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Why some Field Artillerymen will make excellent BCT commanders.



The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA (1) (Canadian Standards Association, Toronto, Ontario, www.csa.ca) A standards-defining organization founded in 1919. It is involved in many industries, including electronics, communications and information technology. ) General Peter J. Schoomaker recently directed that Field Artillerymen and Engineers be considered for DA selection to command brigade combat teams (BCTs)--Stryker BCTs (SBCTs), Infantry BCTs (IBCTs) and Heavy BCTs (HBCTs)--along with Infantry and Armor officers, starting with the 2008 board.

As articles in this magazine have documented since the Global War on Terrorism Terrorist acts and the threat of Terrorism have occupied the various law enforcement agencies in the U.S. government for many years. The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, as amended by the usa patriot act  (GWOT GWOT Global War on Terrorism ) began, Field Artillerymen have been commanding not only maneuver BCTs in the war, but also maneuver task forces very successfully along side their maneuver brethren. In fact, the majority of FA battalion commanders in Central Command (CENTCOM CENTCOM US Central Command
CENTCOM Coalition Central Command
) are commanding/have commanded maneuver task forces Some of those task forces have been responsible for the most dangerous sections of their brigades' areas of operations (AOs).

This article discusses the experiences and professional development of Field Artillerymen that prepare them to command BCTs successfully. I understand that many Engineers also have commanded motorized mo·tor·ize  
tr.v. mo·tor·ized, mo·tor·iz·ing, mo·tor·iz·es
1. To equip with a motor.

2. To supply with motor-driven vehicles.

3. To provide with automobiles.
 infantry units in GWOT--hence the CSA's directive. However, a discussion of the Engineers' command experience in GWOT and professional development preparing them for BCT BCT Brigade Combat Team
BCT Basic Combat Training
BCT Best Conventional Pollutant Control Technology (EPA)
BCT Business Cards Tomorrow
BCT Banque Centrale de Tunisie (Central Bank of Tunisia) 
 commands is out of my expertise and a subject for another article in another magazine.

The CSA's decision to expand the eligibility for BCT commands to FA and Engineer officers supports his philosophy of developing Pentathletes and giving them wider opportunities to use their skills and talents for the good of the Army.

There are a number of reasons why some Field Artillerymen will make excellent BCT commanders, not the least of which is, they already have made excellent BCT commanders.

Field Artillerymen have commanded motorized infantry BCTs and task forces successfully in CENTCOM. Four division artillery Artillery that is permanently an integral part of a division. For tactical purposes, all artillery placed under the command of a division commander is considered division artillery.  (Div Arty DIV ARTY Division Artillery ) commanders served successfully in recent times as BCT commanders, one in Afghanistan and three in Iraq--BCTs in the 4th Infantry, 25th Infantry, 1st Infantry and 1st Cavalry Divisions. (1) In addition, the 82d Airborne Div Arty commander recently stood up and commanded the 4th BCT in the at Fort Bragg, North Carolina
The article is about the US Army post in North Carolina. For the City in California with the same name, see Fort Bragg, California


Fort Bragg is a major United States Army installation, in Cumberland and Hoke Counties, North Carolina, U.S.
. (2)

I comfortably can say that the majority of FA and fires battalion commanders in CENTCOM in the past two years have commanded infantry task forces, one of the most important qualifiers for selection to command BCTs. See Figure 1 on Page 6. The senior FA observer/controllers (O/Cs) at the National Training Center (NTC NTC Notice
NTC National Training Center
NTC National Telecommunications Commission
NTC National Transport Commission (Australia)
NTC Negative Temperature Coefficient
NTC Naval Training Center
), Fort Irwin, California, and Joint Readiness See: readiness.  Training Center (JRTC JRTC Joint Readiness Training Center (Fort Polk, LA, USA) ). Fort Polk Fort Polk, U.S. army post, 200,000 acres (80,937 hectares), SW La.; est. 1941 and named for the Rev. Leonidas Polk. It is a major army warm-weather training center. , Louisiana, report that 100 percent of the FA units rotating through their training centers are performing maneuver missions--most with dual responsibilities for their BCTs' fires and other missions. (3)

These are unusual times, and the Army is using unusual measures to execute today's challenging missions. The Army's leaders and Soldiers, once again, have demonstrated remarkable, resourcefulness, adaptability and depth of combat arms skills to rise to the challenges in difficult times.

The officer education system (OES) and FA assignments provide a sound foundation for Field Artillerymen to command BCTs. Field Artillery officers are developed from lieutenant on up to operate in a maneuver environment at all levels. Understanding maneuver capabilities and limitations is the foundation of the Field Artilleryman's education and assignments. And the young Artilleryman's education and experience focus not only on combined arms Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects.

