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"Smart" hydrogels may lead to advances in material biology, stem cell biology.

HONG KONG, PRC, August 3, 2017 -- Hydrogels, also known as soft matter in the medical world, are leading materials for biomedical applications such as drug delivery and stem cell therapy.

But traditional hydrogels, used in products such as facial masks and contact lenses, are made up of either synthetic polymers or biological extracts such as animal collagen, are likely to cause allergies.

They cannot fully mimic the complex biological environment needed for cell growth and development.

But a new "smart" hydrogel developed by researchers here can act as a carrier for stem cells, and can control the time and manner regarding drug delivery inside human body due to its light sensing function.

To create this novel hydrogel, the team assembled genetically-engineered proteins into molecular networks by stitching together the photoreceptor C-terminal adenosylcobalamin binding domain (CarHC) proteins at room temperature.

The synthesis relies solely on bacterial culturing, a process similar to fermentation.

The composition of the resulting hydrogel resembles that of human tissues and thus can be used to deliver live cells into human bodies while potentially minimizing allergies and body rejection.

As a drug carrier, this photo-responsive hydrogel can quickly switch from solid to liquid upon light exposure, thus allowing drugs to be released into the body in a controlled manner.

The strategy of creating entirely protein-based hydrogels represents a new way to design bioactive materials with precise control over their properties.

Demand for smart hydrogels is growing.

The direct assembly of stimuli-responsive proteins into hydrogels opens enormous opportunities for material biology and medical treatment.

In theory, hydrogels can serve as carriers for stem cells in regenerative medicine to promote the healing of damaged organs, which means organ transplantation may no longer be patients' only.

Citation: Ri Wang et al., "B12-dependent photoresponsive protein hydrogels for controlled stem cell/protein release," PNAS, June 6, 2017, vol. 114 no. 23, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1621350114

Abstract/Article: http://bit.ly/2waxO54

Contact: Fei Sun, kefsun@ust.hk

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Title Annotation:Advanced Stem Cell Technology
Publication:Stem Cell Research News
Date:Aug 14, 2017
Words:325
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