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 In CH010, Alba-Waldensian 3rd Quarter Profits Up 76 Percent On Sales Increase, moved earlier today, in the tabular material under Nine Month Periods Ended Oct. 3, 1993, Income before cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle, the figure should be 968,345 rather than 986,345 as originally transmitted.
 -0- 11/11/93 C CH010
 /PRNewswire -- Nov. 11/

CO: Alba-Waldensian, Inc. ST: North Carolina IN: TEX SU: ERN

MM -- CH010A -- 3359 11/11/93 16:00 EST

Acoustic Coupler: A portable device for connecting two compatible computers together via the telephone lines using an ordinary telephone. An acoustic coupler is a modem that avoids the need for making a direct connection to the telephone line. (See Modem.)

Address: An instruction that identifies where a specific unit of information is stored in the computer's memory. Without the address, it would be nearly impossible to find anything that you have stored.

Alphanumeric: Letters and numbers.

ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange, an encoding system for converting keyboard characters and instructions into the binary number code that the computer understands. (See Machine Language.)

BASIC: Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Code. This is the most widely used simple and direct language for beginners to use on their home computers. It can inform you when you have made a mistake.

Baud Rate: The speed of data transmission measured in bits per second.

Binary: A numbering system that uses only two digits, 0 and 1. Computers can only add and they can only add in O's and 1 's.

Bit: (Stands for binary digit). It is the smallest piece of computer information and is either the number 0 or 1. All information is given to the computer in the binary number system. With proper coding, the computer can "understand" any number, letter, punctuation mark, or symbol through an appropriate combination of the numbers 0 and 1.

Boot: To start up a program.

Bug: A malfunction due to an error in the program or a defect in the equipment.

Byte: Most computers use combinations of eight bits to represent one character of data. These eight-bit combinations are called bytes. Bytes can represent data or instructions. For example, the word "cat" has three characters, and it would be represented by three bytes.

CD-ROM: (Compact Disk Read-Only Memory.) A penpheral system that uses CD-ROM laser disks and a CD-ROM reader (similar to a CD music disk and player) connected to your computer. A single disk can hold an entire library of books such as encyclopedias, and other reference works and multi-media programs for quick, convenient viewing.

Chip: A tiny wafer of silicon containing miniature electric circuits which can store millions of bits of information.

COBOL: Common Ordinary Business-Oriented Language. A programming language for large business computers that is intended for record-keeping functions.

CPU: Central Processing Unit. The "brains" or part of a computer where all the incoming information is controlled and executed by its electronic circuitry.

CRT: Cathode Ray Tube. A visual device similar to your television screen that lets the computer operator see what he is doing.

Cursor: A moving position-indicator displayed on the computer monitor that shows the computer operator where he is working.

Database: A program that enables you to create and update files of information in a well-organized manner.

Debug: Computer slang for finding and correcting in a computer program or equipment malfunction. (See Bug.)

Desktop Publishing: Use of a personal computer in combination with text, graphics, and page layout programs to produce publication quality documents.

Directory: A list of files stored in the computer.

Disk: On large computers, disks are hard and are about the same size as a phonograph record. PCs use smaller disks, 5 1/4 or 3 1/2 inches in diameter. Because they are made from a flexible mylar plastic, they are sometimes called floppy disks, or diskettes.

Disk Drive: The machine that a disk is inserted into so that information may be stored or retrieved from the disk.

Documentation: The instruction manual for a piece of hardware or software.

DOS: Disk Operating System. A program for controlling the storage of information on a disk commonly used in IBM computers and compatibles.

E-mail: Electronic Mail. It can refer to inter-office memos or letters sent by computer or messages sent by users to other computer users.

File: A set of data that is stored in the computer.

Fonts: Sets of typefaces (or characters) that come in different styles and sizes.

Gigabyte (GB): One billion bytes.

Glitch: The cause of an unexpected malfunction.

Graphics: Pictorial matter such as charts, graphs. and diagrams that can be programmed into a computer's video display.

Graphics Terminal: A specially designed CRT that can display intricate, detailed drawings and diagrams in black and white and in color. (See Light Pen.)

GUI: Graphical User Interface. A system that simplifies selecting computer commands by enabling the user to point to symbols or illustrations (called "icons") on the computer screen with a mouse.

Hacker: A person with technical expertise who enjoys tinkering with computer systems in order to produce additional features. Also one who intentionally accesses all or part of a computer or a computer system without authorization to do so. (A crime in some states.)

Hard Copy: A permanent record of what you have done on the computer in the form of a paper printout.

Hardware: The physical and mechanical components of a computer system. They include electronic circuitry, chips, screens, disk drives, keyboards, and printers.

Hexidecimal: A machine language written in a 16-base number system. In "Hex," the digits are 0 through 9, plus A, B, C, D, E, and F.

