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150 people visit Pims due to heat-related issues.

ISLAMABAD -- A total of 150 people visited the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (Pims) on Thursday for heat-related issues.

Pims gastroenterologist Dr Waseem Khawaja said the rise in temperatures had led to an increase in the number of patients at the hospital.

'We get a number of patients suffering because of the heat or heat related-issues. Heat has a different effect on different people, some peoples' body temperature rises and some peoples' body temperature falls because of the heat.

Dr Khawaja said, in response to a question, that not a single person suffering from heatstroke had been brought to the hospital on Thursday.

'Although people think every patient who suffers because of the heat is suffering from heatstroke, in medical terms heatstroke is when a patient's temperature increases from 106Adeg7 or 41AdegC,' he said.

He added that heatstroke is a result of the failure of the heat-regulating mechanism.

'It is characterised by very high body temperature, which may rise to 110AdegF or 43.3AdegC, and profound disturbances including convulsions, coma, dry hot skin, a lack of sweating or sometimes excessive sweating,' he said.

'Outcome can be fatal even if the patient is brought to a medical centre or hospital quickly. Treatment consists of rapidly cooling the body in an ice water bath until the temperature drops below 38.9AdegC,' Dr Khawaja said.

He added that fever, headache, dryness of lips and tongue, vomiting, an increase in body temperature and unconsciousness are major symptoms of heat-related issues.

He said people with such symptoms should be moved to cool and shaded areas.

'Remove some of the person's clothes so their body temperature decreases. Suggest that they drink cold water, place ice under their arms and raise the patient's legs and then shift him to a hospital as soon as possible,' Dr Khawaja said.

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Publication:Dawn (Karachi, Pakistan)
Date:Jun 15, 2018
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