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World affairs annual 2010.

IN THE 22 PAGES that follow, you'll find MAPS and the LATEST DATA on the world's 195 COUNTRIES--everything from languages and literacy rates to the percentage of young people in the population. To better understand the data, read the explanations accompanying the sample entry for Brazil, below. ON EACH MAP, you'll find photos and summaries of key news stories to watch this year. And in our SNAPSHOTS section, you'll learn, among other things, which countries have the most Internet users and which consume the most ice cream. We hope you'll keep this issue FOR YEAR-ROUND REFERENCE, and that it will help you make sense of what's going on in the world as we head into 2010.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
WHERE THE OIL IS

BIGGEST OIL PRODUCERS
(millions of barrels per day)

SAUDI ARABIA             10.2
RUSSIA                    9.9
UNITED STATES             8.4
IRAN                      4.0
CHINA                     3.9
MEXICO                    3.5
CANADA                    3.4
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES      2.9
VENEZUELA                 2.7
KUWAIT                    2.6

SOURCE: ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION; 2007 FIGURES

Note: Table made from bar graph.

GAS GUZZLERS

BIGGEST OIL CONSUMERS
(millions of barrels per day)

UNITED STATES            20.7
CHINA                     7.6
JAPAN                     5.0
RUSSIA                    2.8
INDIA                     2.8
GERMANY                   2.5
BRAZIL                    2.4
CANADA                    2.3
SOUTH KOREA               2.2
SAUDI ARABIA              2.2

SOURCE: ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION; 2007 FIGURES

Note: Table made from bar graph.

THE WEALTH OF NATIONS

Per Capita GDP in U.S. Dollars

WEALTHIEST

 1. LIECHTENSTEIN                          $118,000
 2. QATAR                                  $103,500
 3. LUXEMBOURG                              $81,100
 4. KUWAIT                                  $57,400
 6. NORWAY                                  $55,200
 6. BRUNEI                                  $53,100
 7. SINGAPORE                               $52,000
 8. UNITED STATES                           $47,000
 9. IRELAND                                 $46,200
10. ANDORRA                                    $543

POOREST

 1. ZIMBABWE                                   $200
 2. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO           $300
 3. BURUNDI                                    $400
 4. LIBERIA                                    $500
 5. SOMALIA                                    $600
 6. GUINEA-BISSAU                              $600
 7. CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC                   $700
 8. SIERRA LEONE                               $700
 9. NIGER                                      $700
10. ERITREA                                    $700

SOURCE: THE WORLD FACTBOOK 2009 (C.I.A.) NUMBERS ROUNDED


upfront 2010 HOT SPOTS

EUROPE

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Under Prime Minister (and former President) Vladimir Putin, RUSSIA has become increasingly autocratic at home and aggressive abroad, raising concerns in Europe, Asia, and the United States.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

A Muslim country that straddles both Europe and Asia, TURKEY is struggling with how to balance the growing influence of Islam with its secular traditions and its hope of joining the European Union.
EUROPE

                                URBAN
               AREA (SQ MI)    POP. %

                              POP. RISE
COUNTRY         POPULATION     %/YEAR      CAPITAL     MAJOR LANGUAGES

ALBANIA           11,100         49         TIRANA         ALBANIAN
                 3,200,000       0.6                        GREEK

ANDORRA             174          90        ANDORRA         CATALAN
                  100,000        0.7       LA VELLA         FRENCH
                                                          CASTILIAN

AUSTRIA           32,378         67         VIENNA          GERMAN
                 8,400,000        0

BELARUS           80,154         74         MINSK         BELARUSIAN
                 4,700,000      -0.3                       RUSSIAN
                                                            OTHERS

BELGIUM           11,787         97        BRUSSELS        FLEMISH
                10,800,000       0.2                        FRENCH
                                                            GERMAN

BOSNIA &          19,741         46        SARAJEVO     SERBO-CROATIAN
HERZEGOVINA      3,800,000        0

BULGARIA          42,822         71         SOFIA         BULGARIAN
                 7,600,000      -0.4                        OTHERS

CROATIA           21,830         56         ZAGREB      SERBO-CROATIAN
                 4,400,000      -0.2

CZECH             30,448         74         PRAGUE          CZECH
REPUBLIC        10,500,000       0.1                        SLOVAK

DENMARK           16,637         72       COPENHAGEN        DANISH
                 5,500,000       0.2                     GREENLANDIC
                                                       FAROESE & GERMAN

ESTONIA           17,413         69        TALLINN         ESTONIAN
                 1,300,000        0                       UKRAINIAN
                                                       RUSSIAN & OTHERS

FINLAND           130,560        63        HELSINKI        FINNISH
                 5,300,000       0.2                       SWEDISH
                                                        LAPP & RUSSIAN

FRANCE            212,934        77         PARIS           FRENCH
                62,600,000       0.4                       REGIONAL
                                                           DIALECTS

GERMANY           137,830        73         BERLIN          GERMAN
                82,000,000      -0.2

GREECE            50,950         60         ATHENS          GREEK
                11,300,000        0                        ENGLISH
                                                            FRENCH

HUNGARY           35,919         66        BUDAPEST       HUNGARIAN
                10,000,000      -0.3                        OTHERS

ICELAND           39,768         93       REYKJAVIK       ICELANDIC
                  300,000        0.9

IRELAND           27,135         60         DUBLIN         ENGLISH
                 4,500,000       1.0                        GAELIC

ITALY             116,320        68          ROME          ITALIAN
                60,300,000        0                         GERMAN
                                                       FRENCH & SLOVENE

KOSOVO (2)         4,203         NA        PRISTINA        ALBANIAN
                 2,200,000       1.4                       SERBIAN
                                                            OTHERS

LATVIA            24,942         68          RIGA          LETTISH
                 2,300,000      -0.3                      LITHUANIAN
                                                       RUSSIAN & OTHERS

LIECHTENSTEIN       62           15         VADUZ           GERMAN
                  40,000         0.4                      ALEMANNIC
                                                           DIALECT

LITHUANIA         25,174         67        VILNIUS        LITHUANIAN
                 3,300,000      -0.2                        POLISH
                                                           RUSSIAN

LUXEMBOURG          999          83       LUXEMBOURG    LUXEMBOURGISH
                  500,000        0.4                        GERMAN
                                                       FRENCH & ENGLISH

MACEDONIA          9,927         65         SKOPJE       MACEDONIAN
                  200,000        0.2                       ALBANIAN
                                                            OTHERS

MALTA               124          94        VALLETTA        MALTESE
                  400,000        0.2                       ENGLISH

MOLDOVA           13,012         41        CHISINAU        MOLDOVAN
                 4,100,000      -0.1                       RUSSIAN
                                                            GAGAUZ

MONACO               1           100        MONACO          FRENCH
                  40,000         0.9                       ENGLISH
                                                          ITALIAN &
                                                          MONEGASQUE

MONTENEGRO         5,333         64       PODGORICA      MONTENEGRIN
                  600,000        0.3                       SERBIAN
                                                          BOSNIAK &
                                                           ALBANIAN

NETHERLANDS       15,768         66       AMSTERDAM         DUTCH
                16,500,000       0.3

NORWAY            125,050        80          OSLO         NORWEGIAN
                 4,800,000       0.4                         LAPP
                                                           FINNISH

POLAND            124,807        61         WARSAW          POLISH
                38,100,000       0.1

PORTUGAL          35,514         55         LISBON        PORTUGUESE
                10,600,000        0

ROMANIA           92,042         55       BUCHAREST        ROMANIAN
                21,500,000      -0.1                      HUNGARIAN
                                                            GERMAN

RUSSIA           6,592,819      -0.3        MOSCOW         RUSSIAN
                141,800,000      84                         OTHERS

SAN MARIN0          23           84          SAN           ITALIAN
                  30,000         0.3        MARINO

SERBIA            34,115         56        BELGRADE    SERBO-CROATIAN
                 7,300,000      -0.5                       ALBANIAN

SLOVAKIA          18,923         56       BRATISLAVA       SLOVAK
                 5,400,000       0.1                      HUNGARIAN

SLOVENIA           7,819         48       LJUBLJANA       SLOVENIAN
                 2,000,000       0.2                   SERBO-CROATIAN
                                                            OTHERS

SPAIN             195,363        77         MADRID         SPANISH
                  46,900         0.3                       CATALAN
                                                          GALICIAN &
                                                            BASQUE

SWEDEN            173,730        84       STOCKHOLM        SWEDISH
                 9,300,000       0.2                         LAPP
                                                           FINNISH

SWITZERLAND       15,942         73          BERN           GERMAN
                 7,800,000       0.2                   FRENCH, ITALIAN
                                                          ROMANSCH &
                                                            OTHERS

UKRAINE           233,089        68          KIEV         UKRAINIAN,
                46,000,000      -0.5                       RUSSIAN
                                                       ROMANIAN, POLISH
                                                          HUNGARIAN

UNITED            94,548         80         LONDON         ENGLISH
KINGDOM         61,800,000       0.4                        WELSH
(ENGLAND,                                                   GAELIC
SCOTLAND,
WALES &
N. IRELAND)

VATICAN CITY     109 ACRES       NA        VATICAN         ITALIAN
                    824           0          CITY           LATIN
                                                            OTHERS

               POLITICAL SYSTEM &
COUNTRY        HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

ALBANIA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister SALI BERISHA

ANDORRA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               Executive Council President
               JAUME BARTUMEU CASSANY

AUSTRIA        Parliamentary democracy
               Chancellor WERNER FAYMANN

BELARUS        Presidential dictatorship
               president ALEKSANDR LUKASHENKO

BELGIUM        Parliamentary democracy
               Frime Minister HERMAN VAN ROMPUY

BOSNIA &       Presidential-parliamentary (transitional)
HERZEGOVINA    Rotating Chairman of the Presidency (1)

BULGARIA       Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister BOKIO BORISOV

CROATIA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President JADRANKA KOSOR

CZECH          Parliamentary democracy
REPUBLIC       Prime Minister JAN FISCHER

DENMARK        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister LARS LOKKE RASMUSSEN

ESTONIA        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister ANDRUS ANSIP

FINLAND        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President TARJA HALONEN

FRANCE         Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President NICOLAS SARKOZY

GERMANY        Parliamentary democracy
               Chancellor ANGELA MERKEL

GREECE         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister KOSTAS KARAMANLIS

HUNGARY        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister GORDON BAJNAI

ICELAND        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JOHANNA SIGURDARDOT-
               TIR

IRELAND        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister BRIAN COWEN

ITALY          Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister SILVIO BERLUSCONI

