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1974: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.

A Harris survey showed that tennis claimed 26% of 1974 sports audiences, compared with a 17.7% share in 1973. A Nielsen poll showed that 33,900,000 Americans played the game in 1974, a jump of 68% over the previous year. In golf the top money winners were Johnny Miller, $353,201, and JoAnne Carner, $87,094. In baseball Frank Robinson became the first black manager in major league baseball, Henry Aaron topped the home-run record set by Babe Ruth, and Lou Brock broke the record for stolen bases set by Maury Wills in 1962. Motorcycle stunt driving became a high-paying occupation this year as Robert Craig "Evel" Knievel managed (Sept. 8) to jump the Snake R. Canyon in Twin Falls, Idaho. The year's top fad was streaking, or running naked through a variety of settings. College students were especially fond of the new, short-lived sport. Among the notables who died this year were Jay Hanna "Dizzy" Dean, the baseball pitcher, July 17, at 63; Anne Klein, the fashion designer, Mar. 19, at 51; Peter Revson, a top U.S. race car driver, Mar. 22, at 35; Daniel R. Topping, New York Yankees baseball executive, May 18, at 61; and Amy Vanderbilt, writer on etiquette, Dec. 27, at 66.

Jan. 1

In college football bowl games, the results were Nebraska 19, Texas 3 in the Cotton Bowl; Penn State 16, LSU 9 in the Orange Bowl; Ohio State 42, USC 21 in the Rose Bowl; and (Dec. 31, 1973) Nebraska 13, Florida 10 in the Sugar Bowl. This season the AP poll chose Notre Dame the national college football champions of 1973. The UPI poll selected Alabama.

Jan. 13

Super Bowl VIII was won by the Miami Dolphins, defeating the Minnesota Vikings 24-7 for their second consecutive Super Bowl win. On Dec. 30, 1973, the Dolphins had defeated the Oakland Raiders 27-10 for the NFC championship, and the Vikings had defeated the Dallas Cowboys 27-10 for the AFC championship.

Jan. 14

Mass strip searches of soldiers and their property for concealed drugs were declared unconstitutional by a federal court.

Jan. 24

World Championship Tennis (WCT), the organization of professional tennis players, severed its ties with the U.S. Lawn Tennis Association, WCT head Lamar Hunt announced.

Feb. 5

Patricia Hearst, daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, was kidnaped from her Berkeley, Calif., apartment by members of a group calling itself the Symbionese Liberation Army. On Feb. 12 a ransom message from her abductors demanded $70 in food for every needy person in California. The Hearst family started a $2,000,000 food giveaway on Feb. 22.

Feb. 6-9

U.S. figure skating championships were won in Providence, R.I., by Gordon McKellen, Jr., men's singles; Dorothy Hamill, women's singles; Melissa Militano and Johnny Johns, pairs; Colleen O'Connor and Jim Millns, dance.

Mar. 23

The third annual AIAW basketball championship was won by Immaculata College, defeating Mississippi State 68-53 for its third consecutive women's college title.

Mar. 24

The NCAA basketball championship was won by North Carolina State University, defeating Marquette University 76-64.

Apr. 3

Patricia Hearst, in a tape to authorities sent by her abductors, declared she was joining the Symbionese Liberation Army of her own free will. On Apr. 15 a camera took a picture of her participating in the robbery of a San Francisco bank. On June 6 she was indicated by a federal grand jury for her role in the crime.

Apr. 8

Henry "Hank" Aaron of the Atlanta Braves (NL) hit his 715th career home run in Atlanta against the Los Angeles Dodgers, breaking the record set decades earlier by the great Babe Ruth. Aaron finished the year with a career total of 733 homers.

Apr. 14

The Masters golf tournament was won by Gary Player, who picked up his second Masters win.

Apr. 15

The 78th annual Boston Marathon was won by Neil Cusack of Ireland with a time of 2 hrs., 13 min., 39 sec. The first woman to finish was Michiko "Miki" Gorman of Los Angeles, Calif., with a time of 2 hrs., 47 min., 11 sec.

Apr. 25

Football rule changes were announced by the NFL, including a 15- minute sudden death period to avoid tie games and the moving of goal posts ten yards back from the goal lines to make it more difficult to score a field goal.

Apr. 28-May 12

The NBA basketball championship was won by the Boston Celtics, who took their 12th title win in 18 years by beating the Milwaukee Bucks four games to three.

Apr. 30-May 10

The ABA basketball championship was won by the New York Nets, who beat the Utah Stars four games to one.

May 4

The 100th annual Kentucky Derby was won by Cannonade, with a time of 2:04. The jockey was Angel Cordero, Jr..

