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Wordplay in 1929, believe it or not!

Starting in the 1920s, the column "Believe It Or Not" by Robert Ripley appeared in more than one hundred newspapers by 1930. Reading this as a boy, I was fascinated by oddities such as the English lad who died of old age before his seventh birthday, the Hindu who hung head downward for three hours at a stretch, and the girl born with a single eye in the middle of her forehead. I was also beguiled be·guile  
tr.v. be·guiled, be·guil·ing, be·guiles
1. To deceive by guile; delude. See Synonyms at deceive.

 by the 310-letter word coined by monastic writers in the Middle Ages to enumerate To count or list one by one. For example, an enumerated data type defines a list of all possible values for a variable, and no other value can then be placed into it. See device enumeration and ENUM.  the varieties of divination divination, practice of foreseeing future events or obtaining secret knowledge through communication with divine sources and through omens, oracles, signs, and portents.  using birds, oracles, the Bible, ghosts, crystal-gazing, etc., ending with wine and shoulder blades. (The word is reproduced in full in the August 1978 Word Ways.)

I believe that Ripley's first book, based on the newspaper column, was published by Simon and Schuster in 1929. The first printing, a minuscule 2000 copies, sold out in a few days, and within a month four more printings of 2000, 3000, 5000 and 5000 copies appeared.

What sorts of wordplay caught Ripley's eye? Surprisingly, he presented only one palindrome palindrome: see anagram. , PA'S A SAP, as well as two palindromic pal·in·dro·mic
Relapsing; recurring.
 word squares, the famous ROTAS square and one contributed by Doc Applegate of Ogailala, Nebraska: NOMAD OCANA MADAM ANACO DAMON (Ocafia is a town in Spain or Peru, and Anaco a town in Venezuela).

Ripley was more impressed by long words, particularly German ones:

The English language is quite frugal with the letters of the alphabet as compared to the prodigality prod·i·gal·i·ty  
n. pl. prod·i·gal·i·ties
1. Extravagant wastefulness.

2. Profuse generosity.

3. Extreme abundance; lavishness.
 of foreign tongues. How the Germans do squander the alphabet! Among modern German words of cumbersome formation is Schatzengrabenvemichtungsautomobile, which contains thirty-six letters to express what the English indicate by the word "tank" in its military sense. There is also the "Turkish Association of Constantinopolitan Bagpipe bagpipe, musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India.  Makers," which is designed in German by Constantinopolitanischedudelsackspfeifenmachergesellschaft. Bismarck always spoke of a druggist An individual who, as a regular course of business, mixes, compounds, dispenses, and sells medicines and similar health aids.

The term druggist may be used interchangeably with pharmacist.
 as Gesundheitswiederherstellungsmittelzusammenmischungsverhaltnisskundiger. When he was angry he vented his spleen with this expletive--Himmelherrgottkreuzmillionendonnerwetter! Damenmantelschneiderinnungskrankenkassenhauptvorstandsmitgliederversammlung is a nice German way of saying "Assembly of the all-highest direction of the sick fund of the union of female cloak tailors." And there is a club of Vienna The Club of Vienna is an international association of individuals interested in social, scientific, economic and ecological issues who have proven professional expertise in these areas. The Club of Vienna has no party political ties and is exclusively responsible for its decisions.  called Donaudampfschifffahrtselecctricitaetenhaupt betriebswerkbauunterbeamtengesellschaft, which contains 81 letters. A revenue agent in Germany is called by this name: Obertranksteuerdonativcautionszinsgelderhauptcassir which may be literally translated "First Main Cashier of Duty on Drinks and Bail Rent Moneys." Hinterladungvetterligewehrpatronenhulsenfabrikarbeiterverein translates as "Society of workers in the factory of bullet cartridges for back loading Vetterli rifles."

In the English language, Ripley came up with honorificabilitudinity from Shakespeare's "Love's Labor Lost". He credited the Puritan divine Byfeld with incircumscriptibleness, Doctor Benson with antidisestablishmentarians, and William Gladstone with disestablishmentarianism dis·es·tab·lish·men·tar·i·an or Dis·es·tab·lish·men·tar·i·an  
An opponent of an established order, especially one who opposes state support of an established church.
. He also cited the chemical terms paraoxymentamethoxyallylbenzene and tetrahydroparamethyloxyquinoline. And, speaking of chemical terms, he noted that a French newspaper advertised that paraminobenzoyldiaethylaminoaethanolumphydrochloricum ought to be in every medicine chest.

In the 1929 book the longest word in the world contained 184 letters. Found in Aristophanes Ecclesiazousae 1169, it meant "hash."