KOSOVO (2)     Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               (transitional)
               Prime Minister HASHIM THACI

LATVIA         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister VALDIS DOMBROVSKIS

LIECHTENSTEIN  Constitutional monarchy
               Prince ALOIS

LITHUANIA      Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President DALIA GRYBAUSKAITE

LUXEMBOURG     Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JEAN-CLAUDE JUNCKER

MACEDONIA      Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister NIKOLA GRUEVSKI

MALTA          Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister LAWRENCE GONZI

MOLDOVA        Parliamentary democracy
               Acting President MIHAI GHIMPU (3)

MONACO         Constitutional monarchy
               prince ALBERT II

MONTENEGRO     Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President FILIP VUJANOYIC

NETHERLANDS    Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JAN PETER BALKENENDE

NORWAY         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JENS STOLTENBERG

POLAND         Presdential-Parliamentary democracy
               President LECH KACZYNSKI

PORTUGAL       Presidential-Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JOSE SOCRATES

ROMANIA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               president TRAIAN BASESCU

RUSSIA         Dominant party
               President DMITRY MEDVEDEV

SAN MARIN0     Parliamentary democracy
               Co-Captains Regent elected every six
               months from the Great and General Council

SERBIA         Presidential-Parliamentary democracy
               (transitional)
               President BORIS TADIC

SLOVAKIA       Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister ROBERT FICO

SLOVENIA       Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister BORUT PAHOR

SPAIN          Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister
               JOSE LUIS RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO

SWEDEN         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister FREDRIK REINFELDT

SWITZERLAND    Parliamentary democracy
               Rotating President from seven-member
               Federal Council

UKRAINE        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President VIKTOR YUSHCHENKO

UNITED         Parliamentary democracy
KINGDOM        Prime Minister CORDON BROWN
(ENGLAND,
SCOTLAND,
WALES &
N. IRELAND)

VATICAN CITY   Papal state
               Pope BENEDICT XVI

                 DATE         LITERACY      PER CAPITA
               OF ORIGIN      RATE (%)         GDP

                % POP.          LIFE
COUNTRY        UNDER 15      EXPECTANCY        HDI

ALBANIA          1912          99/98          $6,000
                  25           72/79          0.807

ANDORRA          1278          99/99         $42,500
                  15             NA             NA

AUSTRIA          1156            98          $39,200
                  15           78/83          0.951

BELARUS          1991          99/99         $11,800
                  15           65/76          0.817

BELGIUM          1830          99/99         $37,500
                  17           77/82          0.948

BOSNIA &         1992          99/94          $6,500
HERZEGOVINA       16           72/77          0.802

BULGARIA         1908          99/98         $12,900
                  13           70/77          0.834

CROATIA          1991          99/97         $16,100
                  15           72/79          0.862

CZECH            1993          99/99         $26,100
REPUBLIC          14           74/80          0.897

DENMARK          900s          99/99         $37,400
                  19           76/81          0.952

ESTONIA          1991          99/99         $21,200
                  15           67/79          0.871

FINLAND          1917          99/99         $32,200
                  17           76/83          0.954

FRANCE            486          99/99         $32,700
                  18           78/84          0.955

GERMANY          1871          94/99         $34,800
                  14           77/82          0.940

GREECE           1829          98/94         $32,000
                  14           77/82          0.947

HUNGARY          1001          99/99         $19,800
                  15           69/77          0.877

ICELAND          1944          99/99         $39,900
                  21           80/83          0.968

IRELAND          1921          99/99         $46,200
                  21           77/82          0.960

ITALY            1861          99/98         $31,000
                  14           79/84          0.945

KOSOVO (2)       2008          97/88          $2,300
                  31           67/71            NA

LATVIA           1991          99/99         $17,800
                  14           66/77          0.863

LIECHTENSTEIN    1719          99/99         $118,000
                  17           79/82            NA

LITHUANIA        1991          99/99         $17,700
                  15           65/77          0.869

LUXEMBOURG       1839          99/99         $81,100
                  18           78/83          0.956

MACEDONIA        1991          98/44          $9,000
                  19           71/76          0.808

MALTA            1964          92/94         $24,200
                  16           77/82          0.894

MOLDOVA          1991          99/99          $2,500
                  18           65/73          0.719

MONACO           1419          99/99         $30,000
                  73             NA             NA

MONTENEGRO       2006            NA           $9,700
                  20           70/75          0.822

NETHERLANDS      1579          99/99         $40,300
                  18           78/82          0.958

NORWAY           1905          99/99         $55,200
                  19           78/83          0.968

POLAND           1918          99/99         $17,300
                  16           71/80          0.875

PORTUGAL         1140          96/91         $22,000
                  15           75/82          0.900

ROMANIA          1878          98/96         $12,200
                  15           69/76          0.825

RUSSIA           1991          99/99         $15,800
                  15           61/74          0.806

SAN MARIN0        301          97/95         $41,900
                  15           80/85            NA

SERBIA           1992          94/94         $10,900
                  15           71/76          0.821

SLOVAKIA         1993          99/99         $21,900
                  15           71/79          0.872

SLOVENIA         1941          99/94         $29,500
                  14           75/82          0.923

SPAIN            1492          99/97         $34,600
                  14           78/84          0.949

SWEDEN           1523          99/99         $38,500
                  15           79/83          0.958

SWITZERLAND      1291          99/99         $40,900
                  15           79/84          0.955

UKRAINE          1991          49/99          $7,400
                  14           63/74          0.786

UNITED         CIRCA 900       99/99         $36,600
KINGDOM           18           77/82          0.942
(ENGLAND,
SCOTLAND,
WALES &
N. IRELAND)

VATICAN CITY     1929           100             NA
                  NA             NA             NA

(1) Bosnia & Herzegovina has a collective presidency that rotates
among three members (one Croat, one Muslim, and one Serb).

(2) Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008. It is
officially recognized by 62 countries, including the U.S.

(3) Pending new elections in 2010


AFRICA

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

SOMALIA has been without a real government since 1991. The chaotic situation has allowed pirates to flourish off the coast, threatening international shipping in the Gulf of Aden.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Ethnic conflict in the Darfur region of SUDAN, where Arab militias have been attacking black villages for six years, has left more than 300,000 dead and close to 3 million displaced.
AFRICA

                ARE (SQ MI)     URBAN
                               POP. %

Country         POPULATION    POP. RISE    CAPITAL     MAJOR LANGUAGES
                               % YEAR

ALGERIA           919,591        63        ALGIERS          ARABIC
                35,400,000       1.9                        FRENCH
                                                       BERBER DIALECTS

ANGOLA            481,351        57         LUANDA        PORTUGUESE
                17,100,000       2.7                        BANTU
                                                            OTHERS

BENIN             43,483         41       PORTO-NOVO        FRENCH
                 8,900,000       3.2                         FON
                                                       YORUBA & OTHERS
BOTSWANA          224,606        60
                 2,000,000       1.3       GABORONE        ENGLISH
                                                           SETSWANA

BURKINA           105,792        16      OUAGADOUGOU        FRENCH
FASO            15,800,000       3.2                       SUDANIC
                                                          LANGUAGES

BURUNDI           10,745         10       BUJUMBURA        KIRUNDI
                 8,300,000       2.1                        FRENCH
                                                           SWAHILI

CAMEROON          183,568        57        YAOUNDE         ENGLISH
                18,900,000       2.3                        FRENCH
                                                           AFRICAN
                                                          LANGUAGES

CAPE VERDE         1,556         59         PRAIA         PORTUGUESE
                  500,000        2.1                       CRIOULO

CENTRAL           240,533        38         BANGUI          FRENCH
AFRICAN          4,500,000       1.9                        SANGHO
REPUBLIC                                                    ARABIC
                                                       HUNSA & SWAHILI

CHAD              495,753        27       N'DJAMENA         FRENCH
                10,300,000       2.6                        ARABIC
                                                        SARA & OTHERS

COMOROS             861          28         MORONI          ARABIC
                  700,000        2.5                        FRENCH
                                                           COMORAN

CONGO             905,351        33        KINSHASA         FRENCH
DEMOCRATIC      68,700,000       3.1                       LINGALA
REPUBLIC                                                   KINGWANA
OF THE                                                    KIKONGO &
                                                           TSHILUBA

CONGO             132,046        60      BRAZZAVILLE        FRENCH
REPUBLIC OF      3,700,000       2.3                       LINGALA
                                                          MONOKUTUBA
                                                          KIKONGO &
                                                            OTHERS

COTE              124,502        48      YAMOUSSOUKRO       FRENCH
D'IVOIRE        21,400,000       2.4                        DIOULA
(IVORY COAST)                                               OTHERS

DJIBOUTI           8,958         87        DJIBOUTI         FRENCH
                  900,000        1.9                        ARABIC
                                                        SOMALI & AFAR

EGYPT (4)         386,660        43         CAIRO           ARABIC
                78,600,000       1.9                       ENGLISH
                                                            FRENCH

EQUATORIAL        10,830         34         MALABO         SPANISH
GUINEA            700,000        2.4                        FRENCH
                                                        PIDGIN ENGLISH
                                                         FANG, BUBI &
                                                             IBO

ERITREA           45,405         21         ASMARA         AMHARIC
                 5,100,000       2.9                        ARABIC
                                                        AFAR, TIGRINYA
                                                         TIGRE & MANY
                                                            OTHERS

ETHIOPIA          426,371        16      ADDIS ABABA       AMHARIC
                82,800,000       2.7                      TIGRINYA,
                                                            ARABIC
                                                           OROMINGA
                                                          ENGLISH &
                                                            OTHERS

GABON             103,347        84       LIBREVILLE     FRENCH, FANG
                 1,500,000       1.8                     MYENE, BATEKE
                                                            OTHERS

GAMBIA             4,363         54         BANJUL         ENGLISH
                 1,600,000       2.8                       MANDINKA
                                                         WOLOF, FULA
                                                           & OTHERS

GHANA             92,100         48         ACCRA          ENGLISH
                23,800,000       2.1                         AKAN
                                                            OTHERS

GUINEA            94,927         33        CONAKRY          FRENCH
                10,100,000       2.7                   VARIOUS AFRICAN
                                                          LANGUAGES

GUINEA-           13,446         30         BISSAU        PORTUGUESE
BISSAU           1,600,000       2.6                       CRIOULO
                                                            OTHERS

KENYA             224,081        19        NAIROBI         ENGLISH
                39,100,000       2.7                       SWAHILI
                                                         MANY OTHERS

LESOTHO           11,718         24         MASERU         SESOTHO
                 2,100,OO0       0.2                       ENGLISH
                                                         ZULU & XHOSA