May 4

Expo '74 opened in Spokane, Wash. Its focus was environmental issues and solutions. The 100-acre site of the mini-world's fair was designed for future use as a park. Washington State's pavilion was intended to serve after Expo '74 as an opera house and convention center.

May 7-19

The NHL Stanley Cup was won by the Philadelphia Flyers, who beat the Boston Bruins four games to two.

May 16

In a serial murder case known as the Zebra killings, four Black Muslims were indicted in San Francisco for the murder of three persons and attempted murder of six others. Twelve people, all of them white, had been killed, apparently at random, over a five- month period.

May 17

A shootout with the Symbionese Liberation Army in Los Angeles left six of eight known members of the terrorist group dead after police opened fire on their headquarters and the building caught fire. Among the dead were the group's leader, Donald D. DeFreeze, self-styled General Field Marshall Cinque. Patty Hearst and William and Emily Harris, wanted for bank robbery, were not in the building at the time of the attack.

May 18

The 99th annual Preakness Stakes was won by Little Current, with a time of 1:54 3/5. The jockey was Miguel Rivera.

May 26

The 58th Indianapolis 500 auto race was won by Johnny Rutherford, who completed the 500-mile course in 3 hrs., 9 min., 10.06 sec., with an average speed of 158.589 mph.

June 8

The 106th annual Belmont Stakes was won by Little Current, with a time of 2:29 1/5. The jockey was Miguel Rivera.

June 12

Little League baseball announced that its teams would be open to girls.

June 16

The U.S. Open golf tournament was won by Hale Irwin, beating Forrest Fezler by two strokes.

June 23

The LPGA golf tournament was won by Sandra Haynie.

July 5

At the Wimbledon tennis championships in England, Chris Evert won the women's singles title. On July 6 Jimmy Connors won the men's singles title. Peggy Michel teamed with Evonne Goolagong of Australia to win the women's doubles, and Billie Jean King teamed with Owen Davidson of Australia to win the mixed doubles.

July 21

The U.S. Women's Open golf tournament was won by Sandra Haynie.

July 23

The baseball All-Star Game was won by the National League, beating the American League 7-2 for its 11th win in 12 years.

Aug. 11

The PGA golf tournament was won by Lee Trevino, beating Jack Nicklaus by one stroke.

Aug. 12

The Baseball Hall of Fame inducted six new members: James "Cool Papa" Bell, James "Sunny Jim" Bottomley, John Bertrand "Jocko" Conlan, Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford, Mickey Mantle, and Samuel Thompson.

Aug. 25

The North American Soccer League championship was won by the Los Angeles Aztecs, who defeated the Miami Toros 4-3.

Sept. 8

The Miss America title was won by Shirley Cothran, 21, of Fort Worth, Tex., at the annual pageant in Atlantic City, N.J.

Sept. 9

The U.S. Open tennis singles championships were won by Jimmy Connors in the men's division and Billie Jean King in the women's division.

Sept. 10

Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals (NL) broke the major league record for stolen bases in a season, set by Maury Wills in 1962, when he stole base number 105 in a home game against the Philadelphia Phillies. Brock finished the year with a National League career record of 753 stolen bases.

Sept. 10-17

The America's Cup was successfully defended by the U.S. yacht Courageous, which won four straight races from the Australian challenger Southern Cross.

Sept. 29

The fifth annual New York City Marathon was won by Dr. Norbert Sander, Jr., of New York City, with a time of 2 hrs., 26 min., 30 sec. The first woman to complete the race was Kathy Switzer of New York City, with a time of 3 hrs., 7 min., 29 sec.

Oct. 3

Frank Robinson became the first black manager in major league baseball when he signed a $175,000-a-year contract as player- manager with the Cleveland Indians (AL).

Oct. 12-17

The World Series was won for the third straight year by the Oakland Athletics (AL), who beat the Los Angeles Dodgers four games to one. On Oct. 9 the Athletics had won the American League pennant, beating the Baltimore Orioles three games to one. The same day the Dodgers took the National League pennant from the Pittsburgh Pirates, winning three games to one.

Oct. 29

A bill forbidding discrimination in credit applications on the basis of sex or marital status was signed by Pres. Ford.

Oct. 30

The world heavyweight boxing championship was regained by Muhammad Ali, who triumphed over George Foreman with an eighth- round knockout in Kinshasa, Zaire.

Nov. 11

Competition in the Little League World Series was seriously impaired, as foreign teams were barred from participating. Japan and Taiwan had won seven of the last eight baseball championships.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
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