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1926: Business and industry; science; education; philosophy and religion.

Evangelists offering various approaches to salvation continued to attract followers. A leading figure in the movement was Aimee Semple McPherson, who had founded the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel and in 1923 had opened the Angelus Temple in Los Angeles, Calif. She was successful in attracting a following in California. Then, on May 18, 1926, she disappeared while at the beach. Her followers believed she had drowned. About a month later Sister Aimee, as she liked to be called, turned up in Mexico, claiming she had been kidnaped. Investigation revealed she had run off with a former operator of her radio station. The affair caused a sensation. McPherson was tried for fraud and acquitted, but her days of glory were coming to an end.

The first successful treatment of pernicious anemia was applied by two Boston doctors, George R. Minot and William P. Murphy. They prescribed a liver diet for the victims of the previously mysterious and fatal disease. Minot and Murphy, along with Dr. George H. Whipple, received the Nobel Prize in 1934 for their work on the disease.

In the controversy over religious instruction and the right of boards of education to release schoolchildren for one hour each week for such study, a test case was heard in New York State. The court granted the recess for White Plains, N.Y., schools.

Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, N.Y., was established as Sarah Lawrence College for Women. Its first classes met in 1928. Its present name was adopted in 1947.

Plans were announced for construction of the George Washington Bridge, across the Hudson R. to Manhattan. Terminal sites selected were Fort Lee in New Jersey and Fort Washington on Manhattan.

The 40-hour work week was introduced by Henry Ford to boost the ailing automobile industry. American industrial leaders were shocked, but the proposition was warmly received by the AFL as a means of checking overproduction and limiting unemployment.

Feb. 9

Teaching of the theory of evolution was prohibited in the public schools of Atlanta, Ga., by a decision handed down by the Board of Education.

Mar. 7

The first successful transatlantic radiotelephone conversation was held between New York City and London at a demonstration by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, The Radio Corporation of America, and the British General Post Office.

May 9

The first successful flight over the North Pole was made by Rear Adm. Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett.

May 20

The Civilian Aviation Act was signed by Pres. Calvin Coolidge. The act provided for a Bureau of Air Commerce, which was given jurisdiction over civil aviation, including the licensing of aircraft and pilots. The federal government had previously had no connection with civil aviation except through appropriations for airmail service.

June 20

The first international Eucharistic Congress in the U.S. convened at Chicago. Cardinal John Bonzano was chosen papal legate by Pope Pius XI and presided over the congress.

July 5

A subway strike in New York City began. It ended unsuccessfully for the workers on July 29. During the strike some 150,000 privately owned automobiles and several thousand buses carried New Yorkers to and from work.

July 26

The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Victory, Lackawanna, N.Y., became the first Roman Catholic Church in the U.S. to be consecrated as a basilica.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
Words:554
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