LIBERIA           43,000         58        MONROVIA        ENGLISH
                 4,000,000       3.0                     NIGER-CONGO
                                                          LANGUAGES

LIBYA             679,354        77        TRIPOLI          ARABIC
                 6,300,000       2.0                       ITALIAN
                                                           ENGLISH

MADAGASCAR        226,656        30      ANTANANARIVO       FRENCH
                19,500,000       2.9                       MALAGASY

MALAWI            45,745         17        LILONGWE        ENGLISH
                14,200,000       3.1                       CHICHEWA
                                                            OTHERS

                  478,838        31         BAMAKO          FRENCH
MALI            13,000,000       2.8                       BAMBARA
                                                         MANY OTHERS

MAURITANIA        395,954        40       NOUAKCHOTT   HASANIYA ARABIC
                 3,300,000       2.5                   PULAAR, SONINKE
                                                        WOLOF & FRENCH

                    788          42          PORT      ENGLISH, CREOLE
MAURITIUS        1,300,000       0.7        LOUIS       FRENCH, HINDI
                                                         URDU, HAKKA
                                                           BOJPOORI

MOROCCO           772,413        56         RABAT           ARABIC
                31,500,000       1.4                   BERBER DIALECTS
                                                            FRENCH

MOZAMBIQUE        309,494        29         MAPUTO        PORTUGUESE
                22,000,000       2.4                       AFRICAN
                                                          LANGUAGES

NAMIBIA           318,259        35        WINDHOEK       AFRIKAANS
                 2,200,000       2.1                   GERMAN, ENGLISH
                                                        LOCAL AFRICAN
                                                          LANGUAGES

NIGER             489,189        17         NIAMEY          FRENCH
                15,300,000       3.9                        HAUSA
                                                            DJERMA

NIGERIA           356,668        47         ABUJA       ENGLISH, HAUSA
                152,600,000      2.6                        YORUBA
                                                         IBO & FULANI

RWANDA            10,170         18         KIGALI       KINYARWANDA
                 9,900,000       2.5                        FRENCH
                                                           ENGLISH
                                                          KISWAHILI

SAO TOME            371          58        SAO TOME       PORTUGUESE
& PRINCIPE        200,000        2.6

SENEGAL           75,954         41         DAKAR       FRENCH, WOLOF
                72,500,000       2.9                    PULAAR, DIOLA
                                                           MANDINGO

SEYCHELLES          174          53        VICTORIA        ENGLISH
                  100,000        1.0                        FRENCH
                                                            CREOLE

SIERRA            27,699         37        FREETOWN        ENGLISH
LEONE            5,700,000       2.0                        MENDE
                                                         TEMNE & KRIO

SOMALIA           246,201        37       MOGADISHU         SOMALI
                 9,100,000       3.0                        ARABIC
                                                          ITALIAN &
                                                           ENGLISH

SOUTH             477,444        59       CAPE TOWN        ENGLISH
AFRICA          50,700,000       0.8      PRETORIA &   AFRIKAANS, ZULU
                                         BLOEMPONTEIN    XNOSA, SWAZI
                                                        SOTHO & OTHERS

SUDAN             967,494        38        KHARTOUM     ARABIC, NUBIAN
                42,300,000       2.2                      TA BEDAWIE
                                                          ENGLISH &
                                                            OTHERS

SWAZILAND          6,703         24       MBABANE &        ENGLISH
                 1,200,000       1.6       LOBAMBA         SISWATI

TANZANIA          364,900        25         DAR ES        KISWAHILI
                43,700,000       2.3        SALAAM         ENGLISH
                                                            ARABIC
                                                         MANY OTHERS

TOGO              21,927         40          LOME        FRENCH, EWE
                 6,600,000       2.7                    MINA, DAGOMBA
                                                            KABYE

TUNISIA           63,170         66         TUNIS           ARABIC
                10,400,D00       1.2                        FRENCH

UGANDA            93,066         13        KAMPALA         ENGLISH
                30,700,000       3.4                       LUGANDA
                                                          SWAHILI &
                                                            OTHERS

ZAMBIA            240,583        37         LUSAKA         ENGLISH
                12,600,000       2.9                        BEMBA
                                                        TONGA & OTHERS

ZIMBABWE          150,873        37         HARARE         ENGLISH
                12,500,000       1.4                        SHONA
                                                          SINDEBELE
                                                            OTHERS

               POLITICAL SYSTEM &
Country        HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

ALGERIA        Dominant party
               President ABDELAZIZ BOUTEFLIKA

ANGOLA         Presidential-parliamentary
               (transitional)
               President JOSE EDUARDO DOS SANTOS

BENIN          Presidential-legislative democracy
               President YAYI BONI

BOTSWANA       Parliamentary democracy and
               traditional chiefs
               President IAN KHAMA

BURKINA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
FASO           (transitional)
               President BLAISE COMPAORE

BURUNDI        Presidential-legislative democracy
               (transitional)
               President PIERRE NKURUNZIZA

CAMEROON       Dominant party
               President PAUL BIYA

CAPE VERDE     Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JOSE MARIA NEVES

CENTRAL        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
AFRICAN        (transitional)
REPUBLIC       President FRANCOIS BOZIZE

CHAD           Dominant party
               President IDRISS DEBY

COMOROS        Presidential-parliamentary
               (military-influenced)
               President ARMED ABDALLAH SAMBI

CONGO          In transition from military to
DEMOCRATIC     presidential-parliamentary
REPUBLIC       President JOSEPH KABILA
OF THE

CONGO          Military (transitional)
REPUBLIC OF    President DENTS SASSOU-NGUESSO

COTE           Presidential-parliamentary
D'IVOIRE       (transitional)
(IVORY COAST)  President LAURENT GBAGBO

DJIBOUTI       Dominant party
               President ISMAIL OMAR GUELLEH

EGYPT (4)      Dominant party
               President HOSNI MUBARAK

EQUATORIAL     Presidential dictatorship
GUINEA         President
               TEODORO OBIANG NGUEMA MBAS0G0

ERITREA        One-party dictatorship
               President ISAIAS AFEWERKI

ETHIOPIA       Dominant party
               Prime Minister MELES ZENAWI

GABON          Dominant party
               President ALI BEN BONGO

GAMBIA         Dominant party
               President YAHYA JAMMEH

GHANA          Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President JOHN ATTA MILLS

GUINEA         Military (transitional after coup);
               President MOUSSA DADIS CAMARA

GUINEA-        Presidential-legislative (transitional)
BISSAU         President MALAM BACAI SANHA

KENYA          Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President MWAI KIBAKI

LESOTHO        Parliamentary and traditional chiefs
               (transitional)
               Prime Minister PAKALITHA M0SISILI

LIBERIA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               (transitional)
               President ELLEN JOHNSON-SIRLEAF

LIBYA          Presidential dictatorship
               Colonel MUAMMAR AL-QADOAFI

MADAGASCAR     Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President ANDRY RAJOELINA

MALAWI         Presidential-legislative democracy
               President BINGU WA MUTHARIKA

MALI           Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President AMADOU TOUMANI TOURS

MAURITANIA     Military, in transition after coup
               General MOHAMED OULD ABDEL AZIZ

MAURITIUS      Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister NAVIN RAMGOOLAM

MOROCCO        Constitutional monarchy
               King MUNAMMAD VI

MOZAMBIQUE     Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President ARMANDO GUEBUZA

NAMIBIA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President HIFIKEPUNYE POHAMBA

NIGER          Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               (transitional)
               President MAMADOU TANDJA

NIGERIA        Presidential-legislative democracy
               (transitional)
               President UMARU MUSA YAR'ADUA

RWANDA         Dominant party
               President PAUL KAGAME

SAO TOME       Presidential-parliamentary democracy
& PRINCIPE     President FRADIQUE DE MENEZES

SENEGAL        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President ABDOULAYE WADE

SEYCHELLES     Presidential-legislative democracy
               President JAMES MICHEL

SIERRA         Presidential-legislative democracy
LEONE          President ERNEST BAI KOROMA

SOMALIA        Limited government disputed by factions

SOUTH          Parliamentary democracy
AFRICA         President JACOB ZUMA

SUDAN          Presidential-legislative
               (military-dominated)
               President
               OMAR HASSAN AHMAD AL-BASHIR

SWAZILAND      Monarchy
               King MSWATI III

TANZANIA       Dominant party
               President JAKAYA KIKWETE

TOGO           Dominant party
               President FAURE GNASSINGBE

TUNISIA        Dominant party
               President ZINE EL ABIDINE BEN ALI

UGANDA         Dominant party
               President YOWERI MUSEVENI

ZAMBIA         Presidential-legislative democracy
               (transitional)
               President RUPIAH BANDA

ZIMBABWE       Dominant party
               (transitional)
               President ROBERT MUGABE

                 DATE         LITERACY      PER CAPITA
               OF ORIGIN      RATE (%)         GDP

                % POP.          LIFE           HDI
Country        UNDER 15      EXPECTANCY

ALGERIA          1962          80/60          $7,000
                  28           71/74          0.748

ANGOLA           1975          83/54          $8,800
                  46           44/48          0.484

BENIN            1960          48/23          $1,500
                  44           54/57          0.459

BOTSWANA         1966          80/82         $13,300
                  35           44/54          0.664

BURKINA          1960          29/15          $1,200
FASO              46           56/58          0.372

BURUNDI          1962          67/52           $400
                  41           48/51          0.382

CAMEROON         1960          77/60          $2,300
                  42           51/52          0.514

CAPE VERDE       1975          86/69          $3,800
                  38           68/73          0.705

CENTRAL          1960          65/34           $700
AFRICAN           41           45/45          0.352
REPUBLIC

CHAD             1960          41/13          $1,600
                  46           46/48          0.389

COMOROS          1975          64/49          $1,000
                  38           62/66          0.572

CONGO            1960          81/54           $300
DEMOCRATIC        47           49/55          0.361
REPUBLIC
OF THE

CONGO            1960          90/78          $4,000
REPUBLIC OF       42           52/54          0.619

COTE             1960          61/39          $1,700
D'IVOIRE          40           50/53          0.431
(IVORY COAST)