Though the lower-echelon units of a combined arms team may be of homogeneous types, a balanced mixture of such units are combined into an
 operations, but also on joint fires Fires produced during the employment of forces from two or more components in coordinated action toward a common objective. See also fires.  and effects--the latter much earlier than most branches. This is an advantage in the contemporary operating environment In computing, an operating environment is the environment in which users run programs, whether in a command line interface, such as in MS-DOS or the Unix shell, or in a graphical user interface, such as in the Macintosh operating system.  (COE See common operating environment. ).

As fire supporters. Field Artillery men are habitually associated with maneuver units, notably at the company, battalion task force and brigade levels. Their responsibilities and experiences as fire supporters integral to the maneuver units grow them as leaders and in the knowledge of the nuances, challenges and rewards of life in the combat arms unit. Being intimately involved in planning and executing combat operations provides them unique perspectives of both fires and maneuver.

Serving as fire support officers (FSOs) for the maneuver company, battalion and brigade commanders, as fire support coordinators (FSCOORDs) for brigade and division commanders, and as O/Cs at the combat training centers (CTCs) gives Field Artillerymen a thorough understanding of combined arms operations on the battlefield. In counterinsurgency coun·ter·in·sur·gen·cy  
n.
Political and military strategy or action intended to oppose and forcefully suppress insurgency.



coun
 operations, such as those in GWOT, Field Artillerymen frequently are the ones planning, coordinating and synchronizing both lethal and nonlethal effects for the company, battalion, BCT, division or corps commander, often working with a deputy commanding officer (DCO DCO Demande Chimique En Oxygène (French)
DCO Digitally Controlled Oscillator
DCO District Coordination Officer (Pakistan)
DCO Defence Community Organisation (Australia) 
) or chief of staff.

Field Artillerymen also are serving as S3s and executive officers (XOs) in FA or fires battalions, both in and out of the CENTCOM theater. Second only to serving in actual maneuver staff positions--as some Field Artillerymen are doing--all these jobs develop the Artillery officer's scope and understanding of tactical operations across the spectrum of conflict.

The Artillery officer's education and development parallel those of the Armor and Infantry officers. Figure 2 compares the macro skills of the maneuver officer to the Field Artillery officer as they develop in parallel through OES, promotions and assignments.

In the figure, note that they get the same instruction in the Basic Officer Leadership Course (BOLC BOLC Basic Officer Leader Course ) II, Intermediate-Level Education (ILE Ile, river, Kazakhstan: see Ili.


See RPGLE.
) and the Senior Service College/Army War College (SSC/AWC). In the Pre-Command Course (PCC PCC prothrombin complex concentrate. ), instruction on the art of command, combined arms tactics, the opposing force
Other terms related to Opposing Force are: Guilds, MMOs, Massively Multiplayer games. Opposing Force is an online, massively multiplayer guild. For more information regarding Opposing Force and its relationship to MMOs or online games, please head to www.op-4.
 (OPFOR OPFOR Opposing Force
OPFOR Operating Force (US DoD) 
) in the COE--all skills and knowledge needed for commanding a tactical maneuver Noun 1. tactical maneuver - a move made to gain a tactical end
tactical manoeuvre, maneuver, manoeuvre

move - the act of deciding to do something; "he didn't make a move to help"; "his first move was to hire a lawyer"
 unit--are the same for both maneuver and Field Artillery officers.

In BOLC III and the Captain's Career Courses (CCCs), maneuver and FA officers get similar instruction but on different systems. For both, the emphasis is on warfighting and incorporating lessons learned from GWOT.

Like the maneuver officer, the Field Artillery officer is considered for commands at all levels--platoon, battery and battalion/TF--preparing him for command at the brigade level.

FA officers have specific education, experience and skills that allow some to intuitively understand the art and science of battle command. In short, they "get it." And those around them know they get it-depend on their expertise and leadership to make things happen at the right time in the battlespace. Hence you get division commanders selecting Field Artillerymen to command BCTs.

In recent times, Field Artillery men have risen to the highest ranks, commanding divisions, corps, and an army--not to mention General (Retired) Tommy R. Franks who commanded all forces in combat operations in Operation Iraqi Freedom. (4) Although all these military leaders commanded Div Artys, without question, these senior military leaders would have made excellent BCT commanders.

Additionally, because several of our most senior Army and joint leaders have risen to their ranks through Div Arty commands, it is fair to assume that BCTs also will be a gateway for talented, capable FA leaders to continue through the ranks to serve the US military and the nation in the future as they have in the past. These are four-star leaders who have held numerous high joint and national positions, including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking overall military officer of the United States military, and the principal military adviser to the President of the United States.  and advisors to US Presidents. (5)

Clearly, some Field Artillerymen fall into this "capabilities" zone. The key is to identify those with the potential for BCT command and ensure our most talented officers are fully prepared to command BCTs and truly competitive for selection.

