Worship attendance frequency.To the Editor: Essinger (1) reported that three primary factors influence the attitudes of Tennessee physicians toward euthanasia and assisted death: ethics, religion, and the role of the physician in relieving pain and suffering. Those physicians with strong self-reported theistic the·ism
Belief in the existence of a god or gods, especially belief in a personal God as creator and ruler of the world.
the religious values were less approving of euthanasia or assisted death than were those without such values. Gartner et al (2) found that "real-life" behavioral variables such as church attendance or financial giving were better indices of religiosity re·li·gi·os·i·ty
1. The quality of being religious.
2. Excessive or affected piety.
Noun 1. religiosity - exaggerated or affected piety and religious zeal
religiousism, pietism, religionism than self-report measures.
A recent study investigated medical decision making as a function of place of worship Noun 1. place of worship - any building where congregations gather for prayer
house of God, house of prayer, house of worship
bethel - a house of worship (especially one for sailors) attendance. Research committees of the James H. Quillen VA Medical Center and the James H. Quillen College of Medicine approved the project. Usable responses were obtained from 160 (54%) of 296 adult outpatients attending the nicotine reduction program at the VA Medical Center. The typical volunteer was male (92%), white (91%), and 54 years old. Responses to the rating item "Estimated place of worship attendance in past 6 months" were used to categorize respondents as either low or high attendees. Low attendees (n = 93) rated themselves as a 1 or 2 (ie, attendance equal to or less than twice monthly), and high attendees checked a 5 or 6 (ie, attendance equal to or more than three times weekly). Groups were not significantly different as a function of race, sex, income, and many health habit variables. However, high attendees were older, drank more alcohol, and smoked fewer cigarettes than did low attendees, and these variables were used as covariates in subsequent analyses of covariance Covariance
A measure of the degree to which returns on two risky assets move in tandem. A positive covariance means that asset returns move together. A negative covariance means returns vary inversely. procedures.
Participants responded to three ethically sensitive vignettes used in previous research. (3) Volunteers indicated their extent of approval on a Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (Do not approve) to 7 (Do approve). The birth control vignette described a sexually active single woman asking for birth control medication. The euthanasia vignette described a 70-year-old man in a coma after a myocardial myocardial /myo·car·di·al/ (-kahr´de-al) pertaining to the muscular tissue of the heart.
pertaining to the muscular tissue of the heart (the myocardium). infraction Violation or infringement; breach of a statute, contract, or obligation.
The term infraction is frequently used in reference to the violation of a particular statute for which the penalty is minor, such as a parking infraction.
INFRACTION. whose family asks the physician to perform euthanasia. The elective abortion elective abortion Therapeutic abortion Obstetrics A voluntary interruption of pregnancy before fetal viability, which is performed voluntarily at the request of the mother for reasons unrelated to concerns for maternal or fetal health or welfare; most abortions are vignette described a pregnant woman with a family history of a genetic disease who requests an abortion.
Low attendees were significantly more approving of the euthanasia vignette (F = 7.18, P = 0.009) and the elective abortion vignette (F = 12.79, P < 0.001) than were high attendees. Responses to the birth control vignette followed the same trend, but group differences were not significantly different (F = 2.02, P = 0.158).
Koenig et al (4) summarized many studies and found that people who frequently attend worship services generally have fewer psychological problems, better immune function Immune function
The state in which the body recognizes foreign materials and is able to neutralize them before they can do any harm.
Mentioned in: Herbalism, Traditional Chinese, Stress Reduction and physical health, and less juvenile delinquency juvenile delinquency, legal term for behavior of children and adolescents that in adults would be judged criminal under law. In the United States, definitions and age limits of juveniles vary, the maximum age being set at 14 years in some states and as high as 21 and marital instability. Research also suggests that worship attendance frequency is not simply another means of measuring physical health. Worship attendance frequency is a behavioral variable that could easily be added to large survey studies such as Essinger's (1) to further make operational the abstraction of "religion."
This project was supported by resources from the James H. Quillen Veterans Affairs Veterans Affairs is a term of the business that deals with the relation between a government and its veteran communities, usually administered by the designated government agency. Medical Center and College of Medicine, Johnson City, TN.
(1.) Essinger D. Attitudes of Tennessee physicians toward euthanasia and assisted death. South Med J 2003;96:427-435.
(2.) Gartner J, Larson DB, Allen GD. Religious commitment and mental health: A review of the empirical literature. J Psychol Theol 1991;19:6-25.
(3.) Neumann JK, Olive KE. Absolute versus relative values: Effects on family practitioners and psychiatrists. South Med J 2003;96:452-457.
(4.) Koenig HG, McCullough ME, Larson DB. Handbook of Religion and Health. New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of , Oxford University Press, 2001.
Joseph K. Neumann, PHD
Kenneth E. Olive, MD
Arthur R. Ellis, PHD