DJIBOUTI         1977          78158          $3,700
                  37           53/56          0.513

EGYPT (4)        1922          83/54          $5,400
                  33           70/74          0.716

EQUATORIAL       1968          93/81            NA
GUINEA            41           59/60          0.717

ERITREA          1993          70/48           $700
                  42           56/61          0.442

ETHIOPIA       1000 B.C.       50/35          $800
                  43           51/54          0.389

GABON            1960          74/53         $14,400
                  37           58/61          0.729

GAMBIA           1965          48/33          $1,300
                  42           54/57          0.471

GHANA            1957          66/50          $1,500
                  40           58/59          0.533

GUINEA           1958          43/18          $1,100
                  43           54/58          0.423

GUINEA-          1973          58/27           $600
BISSAU            43           45/48          0.383

KENYA            1963          91/80          $1,600
                  42           53/55          0.532

LESOTHO          1966          75/95          $1,600
                  39           40/39          0.496

LIBERIA          1847          73/42           $500
                  44           54/57          0.364

LIBYA            1951          92/72         $14,400
                  30           71/76          0.840

MADAGASCAR       1960          76/63          $1,000
                  44           57/61          0.533

MALAWI           1964          76/50           $800
                  46           45/47          0.457

MALI             1960          54/40          $1,200
                  45           47/48          0.391

MAURITANIA       1960          60/43          $2,100
                  40           55/59          0.557

MAURITIUS        1968          88/81         $12,100
                  23           69/76          0.802

MOROCCO          1956          66/40          $4,000
                  29           69/73          0.646

MOZAMBIQUE       1975          64/33           $900
                  43           42/44          0.366

NAMIBIA          1990          87/84          $5,400
                  38           58/61          0.634

NIGER            1960          43/15           $700
                  49           51/54          0.370

NIGERIA          1960          76/61          $2,300
                  45           47/48          0.449

RWANDA           1962          76/65           $900
                  44           46/50          0.435

SAO TOME         1975          92/78          $1,300
& PRINCIPE        41           63/67          0.643

SENEGAL          1960          51/29          $1,600
                  43           54/57           502

SEYCHELLES       1976          41/92         $17,000
                  23           68/79           836

SIERRA           1961          47/24          $700
LEONE             42           48/49          0.329

SOMALIA          1960          50/26           $600
                  45           48/51            NA

SOUTH            1910          87/86         $10,000
AFRICA            32           50/54          0.670

SUDAN            1956          72/51          $2,200
                  41           57/60          0.526

SWAZILAND        1968          83/81          $5,100
                  35           46/46          0.542

TANZANIA         1964          78/62          $1,300
                  45           53/55          0.503

TOGO             1960          75/47           $900
                  41           60/63          0.479

TUNISIA          1956          83/65          $7,900
                  25           72/76          0.762

UGANDA           1962          77/58          $1,100
                  49           50/51          0.493

ZAMBIA           1964          87/75          $1,500
                  46           43/44          0.453

ZIMBABWE         1980          94/87           $200
                  40           39/43            NA

(4) Egypt is partly in Africa and partly in Asia, and is considered
part of the Middle East. In this almanac, it is listed in both the
Middle East and Africa.


MIDDLE EAST

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

With the U.S. fighting two wars, President Obama say he'll withdraw combat forces from IRAQ by August 2010. More that 4,300 Americas have died in Iraq since 2003.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Difficult issues, including security, borders, and the status of Jerusalem, make prospects for peace between ISRAEL and the Palestinians Uncertain at best.

Difficult issues, including security, borders, and the status of Jerusatem (left), make prospects for peace between ISRAEL and the Palestinians uncertain at best.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Massive protests and a government crackdown followed the disputed presidential election in IRAN, which the U.S. and the U.N. accuse of secretly trying to develop nuclear weapons.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

President Obama says he'll withdraw U.S. combat forces from IRAQ by August 2010. More than 4,200 Americans have died in Iraq since 2003, when the U.S.-led invasion toppled Saddam Hussein.
MIDDLE EAST *

                                URBAN
               AREA (SQ MI)    POP. %

                              POP. RISE
COUNTRY          POPULATION    %/YEAR      CAPITAL     MAJOR LANGUAGES

BAHRAIN             266          100        MANAMA          ARABIC
                 1,200,000       1.3                    ENGLISH, FARSI
                                                             URDU

CYPRUS             3,591         62        NICOSIA          GREEK
                 1,100,000       0.5                       TURKISH
                                                           ENGLISH

EGYPT (5)         386,660        43         CAIRO           ARABIC
                78,600,000       1.9                       ENGLISH
                                                            FRENCH

IRAN              630,575        67         TEHRAN      FARSI, TURKIC
                73,200,000       1.5                       KURDISH
                                                        LURI & OTHERS

IRAQ              169,236        67        BAGHDAD          ARABIC
                30,000,000       2.3                       KURDISH,
                                                           ASSYRIAN
                                                           ARMENIAN

ISRAEL (6)         8,131         92       JERUSALEM         HEBREW
                 7,600,000       1.6                        ARABIC
                                                           ENGLISH

JORDAN            34,444         83         AMMAN           ARABIC
                 5,900,000       2.4                       ENGLISH

KUWAIT             6,880         98         KUWAIT          ARABIC
                 3,000,000       1.6                       ENGLISH

LEBANON            4,075         87         BEIRUT          ARABIC
                 3,900,000       1.5                   FRENCH, ARMENIAN
                                                           ENGLISH

OMAN              82,031         71         MUSCAT          ARABIC
                 3,100,000       2.2                   ENGLISH, BALUCHI
                                                        URDU & OTHERS

QATAR              4,247         100         DOHA           ARABIC
                 1,400,000       1.1                       ENGLISH

SAUDI ARABIA      829,996        81         RIYADH          ARABIC
                28,700,000       2.6

SYRIA             71,498         54        DAMASCUS    ARABIC, KURDISH
                21,900,000       2.5                       ARMENIAN
                                                       FRENCH & OTHERS

TURKEY            299,158        63         ANKARA         TURKISH
                 7,400,000       1.2                       KURDISH
                                                            ARABIC

UNITED ARAB       32,278         83       ABU DHABI     ARABIC, FARSI
EMIRATES         5,100,000       1.4                       ENGLISH
                                                         HINDI & URDU

YEMEN             203,849        29         SANAA           ARABIC
                22,900,000       3.0

               POLITICAL SYSTEM &
COUNTRY        HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

BAHRAIN        Monarchy
               King HAMAD BIN ISA AL-KHALIFAH

CYPRUS         Presidential-parliamentary
               Presidents DIMITRIS CHRISTOFIAS &
               MEHMET ALI TALAT

EGYPT (5)      Dominant party
               President HOSNI MUBARAK

IRAN           Presidential-parliamentary under Islamic
               religious control
               President MAHMOUD AHMADINEJAD

IRAQ           Transitioning to parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister NURI AL-MALIKI

ISRAEL (6)     Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister BENJAMIN NETANYAHU

JORDAN         Constitutional monarchy
               King ABDULLAH II

KUWAIT         Monarchy
               Emir
               SABBAH AL-AHMAD AL-JABIR AL-SARAH

LEBANON        Presidental-parliamentary democracy
               President MICHEL SULEIMAN

OMAN           Monarchy
               Prime Minister and Sultan
               QABOOS BIN SAID AL-SAID

QATAR          Monarchy
               Emir Sheikh
               HAMID BIN KHALIFAH AL-THANI

SAUDI ARABIA   Monarchy
               King and Prime Minister
               ABDULLAH BIN ABD AL-AZIZ AL-BAUD

SYRIA          Dominant party
               President BASHAR AL-ASSAD

TURKEY         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister RECEP TAYYIP ERDOGAN

UNITED ARAB    Federation of traditional monarchies
EMIRATES       President Sheikh
               KHALIFA BIN ZAYID AL-NUHAYVAN

YEMEN          Dominant party
               President ALI ABDULLAH SALEH

                 DATE         LITERACY      PER CAPITA
               OF ORIGIN      RATE (%)         GDP

                % POP.          LIFE
COUNTRY        UNDER 15      EXPECTANCY        HDI

BAHRAIN          1971          84/84         $37,200
                  21           73/77          0.902

CYPRUS           1960          99/96         $28,600
                  18           75/80          0.912

EGYPT (5)        1922          83/59          $5,400
                  33           70/74          0.716

IRAN             1502          84/70         $12,800
                  28           69/73          0.777

IRAQ             1932          84/b4          $4,000
                  41           64/72            NA

ISRAEL (6)       1948          49/96         $28,200
                  28           79/83          0.930

JORDAN           1946          95/85          $5,000
                  37           72/74          0.769

KUWAIT           1961          94/91         $57,400
                  23           76/80          0.912

LEBANON          1943          93/82         $11,100
                  26           70/74          0.796

OMAN             1650          87/74         $20,200
                  29           70/74          0.839

QATAR            1971          89/89         $103,500
                  17           75/77          0.899

SAUDI ARABIA     1932          85/71         $20,700
                  38           74/78          0.835

SYRIA            1946          86/74          $4,800
                  36           72/76          0.736

TURKEY           1923          95/80         $12,000
                  27           69/74          0.798

UNITED ARAB      1971          76/82         $40,000
EMIRATES          19           77/79          0.903

YEMEN            1990          71/30          $2,400
                  45           62/64          0.567

* All the countries of the Middle East are in Asia, with the exception
of Egypt (which is partly in Asia and partly in Turkey (which is partly
in Asia and partly in Europe).

(5) Egypt is partly in Africa and partly in Asia, and is considered
part of the Middle East. In this almanac, it is listed in both the
Middle East and Africa.

(6) Israel's area and population do not include the occupied territory
of the West Bank.

ALL MAPS ON ATLAS PAGES; MAPPING SPECIALISTS INC./JIM MCMAHON

ALMANAC SOURCES: Areas, population, urban population, annual
population rise, percent of population under 15 years, and life
expectancy: 2009 World Population Data Sheet (Population Reference
Bureau). Capital, major languages, date of origin, literacy rate, and
per capita GDP: The World Factbook 2009 (C.I.A.). Political systems:
Freedom in the World (Freedom House, a nonprofit human/rights
organization), and its Web site (freedomhouse.org), World Book
Encyclopedia, and the U.S. State Department and its Web site
(state.gov), BBC News country profiles. Heads of government: based on
information from GeoCities "Rulers" Web site (rulers.org), the U.S.
State Department, The World Factbook 2009 (C.I.A.), and news accounts.
H.D.I.: Human Development Report 2007/2008 (United Nations Development
Progman). Figures are the latest available from each source for each
country. Data compiled and edited by Bryan Brown, Kathy Wilmore, and
Suzanne Bilyeu. Information updated as of Sept. 24, 2009.


