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1980: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.

On Jan. 20 Pres. Carter announced U.S. withdrawal from the Summer Olympics, to be held in Moscow in July, in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. Some 50 nations followed suit, but many athletes who had trained for years for the games felt great bitterness at the move. In February Americans witnessed an athletic miracle as the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the favored Finnish and Russian hockey teams to take the gold medal and become national heroes. Another top story this year was Muhammad Ali's attempt to win the world heavyweight boxing title for an unprecedented fourth time. Ali had retired from boxing in 1979 after defeating Michael Spinks. On Oct. 2 he faced off against WBA champion Larry Holmes in Las Vegas, but his dream of victory was not to become reality. Nonetheless, the former champ earned $8,000,000 for his part in what many considered a terrible match. In golf, the year's top money winners were Tom Watson, $530,808, and Beth Daniel, $231,000. The year's fashion rage was the bulky coat, down-filled, quilted, and often reaching almost to the ground. Among those who died in 1980 were Alice Longworth Roosevelt, last surviving child of Theodore Roosevelt, Feb. 20, at 96; Richard "Rube" Marquard, one of baseball's all-time great pitchers, June 1, at 90; and Jesse Owens, track star who won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympics in Germany and shattered the Nazi myth of racial superiority, Mar. 30, at age 66.

Jan. 1

In college football bowl games, the results were Houston 17, Nebraska 14 in the Cotton Bowl; Oklahoma 24, Florida State 7 in the Orange Bowl; Southern California 17, Ohio State 16 in the Rose Bowl; and Alabama 24, Arkansas 9 in the Sugar Bowl. This season the AP and UPI polls chose Alabama the national collegiate champions of 1979.

Jan. 18-20

U.S. figure skating championships were won in Atlanta, Ga., by Charles Tickner, men's singles; Linda Fratianne, women's singles; Tai Babilonia and Randy Gardner, pairs; Stacey Smith and John Summers, dance.

Jan. 20

Super Bowl XIV was won by the Pittsburgh Steelers (AFC), defeating the Los Angeles Rams (NFC) 31-19. On Jan. 6 the Steelers had beaten the Houston Oilers 27-13 for the AFC title and the Rams had defeated the Tampa Bay Buccaneers 9-0 for the NFC championship.

Feb. 12-24

At the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, N.Y., the U.S. won six gold medals and finished third behind the U.S.S.R. and East Germany. The U.S. hockey team scored a major upset over the U.S.S.R. team, which had been favored to win the gold medal. Eric Heiden swept the speed skating events, becoming the first athlete to win five gold medals in the Winter Olympics.

Mar. 10

Dr. Herman Tarnower, coauthor of a best-selling diet book, was shot and killed by his longtime friend Jean Harris, headmistress of a prestigious girls' school in Virginia.

Mar. 14

Twenty-two members of a U.S. amateur boxing team died when the Polish airliner they were traveling on crashed near Warsaw. The crash killed 87.

Mar 23

The AIAW basketball championship was won for the second consecutive year by Old Dominion, defeating Tennessee 68-53.

Mar. 24

The NCAA basketball championship was won by the University of Louisville, beating UCLA 59-54.

Mar. 31

The World Boxing Association heavyweight boxing championship was won by Mike "Hercules" Weaver, who knocked out John Tate in the 15th round at Knoxville, Tenn.

Apr. 13

The Masters golf tournament was won by Severiano "Seve" Ballesteros of Spain, 23, the youngest player ever to win the tournament.

Apr. 21

The 84th Boston Marathon was won by Bill Rodgers, his third consecutive win, with a time of 2 hrs., 12 min., 11 sec. Rosie Ruiz of New York was declared the first woman to finish, but on Apr. 29 she was disqualified on grounds she had not actually run the distance. Jacqueline Garreau of Canada, who had finished in 2 hrs., 34 min., 26 sec., was declared the women's winner.

May 3

The 106th Kentucky Derby was won by Genuine Risk, the second filly to ever win the race, with a time of 2:02. The jockey was Jacinto Vasquez.

May 4-16

The NBA basketball championship was won by the Los Angeles Lakers, who defeated the Philadelphia 76ers four games to two.

May 12

The first nonstop transcontinental balloon flight was completed by Maxie Anderson and his son Kris, who flew 3100 miles from Fort Baker, Calif., to Matane, Quebec, on the Gaspe Peninsula, in four days aboard the balloon Kitty Hawk.

May 13-24

The NHL Stanley Cup was won for the first time by the New York Islanders, who beat the Philadelphia Flyers four games to two.

May 17

The 105th Preakness Stakes was won by Codex, with a time of 1:54 1/5. The jockey was Angel Cordero, Jr.

May 25

The 64th Indianapolis 500 auto race was won by Johnny Rutherford, who clinched his third Indy victory with a time of 3 hrs., 29 min., 59.56 sec., with an average speed of 142.862 mph.

June 7

The 112th Belmont Stakes was won by longshot Temperence Hill, with a time of 2:29 4/5. The jockey was Eddie Maple.

June 8

The LPGA golf tournament was won by Sally Little. It was her first major win and she was the only player to finish under par.

June 15

The U.S. Open golf tournament was won by Jack Nicklaus. It was his fourth U.S. Open win.

July 8

The baseball All-Star Game was won for the ninth consecutive year by the National League, defeating the American League 4-2.

July 13

The U.S. Women's Open golf tournament was won by Amy Alcott by nine strokes.

Aug. 3

The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted four new members: Albert W. "Al" Kaline, longtime Detroit Tigers (AL) outfielder; Charles H. "Chuck" Klein, outfielder for the Philadelphia Phillies (NL) and the Cincinnati Reds (NL); Edwin D. "Duke" Snider, outfielder and slugger; and Tom Yawkey, former owner of the Boston Red Sox.

Aug. 10

The PGA golf tournament was won for the fifth time by Jack Nicklaus.

Sept. 6

The Miss America title was won by Susan Powell, 21, from Elk City, Okla., at the annual pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.

Sept. 6-7

The U.S. Open tennis singles championships were won by John McEnroe in the men's division and Chris Evert Lloyd in the women's division.

Sept. 16-25

The America's Cup was successfully defended by the U.S. yacht Freedom, which beat the challenger Australia four races to one.

Sept. 21

The North American Soccer League championship was won by the New York Cosmos, who defeated the Fort Lauderdale Strikers 3-0.

Oct. 14-21

The World Series was won by the Philadelphia Phillies (NL), defeating the Kansas City Royals (AL) four games to two. On Oct. 10 the Royals completed a three-game sweep of the New York Yankees to win the American League pennant. On Oct. 12 the Phillies won the National League pennant, beating the Houston Astros three games to two.

Oct. 26

The 11th New York City Marathon was won by Alberto Salazar of Wayland, Mass., with a time of 2 hrs., 9 min., 41 sec. The first woman to finish was Grete Waitz of Norway, with a time of 2 hrs., 25 min., 41 sec.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
Words:1244
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