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1894: Exploration and settlement; wars; government; civil rights; statistics.

A new form of protest over economic conditions appeared this year when Coxey's Army, a band of unemployed workers, began a march on Washington, D.C. Jacob S. Coxey was an Ohio businessman and social reformer who gathered together some hundred unemployed followers. Headed by a six-piece band, the group set out for the capital on Mar. 25 from Massilon, Ohio. Coxey expected to gather a large throng on the way to call attention to the plight of the unemployed and to demand government action, such as a large-scale road building program. The men were well received along the way but on Apr. 30, when they arrived in Washington, the army numbered only about 400 men. The next day Coxey and two others were arrested for trespassing on the Capitol lawn when they tried to present petitions to Congress. The army disbanded. Similar armies set out from other starting points, even from the West Coast, but of these, only 17 out of some 1200 persons reached Washington.

Jan. 8

A fire at the site of the Chicago World's Columbian Exposition destroyed virtually all the buildings, with property damages estimated at $2,000,000.

Jan. 17

The U.S. treasury offered a bond issue of $50,000,000 to replenish its gold reserve. This issue proved insufficient, so the treasury offered a second bond issue of $50,000,000 on Nov. 13.

Jan. 30

Suspected corruption in the New York City police department prompted the New York State Senate to authorize an investigation.

Feb. 13

A cave-in at the Gaylord mine at Plymouth, Pa., killed 13 miners.

Mar. 17

A Chinese Exclusion Treaty, by which China agreed to exclusion of Chinese laborers from the U.S., was signed. The Senate ratified the treaty on Aug. 13.

Mar. 30

The Bland Bill, authorizing coinage of silver bullion, was vetoed by Pres. Grover Cleveland.

Apr. 5

A riot of striking miners at Connellsville, Pa., left 11 miners dead.

Apr. 24

A mine disaster at Franklin, Wash., killed 37 miners.

June 21

The Democratic Silver Convention was held in Omaha, Neb.; 1000 delegates attended. William Jennings Bryan led the convention to the adoption of a free-coinage plank on a silver-to-gold ratio of 16 to 1.

Aug. 1

A fire in Chicago, Ill., destroyed $3,000,000 worth of property.

Aug. 8

The Hawaiian Republic was officially recognized by the U.S. government. On May 31 the U.S. had recognized that Hawaii should have its own government and that interference from any foreign power would be considered unfriendly to the U.S. On July 4 the Republic of Hawaii had been proclaimed and a progressive constitution adopted.

Aug. 18

The Bureau of Immigration was created by Congress.

Aug. 27

The first graduated income tax law was passed by a predominantly Democratic Congress after acrimonious debate. It was denounced by Sen. John Sherman (Ohio) as "socialism, communism, devilism." The law was declared unconstitutional in the next year by the Supreme Court. It was part of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which became law without the signature of Pres. Cleveland.

Sept. 1

A fire killed 500 persons in Hinckley, Minn., and 18 neighboring towns. Flames were swept along by a cyclone. Some 500 persons fled the burning Hinckley station in a train.

Nov. 6

In congressional elections the Republicans regained control of both houses of Congress, taking a 43-39 majority in the Senate, with six seats going to minor parties, and taking a 244-105 majority in the House, with seven seats going to minor parties. William Jennings Bryan of Nebraska, defeated in his bid for a Senate seat, became editor in chief of the Omaha World-Herald. He became an enormously popular speaker on the national lecture circuit.

Dec. 14

Evidence of corruption in the New York City police department was highlighted by the admission by Capt. Timothy J. Creeden to a state Senate investigating committee that he had paid $15,000 for his captaincy.

Dec. 29

A fire during a Christmas festival at Silver Lake, Oreg., killed 40 persons.
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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
Words:672
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