ASIA

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Taliban insurgents are threatening AFGHANISTAN and its neighbor, nuclear-armed PAKISTAN. President Obama has increased the number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan and sent more aid to Pakistan.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

The economies of CHINA and INDIA keep growing, if more slowly than before the recession. Americans benefit from buying their expensive exports, but worry about jobs moving to countries where labor is cheaper than in the U.S.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

With ailing leader Kim Jong Il still in control of this poor and isolated Communist nation, NORTH KOREA is continuing its development and testing of nuclear weapons, despite U.S. and U.N. sanctions.
ASIA

                                URBAN
               AREA (SQ MI)    POP. %

                              POP. RISE
COUNTRY         POPULATION    %/YEAR      CAPITAL     MAJOR LANGUAGES

AFGHANISTAN       251,772        22         KABUL           PASHTU
                28,400,000       2.1                    AFGHAN PERSIAN
                                                       TURKIC & OTHERS

ARMENIA           11,506         64        YEREVAN         ARMENIAN
                 3,100,000       0.5                       RUSSIAN
                                                            OTHERS

AZERBAIJAN        33,436         52          BAKU           AZERI
                 8,800,000       1.2                       RUSSIAN
                                                          ARMENIAN &
                                                            OTHERS

BANGLADESH        55,598         25         DHAKA          BENGALI
                162,200,000      1.6                       ENGLISH

BHUTAN            18,147         31        THIMPHU         DZONGKHA
                  700,000        1.7                       TIBETAN
                                                           NEPALESE
                                                           DIALECTS

BRUNEI             2,228         72         BANDAR          MALAY
                  400,000        1.3         SERI          ENGLISH
                                           BEGAWAN         CHINESE

CAMBODIA          69,900         15         PHNOM           KHMER
                14,800,000       1.7         PENH           FRENCH

CHINA            3,696,100       46        BEIJING         MANDARIN
               1,331,400,000     0.5                   CHINESE DIALECTS
                                                            OTHERS

EAST TIMOR         5,741         22          DILI           TETUN
(TIMOR-LESTE)    1,100,000       3.1                      PORTUGUESE
                                                         INDONESIAN,
                                                           ENGLISH

GEORGIA           26,911         53        TBILISI        GEORGIAN,
                 4,600,000       0.2                       RUSSIAN
                                                       ARMENIAN, AZERI
                                                          OSSETIAN &
                                                            OTHERS

INDIA            1,269,340       29          NEW            HINDI
               1,171,000,000     1.6        DELHI          ENGLISH
                                                         MANY OTHERS

INDONESIA         735,355        43        JAKARTA          BAHASA
                243,300,000      1.5                      INDONESIAN
                                                           ENGLISH
                                                        DUTCH & OTHERS

JAPAN             145,869        86         TOKYO          JAPANESE
                127,600,000       0

KAZAKHSTAN       1,049,151       53         ASTANA          KAZAKH
                15,900,000       1.3                       RUSSIAN
                                                         UKRAINIAN &
                                                            OTHERS

KOREA, NORTH      46,541         60       PYONGYANG         KOREAN
                22,700,000       0.5

KOREA, SOUTH      38,324         82         SEOUL           KOREAN
                48,700,000       0.4                       ENGLISH

KYRGYZSTAN        76,641         35        BISHKEK         KIRGHIZ
                 5,300,000       1.6                       RUSSIAN

LAOS              91,429         27       VIENTIANE          LAO
                 6,300,000       2.1                        FRENCH
                                                       ENGLISH & OTHERS

MALAYSIA          127,377        68         KUALA       MALAY, ENGLISH
                28,300,000       1.6        LUMPUR     CHINESE DIALECTS
                                                         MANY OTHERS

MALDIVES            116          35          MALE      MALDIVIAN DIVEHI
                  300,000        1.8                       ENGLISH

MONGOLIA          604,826        60      ULAAN-BAATAR   KHALKHA MONGOL
                 2,700,000       1.8                        TURKIC
                                                          RUSSIAN &
                                                           CHINESE

MYANMAR           261,228        31       NAYPYIDAW        BURMESE
(BURMA)         50,000,000       1.1        MYODAW          OTHERS

NEPAL             56,026         17       KATHMANDU         NEPALI
                27,500,000       2.1                        OTHERS

PAKISTAN          307,375        35       ISLAMABAD     URDU, PUNJABI
                180,800,000      2.3                   SINDHI, SIRAIKI
                                                       ENGLISH & OTHERS

PHILIPPINES       115,830        63         MANILA         FILIPINO
                92,200,000       2.1                       ENGLISH

SINGAPORE           239          100      SINGAPORE        CHINESE
                 5,100,000       0.6                        MALAY
                                                       TAMIL & ENGLISH

SRI LANKA         25,332         15        COLOMBO          TAMIL
                20,500,000       1.2                       SINHALA
                                                           ENGLISH

TAIWAN            13,969         78         TAIPEI     MANDARIN CHINESE
                23,100,000       0.2                      TAIWANESE
                                                            OTHERS

TAJIKISTAN        55,251         26        DUSHANBE         TAJIK
                 7,500,000       2.3                       RUSSIAN

THAILAND          198,116        36        BANGKOK           THAI
                67,800,000       0.6                       ENGLISH
                                                           REGIONAL
                                                           DIALECTS

TURKMENISTAN      188,456        47        ASHGABAT        TURKMEN
                 5,100,000       1.4                        UZBEK
                                                       RUSSIAN & OTHERS

UZBEKISTAN        172,741        36        TASHKENT         UZBEK
                27,600,000       1.8                       RUSSIAN
                                                        TAJIK & OTHERS

VIETNAM           128,066        28         HANOI        VIETNAMESE,
                87,300,000       1.2                        FRENCE
                                                       CHINESE, ENGLISH
                                                        KHMER & OTHERS

OCEANIA

AUSTRALIA        2,988,888       83        CANBERRA        ENGLISH
                21,900,000       0.7                      ABORIGINAL
                                                          LANGUAGES

FIJI               7,054         51          SUVA          ENGLISH
                  800,000        1.7                        FIJIAN
                                                          HINDUSTANI

KIRIBATI            282          44         TARAWA         ENGLISH
                  100,000        1.8                      GILBERTESE

MARSHALL            69           68         MAJURO         ENGLISH
ISLANDS           100,000        2.9                     MARSHALLESE
                                                           DIALECTS
                                                           JAPANESE

MICRONESIA          270          22        PALIKIR         ENGLISH
                  100,000        1.9                       TRUKESE,
                                                           POHNPEIN
                                                           YAPESE &
                                                           KOSRAEAN

NAURU                9           100        YAREN          NAURUAN
                  10,000         2.1       DISTRICT        ENGLISH

NEW ZEALAND       104,452        86       WELLINGTON       ENGLISH
                 4,300,000       0.8                        MAORI

PALAU               178          77        MELEKEOK        ENGLISH
                  20,000         0.6                     SONSOROL'ESE
                                                       PALAUAN & OTHERS

PAPUA             178,703        13          PORT          ENGLISH
NEW GUINEA       6,600,000       2.2       MORESBY      PIDGIN ENGLISH
                                                         MOTU & MANY
                                                            OTHERS

SAMOA              1,097         22          APIA           SAMOAN
                  200,000        2.0                       ENGLISH

SOLOMON           11,158         17        HONIARA        MELANESIAN
ISLANDS           500,000        2.7                        PIDGIN
                                                           ENGLISH
                                                            OTHERS

TONGA               290          24       NUKU'ALOFA        TONGAN
                  100,000        2.1                       ENGLISH

TUVALU              10           47        FUNAFUTI        TUVALUAN
                  10,000         1.4                       ENGLISH

VANUATU            4,707         2.1      PORT-VILA        ENGLISH
                  200,000        2.5                        FRENCH
                                                           BISLAMA

               POLITICAL SYSTEM &
COUNTRY        HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

AFGHANISTAN    Transitional democracy;
               territory disputed by factions
               President HAMID KARZAI (7)

ARMENIA        Presidential-parliamentary
               democracy (transitional)
               President SERZH SARKISYAN

AZERBAIJAN     Dominant party
               President ILHAM ALIYEV

BANGLADESH     Presidential-parliamentary
               democracy (transitonal)
               Prime Minister SHEIKH HASINA

BHUTAN         Parliamentary democracy
               (in transition from monarchy)
               Prime Minister JIGME THINLEY

BRUNEI         Monarchy
               Sultan HASSANAL BOLKIAH

CAMBODIA       Dominant party
               Prime Minister HUN SEN

CHINA          Communist one-party state
               President HU JINTAO

EAST TIMOR     Presidential-parliamentary democracy
(TIMOR-LESTE)  (transitional)
               President XANANA GUSMAO

GEORGIA        Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President MIKHEIL SAAKASHVILI

INDIA          Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister MANMOHAN SINGH

INDONESIA      Parliamentary democracy
               President SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO

JAPAN          Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister YUKIO HATOYAMA

KAZAKHSTAN     Dominant party
               President NURSULTAN NAZARBAYEV

KOREA, NORTH   Communist dictatorship
               General Secretary KIM JONG IL

KOREA, SOUTH   Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President LEE MYUNG-BAK

KYRGYZSTAN     Presidential-parliamentary
               (transitional)
               President KURMANBEK BAKIYEV

LAOS           Communist one-party state
               President CHOUMMALY SAYASONE

MALAYSIA       Dominant party
               Prime Minister NAJIB TUN RAZAKI

MALDIVES       Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               (transitional)
               President MOHAMED NASHEED

MONGOLIA       Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister SANJ BAYAR

MYANMAR        Military rule
(BURMA)        General THAN SHWE

NEPAL          Parliamentary democracy
               (in transition from monarchy)
               Prime Minister MADHAV KUMAR NEPAL

PAKISTAN       Presidential-parliamentary
               (in transition from military)
               President ASIF ALI ZARDARI

PHILIPPINES    Presidential-legislative democracy
               President GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO

SINGAPORE      Dominant party
               Prime Minister LEE HSIEN LOONG

SRI LANKA      Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President MAHINDA RAJAPAKSE

TAIWAN         Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President MA YING-JEOU

TAJIKISTAN     Dominant party
               President EMOMALII RAKHMON

THAILAND       In transition following military coup
               Prime Minister ABHISIT VEJJAJIVAT

TURKMENISTAN   Presidential dictatorship
               President GURBANGULY BERDYMUKHAMMEDOV

UZBEKISTAN     Presidential dictatorship
               President ISLAM KARIMOV

VIETNAM        Communist one-party state
               Prime Minister NGUYEN TAN DUNG

OCEANIA

AUSTRALIA      Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister KEVIN RUDD

FIJI           Military
               Prime Minister Commodore
               JOSAIA VOREQE BAINIMARAMA

KIRIBATI       Presidential-legislative democracy
               President ANOTE TONG

MARSHALL       Parliamentary democracy and
ISLANDS        traditional chiefs
               President LITOKWA TOMEING

MICRONESIA     Parliamentary democracy
               President EMANUEL MORI

NAURU          Parliamentary democracy
               President MARCUS STEPHEN

NEW ZEALAND    Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister JOHN KEY

