Who's Who In Indonesia's Petroleum Sector - Tubagus Haryono.shale gas
- Shale gas may also refer to gas produced from oil shale
Shale gas is natural gas produced from shale. Because shales ordinarily have insufficient permeability to allow significant fluid flow to a well bore, most shales are not sources of natural and coal-bed methane (CBM CBM Commodore Business Machines
CBM Coalbed Methane
CBM Christoffel Blindenmission
CBM Condition Based Maintenance
CBM Confidence-Building Measures
CBM Curriculum Based Measurement (education)
CBM Cubic Meter ).
In the latter respect, BPHMigas has to make sure that Indonesia has adequate pipelines for fuels and natural gas. Currently, only 3,500 km of transmission pipelines and about 4,000 km of gas distribution pipelines are in operation serving just six cities in the archipelago. Government agencies say investments of $100bn will be required to double the existing infrastructure - the minimum needed - based on the current price of $2.5m per kilometre, which is equal to the nation's entire 2010 budget; and that does not include the costs of gas E&P and field development capital and operating expenditures.
This year, Indonesia will use 56.78%, or 4,366 trillion BTUs/day of its natural gas production, with the remaining 43.22% destined des·tine
tr.v. des·tined, des·tin·ing, des·tines
1. To determine beforehand; preordain: a foolish scheme destined to fail; a film destined to become a classic.
2. for export in LNG LNG (liquefied natural gas): see under natural gas. form and by pipeline. However, some customers are balking at having to pay more than $5/m BTUs, while the lack of gas infrastructure is hampering distribution out of the major cities.
The investments required in power generation to meet the government's target of 650GW of installed capacity in 2050, compared to the current 36GW, is $1.86tn based on $3m per MW. This is 18 times last year's national budget.