Even at an early age, leaders with the potential for future commands stand out. Who are those guys? They are the Field Artillerymen chosen by their BCT commanders to serve in traditional maneuver positions, such as BCT XOs in the 2nd BCT, 82 Airborne Division; 3rd BCT, 25th Infantry Division; 4th BCT, 1st Cavalry Division; 1st BCT, 10th Mountain Division; and others. (6) These young, talented Field Artillerymen could go on to command infantry TFs very successfully. Their serving as fires battalion S3s and brigade FSOs further develops their skills and leadership talent for command.

Field Artillery, as a branch, fosters adaptable, flexible Pentathletes with traits that are ideal in BCT commanders. Without question, all branches serving in GWOT are performing unique, nonstandard non·stan·dard  
adj.
1. Varying from or not adhering to the standard: nonstandard lengths of board.

2.
 missions. But Field Artillerymen are performing more nonstandard missions in GWOT than any other branch--or certainly as many as any other branch.

Field Artillerymen have served and are serving in GWOT as military policemen, motorized infantrymen (patrols, raids, cordons and searches, convoy operations, quick-reaction forces, forward operating base An airfield used to support tactical operations without establishing full support facilities. The base may be used for an extended time period. Support by a main operating base will be required to provide backup support for a forward operating base. Also called FOB.  security, etc.), transporters, coordinators/synchronizers of non-lethal effects (information operations Actions taken to affect adversary information and information systems while defending one's own information and information systems. Also called IO. See also defensive information operations; information; offensive information operations; operation. , civil-military operations The activities of a commander that establish, maintain,influence, or exploit relations between military forces, governmental and nongovernmental civilian organizations andauthorities, and the civilian populace in a friendly, neutral, or hostile operational area in order to facilitate , civil affairs Designated Active and Reserve component forces and units organized, trained, and equipped specifically to conduct civil affairs activities and to support civil-military operations. Also called CA. See also civil affairs activities; civil-military operations. , etc.), and as infantry task force and BCT commanders and command sergeants major. That is not to mention their serving as Field Artillerymen, delivering lethal FA--thousands of FA rounds a year in Iraq and Afghanistan--and joint fires for their BCTs. (7)

So, what's involved when a fires battalion becomes a motorized infantry task force? The battalion fire support element (FSE FSE

1. feline spongiform encephalopathy.

2. focal symmetrical encephalomalacia.
) also must be the fire direction center That element of a command post, consisting of gunnery and communications personnel and equipment, by means of which the commander exercises fire direction and/or fire control. The fire direction center receives target intelligence and requests for fire, and translates them into  (FDC FDC - Floppy Disk Controller ) for the TF. The FA battalion staff must transform into a maneuver TF staff. The maneuver TF commander must command subordinate maneuver units, remain the FSCOORD FSCOORD Fire Support Coordinator  for the BCT, remain responsible for the BCT's fires and the force FA headquarters and, all the while, control his own sizeable battlespace--many in very intense urban environments and most comparable to those controlled by brother maneuver TF commanders. And, the fires battalion commander must execute his maneuver task force mission with fewer assets than his combined arms task force counterpart. (8)

What that means is that from the top to bottom of the FA battalion, not just the TF commander, Field Artillerymen have adapted, flexed and "done it."

Same-same with variations for the FA BCT commands.

They sound like Pentathletes to me.

The future combat system (FCS FCS - Frame Check Sequence ) force will "flatten" branches for future commands--the Army is moving toward less emphasis on branch skills and capabilities to more emphasis on broader Pentathlete pen·tath·lete  
n. Sports
An athlete who participates in a pentathlon.

Noun 1. pentathlete - an athlete who competes in a pentathlon
athlete, jock - a person trained to compete in sports
 skills and capabilities. As the Army continues transformation, clearly branches will become less important and capabilities more important. Witness the new uniforms with no branch insignia. Read the articles written by senior leaders about merging branches and other articles discussing the number of military occupational specialties (MOS (1) (Metal Oxide Semiconductor) See MOSFET.