I/O: Input/output. Information into or out of a computer.

Icons: Symbols or illustrations appearing on the computer screen that indicate program files or other computer functions.

Input: Data that goes into a computer device.

Interface: A device that connects a computer with a peripheral so that they can communicate with each other.

Kilobyte (K or KB): Equal to 1,024 bytes. Computer memories are measured in terms of the number of bytes they can store. For example: a 64K memory means that the computer can handle 64 x 1024 or 65,536 bytes.

Language: A special set of symbols, characters, and numbers that you use to communicate with the computer.

Laptop and Notebook: Small, lightweight, portable battery-powered computers that can fit onto your lap. They have a thin, flat, liquid crystal display screen.

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD): The kind of display used to show numerals in digital watches and calculators.

Machine Language: The CPU or "brains" of the computer can only understand instructions written in binary form (bits of 0's and 1's). The commands the operator gives the computer are translated into data by the computer using the two-digit binary number system.

Megabyte (MB): Equal to 1,048,576 bytes, usually rounded off to one million bytes.

Memory: A computer device or series of devices that store information.

Menu: A list of options displayed on the computer terminal that you can choose from.

Merge: To combine two or more files into a single file arrangement.

Microcomputer: A personal computer containing a central processing unit (CPU) and one or more memory circuits.

Microprocessor: A complete central processing unit (CPU) contained on a single silicon chip.

Modem: A device that will connect two compatible computers together by a direct connection to the telephone line. Modems accomplish this by converting the computer's data into an audio signal.

Monitor: A video display terminal.

Mouse: A small hand-held device for controlling the cursor movement on the screen by moving the "mouse" back and forth on a desk.

Multimedia: Software application technology that combines text and graphics with sound and animation. A multimedia PC contains the hardware to support these capabilities.

Output: Data that come out of a computer device. MS-DOS: An operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation.

Network: Computers that are connected to other computers.

OS/2: An operating system for IBM PCs and compatible computers.

PC: Personal computer.

Pen Computer: A type of laptop PC that uses a stylus (pen) to write directly on the screen rather than using a keyboard.

Peripherals: Extra equipment for the computer that will extend its usefulness and capability. Most peripherals either increase the computer's storage capacity or permit it to communicate with outside devices.

Printer: A mechanical device for making a permanent printed record of your computer's output on paper. The three major types of printers are the;

Dot Matrix: In which individual letters are made up of a series of tiny ink dots. The dots are formed by punching a ribbon with the ends of tiny wires;

Ink Jet: Sprays tiny droplets of ink particles (which become electrically charged) onto paper and they are formed into characters by a varying electric field; and

Laser: It uses the principle of dry process office copiers in which a modulated laser beam is used as the light source.

Program: A precise series of instructions written in a computer language that tells the computer what to do and how to do it. Programs are also called "software."

RAM: Random Access Memory. One of two basic types of memory. RAM is a memory that you can add to, retrieve from, or alter at will. RAM is also called Read/Write Memory. (See ROM.)

ROM: Read-Only Memory. One of the two basic types of memory. As its name implies, information in it cannot be altered by the computer operator. It can be transferred out, but not transferred in. ROM contains only permanent information put there by the manufacturer. (See RAM.)

Scanner: An electronic device that uses light-sensing equipment to scan paper images such as text, photos, and illustrations and translate the images into signals that the computer can understand and copy.

Software: The various computer programs.

Spreadsheets: Software that allows one to calculate numbers in a format that is similar to pages in a conventional ledger.

User: The person who is using the computer.

User Friendly: It means that the system and the instructions for it are supposed to be written in simple language and be easy to operate for people with a nontechnical background.

VGA: Video Graphics Array. A widely used monitor for personal computers.

Virtual Reality (VR): A technology that allows you to experience and interact with the image on the computer screen in a simulated three-dimensional environment. For example, you could design a room in a house on your computer and actually feel that you are walking around in it even though it was never built. (The holodeck in the science fiction TV series

"Star Trek: The Next Generation" would be the ultimate virtual reality.) Current technology requires the user to wear a special helmet, viewing goggles, gloves, and other equipment that is wired to the computer.

Virus: An unauthorized piece of computer code attached to a computer program or portions of a computer system that secretly spreads from one computer to another by shared disks and over telephone lines.

Windows: A graphical user interface that enables users to select commands by pointing to illustrations or symbols displayed in a rectangular area on the computer screen with a mouse.

Word Processor: A computer system or program for setting, editing, revising, correcting, storing, and the printing of text.

Worm: An unauthorized independent program that penetrates computers and replicates itself, thereby affecting computers and computer networks. In 1988, Robert T. Morris, a Cornell University graduate student shut down a nationwide computer network with the best-known computer worm in history.
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Date:Nov 11, 1993

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