PALAU          Presidential democracy and traditional chiefs
               President JOHNSON TORIBIONG

PAPUA          Parliamentary democracy
NEW GUINEA     Prime Minister SIR MICHAEL SOMARE

SAMOA          Parliamentary democracy & traditional chiefs
               Prime Minister TUILAEPA SAILELE MALIELEGAOI

SOLOMON        Parliamentary democracy
ISLANDS        Prime Minister DEREK SIKUA

TONGA          Monarchy
               King GEORGE TUPOU V

TUVALU         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister APISAI IELEMIA

VANUATU        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister EDWARD NATAPEI

                 DATE         LITERACY      PER CAPITA
               OF ORIGIN      RATE (%)         GDP

                % POP.          LIFE
COUNTRY        UNDER 15      EXPECTANCY        HDI

AFGHANISTAN      1919          43/13           $800
                  44           44/44            NA

ARMENIA          1991          99/99          $6,400
                  20           68/75          0.777

AZERBAIJAN       1991          99/98          $9,000
                  23           70/75          0.758

BANGLADESH       1971          54/41          $1,500
                  32           64/66          0.524

BHUTAN           1949          60/34          $5,600
                  32           67/68          0.613

BRUNEI           1984          95/90         $53,100
                  26           75/80          0.919

CAMBODIA         1949          85/64          $2,000
                  35           59/63          0.575

CHINA            1912          95/87          $6,000
                  19           71/75          0.762

EAST TIMOR       2002            59           $2,400
(TIMOR-LESTE)     45           60/62          0.483

GEORGIA          1991          99/99          $4,700
                  17           71/79          0.763

INDIA            1947          73/48          $2,800
                  32           63/65          0.609

INDONESIA        1945          94/87          $3,900
                  29           69/73          0.726

JAPAN          660 B.C.        99/99         $34,200
                  13           79/86          0.956

KAZAKHSTAN       1991          99/99         $11,500
                  24           62/72          0.807

KOREA, NORTH     1945          99/99          $1,700
                  22           61/66            NA

KOREA, SOUTH     1945          99/97         $26,000
                  17           76/83          0.928

KYRGYZSTAN       1991          99/98          $2,100
                  30           64/72          0.694

LAOS             1949          77/61          $2,100
                  39           63/66          0.608

MALAYSIA         1957          92/85         $75,300
                  32           72/77          0.823

MALDIVES         1965          96/96          $5,000
                  30           72/T4          0.749

MONGOLIA         1921          98/98          $3,200
                  33           62/69          0.720

MYANMAR          1948          94/86          $1,200
(BURMA)           27           59/63          0.585

NEPAL            1768          63/35          $1,100
                  37           63/64          0.530

PAKISTAN         1947          63/36          $2,600
                  38           66/67          0.562

PHILIPPINES      1898          93/93          $3,300
                  35           66/72          0.745

SINGAPORE        1965          97/89         $52,000
                  18           78/83          0.918

SRI LANKA        1948          92/89          $4,300
                  26           67/75          0.742

TAIWAN           1949            96          $31,900
                  17           75/82            NA

TAJIKISTAN       1991          99/99          $2,100
                  38           64/69          0.684

THAILAND         1238          95/91          $8,500
                  22           66/72          0.786

TURKMENISTAN     1991          99/98          $6,100
                  31           61/69          0.728

UZBEKISTAN       1991          99/99          $2,600
                  33           65/77          0.701

VIETNAM          1945          94/87          $2,800
                  26           72/76          0.718

OCEANIA

AUSTRALIA        1901          99/99         $38,100
                  19           79/84          0.965

FIJI             1970          96/92          $3,900
                  29           66/71          0.743

KIRIBATI         1979            NA           $3,200
                  36           59/63            NA

MARSHALL         1986          94/94          $2,500
ISLANDS           41           64/67            NA

MICRONESIA       1986          91/88          $2,200
                  37           67/68            NA

NAURU            1968            NA           $5,000
                  39           55/57            NA

NEW ZEALAND      1907          99/99         $27,900
                  21           78/82          0.944

PALAU            1994          93/90          $8,100
                  24           66/72            NA

PAPUA            1975          63/51          $2,200
NEW GUINEA        40           57/62          0.516

SAMOA            1962          99/99          $4,900
                  40           72/74          0.760

SOLOMON          1978            NA           $1,900
ISLANDS           41           62/63          0.591

TONGA            1970          99/99          $4,600
                  38           70/72          0.774

TUVALU           1978            NA           $1,600
                  32           62/65            NA

VANUATU          1980            74           $4,600
                  41           66/69          0.686

(7) Election results disputed at press time.


NORTH AMERICA

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Illegal immigration from MEXICO to the UNITED STATES has been a thorny issue for decades. The two countries share a 2,0000-mile-long border, and there are about 7 million Mexicans in the U.S. illegally.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Since 2006, when Raul Castro took over from his brother, Fidel as CUBA'S President, the prospects for better relations with the U.S. have improved. The American trade embargo against Cuba has been in place for almost five decades.

SOUTH AMERICA

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

President Hugo Chavez has pushed oil-rich VENEZUELA down an increasingly socialist and anti-American path. Will lower oil prices and recent overtures from the U.S. change his tune?

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Its democratic government and booming economy have made BRAZIL a rising global power. A major exporter of agricultural Products, Brazil is feeling the sting of the global recession.
NORTH AMERICA

                                URBAN
               AREA (SQ MI)    POP. %

                              POP. RISE
COUNTRY         POPULATION    %/YEAR      CAPITAL     MAJOR LANGUAGES

ANTIGUA             170          31       ST. JOHN'S       ENGLISH
& BARBUDA         100,000        1.0                    ENGLISH PATOIS

BAHAMAS            5,359         83         NASSAU         ENGLISH
                  300,000        1.1                    ENGLISH PATOIS
                                                            CREOLE

BARBADOS            166          38       BRIDGETOWN       ENGLISH
                  300,000        0.5                        BAJAN

BELIZE             8,865         51        BELMOPAN        ENGLISH
                  300,000        2.3                       SPANISH
                                                       MAYAN & GARIFUNA

CANADA           3,849,670       81         OTTAWA         ENGLISH
                33,700,000       0.4                        FRENCH

COSTA RICA        19,730         59        SAN JOSE        SPANISH
                 4,500,000       1.3                       ENGLISH

CUBA              42,803         76         HAVANA         SPANISH
                11,200,000       0.3

DOMINICA            290          73         ROSEAU         ENGLISH
                  100,000        0.7                    FRENCH PATOIS

DOMINICAN         18,815         64         SANTO          SPANISH
REPUBLIC        10,100,000       1.8       DOMINGO

EL SALVADOR        8,124         60          SAN           SPANISH
                 7,300,000       1.4       SALVADOR         NAHUA

GRENADA             131          31          ST.           ENGLISH
                  100,000        1.2       GEORGE'S     FRENCH PATOIS

GUATEMALA         42,042         47       GUATEMALA        SPANISH
                14,000,000       2.8         CITY         AMERINDIAN
                                                           DIALECTS

HAITI             10,714         43        PORT-AU-         CREOLE
                 9,200,000       2.1        PRINCE          FRENCH

HONDURAS          43,278         49      TEGUCIGALPA       SPANISH
                 7,500,000       2.2                      AMERINDIAN
                                                           DIALECTS

JAMAICA            4.243         52        KINGSTON        ENGLISH
                 2,700,000       1.1                    ENGLISH PATOIS

MEXICO            756,062        77         MEXICO         SPANISH
                109,600,000      1.6         CITY           MAYAN
                                                       OTHER INDIGENOUS
                                                          LANGUAGES

NICARAGUA         50,193         58        MANAGUA         SPANISH
                 5,700,000       2.1                       ENGLISH
                                                          AMERINDIAN
                                                           DIALECTS

PANAMA            29,158         64         PAHAMA         SPANISH
                 3,500,000       1.6         CITY          ENGLISH

SAINT KITTS         139          32       BASSETERRE       ENGLISH
& NEVIS           50,000         1.0                    ENGLISH PATOIS

SAINT LUCIA         239          28        CASTRIES     FRENCH PATOIS
                  200,000        0.8                       ENGLISH

SAINT VINCENT       151          40       KINGSTOWN        ENGLISH
& THE             100,000        0.9                    ENGLISH PATOIS
GRENADINES

TRINIDAD           1,981         12        PORT-OF-        ENGLISH
& TOBAGO         1,300,000       0.6        SPAIN           HINDI
                                                        FRENCH PATOIS
                                                           SPANISH

UNITED STATES    3,777,796       79      WASHINGTON,       ENGLISH
                306,800,000      0.6         D.C.          SPANISH
                                                            OTHERS

               POLITICAL SYSTEM &
COUNTRY        HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

ANTIGUA        Parliamentary democracy
& BARBUDA      Prime Minister BALDWIN SPENCER

BAHAMAS        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister HUBERT INGRAHAM

BARBADOS       Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister DAVID THOMPSON

BELIZE         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister DEAN BARROW

CANADA         Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister STEPHEN HARPER

COSTA RICA     Presidential-legislative democracy
               President OSCAR ARIAS SANCHEZ

CUBA           Communist one-party state
               President RAUL CASTRO

DOMINICA       Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister ROOSEVELT SKERRIT

DOMINICAN      Presidential-legislative democracy
REPUBLIC       President LEONEL FERNANDEZ

EL SALVADOR    Presidential-legislative democracy
               President MAURICIO FUNES

GRENADA        Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister TILLMAN THOMAS

GUATEMALA      Presidential-legislative democracy
               President ALVARO COLOM

HAITI          Presidential-legislative democracy
               (transitional)
               President RENE PREVAL

HONDURAS       Presidential-legislative democracy
               Acting President ROBERTO MICHELETTI

JAMAICA        Parliamentary democracy
               prime Minister BRUCE GOLDING

MEXICO         Presidential-legislative democracy
               President FELIPE CALDERON

NICARAGUA      Presidential-legislative democracy
               President DANIEL ORTEGA

PANAMA         Presidential-legislative democracy
               President RICARDO MARTINELLI

SAINT KITTS    Parliamentary democracy
& NEVIS        Prime Minister DENZIL DOUGLAS

SAINT LUCIA    Parliamentary democracy
               Prime Minister STEPHENSON KING

SAINT VINCENT  Parliamentary democracy
& THE          Prime Minister RALPH GONSALVES
GRENADINES

TRINIDAD       Parliamentary democracy
& TOBAGO       Prime Minister PATRICK MANNING