(2) (Mean Opinion Score) The quality of a digitized voice line. It is a subjective measurement that is derived entirely by people listening to the calls and scoring the results from
) to be combined across the Army. How about the Army's establishing centers of excellence (CoEs) to consolidate and enhance functional areas--such as the Fires CoE at Fort Sill Fort Sill, U.S. military reservation, Comanche co., SW Okla., 4 mi (6.4 km) N of Lawton; est. 1869 by Gen. Philip Sheridan. A 95,000-acre (38,445-hectare) field artillery and missile base, it is the home of the U.S. Army Artillery and Missile Center. , Oklahoma, consolidating the FA and Air Defense Artillery Weapons and equipment for actively combating air targets from the ground. Also called ADA.  Schools, or the Maneuver CoE at Fort Benning Fort Benning, U.S. army post, 189,000 acres (76,500 hectares), W Ga., S of Columbus; est. 1918. One of the largest army posts in the United States, it is the nation's largest infantry training center and the home of the Army Infantry School. , Georgia, consolidating the Infantry and Armor Schools. Then listen to the Chief of Staff of the Army outline his vision for Pentathletes to serve as multi-capable warriors and flex their talent and skills across the spectrum of conflict--Pentathletes who see service in the Army as a series of opportunities, not limitations.

The Army is making pervasive changes to meet the demands of the COE and the coming FCS force--all while at war--and breaking sacred "rice bowls" right and left as it makes those changes. The "handwriting is on the wall"--Pentathletes will command at all levels in the FCS force.

Now if I haven't convinced you with current events, then look ahead at the impact of just one aspect of the FCS force on our future leaders Future Leaders is a UK schools-led charitable organisation that aims to widen the pool of talented leaders especially for urban challenging secondary schools. It was founded in March 2006 by Nat Wei, a former founder of Teach First. : networked systems. Our networked systems will mean that the combined arms commander will have to be a leader and decision maker vice a Field Artilleryman, Infantry man, Tanker, Engineer, etc.

Although the BCT level demands leaders exercise both the art and science of command, it calls for more art than science. Art depends less on the BCT commander's mastery of technical branch-specific skills and more on his ability to make effective decisions. Battle command puts a premium on leader skills and actions that contribute to effective decisions. (9)

Our future networked systems will aid the BCT commander in the art of command. In the FCS force, he will have access to an advanced, networked command and control system that will allow him to have a common operational picture (COP) with superiors and subordinates and shared situational awareness Situation awareness or situational awareness [1] (SA) is the mental representation and understanding of objects, events, people, system states, interactions, environmental conditions, and other situation-specific factors affecting human performance in  of not only his battlespace, but also the battlespace of those around him, plus the big picture of the entire campaign. This advanced command and control system of systems also will allow him to communicate his commander's intent A concise expression of the purpose of the operation and the desired end state that serves as the initial impetus for the planning process. It may also include the commander's assessmentof the adversary commander's intent and an assessment of where and how much risk is acceptable during  throughout his BCT with more fidelity, including to the lowest levels.

The network will enhance his tactical decision making and increase his tactical agility while reducing associated risks. The command and control information "hierarchy" will be flattened, and the BCT commander will spend less time directing information and more time using it.

In the networked FCS force, Pentathletes, not members of specific branches, will command BCTs, perhaps even combined arms battalions one day.

Field Artillerymen as proven maneuver commanders and Pentathletes will make excellent BCT commanders.

Now, having said all that, do I think all Field Artillery lieutenant colonels (promotable) and colonels are qualified and capable of commanding BCTs? Certainly not. But then, neither are all Armor, Infantry or Engineer lieutenant colonels (promotable) and colonels.

The point is some will make excellent BCT commanders. So our most capable Field Artillery officers who have related knowledge and experience and have demonstrated tactical combined arms and leadership skills will be eligible for DA selection to command BCTs, starting with the 2008 board. As a branch, our job is to ensure we identify these talented leaders and develop them via training, education and assignments to make them competitive for selection to command BCTs.

It's a win-win--for the Field Artillery and the Army.

Colonel Annie Baker took command of the Field Artillery Training Center (FATC FATC Florida Antique Tackle Collectors, Inc.
FATC Field Artillery Training Center
FATC Fire Alarm Terminal Cabinet
FATC Foreign Affairs and Transport Canada
FATC Fleet Area Telecommunications Center
), Fort Sill, Oklahoma, on 17 May as the first woman to command the FATC. In her previous assignment, she was the Director of the Directorate of Training and Doctrine (DOTD DOTD Department of Transportation and Development (Louisiana)
DOTD Dawn of the Dead (movie)
DOTD Day of the Dead (movie)
DOTD Deal of the Day
) and G3for the Field Artillery Center and Fort Sill. In that capacity, she was the FA lead for designing the Fires Center of Excellence with the Air Defense Artillery's move to Fort Sill. She deployed to Iraq for six months in 2005 as the Senior Liaison Officer for the new Counter Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM See phase change memory and CRAM. ) multi-branch program. She was Commander of the 1st Battalion, 19th Field Artillery (1-19 FA) in the FATC where she also was the brigade's Deputy Commander Officer (DCO) and S3. She is a graduate of the Army War College, Carlisle Barracks Carlisle Barracks is a United States Army facility located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. It is part of the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and is the site of the U.S. Army War College. It is the nation’s second oldest active military base. , Pennsylvania, and holds an MA in Geography from Syracuse University Syracuse University, main campus at Syracuse, N.Y.; coeducational; chartered 1870, opened 1871. Syracuse is noted for its research programs in government and industry; facilities include the Center for Science and Technology, the Newhouse Communications Center, and  in New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
.

