committee, Mar. 2, at 57; Roger Maris, Yankee batting champ who broke Babe Ruth's single-season home run record in 1961, Dec. 14, at 51; John Scarne, international authority on games and gambling, July 7, at 82; and Joseph "Smoky Joe" Wood, a pitcher who won 34 games for the Boston Red Sox in 1912, July 27, at 95.

Jan. 1

In college football bowl games, the results were Boston College 45, Houston 28 in the Cotton Bowl; Washington 28, Oklahoma 17 in the Orange Bowl; USC 20, Ohio State 17 in the Rose Bowl; and Nebraska 28, LSU 10 in the Sugar Bowl. This season the AP and UPI polls chose Brigham Young, which had beaten Michigan 24-17 in the Holiday Bowl, the national collegiate champions of 1984.

Jan. 20

Super Bowl XIX was won by the San Francisco 49ers (NFC), defeating the Miami Dolphins (AFC) 38-16. On Jan. 6 the 49ers had shut out the Chicago Bears 23-0 for the NFC championship, and the Dolphins had beaten the Pittsburgh Steelers 45-28 for the AFC title.

Feb. 1-2

U.S. figure skating championships were won in Kansas City, Mo., by Brian Boitano, men's singles; Tiffany Chin, women's singles; Jill Watson and Peter Oppegard, pairs; Judy Blumberg and Michael Seibert, dance (fifth consecutive win).

Mar. 3

The first jockey to win $100,000,000 in career purse money was Willie Shoemaker, who rode Lord at War to victory in the Santa Anita Handicap in Arcadia, Calif.

Mar. 31

The NCAA women's basketball championship was won by Old Dominion, defeating Georgia 70-65.

Apr. 1

The NCAA men's basketball championship was won by Villanova, which beat Georgetown 66-64.

Apr. 14

The Masters golf tournament was won by Bernhard Langer of West Germany, who beat Curtis Strange, Raymond Floyd, and Seve Ballesteros by two strokes.

Apr. 15

The 89th Boston Marathon was won by Geoff Smith of Great Britain, who scored his second consecutive win with a time of 2 hrs., 14 min., 5 sec. The first woman to finish was Lisa Larsen Weidenbach of Battle Creek, Mich., with a time of 2 hrs., 34 min., 6 sec.

Apr. 29

The WBA heavyweight boxing championship was won by Tony Tubbs in a 15-round decision over Greg Page at Buffalo, N.Y.

May 4

The 111th Kentucky Derby was won by Spend a Buck, with a time of 2:00 1/5. The jockey was Angel Cordero, Jr.

May 18

The 110th Preakness Stakes was won by Tank's Prospect, with a time of 1:53 2/5. The jockey was Pat Day.

May 21-30

The NHL Stanley Cup was won for the second consecutive year by the Edmonton Oilers, who beat the Philadelphia Flyers four games to one.

May 26

The 69th Indianapolis 500 auto race was won by Danny Sullivan, completing the 500-mile course in 3 hrs., 16 min., 6.069 sec., with an average speed of 152.982 mph.

May 27-June 9

The NBA basketball championship was won by the Los Angeles Lakers, who defeated the Boston Celtics four games to two.

June 2

The LPGA golf tournament was won by Nancy Lopez, who beat Alice Miller by eight strokes with a 15-under-par 273.

June 8

The 117th Belmont Stakes was won by Creme Fraiche, with a time of 2:27. The jockey was Eddie Maple. Creme Fraiche was the first gelding ever to win the Belmont, and the trainer Woody Stephens was the first to win the Belmont four successive times.

June 16

The U.S. Open golf tournament was won by Andy North, who came from behind to beat Tze-Chung Chen of Taiwan by one stroke.

July 6-7

At the Wimbledon tennis championships in England, Martina Navratilova won the women's singles title. Navratilova teamed with Paul McNamee of Australia to win the mixed doubles, and Kathy Jordan teamed with Elizabeth Smylie of Australia to win the women's doubles.

July 11

Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros (NL) became the first pitcher in major league history to strike out 4000 batters when he fanned Danny Heep of the New York Mets on three pitches in the sixth inning at Houston. The Astros won 4-3.

July 14

The USFL football championship was won by the Baltimore Stars, who defeated the Oakland Invaders 28-24.

July 14

The U.S. Women's Open golf tournament was won by Kathy Baker, who beat Judy Clark by three strokes.

July 16

The baseball All-Star Game was won by the National League, 6-1.

July 23

A new record auction price for a thoroughbred was set at Lexington, Ky., when a yearling son of Nijinsky II and My Charmer sold for $13,100,000.

July 28

The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted Lou Brock, former outfielder; Enos Slaughter, former outfielder; Joseph "Arky" Vaughn, who played shortstop for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1932-1941) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1942-1948); and James "Hoyt" Wilhelm, ace relief pitcher from 1952 to 1972, who compiled major league records in games played, wins, losses, and saves.

Aug. 4

Tom Seaver of the Chicago White Sox (AL) became the 17th pitcher in major league history to win 300 games when he led his team to a 4 to 1 win over the New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium. On Oct. 6 the Yankees' Phil Niekro became the 18th 300-game winner, winning 8-0 over the Toronto Blue Jays.

Aug. 11

The PGA golf tournament was won by Hubert Green, who beat defending champion Lee Trevino by two strokes.

Aug. 25

Dwight Gooden, the 20-year-old pitching phenomenon for the New York Mets (NL), became the youngest major league pitcher to win 20 games in a season. Dr. K, as he was called by his fans, was 20 years, 9 months, and 9 days old when he pitched the Mets to a 9-3 victory over the San Diego Padres.

Sept. 7-8

The U.S. Open tennis singles championships were won by Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia in the men's division and Hana Mandlikova of Czechoslovakia in the women's division.

Sept. 11

Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds (NL) set a new major league baseball record of 4192 career hits in a 2-0 win over the San Diego Padres at Cincinnati. The old record of 4191 hits was set by Ty Cobb in 1928.

Sept. 14

The Miss America title was won by Susan Akin, 21, from Meridian, Miss., at the annual pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.

Sept. 21

The International Boxing Federation heavyweight boxing championship was won by Michael Spinks in a 15-round decision over Larry Holmes in Las Vegas, Nev.

Oct. 5

Eddie Robinson of Grambling State University became the "winningest" college football coach in history when his team picked up its 324th win in his 44-year career. During that time Grambling State had lost 106 games and tied 15.

Oct. 19-27

The World Series was won by the Kansas City Royals (AL), defeating the St. Louis Cardinals (NL) four games to three. On Oct. 16 the Royals had won the American League pennant against the Toronto Blue Jays four games to three, and the Cardinals had won the National League pennant against the Los Angeles Dodgers four games to two.

Oct. 27

The 16th New York City Marathon was won by Orlando Pizzolato of Italy, gaining his second consecutive win with a time of 2 hrs., 11 min., 34 sec. The first woman finisher was Grete Waitz of Norway, who picked up her seventh win with a time of 2 hrs., 28 min., 34 sec.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
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