UNITED STATES  Presidential-legislative democracy
               President BARACK OBAMA

                 DATE         LITERACY      PER CAPITA
               OF ORIGIN      RATE (%)         GDP

                % POP.          LIFE
COUNTRY        UNDER 15      EXPECTANCY        HDI

ANTIGUA          1981            86          $19,000
& BARBUDA         28           71/75          0.830

BAHAMAS          1973          95/97         $28,600
                  28           70/75          0.854

BARBADOS         1966          99/99         $19,300
                  22           73/79          0.889

BELIZE           1981          77/77          $8,600
                  39           71/74          0.771

CANADA           1867          99/99         $39,300
                  17           78/83          0.967

COSTA RICA       1821          95/95         $11,600
                  27           77/82          0.847

CUBA             1902          99/99          $9,500
                  18           76/80          0.855

DOMINICA         1978          94/94          $9,900
                  29           72/77          0.797

DOMINICAN        1844          87/87          $8,100
REPUBLIC          33           69/75          0.768

EL SALVADOR      1821          83/78          $6,200
                  34           66/76          0.747

GRENADA          1974            96          $13,400
                  29           73/76          0.774

GUATEMALA        1821          75/63          $5,200
                  43           66/73          0.696

HAITI            1804          55/51          $1,300
                  38           57/60          0.521

HONDURAS         1821          80/80          $4,400
                  38           69/74          0.714

JAMAICA          1962          84/92          $7,400
                  30           68/75          0.771

MEXICO           1810          92/90         $14,200
                  32           73/78          0.842

NICARAGUA        1821          67/68          $2,900
                  38           68/74          0.699

PANAMA           1903          93/91         $11,600
                  30           73/78          0.832

SAINT KITTS      1983            98          $19,700
& NEVIS           28           68/72          0.830

SAINT LUCIA      1979          90/91         $11,300
                  28           71/76          0.821

SAINT VINCENT    1979          96/96         $10,500
& THE             29           70/74          0.766
GRENADINES

TRINIDAD         1962          99/98         $18,600
& TOBAGO          24           67/71          0.833

UNITED STATES    1776          99/99         $47,000
                  20           75/80          0.950

SOUTH AMERICA

                                URBAN
               AREA (SQ MI)    POP. %

                              POP. RISE
COUNTRY         POPULATION    %/YEAR      CAPITAL     MAJOR LANGUAGES

ARGENTINA        1,073,514       91         BUENOS         SPANISH
                40,300,000       1.0        AIRES          ENGLISH
                                                           ITALIAN
                                                       GERMAN & FRENCH

BOLIVIA           424,162        65         LA PAZ         SPANISH
                 9,900,000       2.1       & SUCRE         QUECHUA
                                                            AYMARA

BRAZIL           3,300,154       84        BRASILIA       PORTUGUESE
                191,500,000      1.0                      AMERINDIAN
                                                           DIALECTS

CHILE             292,135        87        SANTIAGO        SPANISH
                17,000,000       1.0

COLOMBIA          439,734        72         BOGOTA         SPANISH
                45,100,000       1.4

ECUADOR           109,483        62         QUITO          SPANISH
                13,600,000       1.8                       QUECHUA
                                                          AMERINDIAN
                                                           DIALECTS

GUYANA            83,000         28       GEORGETOWN       ENGLISH
                  800,000        1.2                      AMERINDIAN
                                                           DIALECTS

PARAGUAY          157,046        57        ASUNCION        SPANISH
                 6,300,000       2.1                       GUARANI

PERU              496,224        76          LIMA          SPANISH
                29,200,000       1.5                       QUECHUA
                                                            AYMARA

SURINAME          63,039         67       PARAMARIBO    DUTCH, ENGLISH
                  500,000        1.1                    SRANANG, TONGO
                                                          HINDUSTANI
                                                           JAVANESE

URUGUAY           68,448         94       MONTEVIDEO       SPANISH
                 3,400,000       0.5                       PORTUNOL

VENEZUELA         352,143        88        CARACAS         SPANISH
                28,400,000       2.0                      AMERINDIAN

               POLITICAL SYSTEM &
COUNTRY        HEAD OF GOVERNMENT

ARGENTINA      Presidential-legislative democracy
               President
               CRISTINA FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER

BOLIVIA        Presidential-legislative democracy
               President EVO MORALES

BRAZIL         Presidential-legislative democracy
               President LUIZ INACIO LULA DA SILVA

CHILE          Presidential-legislative democracy
               President MICHELLE BACHELET

COLOMBIA       Presidential-legislative democracy
               President ALVARO URIBE VELEZ

ECUADOR        Presidential-legislative democracy
               President RAFAEL CORREA

GUYANA         Presidential-parliamentary democracy
               President BHARRAT JAGDEO

PARAGUAY       Presidential-legislative democracy
               President FERNANDO LUGO

PERU           Presidential-legislative democracy
               President ALAN GARCIA

SURINAME       Parliamentary democracy
               President RONALD VENETIAAN

URUGUAY        Presidential-legislative democracy
               President TABARE VAZQUEZ

VENEZUELA      Presidential-legislative democracy
               President HUGO CHAVEZ

                 DATE         LITERACY      PER CAPITA
               OF ORIGIN      RATE (%)         GDP

                % POP.          LIFE
COUNTRY        UNDER 15      EXPECTANCY        HDI

ARGENTINA        1816          97/97         $14,200
                  26           71/79          0.860

BOLIVIA          1825          93/81          $4,500
                  38           63/67          0.723

BRAZIL           1822          88/89         $10,100
                  28           69/77          0.807

CHILE            1810          96/96         $14,400
                  25           75/81          0.874

COLOMBIA         1810          90/41          $8,900
                  30           69/76          0.787

ECUADOR          1822          92/90          $7,500
                  33           72/78          0.807

GUYANA           1966          99/99          $3,900
                  32           63/69          0.725

PARAGUAY         1811          95/93          $4,200
                  36           69/73          0.752

PERU             1821          96/89          $8,400
                  32           70/75          0.788

SURINAME         1975          92/87          $8,900
                  30           66/73          0.770

URUGUAY          1825          98/98         $12,200
                  24           72/79          0.859

VENEZUELA        1811          93/93         $13,500
                  31           70/76          0.826


SNAPSHOTS
THE AIR WE BREATHE

COUNTRIES
WITH THE BEST AIR QUALITY
(100 is the best possible score ...

UGANDA                               98
GABON                                96
RWANDA                               91
BURUNDI                              87
GHANA                                87
KENYA                                87
LIBERIA                              86
TANZANIA                             84
NEW ZEALAND                          82
DEM. REP. OF
  CONGO/TOGO

Note: Table made from bar graph.

SOURCE: PILOT 2006 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX

COUNTRIES
WITH THE WORST AIR QUALITY
... 1 is worst possible score)

BANGLADESH                            7
PAKISTAN                              8
ALBANIA                              14
EGYPT                                15
MALI                                 21
CHINA                                22
NIGER                                23
CHAD                                 24
SUDAN                                25
INDONESIA                            25
UNITED STATES                        45

Note: Table made from bar graph.

SOURCE: PILOT 2006 ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDEX

ON THE WAY OUT?

COUNTRIES WITH THE GREATEST NUMBER OF
THREATENED ANIMAL SPECIES

UNITED STATES                      948
AUSTRALIA                          733
INDONESIA                          701
MEXICO                             636
MALAYSIA                           455
COLOMBIA                           429
PHILIPPINES                        425
INDIA                              413
CHINA                              370
ECUADOR                            369

Note: Table made from bar graph.

SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

WHO LIVES LONGEST?

HIGH LIFE EXPECTANCY

 1. MACAU                            84 YRS
 2. ANDORRA                              83
 3. JAPAN                                82
 4. SINGAPORE                            82
 5. SAN MARINO                           82
 6. AUSTRALIA                            82
 7. CANADA                               81
 8. FRANCE                               81
 9. SWITZERLAND                          81
10. SWEDEN                               81

47. UNITED STATES                        78

LOWEST LIFE EXPECTANCY

 1. SWAZILAND                        32 YRS
 2. ANGOLA                               38
 3. ZAMBIA                               39
 4. LESOTHO                              40
 5. SIERRA LEONE                         41
 6. MOZAMBIQUE                           41
 7. LIBERIA                              41
 8. DJIBOUTI                             43
 9. MALAWI                               43
10. AFGHANISTAN                          44

SOURCE: NATIONMASTER.COM

NUMBERS ROUNDED

WHO'S ONLINE?

MOST INTERNET USERS
per 1,000 people

 1. NETHERLANDS                           905
 2. ANTIGUA & BARBUDA                     864
 3. CANADA                                839
 4. NORWAY                                821
 5. ANDORRA                               820
 6. NEW ZEALAND                           816
 7. SWEDEN                                775
 8. SOUTH KOREA                           726
 9. BERMUDA                               725
10. LUXEMBOURG                            718

13. UNITED STATES                         696

SOURCE: NATIONALMASTER.COM

MAJOR RELIGIONS

                          Number of adherents

 1 CHRISTIANITY                  2.2 BILLION
 2 ISLAM                         1.4 BILLION
 3 HINDUISM                      913 MILLION
 4 BUDDHISM                      384 MILLION
 5 SIKHISM                        24 MILLION
 6 JUDAISM                        15 MILLION
 7 BAHA'ISM                      7.8 MILLION
 8 CONFUCIANISM                  6.4 MILLION
 9 JAINISM                       5.5 MILLION
10 SHINTOISM                     2.8 MILLION

SOURCE: ENCYLOPEDIA BRITANNICA 2009 BOOK OF THE YEAR

DANGEROUS PLACES

MOST MURDERS

per 1 million people

 1. COLOMBIA                        618
 2. SOUTH AFRICA                    496
 3. JAMAICA                         324
 4. VENEZUELA                       316
 5. RUSSIA                          202
 6. MEXICO                          130
 7. ESTONIA                         107
 8. LATVIA                          104
 9. LITHUANIA                       103
10. BELARUS                          98

24. UNITED STATES                    43

FEWER MURDERS

per 1 million people

 1. QATAR                             1
 2. SAUDI ARABIA                      4
 3. JAPAN                             5
 4. GREECE                            8
 5. INDONESIA                         9
 6. SWITZERLAND                       9
 7. IRELAND                           9
 8. NORWAY                           11
 9. DENMARK                          11
10. NEW ZEALAND                      11

CHEERING THEM ON

MOST POPULAR
SPORTS WORLDWIDE

Factors include most watched,
most played, and most
revenue-generating

 1. SOCCER
 2. CRICKET
 3. TENNIS
 4. HOCKEY
 5. BASEBALL
 6. BASKETBALL
 7. VOLLEYBALL
 8. TABLE TENNIS
 9. RUGBY
10. GOLF

SOURCE: ASK ME ANYTHING (DK PUBLISHING)

EARNING A BIG MAC

Average number of minutes a person needs to work to pay
for a Big Mac in selected cities

TOKYO, JAPAN                     12
NEW YORK, U.S.A.                 14
PARIS, FRANCE                    20
TEL AVIV, ISRAEL                 24
DOHA, QATAR                      34
BEIJING, CHINA                   44
MUMBAI, INDIA                    61
CARACAS, VENEZUELA              126
MEXICO CITY, MEXICO             129
NAIROBI, KENYA                  158
GLOBAL AVERAGE                   37

SOURCE: UBS

Note: Table made from bar graph.