Endnotes:

1. Colonel Kevin P. Stramara, 4th Infantry Division Artillery (Div Arty) Commander, commanded Task Force Gunner with an area of operations An operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and naval forces. Areas of operation do not typically encompass the entire operational area of the joint force commander, but should be large enough for component commanders to accomplish their missions and protect their  in northern Baghdad from April 2003 until March 2004 during Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom
OIF Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (French: International Organization of Francophonie)
OIF Office for Intellectual Freedom (American Library Association) 
) I (email from Colonel Stramara dated 3 May 06). Colonel Gary H. Cheek, Commander of the 25th Infantry Div Arty, commanded the Combined Task Force Thunder for 12 months in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF OEF Operation Enduring Freedom (US government response to September 11, 2001 terrorism attacks)
OEF Oxford Economic Forecasting
OEF Oregon Entrepreneurs Forum
OEF Optimal Extension Fields
) ("So You Want to Be a Maneuver Commander? CTF CTF Capture The Flag
CTF Child Trust Fund (UK)
CTF Canadian Tax Foundation
CTF Canadian Taxpayers Federation (lobby group)
CTF Canadian Television Fund
CTF Canadian Teachers' Federation
 Thunder in Afghanistan," March-April 2005, Field Artillery); Colonel Richard C. Longo, 1st Infantry Div Arty Commander, commanded a coalition and combined arms brigade for six weeks in the hotly contested region of An Najaf. Iraq, to cover the gap between the 1st Armor Division's departure and the 11th Marine Expeditionary Force's (MEF's) arrival ("1st ID in Iraq: The FFA FFA free fatty acids.  HQ Mission Endures," May-June 2005 Field Artillery); and Colonel Stephen R. Lanza, 1st Cavalry Div Arty Commander, commanded the 5th BCT in OIF II from January 2004 to March 2005 ("Red Team Goes Maneuver--1st Cav Div Arty as a Maneuver BCT" May-June 2005 Field Artillery.)

2. Colonel Victor Petrenko, former 82nd Div Arty Commander, stood up and, until June of this year, commanded the 4th BCT in the 82nd Airborne Division, Fort Bragg, North Carolina. He was selected for that mission and command by Major General William B. Caldwell Lieutenant General William B. Caldwell IV is an American military officer who until June 2007 served as chief spokesman and Deputy Chief of Staff for Strategic Effects for the Multi-National Force in Iraq.  IV, the Commanding General of the 82nd Airborne Division. Colonel Petrenko currently is the Chief of Staff of Staff of the 82nd Airborne Division.

3. Lieutenant Colonel David J. Brost, Chief of the FA Proponency Office, in phone conversations with Lieutenant Colonel James L. Miller and Lieutenant Colonel Joseph R. Connell, Senior FA Observers/Controllers (O/Cs) at the National Training Center (NTC) Fort Irwin. California, and Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC), Fort Polk, Louisiana, respectively. In his article "Observations from the Wolf's Den: Training to be a Maneuver (and Fires) Task Force," November-December 2005 Field Artillery, Page 30, Lieutenant Colonel Miller reports that in the past 18 months, all FA units rotating through the NTC have had maneuver and fires missions. Lieutenant Colonel Connell of the JRTC reports that 100 percent of FA units rotating through the JRTC have maneuver missions and 95 percent of the units have maneuver and fires missions.

4. Examples of recent senior commanders spawned by Field Artillery are Lieutenant General Raymond T. Odierno Lieutenant General Raymond T. Odierno assumed duties as the Commanding General of U.S. III Corps and Fort Hood on 15 May 2006. As III Corps uncased its colors at Camp Victory in Baghdad, Odierno also assumed responsibility as the Commanding General of the Multi-National corps in , who soon will command III Corps in Iraq and was the former CG of the 4th Infantry Division, deploying the division to Iraq; Major General Kenneth W. Hunzeker, CG of the 1st Infantry Division; and General Tommy R. Franks, Commander of Central Command (CENTCOM) and all forces in OIF and who also commanded Third Army.

5. These leaders include General (Deceased) Maxwell D. Taylor General Maxwell Davenport Taylor (August 26, 1901 – April 19, 1987) was an American soldier and diplomat of the mid-20th century.

