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1918: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.

The war prompted an innovation in time-keeping this year. On Mar. 31 Pres. Woodrow Wilson signed a law providing for Daylight Savings Time, by which clocks were to be set ahead one hour so that more daylight was available. Daylight savings was disliked by some, especially farmers, and the law was repealed in 1919. It was not reestablished nationwide until World War II.

This year's national college football championship was won by Pittsburgh, with a record of four wins, one loss, no ties.

A French box car bearing the inscription Hommes 40-Chevaux 8 [40 men, 8 horses! provided a source of humor for doughboys. After the war, reminiscences of these crowded conveyances led to formation of the Forty and Eight Society, a part of the American Legion that devotes itself to fun and high jinks.

The fourth Tournament of Roses Association football game (Rose Bowl) was won by the Mare Island Marines, who defeated the Camp Lewis Army team 19-7.

The NHL Stanley Cup championship was won by the Toronto Arenas, who defeated the Vancouver Millionaires three games to two.For this year's Boston Marathon, individual competition was suspended because of the war. A service team race was won by Camp Devens.

Jan. 26

To promote food conservation, Food Administrator Herbert Hoover called for one meatless day, two wheatless days, and two porkless days each week.

Mar. 7

U.S. figure skating championships were won by Mrs. Seton R. Beresford of Great Britain, women's singles; Nathaniel W. Niles of Boston, men's singles; and Theresa Weld of Boston and Nathaniel W. Niles, pairs.

May 11

The 44th annual Kentucky Derby was won by Exterminator, one of the great American racehorses, with a time of 2:10 4/5. The jockey was Willie Knapp.

May 15

The 43rd annual Preakness Stakes was run in two sections this year. The first was won by War Cloud, with a time of 1:53 3/5. The jockey was Johnny Loftus. The second was won by Jack Hare, Jr., with a time of 1:53 2/5. The jockey was C. Peak.

June 15

The 50th annual Belmont Stakes was won by Johren, with a time of 2:20 2/5. The jockey was Frankie Robinson.

June 22

The U.S. Lawn Tennis Association singles championships were won by Molla Bjurstedt, for the fourth time in a row, in the women's division and R. Lindley Murray in the men's division (Sept. 3).

July 14

Quentin Roosevelt, 21, the youngest son of former Pres. Theodore Roosevelt, was shot down and killed during a dogfight with an enemy plane.

Sept. 1

The baseball season was cut short by order of Sec. of War Newton D. Baker.

Sept. 5-11

The 15th annual World Series was won by the Boston Red Sox (AL), who beat the Chicago Cubs (NL) four games to two. Each player on the winning team received $1102.51, the all-time low payment to World Series winners.

Oct. 21

A new typewriting speed record was established by Margaret B. Owen in New York City. She typed 170 words a minute with no errors.

Nov. 9

Charlie Chaplin announced that he had married the actress Mildred Harris at Los Angeles, Calif., on Oct. 23.

Dec. 16

William Harrison "Jack" Dempsey, less than a year away from winning the world heavyweight boxing title, knocked out Carl Morris in 14 seconds at New Orleans. On July 27, at Harrison, N.J., he had stopped Fred Fulton in 18 seconds.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
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