142d Military Intelligence Battalion (Linguist).
The 142d Military Intelligence Battalion (Linguist) started out as a numbered intelligence company of interrogators on 12 February 1960, with a strength of 54 service members. On I April 1981, the unit became a battalion when counterintelligence specialists joined the ranks. Since 1988, the 142d MI Battalion, one of the six linguist battalions in the Army National Guard, has been responsible for Europe and Southwest Asia.
The Battalion contains 45 language sections of five soldiers each. The battalion now has linguists in 30 languages, in four different Ml disciplines: interrogation, counterintelligence (Cl), interpreter/translation, and signals intelligence (SIGINT). Ninety-five percent of the personnel in the 142d Ml Battalion have a specific language skill.
Before 1981, the general mission of the 142d Ml Battalion was interrogation. However, the battalion has been involved in all facets of intelligence work. Some of these experiences include missions such as delivering intelligence information to allied units during an exercise in Western Europe, scanning Chinese newspapers in Japan for current order of battle information, translating military field manuals and other materials, and working with the United States Military Liaison Mission in Berlin.
The primary mission of the Battalion is to conduct interrogation operations such as supporting strategic debriefings, document exploitation and translation, and, most recently, tactical interrogations during Operations DESERT SHIELD and DESERT STORM. The Battalion's secondary mission, Cl operations, provides soldiers the opportunity to participate in Foreign Military Intelligence Collection Activities (FORMICA) interviews and personnel security investigations. In 1988, the 142d Ml Battalion expanded into SIGINT with five sections of voice intercept operators. This unit has supported SIGINT in Europe, Central America, and the continental United States, as well as providing Arabic SIGINT support during DESERT STORM.
In addition to their military intelligence role, the 142d Ml Battalion also provides interpretation and translation support to other types of operations such as: nation building (airfield and road construction and public facilities constructions), support to medical and dental readiness exercises, civil-military operations, liaison missions, and any other operations in which linguist support is necessary.
In August 1990, the 142d provided Arabic linguists to support the U.S. military response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Nineteen soldiers deployed on 26 August 1990 to support the 18th Airborne Corps, 7th Corps, and subordinate military intelligence and civil affairs units during their nine-month tour of duty in Southwest Asia. They provided linguistic support at all levels. Following the conflict, they provided humanitarian support to thousands of displaced refugees.
In January 1991, A Company, 142d MI Battalion, used the skills they had practiced at the Toreador Sword theater interrogation exercise at Fort AP Hill, Virginia, when they conducted interrogation operations during DESERT STORM with the 202d Ml Battalion Personnel used their interrogation skills at two Joint Interrogation Facilities, and they provided the theater-level document exploitation facility.
The 142d Ml Battalion is a diverse unit with an outstanding future ahead of it. The battalion is unique in the National Guard system and the United States Army because it supports language requirements throughout the entire Army. The organization has continued to grow since its inception in 1960. The language skills of this unit are unexcelled in the United States Army.
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|Publication:||Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin|
|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Jan 1, 2001|
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