Taylor was born in Keytesville, Missouri and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1922.
, Ambassador to Vietnam, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Chief of Staff of the Army; General (Retired) John W. (Jack) Vessey, Jr., Vice Chief of Staff of the Army and Commander-in-Chief of the Republic of Korea-US Combined Forces Command; General (Retired) John M.D. Shalikashvili, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; General (Retired) Walter T. (Dutch) Kerwin, Jr., Vice Chief of Staff of the Army: General (Retired) Jack Merritt, Senior US Military Representative to NATO NATO: see North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
NATO
 in full North Atlantic Treaty Organization

International military alliance created to defend western Europe against a possible Soviet invasion.
; Generals (Retired) Carl E. Vuono Carl Edward Vuono, General, US Army, Ret. served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1987 to 1991.

He was born on 18 October 1934 in Monongahela, Pennsylvania.
 and Dennis J. Reimer, Chiefs of Staff of the Army; and General (Retired) J.H. Binford Peay, Commander-in-Chief of Central Command and Vice Chief of Staff of the Army. Space limits me to naming only a few of these four-star leaders' most senior assignments.

6. Without having conducted a survey, these are the FA executive officers (XOs) of maneuver brigades who I am aware of: Major (Promotable) Jeffrey M. Sanborn, 2nd BCT, 82nd Airborne Division: Major Andrew A. Preston, slated to be the XO of the 3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division; Major Tony Hammes, slated to be the XO of the 4th Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division; and Major (Promotable) Glenn A. Waters, 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Division.

7. In his column "Modularity Update: Transforming the FA" for the March-April edition of Field Artillery, the Chief of FA Major General David C. Ralston said, "Our incredible Field Artillerymen 'keep on keeping on,' firing literally thousands of rounds in Iraq and Afghanistan last year and continuing today." He went on to give several specific examples of units in Iraq and Afghanistan firing thousands of rounds each year.

8. See the article "Battlekings Return to Baghdad as a Maneuver Battalion: Doing More with Less" by Lieutenant Colonel Steven M. Merkel and Major John G. Clement in the July-August edition. The author deployed to Iraq with the 1st Battalion, 9th Field Artillery, the fires battalion organic to the 2nd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division, and, with minimal additional assets, transformed the battalion into a maneuver battalion for operations in OIF III.

9. Field Manual 3-0 Operations, June 2001, Paragraph 5-2, Page 5-1.

By Colonel Annie Baker

RELATED ARTICLE: 6-52 ADA--First ADA Ada, city, United States
Ada (ā`ə), city (1990 pop. 15,820), seat of Pontotoc co., S central Okla.; inc. 1904. It is a large cattle market and the center of a rich oil and ranch area.
 Unit on Fort Sill

On 14 July, the 6th Battalion, 52d Air Defense Artillery (6-52 ADA), the Ironhorse Battalion, part of the 31st ADA Brigade at Fort Bliss, Texas, uncased its guidon gui·don  
n.
1. A small flag or pennant carried as a standard by a military unit.

2. A soldier bearing such a flag or pennant.
 in ceremonies at its new home on Fort Sill, Oklahoma. The battalion came from Ansbach, Germany, where it had been assigned operationally to the 69th ADA Brigade, part of V Corps. It now has been reassigned to the 31st ADA Brigade, III Corps. The 31st ADA Brigade is scheduled to move to Fort Sill over the next several years as part of the Base Realignment and Closures (BRAC Brač (bräch), Ital. Brazza, island (1991 pop. 13,824), 152 sq mi (394 sq km), off the Dalmatian coast in the Adriatic Sea, Croatia. It is a popular summer resort and tourist spot. Supetar (Ital. ) directives for establishing the Fires Center of Excellence there.

6-52 ADA has 605 Soldiers, approximately 220 of whom were at the ceremony with the others to follow. The battalion's equipment includes Patriot missile launchers, radars and support equipment. 6-52 ADA will be housed in temporary facilities while renovations are being done for its permanent home on Fort Sill. The command team for the battalion is Lieutenant Colonel Artice Scott and Command Sergeant Major Michael Banes.

The battalion was first organized on 1 June 1917 with fixed fortifications This is a list of fortifications past and present, a fortification being a major physical defensive structure often composed of a more or less wall-connected series of forts.  at Fort Washington, Maryland Fort Washington, Maryland is an unincorporated census-designated place in Prince George's County, Maryland in the suburbs of the capital city of the United States of America, Washington, D.C., south of the downtown district. , and traces its origins to the days of the Coast Artillery. In World War I, it transformed into a mobile anti-aircraft artillery (AAA AAA: see American Automobile Association.


