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Xenobiotics and Food-Producing Animals, Metabolism and Residues.

This volume is No.503 in their symposium series and this text was developed from a symposium held in New York towards the end of August 1991. The express purpose of this series is to ensure that papers of relevance are published as soon as possible. These comprehensive books provide a |snapshot in time' as the Foreword points out so eloquently. As to the symposium itself the subject matter may be revised to include further work and some papers may be excluded to ensure that the subject has been covered in such a way as to suit publication in book-form.

With a large proportion of the world's population at the door of starvation, it is obviously necessary to make best use of our crops, be they plants or animals. As we ascend the food chain, the higher organisms depend on the lower forms of life for their sustenance. Good animal husbandry is critical for the conversion of plant-derived feed stuffs into animal process, certain for human consumption. To help this process, certain bioactive chemicals are used. At the same time the control of disease is important because animals are so often kept in very close proximity, which only serves to magnify the risk of animal-to-animal transmission of diseases. Likewise pest control in such situations is equally important.

Because of the potential for overuse, many crop protection and veterinary products must be carefully controlled in use. Another problem arises in that the fate of the residues in both plants and animal tissues can cause concerns for human safety. Most of this book is concerned with the metabolism of veterinary products, not crop protection agents, and it is divided into 16 chapters with titles like Uses and regulation of veterinary drugs - introduction; Veterinary medicines - regulation in Europe and the importance of pharmacokinetic studies; Semduramicin in the chicken - tissue residue depletion studies; Dermal absorption and metabolism of xenobiotics in food-producing animals; Pirlimycin in the diary cow - metabolism and residue studies; Tilmicosin in cattle - metabolism and tissue residues; Sulphonamide drug in lactating cows - novel metabolism; and Luprositol in dairy cows - residue depletion and metabolism.
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Publication:Food Trade Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Apr 1, 1993
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