100% coverage of TB treatment strategy achieved.
ISLAMABAD, October 22, 2011 (Balochistan Times): The government has
achieved 100 percent coverage of Directly Observed Treatment,
Short-course (DOTS) strategy for detection and cure of tuberculosis.
According to official sources, the treatment strategy is recommended by
World Health Organizations (WHO) and more than 700,000 tuberculosis
patients were treated free of cost in the country through this strategy.
They said the government has set up around 982 microscopy centres
throughout the country to provide free of cost diagnostic facility to
tuberculosis patients. They said external quality assurance for sputum microscopy is implemented in 40 districts of the country while five
reference laboratories have been established included one at federal
level and one each at provincial level. They said training and health
education materials have been developed and all concerned health care
providers have been trained. They said TB is an infectious bacterial
disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly
affects the lungs. They added the disease is transmitted from person to
person via droplets from the throat and lungs of people with the active
respiratory disease. They said in healthy people, infection with
mycobacterium tuberculosis often causes no symptoms, since the persons
immune system acts to wall off the bacteria. They said the symptoms of
active TB of the lung are coughing, sometimes with sputum or blood,
chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats. They added
tuberculosis is treatable with a six-month course of antibiotics.
According to available data, the incidence of TB per 100,000 population
in Pakistan is 181, case notification per 100,000 per year is 150 while
the treatment success rate is 85 percent.
(THROUGH ASIA PULSE)