Boulder, Colorado The City of Boulder (, Mountain Time Zone) is a home rule municipality located in Boulder County, Colorado, United States. Boulder is the 11th most populous city in the State of Colorado, as well as the most populous city and the county
The Endangered Species Act The federal Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) (16 U.S.C.A. §§ 1531 et seq.) was enacted to protect animal and plant species from extinction by preserving the ecosystems in which they survive and by providing programs for their conservation. is on the chopping block again. When Congress passed the Act in 1973, it called for periodic review and reauthorization. Thus, in mid-November, right after the fall elections, environmentalists gathered in Washington, D.C., for a strategy session on renewing the Act. A tug and pull ensued between those who want full support for it and those who would go along with weakening the Act.
"America is dying and the Endangered Species Act is needed more than ever," says Jasper Carlton, founder of the Colorado-based Biodiversity Legal Foundation, and one of the environmentalists urging full reauthorization. "It's the strongest conservation law passed by any country ever."
Carlton himself is the country's most confrontational user of the Act. In the past dozen years, he has initiated eighty-five endangered species endangered species, any plant or animal species whose ability to survive and reproduce has been jeopardized by human activities. In 1999 the U.S. government, in accordance with the U.S. cases.
"I have successfully sued every secretary of the interior--from James Watt to Bruce Babbitt--to enforce the Endangered Species Act," he says. Under current law, he explains, his cases "cannot lose."
"How can you reasonably compromise the last habitat for endangered species?"
The Biodiversity Legal Foundation differs from other wildlife defenders in that it frequently charges to the aid of unglamorous species, such as toads, frogs, salamanders, and obscure plants. "We aggressively defend all life forms equally," Carlton says. Carlton has a particular fondness for investebrates--bugs to the rest of us--calling them the "building blocks" of natural systems. Another key goal of the Foundation is protecting large habitats for communities of species and natural ecosystems.
But Carlton has also sued to protect "flagship" species, such as Ursus Horribilis--the grizzly bear grizzly bear or grizzly, large, powerful North American brown bear, characterized by gray-streaked, or grizzled, fur. Grizzlies are 6 to 8 ft (180–250 cm) long, stand 3 1-2 to 4 ft (105–120 cm) at the humped shoulder, and weigh up to . His lawsuit terminated the sport-hunting of grizzlies The name Grizzlies may refer to:
The Biodiversity Legal Foundation bases its legal challenges on evidence gathered from the top life-science experts. Its grounding in the law and science has enabled the organization to win even when its lower-court victories have been appealed all the way to the Supreme Court.
"Unless I miss my bet," Carlton says, "the world will want to beat a path to intact ecosystems in fifteen to twenty years TWENTY YEARS. The lapse of twenty years raises a presumption of certain facts, and after such a time, the party against whom the presumption has been raised, will be required to prove a negative to establish his rights.
2. . Future generations will prize the fact that we can go out and hike in wild areas with grizzlies, hear wolves howl, and see great migrations of trumpeter swans."
The United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. has already lost vast chunks of its precolonial pre·co·lo·ni·al or pre-co·lo·ni·al
Of, relating to, or being the period of time before colonization of a region or territory. habitat, including 95 percent of its old-growth forests, 98 percent of its native prairies, and half of its wetlands. Inadequate funding for the law and political opposition have created a massive backlog of plants and animals Plants and Animals are a Canadian indie-rock band from Montreal, comprised of guitarist-vocalists Warren Spicer and Nic Basque, and drummer-vocalist Matthew Woodley. They are signed to Secret City Records. awaiting Endangered Species Act classification. Once a species obtains endangered status, it becomes illegal to trade, hunt, kill, collect, or injure it or its habitat.
Of the nation's 9,000 biologically threatened species, less than 20 percent are currently protected by the Endangered Species Act, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Carlton. "We have more life forms in peril today, on a percent basis, than the Amazon rain forests," he notes.
Many environmentalists point to the Endangered Species Act's twenty-year history of success. Without it, they doubt that the gray whale, peregrine falcon, American alligator alligator, large aquatic reptile of the genus Alligator, in the same order as the crocodile. There are two species—a large type found in the S United States and a small type found in E China. Alligators differ from crocodiles in several ways. , and even the national icon, the bald eagle, would exist today.
Developers, mining companies, and other large economic interests hunger for greater access to the nation's 900 million acres of public lands. "They want the opportunity to go in and squeeze the last ounce of profit out and the ecological consequences be damned," he says. "The Endangered Species Act is our only and last defense."
"The worst thing we can do right now is take a defeatist de·feat·ism
Acceptance of or resignation to the prospect of defeat.
de·featist adj. & n.
Noun 1. approach. What's at stake are hundreds and thousands of fascinating life forms. The Endangered Species Act may take a hit, but what it needs is enforcement, funding, and heartfelt support."
"I am a hard-ass, yes," Carlton says. "This is the time we've got to rise to the occasion, to tell the truth. Science is on our side, morals and ethics, too. Hell, attack!"
For more information, contact the Biodiversity Legal Foundation P.O. Box 18327, Boulder, CO 80308; (303)442-3037.