Ripley was also intrigued by long personal names:

The longest name yet wished on a helpless infant was bestowed some years ago upon the little daughter of Arthur Pepper, a Liverpool laundryman. The child's initials exhausted the alphabet, and her christening occupied half a day. They called her Anna Bertha Cecilia Diana Emily Fanny Gertrude Hypatia Inez Jane Kate Louise Maud Nora Ophelia Prudence Quince quince, shrub or small tree of the Asian genera Chaenomeles and Cydonia of the family Rosaceae (rose family). The common quince (Cydonia oblonga  Rebecca Sarah Teresa Ulysis Venus Winifred Xenophon Yetty Zeno Pepper. She was usually called Alphabet Pepper for short.

"Aldiborontephoscophornio, where left you Chrononhotonthologos?" is a burlesque burlesque (bûrlĕsk`) [Ital.,=mockery], form of entertainment differing from comedy or farce in that it achieves its effects through caricature, ridicule, and distortion. It differs from satire in that it is devoid of any ethical element.  pomposo in Henry Carey's farce. When traveling in Argentina, I met a man in Buenos Aires whose name was Senor Don Juan Iturriberrigorrigoicoerotaberricooechea. Pe Maung, in his "The Glass Place Chronicle of the Kings of Burma," mentions the name of King Siritaribhavanadityapauaraanditasudhammarajamahadhipatinarapatisithu. His subjects were compelled to pronounce the entire 69 letters whenever they were permitted to address him. The thirteenth holder of the title of "Living Buddha," or Dalai Lama, of Lhasa, Tibet, was called "Ahwangloputsangtoputanchiatachichiawangchuchuehlelangschieh." This name was comparatively easy for his worshipers as it only contains 58 letters. Mark Twain speaks of a holy man in Benares, India, who had 109 names--the last of which contained 58 letters. He writes it this way Sir 108 Matparamahansaparivrajakacharyaswamibhaskaranandasaraswati. A little Honolulu lady bears this appellation: Miss Kalani Kaumehamehakahikikalanynakawahinekuhao. The late Western Empress Dowager, of China, that ancient dame who hated the "foreign devils" with such celestial severity, was named Tzu-hsi-tuan-yu-kang-hsichao-yu-chuang- cheng-shou-kung-chin-hsien-chung-hsi-huang-tai-hou. Sultan Hamengkoeboewonosenopaitingalgongabgurrachmansaydinpanotagomodev is the name of the Sultan of Djocjockarte.

From long names Ripley segued to short ones. Ed Ek of Brockton, Massachusetts claimed to own the shortest name in the United States. However, Mr. 1 of Hangchow, China had an even shorter name, for it was only one letter long and that letter displaced less space than any other in the alphabet. Mr. I was a graduate of the Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore.

Ripley admired short placenames as well:

There is a river Aa in Pas de Calais Pas de Ca·lais  

See Strait of Dover.

Noun 1. Pas de Calais - the strait between the English Channel and the North Sea; shortest distance between England and the European continent
Strait of Calais, Strait of Dover
, France. There is a lake called Oo, and a town called Oo in the Department of Haute Garonne. There is a city called A in Sweden. I have been in a bay called Y in the Zuyder Zee.

The pronunciation of words formed the basis of several items.

You can give your tongue a rest by pronouncing this little Czech phrase--Strc prst skrz krk. That twister is literally translated into "thrust finger through neck." This one should be easy for you--Chrzaszcz szumi w trzcinie. It is the Polish way of saying that "the bug buzzes in the reeds."

Ripley claimed that there are 58,366,440 different ways of spelling the word SCISSORS scissors

Cutting instrument or tool consisting of a pair of opposed metal blades that meet and cut when the handles at their ends are brought together. Modern scissors are of two types: the more usual pivoted blades have a rivet or screw connection between the cutting ends
 phonetically. Specifically, he argued that the vocal (phonetical) value of the word is S-I-Z-E-R-S, and there are 17, 36, 17, 33, 10 and 17 ways to spell these six sounds in English. He referred all doubting Thomases to pages 35-39 of Plea for Reformed Spelling by Alexander John Ellis Alexander John Ellis (or Alexander Sharpe) (14 June, 1814 - 28 October, 1890) was an English philologist and music theorist. He is noted for translating and extensively annotating Hermann Helmholtz's On the Sensations of Tone .

He related that the letters O P Q R S T, sent by Hue in 1867, were correctly interpreted by the French to read "au Pecu arreste (arrested at Pecu). In a related story, Professor Netomeff, an Assyriologist who wrote a book about Nebuchadnezzar, the ancient King of Babylon, was sentenced to perpetual exile in Siberia because the caption of his book, "Nebuchadnezzar," was the same in the Russian language as "Ne boch ad ne tzar" which meant "No God and no Tzar."