(Triple A) A common single-cell battery used in a myriad of electronic devices of all variety. Like its double A (AA) cousin, it provides 1.5 volts of DC power. When used in series, the voltage is multiplied.
) battalion and served in Europe. As an AAA battalion in World War II, the unit fought in the Pacific Theater from 1941 to 1945. During the Cold War, it provided air and missile defense protection in Germany 24/7. It then transformed into a Hawk battalion, deploying two batteries to Operations Desert Shield and Storm in the Gulf. It was the last for ward-deployed Hawk battalion until its deactivation de·ac·ti·vate  
tr.v. de·ac·ti·vat·ed, de·ac·ti·vat·ing, de·ac·ti·vates
1. To render inactive or ineffective.

2. To inhibit, block, or disrupt the action of (an enzyme or other biological agent).

3.
 in 1993. Then in 1996, 6-52 ADA was reactivated as a Patriot battalion in Germany.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
The Army must have an environment in which we develop leaders, all
leaders, and take advantage of their capabilities and potential. It must
be an environment of opportunities, one that leverages experiences and
talents that is not constrained by narrowness of MOS or branch
designation.
LTG James J. Lovelace, Jr.
Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army, G3
"Today's Army in Change--And Exciting Place to Be"
Interview, May-June 2006 Field Artillery

We must pick the most capable, qualified person to command our troops--
regardless of branch. Branch designations should not be inhibitors for
BCT commands.
MG William B. Caldwell IV
Former CG of the 82nd Airborne Division
"Pentathletes in the 82nd Airborne Division: Developing Critical
Capabilities for the Army"
Interview, July-August 2006 Field Artillery

Simply stated, these Field Artillerymen performed the same jobs [as
infantry task force commanders in Iraq] as well as their fellow combat
arms officers who wore Armor or Infantry brass.
MG Martin E. Dempsey as CG of the 1st AD
"Fires and Effects for the 1st Armored Division in Iraq"
Interview, January-February 2005 Field Artillery

Every one of my artillery battalions owned its own battlespace. My FA
battalions were just like my maneuver battalions [with] Bradleys and
tanks working for them.
MG Raymond T. Odierno as CG of the 4th ID
"Division Operations Across the Spectrum--Combat to SOSO in Iraq"
Interview, March-June 2004 Field Artillery

* 1-17 FA, 75th FA Brigade, attached to the 4th Infantry Division,
  Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) I
* 2-82 FA, 1st Cavalry Division, OIF II
* 1-5 FA, 1-6 FA and 1-7 FA, 1st Infantry Division, OIF II
* 1-37 FA, 3rd Stryker Brigade Combat Team (SBCT), 2nd Infantry
  Division, OIF II
* 4-27 FA, 1st Armored Division, OIF II
* 1-9 FA and 1-10 FA, 3rd Infantry Division, OIF III
* 3-319 Airborne FA Regiment (AFAR), 82nd Airborne Division, Operation
  Enduring Freedom (OEF)
* 1-37 FA, 3/2SBCT, OIF III
* 3-29 FA, 1st Infantry Division, Currently in Iraq
* 4-11 FA, 172nd SBCT, Currently in Iraq

Figure 1: Sample FA Battalions as Maneuver Task Forces in the Global War
on Terrorism (GWOT). This list is not comprehensive.

Maneuver                   Platoon (Plt)         Company (Co)
Officer                    ** Plt Leader         ** Co Commander
                           ** Ranger Regiment    ** Battalion/Brigade
                           ** Co Executive          (Bn/Bde) Staff
                              Officer (XO)       ** CTC O/C

BOLC II                    BOLC III              CCC
** Shoot: BRM, Target      ** Gunnery            ** Offense/Defense:
   Engagement, Indirect    ** Offense/Defense       Light Co/Team and
   Call-for-Fire           ** Conduct Recon         Light Bn
** Communicate: Tactical   ** Urban Ops          ** Offense/Defense:
   Radios, Visual Signals  ** Stability/            Mechanized Team,
** Advanced Land Nav:         Reconstruction        Mechanized TF
   Map, GPS, One Point to     (SR) Ops           ** SBCT Ops
   Another (Mounted and    ** Plt Fight          ** Combined Arms Bn in
   Dismounted). Lead a                              the Offense
   Convoy                                        ** Recon, Surveillance/
** Urban Ops: Enter/Clear                           Target Acquisition
   a Room                                        ** HBCT Ops
** Medical: First Aid,                           ** Security/Recon
   Evacuation                                    ** Urban Ops
** Physical Fitness:                Similar Instruction
   Combatives, Road                 Different Systems
   Marches, Confidence     BOLC III              CCC*
   Course, Battle Focus,   ** Plt Leader: RSOP,  ** Cdr: FOB Security,
   Student Led                Battery Defense,      ROE Application,
                              Tactical              Mounted/Dismounted
                              Employment            Patrols, ORF
                           ** FSO: Integration      Missions, Target
                              of Fires and          Engagement
                              Effects, Adjust       ([D.sup.3]A), SWEAT-
                              Fire Mission,         MS Assessments,
                              FSCOORD, CO           Detainee Ops,
                              Combined Arms         Personnel Recovery,
                              Ops, Offense/         Troop-to-Task
                              Defense               Development
                           ** FDO: FDC Ops,      ** FSO: Fires & Effects
                              Technical             Coordination/
                              Firing Solution       Integration, COE/
                              Computation/          COIN Ops, Urban Ops/
                              Trouble Shooting,     IPB, Fire Support in
                              Ballistic Theory      Urban Ops, Lethal/
                                                    Nonlethal Targeting,
                                                    Collateral Damage
                                                    Assessment,
                                                    Clearance of Fires,
                                                    [A.sup.2][C.sup.2]
                                                 ** FDO: Accurate Fires
                                                    and Effects,
                                                    Collateral Damage
                                                    Assessment,
                                                    Clearance of Fires
                                                 ** All: Full-Spectrum
                                                    Ops, Cultural
                                                    Understanding, JIIM
                                                    Ops
                                                 *Reflects the newly
                                                  revised FA CCC.

