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'IMAGINE HOLDING HAVING TO SAY GOODBYE' YOUR NEWBORN AND; 400 babies die from Strep B every year but hospitals still won't test for it; Justine Baker, 39, has two children - Iris, nine and Harrison, five. Harrison almost died twice and could have been left disabled after he contracted the preventable Group B Strep virus when he was born.

My first pregnancy was traumatic. I had preeclampsia and, at 29 weeks, I was admitted to hospital and never le- Iris arrived six weeks premature.

So, four years later, when my husband Daryl and I found out I was pregnant, we were nervous. At 27 weeks I went into hospital with pre-eclampsia again, stayed there for nine weeks and went into labour five weeks early.

I was being prepared for a Caesarean when I suddenly needed to push: 10 minutes later my son shot out on the operating table. But things were about to get even more dramatic.

When Harrison was 10 hours old, he was taken to the Special Care baby unit. The nurse said she was concerned as there was sugar in my blood while I was in labour - I'd possibly been developing gestational diabetes and it had impacted on him.

They wanted to make sure he was having regular feeds to keep his blood sugar up.

I approached my newborn in the unit in horror: he was puffy, grey, totally different to the son I'd delivered hours earlier. At 4am I couldn't sleep for worrying and went back to see him. When I arrived, his incubator was gone.


I'll never forget it, I was shaking. I found the nurse and she took my hand and gently broke it to me that he'd taken a turn for the worse and was in intensive care. I nearly collapsed.

They took Daryl and me to a special suite reserved for parents when there's bleak news.

That convinced me he wasn't going to make it. We were told he'd brought up green bile, his gut and intestines weren't working and he was being transferred to Bristol Children's Hospital.

They weren't sure he'd survive the journey and suggested we say goodbye. Distraught doesn't begin to describe how I felt when talking to my son for what I thought was the last time.

He survived the journey, but the surgeon who did an exploratory operation warned that if his intestine hadn't developed properly, it was likely he would die.

But within hours we had some good news: his gut was ne. Only to then be dealt a devastating blow. A midwife had taken an internal swab when my waters broke and they'd received the results. I was carrying Group B Strep and had passed it on to him. I'd never heard of it, but it's so serious in newborns the chances of him making it were 'very slim'. I wanted to scream.

The following ve days were horrendous - he was fighting for his life. He had breathing difficulties, was unable to feed and had an irregular heartbeat.

Once more, we were taken to the special room: Harrison had a 10% chance of survival. It seemed it really was time to say goodbye.

For over three weeks I barely saw my daughter because my focus was on Harrison. To this day I feel terribly guilty -s- she was only four - but I couldn't concentrate on anything else


Unbelievably, Harrison kept on fighting. I know now he only survived because the head of Special Care put him on antibiotics when he was admitted to the unit. Intuition told her he wasn't 'right' - if she hadn't done this, he would have died within hours.

Gradually Harrison got better until finally, at three-and-a-half weeks old, he came home. I was the happiest mum on earth.

A week later we were getting into a normal routine, trying to put it behind us. Then, at five weeks old, he changed. It was happening again - his skin was grey, and he was crying all the time, so he was admitted to hospital. He had a lumbar puncture so they put him on antibiotics and carried out tests.

The hospital refused to test for Strep B again, telling me babies don't get it a second time. While they couldn't establish what was wrong, I was convinced I knew - but no one would listen to me, I was the 'hysterical mother'.


By now I'd researched Group B Strep and read that babies can - very rarely - develop it again.

Out of desperation I phoned the Group B Strep charity and spoke to the Chief Exec who made me write down the correct antibiotics.

Five charity's consultant even phoned Harrison's paediatrician to advise on the correct treatment. I don't know how the consultant took this, but he accepted the advice - the most important thing was that Harrison was on the right medication.


I spent all of my waking hours at the hospital willing Harrison to get better.Thankfully, after three weeks he took a turn for the better and was discharged.

Last year we discovered he has learning difficulties; so far, mild dyslexia has been diagnosed, which can be as a result of Group B Strep.

We're so lucky - normally if children survive Group B Strep they're very disabled. Harrison's one of the only children ever to have survived it twice. People - even health professionals - don't understand how serious it is. It's like meningitis, it can kill.

Which is why I was furious when I found out if I'd had a test at 30 weeks pregnant, we could have avoided all of this. If you test positive while pregnant, you're given antibiotics and your baby will be ne.

Five years on, it's still raw. My husband is calm about most things - but Group B Strep brings out a diffierent side in him. It makes him angry. He had to say goodbye to our son twice, while trying to be mum and dad to our daughter and go to work. It was hell.

In my darkest hours part of me still worries Harrison's on borrowed time. But whenever I read about families whose children have been affiected by Group B Strep it's usually because those sons or daughters have died - we're very lucky.

GROUP B STREP THE FACTS: It's the biggest killer of newborns in the UK. Between 300-400 babies will die of it each year, although the actual figure is feared to be higher as so many cases go undetected.

Group B Strep (GBS) is bacteria carried by up to 30% of adults, most commonly in the gut, but for up to 25% of women, in the vagina too.

GBS is normally harmless, however, it can be passed to newborn babies during childbirth. Half of babies born to mothers with GBS at the time of delivery will become carriers themselves. Without preventative antibiotics in labour, 1 in 200 will develop GBS disease.

GBS can be present at any time - in a woman's first pregnancy, or in subsequent pregnancies.

It can be a threat during pregnancy, around delivery and afterwards for up to 8 weeks for the newborn.

How high is your risk?

Mothers who have previously had a baby infected with GBS - risk is increased tenfold.

Mothers who have been shown to carry GBS in pregnancyor GBS has been or GBS has been found in the urine at any time during pregnancy - risk is increased fourfold.

How to help.

To sign a petition to lobby the government to make the test available for pregnant women: see

Find out more . For further info go to

What you need to know:.

Group Strep B virus (GBS) may be passed from one person to another through skin to skin contact, eg: hand contact, kissing, close physical contact - but it is not a sexually transmitted disease.

GBS testing is not offered in the UK. It is routinely available to pregnant mums in many other countries around the world. The government advisory group NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) doesn't believe there is enough evidence to necessitate the test. If the test is not offered at your hospital, it is available privately (from around PS35 per test for a postal service - details on the website below). The test is a simple cotton bud swabbed around the vaginal area.



Harrison with his big sister Iris
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Title Annotation:Features
Publication:Sunday Mirror (London, England)
Date:Mar 23, 2014
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