Ripley challenged his readers to translate the following poem, "Epigram epigram, a short, polished, pithy saying, usually in verse, often with a satiric or paradoxical twist at the end. The term was originally applied by the Greeks to the inscriptions on stones.  Upon Nothing," by Rev. R. Egerton of Warburton:
   U O A O but I O thee,      (You sigh for a cipher, but I sigh for
   O O no O but O O me;        Oh, sigh for no cipher but, oh, sigh
                               for me;
   Let not my O a mere O go,   Let not my sigh for a mere cipher go,
   But O my O I O thee so      But sigh for a sigh, for I sigh for
                               thee so)

He presented three pangrams for the delectation of his readers: A quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog; Pack my box with five dozen liquor jugs; John P. Brady gave me a black walnut box of quite a small size.

He noted that "that" is used seven times in succession in the sentence "It is true for all that, that that that that that that signifies, is not the one to which I refer, and challenged the reader to put a comma in the sentence "The King and and and and and Queen." (The modern version of this is that a sign-painter is instructed to put a space between "King" and "and," and "and" and "Queen".) He also related how a comma saved a human life:

Maria Feodorewna accidentally caught sight of the following note appended to the bottom of a death warrant. It was in the handwriting of her husband, Alexander Ill. It read as follows: "Pardon impossible, to be sent to Siberia." Maria transposed trans·pose  
v. trans·posed, trans·pos·ing, trans·pos·es
1. To reverse or transfer the order or place of; interchange.

 the comma so that it read "Pardon, impossible to be sent to Siberia," whereupon the convict was released a free man.

Two of the shortest poems in the world are "Hired. Tired? Fired!" and the following lines written on the antiquity of microbes: "Adam Had 'Em."

All the names All the Names (Portuguese: Todos os nomes) is a novel by Portuguese author José Saramago. It was written in 1997 and published in English in 2000 in an award winning translation by Margaret Jull Costa.  of God have four letters: Lord in English, JHVH JHVH or JHWH  
Variants of YHWH.

Noun 1. JHVH - a name for the God of the Old Testament as transliterated from the Hebrew consonants YHVH
Jahvey, Jahweh, Jehovah, Wahvey, Yahve, Yahveh, Yahwe, Yahweh, YHVH, YHWH
 in Hebrew, Deus in Latin and Portuguese, Dieu in French, Adat in Assyrian, Godt in Dutch, Gott in German, Godh in Danish, Goth in Swedish, Soru in Persian, Alia in Mohammedan, Rama in Hindu, Deva deva

(Sanskrit: “divine”) In the Vedic religion of India, one of many divine powers, roughly divided into sky, air, and earth divinities. During the Vedic period, the gods were divided into two classes, the devas and the asuras.
 in Sanskrit, Dios in Spanish, Odin in Scandinavian, Teos in Greek, Zeus in Greek mythology, Thor in Viking, Amir in Arabic, Amon in Egyptian, Papa in Inca, Aton in Canaanish, Agla in Cabalistic cab·a·lis·tic  
1. Having a secret or hidden meaning; occult: cabalistic symbols engraved in stone.

2. Variant of kabbalistic.
, Inca in Quechua, Baal in Phoenician, Istr in Persian, Illu in Syrian, Elah in Aramaic, Kami in Japanese, Hakk in Hindustani, Nebo in Chaldean and Brain in Aryan.

Would anyone care to check Ripley's claim that PERSONALITY contains 1307 other words? What dictionary is enough to do it? Webster's Collegiate? The Official Scrabble Players Dictionary The Official Scrabble Players Dictionary or OSPD is a dictionary developed for use in the game Scrabble, by speakers of United States English. History
The Official Scrabble Players Dictionary was first published in 1987
? Is there a word of equal or shorter length that does better?

For the centenarian researcher, see A. Ross Eckler, Jr.

Albert Ross Eckler (May 22, 1901 - March 14, 1991) served as deputy director of the United States Census Bureau from 1949 to 1965, and its director from 1965 until 1969.

Morristown, New Jersey Morristown is a town in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the town population was 18,544. Its estimated population in 2004 was 18,842. It is the county seat of Morris CountyGR6.  
COPYRIGHT 2006 Jeremiah Farrell
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Title Annotation:Robert Ripley's collection of complex German words
Author:Eckler, A. Ross
Publication:Word Ways
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Nov 1, 2006
Previous Article:Vowel-consonant patterns: 10-letter words.
Next Article:Canine capers.

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