1895: Sports; social issues and crime; folkways; fashion; holidays.
The work of Charles Dana Gibson began to have a major influence on Americans' perceptions of themselves. Gibson's idealized depiction of the perfect American woman, who came to be known as the Gibson Girl, soon swept the country. She was slim, small- waisted, and had a pompadour hairstyle. She also had a cool, aloof beauty. The young man she was depicted with was created by Gibson somewhat in his own image. This ideal male was clean-shaven and had much to do with the disappearance of the hitherto popular mustache. He also had a strong jaw and broad shoulders, thus not needing padding in his jackets. Gibson's pair were frequently depicted in settings that made sharp and amusing comments on the social scene. Gibson's work appeared in many magazines and books, notably the works of Richard Harding Davis.
Women's skirts were shortened for bicycling wear. They were shortened an inch or two from the ankle, and the hems were weighted with lead.
This year's national college football championship was won by Pennsylvania, with a record of 14 wins, no losses, no ties.
The U.S. Lawn Tennis Association singles championships were won by Juliette P. Atkinson in the women's division and Fred H. Hovey in the men's division.
The 21st annual Kentucky Derby was won by Halma, with a time of 2:37 1/2. The jockey was James "Soup" Perkins.
The 20th annual Preakness Stakes was won by Belmar, with a time of 1:50 1/2. The jockey was Fred Taral.
The first professional football game was played in Latrobe, Pa., when Latrobe's team of profitsharing players met the Jeannette, Pa., team. Latrobe hired a substitute quarterback, John Brallier, for $10 in expense money, making him the game's first professional player.
The National League baseball championship was won by Baltimore, with a record of 87 wins, 43 losses.
The America's Cup was successfully defended by the U.S. yacht Defender, which won three straight races from the British challenger Valkyrie II.
The American Bowling Congress (A.B.C.) was formed in Beethoven Hall, New York City, to revive waning interest in a once popular sport. Bowling alleys and matches had been taken over by gamblers and ruffians. Teams of businessmen or workers were often physically beaten in revenge after they had won their matches. The A.B.C. became the ruling body of bowling. It standardized rules and equipment and planned national tournaments. The modern ten-pin game became standard.
The first U.S. Open golf tournament, held at Newport Golf Club in Newport, R.I., under the auspices of the U.S. Golf Association, was won by Horace Rawlins. Rawlins, 19, had come from England earlier in the year to work at the Newport club.
The 29th annual Belmont Stakes was won by Belmar, with a time of 2:11 1/2. The jockey was Fred Taral.
The first gasoline-powered automobile race in the U.S., the Chicago to Evanston Thanksgiving Day Race, was won by the brothers Charles E. and J. Frank Duryea.
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|Publication:||Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1993|
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