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1813: Publishing; arts and music; popular entertainment; architecture; theatre.

The most successful woman author of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries was Susanna Rowson, who had come to America from England in 1793. In England she had published in 1791 the sentimental and didactic novel Charlotte Temple: A Tale of Truth. It was issued in America in 1794, described as "designed ... for the perusal of the young and thoughtful of the fair sex." By 1933 it had gone through 161 editions in the U.S. Mrs. Rowson was also an actress and author of comedies and comic operas. Although she left the stage in 1797 and opened a girls' boarding school near Boston, Mrs. Rowson continued to write, her work including the novel Sarah; or, The Exemplary Wife (1813).

The Boston Daily Advertiser, a strong supporter of the Whig Party, was started under the editorship of Nathan Hale. In 1917 it was purchased by William Randolph Hearst and combined with the Boston Record.

The Sylphs of the Season, the first book of poems by the American poet and painter Washington Allston, was published. Also in 1813 Allston, then living in England, completed his first important painting, Dead Men Revived by Touching the Bones of the Prophet Elisha. His poetry was praised by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Robert Southey, Wilkie Collins, and others. His painting won an award and praise from William Wordsworth. Allston introduced the Romantic style to U.S. painting on his return to the U.S. in 1818.

A unique choir book for use in Catholic missions among the Indians of the Southwest was compiled by Padre Narciso Duran, choirmaster at San Jose Mission in California. Members of the choirs adapted religious music to their growing folk tradition.

The Lay of the Scottish Fiddle by James Kirke Paulding was published. Paulding's work was a verse parody of the romantic heroic poetry of Sir Walter Scott. In 1818 Paulding would publish another long poem, The Backwoodsman, offering a hero quite different from Scott's heroes. But Paulding's satire and his preference for American qualities could do nothing to halt the popularity of the romantic period in Anglo-Saxon literature.

Sept. 4

The first religious weekly in America, Religious Remembrancer, founded in Philadelphia by John W. Scott, began publication. Through successive mergers the magazine grew, and eventually became the Christian Observer.

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Author:Carruth, Gorton
Publication:Encyclopedia of American Facts & Dates, 9th ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1993
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