LOOK WHO'S TALKING

TOP LANGUAGES

Number of native speakers
in millions

 1. MANDARIN CHINESE                        845
 2. SPANISH                                 329
 3. ENGLISH                                 328
 4. ARABIC                                  221
 5. HINDI                                   182
 6. BENGALI                                 181
 7. PORTUGUESE                              178
 8. RUSSIAN                                 144
 9. JAPANESE                                122
10. GERMAN                                   90

SOURCE: ETHNOLOGUE, 16TH EDITION

ENGLISH-SPEAKING POPULATION

Number of speakers *
in millions

 1. UNITED STATES                           280
 2. INDIA                                   100
 3. UNITED KINGDOM                           55
 4. CANADA                                   17
 5. AUSTRALIA                                16
 6. SOUTH AFRICA                              4
 7. NEW ZEALAND                               3
 8. IRELAND                                   3
 9. ZIMBABWE                                 .4
10. SINGAPORE                                .2

* INCLUDES NATIVE AND OTHER SPEAKERS

SOURCE: NATIONMASTER.COM

ELBOW ROOM

MOST LAND PER PERSON
(square miles per 100,000 people)

 1. MONGOLIA                             20,200
 2. NAMIBIA                              15,300
 3. AUSTRALIA                            14,100
 4. SURINAME                             13,200
 5. ICELAND                              13,100
 6. BOTSWANA                             12,600
 7. MAURITANIA                           11,800
 8. CANADA                               11,600
 9. LIBYA                                11,000
10. GUYANA                               10,800

63. UNITED STATES                         1,200

LEAST LAND PER PERSON
(square miles per 100,000 people)

 1. MACAO                                     2
 2. MONACO                                    2
 3. SINGAPORE                                 6
 4. VATICAN CITY                             20
 5. MALDIVES                                 30
 6. MALTA                                    30
 7. BERMUDA                                  30
 8. BAHRAIN                                  40
 9. BANGLADESH                               40
10. NAURU                                    60

SOURCE: NATIONMASTER.COM

NUMBERS ROUNDED

PAYING THE TAXMAN

HIGHEST PERSONAL INCOME TAX RATES
(percentage of income)

NETHERLANDS                         52%
AUSTRIA                              50
BELGIUM                              50
CHINA                                45
GERMANY                              45
FRANCE                               40
UNITED KINGDOM                       40
ITALY                                39
JAPAN                                37
TURKEY                               35
UNITED STATES                        35
INDIA                                30

SOURCE: SNAPSHOT THE VISUAL ALMANAC FOR OUR
WORLD TODAY (MITCHELL BEAZLEY)

Note: Table made from bar graph.

TAKING THEIR LICKS
(annual pints per capita)

AUSTRALIA                            32
UNITED STATES                        26
NAURU                                25
NEW ZEALAND                          23
CANADA                               23
NORWAY                               22
FINLAND                              21
SWEDEN                               20
ICELAND                              19
ITALY                                19

GLOBAL AVERAGE                        5

SOURCE: TOP 10 OF EVERYTHING 2010 (HAMLYN)

NUMBERS ROUNDED

Note: Table made from bar graph.


WORLD AFFAIRS: ATLAS

CRITICAL THINKING

Display several types of maps for students to examine: a globe, a topographical, map, a local street map, a subway or bus map, the Upfront atlas, etc.

* What different purposes do each of these maps serve?

* Who might use each of them?

* What similar features are found on several of these maps (e.g., Latitude and longitude, compass, key)? Why are these features important on maps?

* What insights can each of these maps give us into how people live?

WRITING PROMPT

Choose the article in this issue that most interests you, and find the related map in the atlas. What geographic information on the map can provide insights into the article? Similarly, examine the economic map and the almanac information for this country. Write a follow-up essay analyzing how maps and statistics can be used to study current events.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

Look at the map of Europe. Near what geographical features do almost all of the identified cities sit? (Waterways.) Why might this be? (Answers may include that they were built there because of fertile Land, natural passages for trade, and using water for power.) Now took at the map of Africa. Does the same pattern occur? Why might that be?

Look at the map of South America and identify which countries' capital cities are Located along the Andes Mountains. Why might major cities be Located there?

Look at the economic map on page 16. How does it differ from the other maps in this atlas? What patterns do you see on different continents? How might economics be connected to geography?

FAST FACT

Two mythical Atlases are associated with mapmaking--King Atlas of Mauretania, who, according to Roman legend, made the first celestial globe, and the Greek figure Atlas, who was punished by Zeus to bear the weight of the heavens.

WEB WATCH

www.infoptease.com/atlas

Infoplease's World Atlas and Map Library offers printable maps, country profiles, geographic tools, crossword puzzles and quizzes, and more.

QUIZ 3 * INTERNATIONAL

WORLD AFFAIRS: ATLAS

(1) More than half of the world's vanilla is grown in --, the Large island nation due east of Mozambique.

(2) Only three countries are not members of the U.N.: Kosovo, Vatican City, and --, which is Located at 23[degrees] N, 121[degrees] E.

(3) The smallest nation in the Middle East, --, is an archipelago of 33 islands.

(4) Five capital cities are Located in the Andes Mountains: --, --, --, --, and --.

(5) The Largest iceberg ever sighted was seen in the South Pacific in 1956. At 208 miles tong and 60 miles wide, it was about the size of --, which is Located between France and the Netherlands.

(6) This Asian capital city is situated between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers:--

(7) If you win a Nobel Prize, you would receive it in the capital city Located at 59 [degrees] N, 18 o E (--), unless it's the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in the capital city 258 miles west (--).

(8) The--is the Line of Latitude Located at 66 1/2 degrees north of the Equator.

(9) The deepest Location on the Earth's crust--at 36,201 feet deep--is the Marianas Trench in the Pacific Ocean, near the U.S. territories of the Northern Mariana Islands and --in Oceania.

(10) The African country of --, Located on the Gulf of Aden at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, is virtually all desert, with less than one square mite of farmland.

IN-DEPTH QUESTIONS

(1) When might you use maps Like the ones in this atlas? Who else might use these maps, and why? What benefits does using an atlas have over using a flat Mercator projection map or a globe? What advantages might these other kinds of maps have over an atlas?

(2) How can maps help in the study of history, anthropology, economics, and the law?

(3) What skills would a cartographer (mapmaker) need to have in order to create accurate maps?

Answer

(1) Madagascar

(2) Taiwan

(3) Bahrain

(4) Lima, La Paz, Sucre, Santiago, Quito

(5) Belgium

(6) Baghdad

(7) Stockholm, Oslo

(8) Arctic Circle

(9) Guam

(10) Djibouti

WORLD AFFAIRS: ALMANAC

CRITICAL THINKING

Almanacs are publications, generally updated annually, that compile statistics, data, and general information.

* Review the introduction to the almanac on page 15. What do each of the categories tell us about a country? How are some of the categories related to each other?

* Which categories do you think change most often? Which do you think have the fewest changes over time?

* Turn to page 34 and look at the almanac entry for the U.S. What do the statistics tell you about how the U.S. is similar to or different from other countries?

WRITING PROMPT

Choose two countries in the almanac and write a comparative essay assessing the similarities and differences of rife in each nation--politically, economically, and socially.

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

1960 was known as the Year of Africa. Using the almanac, what happened in 1960, and in which African countries? (They gained their independence. I What other information in the almanac do you think changed around that same time?

Which five Asian countries have the lowest percentages of people under age 15? How do their rates of population growth compare to those in other Asian countries? What might this reveal about those countries and cultures?

Look at the literacy rates in the Middle East. In which countries are there large disparities between men and women? What might this indicate about these countries? How do the literacy rates in the Middle East compare to those elsewhere in the world?

FAST FACT

The first almanac printed in colonial North America, An Almanac for New England for the Year 1639, is considered the first substantial work printed in the English colonies.

WEB WATCH

www.nationmaster.com

NationMaster arrows you to compare countries' statistics easily through its vast database of sources.

QUIZ 4 * INTERNATIONAL

WORLD AFFAIRS: ALMANAC

(1)--is the only country in the Americas that is not a democracy.

(2) The newest nation in Africa,--, declared its independence from neighboring --, the oldest country in Africa, in 1993.

(3) Which Language is considered a major Language in the most countries in Asia? --

(4) The European country with the Lowest Human Development Index (HDI),--, has the second-Lowest--in Europe.

(5) The Lowest literacy rate in the world for women is--percent, in the Asian country of--and in the African country of--.

(6) The biggest country in South America also has the Largest--.

(7) The only Asian country where the Literacy rate for women is higher than that for men is --.

(8) In every country in the Middle East, women have a--than men.

(9) is the head of the government of the most populous country in Europe.

(10) --and --, both in Africa, have the highest percentage of the population under age 15 in the world, at --percent.

(11) The smallest Asian country,- also has the highest population density, with about--people per square mile, all living--.

(12) Uruguay has the lowest--and --, and the highest percentage of --, of any South American country.

IN-DEPTH QUESTIONS

(1) Look at the explanation for HDI on the page 15. Why would life expectancy, purchasing power, and Literacy be used as measures of well-being? What other factors might give additional perspective to "economic and social well-being"? How does the article about Bhutan relate to this?

(2) Why do you think the Upfront almanac includes the languages spoken in each country? What does language usage within a continent tell us about its culture and history?

Answer

(1) Cuba

(2) Eritrea, Ethiopia

(3) Russian

(4) Moldova, per capita GDP

(5) 13, Afghanistan, Chad

(6) population

(7) Brunei

(8) higher rife expectancy

(9) Dmitry Medvedev

(10) Niger, Uganda, 49

(11) Singapore, 21,339, in urban areas

(12) population under age 15, yearly population increase, people living in urban areas
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Publication:New York Times Upfront
Article Type:Cover story
Geographic Code:90ASI
Date:Oct 26, 2009
Words:9784
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