Wounds have healed but scars remain.
It was a conflagration - the emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi Noun 1. Indira Gandhi - daughter of Nehru who served as prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 (1917-1984)
Gandhi, Indira Nehru Gandhi, Mrs. Gandhi in June 33 years ago. In 19 months, the period for which it lasted, every institution got scarred. The constitution was mutilated mu·ti·late
tr.v. mu·ti·lat·ed, mu·ti·lat·ing, mu·ti·lates
1. To deprive of a limb or an essential part; cripple.
2. To disfigure by damaging irreparably: mutilate a statue. . Personal freedom was forfeited. The press was gagged. The judiciary was shackled. Parliament had its tenure extended.
The largest democracy in the world put under detention more than 100,000 people without trial. And, as the then Attorney General said, the state could kill anyone with impunity.
The institutions have regained their health but the scars are still visible. What has probably been lost forever is the people's sensitivity. They do not react to the abuse of power. I thought that those brutalities would never revisit the country. I see all of them coming back with a vengeance: false encounter killings, custodial deaths, kidnappings, violations of human rights and detentions under the security law.
What has probably happened to the people is that once Indira wiped out the thin line dividing right from wrong, moral from immoral they do not mind or feel where they stand. There is no compunction in hitting below the belt or committing even the gravest wrong. In fact, the wrong itself has undergone a change in the meaning. It has become a relative term.
Pressure on judiciary
The Manmohan Singh government has five ministers whose hands are tainted with the excesses committed during the emergency. They are: Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee Pranab Kumar Mukherjee (Bengali: প্রণব কুমার মুখার্জী , Commerce Minister Kamal Nath Shri Kamal Nath (born 18 November, 1946) is a cabinet minister in Ministry of Commerce and Industry. He is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Chhindwara constituency of Madhya Pradesh and is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party. , Law Minister H.R. Bhardwaj, Heavy Industries Minister Santosh Mohan Dev Background
Sontosh Mohan Dev is a veteran Indian political leader and a key member of the Indian National Congress. Mr Dev was first elected to the Parliament in 1980, the first of Seven terms in office as the Member Of Parliament for Silchar Assam and also From Tripura. and Tourism Minister Ambika Soni Ambika Soni (born November 13, 1943) is an Indian politician. She currently serves in the Union Cabinet as the minister in charge of Ministry of Tourism and Culture. . They should quit giving face to morality and ethics. The judiciary has been the biggest casualty. Indira transferred 16 judges.
The Shah Commission Shah Commission was a commission of inquiry appointed by Government of India in 1977 to inquire into all the excesses committed in the Indian Emergency (1975 - 77). It was headed by Justice J.C. Shah. External link
Indira regretted "certain mistakes," but never the emergency and brought back the officers who were instruments of tyranny during her rule. Not only did she punish those who had pursued cases of excesses against her and her son Sanjay Gandhi Sanjay Gandhi (earlier known as sanjiv gandhi) (December 14, 1946 –- June 23, 1980) was an Indian politician, the younger son of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Mohammad Younus. , who was an extra-constitutional authority, she divided the bureaucracy into 'ours' and 'theirs.' The civil service is now a set of sycophants and supplicants who allow themselves to be used by politicians. There was one Sanjay Gandhi at the centre then. Now every state has a chief minister's son or a nephew emulating him.
And it was no surprise that she threw out even the recommendations by the National Police Commission to reform the force because the police were used by her indiscriminately. She preferred to stay with the Indian Police system, structured on an Act of 1861 and rejected the draft bill which the Police Commission had recommended to release the force from the stranglehold of politicians.
Since the baby was thrown out with the bathtub, even the recommendations to make police accountable were not implemented. The Supreme Court has picked up the thread and made it obligatory for the states to implement the recommendations. The states have not done so. Even the centre has not asked the Union Territories to fall in line.
The illegal power, to which the police have got used to since the emergency, is hard to withdraw now. What is seen in Kashmir, the northeast or elsewhere in the country is a cumulative effect of unbridled authority given to the force. It does not know, much less cares about normal, acceptable methods to deal with a situation.
The Intelligence Bureau and Central Bureau of Intelligence are loaded with assignments which are not really theirs. Keeping track of opposition leaders and critics of the government, intercepting their mail and taping their telephones is not what the two agencies should be doing. Nor should they be checking the credentials of candidates and weighing their chance of winning at the polls. The agencies remain unaccountable.
The worst fallout of the emergency has been that the public servants have invariably in·var·i·a·ble
Not changing or subject to change; constant.
in·vari·a·bil become an instrument in the hands of ministers at the centre and in the states.
Manmohan Singh who has been a top civil servant should have devised some steps to retrieve them. Anxiety to survive at any cost forms the keynote of approach to the problems that come before public servants. It should be obligatory for the trainees to work with NGOs at the grassroots. They may learn, if not imbibe, the qualities of humility which officials lack.
And there has to be a mechanism to punish the errant civil servants. None was even demoted or sacked for deliberately flouting laws and harassing those who were against the emergency.
Kuldip Nayar Kuldip Nayar is an eminent Indian journalist, noted for his centre-left columns. Early life
Nayar was born at Sialkot, Undivided India on 14 August, 1923 in a Sikh Khatri family. His parents were Gurbaksh Singh and Pooran Devi. is a former Indian High Commissioner to the UK and a former Rajya Sabha The Rajya Sabha (meaning the "Council of States") is the upper house of the Parliament of India. Membership is limited to 250 members, 12 of whom are chosen by the President of India for their expertise in specific fields of art, literature, science, and social services. MP.
A[umlaut umlaut (m`lout) [Ger.,=transformed sound], in inflection, variation of vowels of the type of English man to men. ] Al Nisr Publishing Al Nisr Publishing is a company based in Dubai, UAE. The company is a part of Al Tayer Group. It was established in 1985 by Obaid Humaid Al Tayer, Abdullah Al Rostamani and Juma Al Majid. It employs 1,050 people and has branches in Manilla, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi and Sharjah. LLC (Logical Link Control) See "LANs" under data link protocol.
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