FA                         Company               Battalion
Officer                    ** Delivery/Radar     ** Battery Cdr
                              Plt Leader         ** Bn FSCOORD
                           ** Co FSO             ** Bn Assistant S3
                           ** Battery XO

Maneuver  Bde/Division          Commander          Commander
Officer   (Div) Staff           (Cdr)              ** BCT Cdr
          ** Bn XO/S3           ** Bn Cdr          ** Corps/MA-COM
          ** Bde/Div Staff      ** Bde/Div XO         Staft
          ** MACOM/DA/Joint     ** CTC Senior O/C  ** Div Chief of Staff
             Staff

          ILE                   PCC                SSC/AWC
          ** Full-Spectrum Ops  ** Art of Command  ** Joint,
          ** Battlespace        ** Combined Arms      Interagency,
             Appreciation          Tactics            Intergovernmental,
          ** Asymmetric Ops     ** Force Updates      Multinational
          ** COE                ** Institutional      Operations
          ** Urban Ops             Training
          ** Problem Solving       Updates
          ** Performance-       ** OPFOR in the
             Oriented Training     COE
             and Education      ** Doctrine
          ** Shaping Decisive,     Updates
             Enabling Ops       ** TTP Updates
          ** Effects
             Synchronization
          ** Component Roles
             and
             Responsibilities

FA        Bde/Div Staff         Commander          Commander
Officer   ** Bde FSO            ** Div FSCOORD     ** Fires Bde/BCT Cdr
          ** Bn XO/S3           ** Fires Bn Cdr    ** BCD Cdr
          ** Bde Assistant S3   ** Deputy BCT Cdr  ** Corps/Army
          ** CTC O/C            ** BCT FSCOORD        FSCOORD
                                ** BCT DCO/S3
                                ** CTC Senior O/C

Legend:
[A.sup.2][C.sup.2] = Army Airspace Command and Control
BCD = Battlefield Coordination Detachment
BCT = Brigade Combat Team
BOLC = Basic Officer Leadership Course
BRM = Basic Rifle Marksmanship
CCC = Captain's Career Course
COE = Contemporary Operating Environment
COIN = Counterinsurgency
CTC = Combat Training Center
[D.sup.3]A = Decide, Detect, Deliver and Assess
DA = Department of the Army
DCO = Deputy Commanding Officer
FDC = Fire Direction Center
FDO = Fire Direction Officer
FOB = Forward Operating Base
FSCOORD = Fire Support Coordinator
FSO = Fire Support Officer
GPS = Global Positioning System
HBCT = Heavy Brigade Combat Team
HUMINT = Human Intelligence
IPB = Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield
ILE = Intermediate Level Education
JIIM = Joint, Interagency/Intergovernmental Multinational
MACOM = Major Command
O/C = Observer/Controller
OPFOR = Opposing Force
Ops = Operations
PCC = Pre-Command Course
QRF = Quick-Reaction Force
ROE = Rules of Engagement
RSOP = Reconnaissance, Selection and Occupation of Position
SBCT = Stryker Brigade Combat Team
SSC/AWC = Senior Service College/Army War College
SWEAT-MS = Sewer, Water, Electricity, Academics, Trash, Medical and
Security
TF = Task Force
TTP = Tactics, Techniques and Procedures

Figure 2: Comparison of Maneuver and Field Artillery Skills at the Macro
Level. Note the early focus on joint warfighting in FA BOLC III and FA
CCC.
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Title Annotation:brigade combat team
Author:Baker, Annie
Publication:FA Journal
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Sep 1, 2006
Words:4408
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