Printer Friendly

When women say, "justice first!"/Quand les femmes disent: <>.

When women say, justice first!, it is because they suffer several forms of violence, and it is so because they wish the States could focus ore on social conditions within which stems all these different forms of violence. We must not give in to the orthodox analysis which interprets the phenomena suffered by women in their daily Lives and their different activities as merely current disturbances. This is because violence is indeed oppression of a population denied its most basic rights at the economic, social and Legal Levels.

Violence can be understood as any unavoidable action that constitutes a violation of human rights in the broad sense of the term or which hinders the satisfaction of fundamental human needs. In that analysis, the positioning of the State has direct consequences on the status of women in particular. Since instead of advancing democratic governments of equal benefits and opportunities to people including women, it proceeds to discriminate between groups and mobilize people to get authority through a religious or ethnic identity appeal.


Political and Religious Levels

Using religion on the political scene is also violence against women. Indeed, what makes religion, women and the enjoyment of their rights complicated is the use of religion on the political scene. Religion impedes the understanding of social inequalities and does not allow women to participate in whatever way to the aspirations of their empowerment. When for instance we talk of Islamic religion, which is ordered by religious scriptures, instead of talking of a Muslim, that is the person who adheres to Islam, this may often Lead to violent dynamics and consequences on women as it was the case in Algeria in the nineties when women and children had to suffer physical and moral violence.

In Egypt, in July 2007, the highest religious authority, Sheikh sheikh
 or shaykh

Among Arabic-speaking tribes, especially Bedouin, the male head of the family, as well as of each successively larger social unit making up the tribal structure. The sheikh is generally assisted by an informal tribal council of male elders.
 Ali Gomaa Sheikh Ali Gomaa (Arabic:علي جمعة ‘Alī Jum‘ah  declared that circumcision circumcision (sûr'kəmsĭzh`ən), operation to remove the foreskin covering the glans of the penis. It dates back to prehistoric times and was widespread throughout the Middle East as a religious rite before it was introduced among the  is totally forbidden by Islam given its physical and psychological effects. Thus, the Egyptian health minister decided to definitely ban circumcision in Egypt, not withstanding that the practice actually dates back to the time of Pharaohs. According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 a study conducted in 2000, circumcision could have affected 97% of Egyptian women, both Christians and Muslims. It took centuries of physical tortures that have often claimed the Lives of small girls to eventually put an end to that practice in that country. Infact the trigger was the death of a 12 year adolescent girl who died recently during a circumcision operation at Minya in Upper Egypt.

At the social and legal levels

Through their struggles, women have acquired their basic human rights, but the rhetoric of these rights and democracy overshadows the continuous violations of women's rights The effort to secure equal rights for women and to remove gender discrimination from laws, institutions, and behavioral patterns.

The women's rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage, and
 and the continued marginatisation. The relationship between Law and religion has been used by the State to maintain a patriarchal pa·tri·ar·chal  
1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a patriarch.

2. Of or relating to a patriarchy: a patriarchal social system.

 role over women. For instance there are Laws that are classified as originating from religion which sometimes vary in a radical manner from one country to another. Also, many countries have two or several sets of Laws: civil, religious, customary and each does grant or deny women various rights. In addition, certain official Laws are rarely neutral vis-a-vis women, whether in texts or in their implementations. Such Laws on the contrary enclose en·close   also in·close
tr.v. en·closed, en·clos·ing, en·clos·es
1. To surround on all sides; close in.

2. To fence in so as to prevent common use: enclosed the pasture.
 women in a deadlock See deadly embrace.

(parallel, programming) deadlock - A situation where two or more processes are unable to proceed because each is waiting for one of the others to do something.
 making them accept violence.

At the economic level

Inequalities at the economic Level can also be considered as a variant of violence. Women's reactions with regard to economic justice are as varied as their realities and their survival strategies. One can notice that Constitutions guarantee private property etc. but they do not plan anything when it comes to protecting the rights of vulnerable people, especially women and children, for instance not to die from hunger during disasters and conflicts. A hierarchy is established in favour of the male sex, the ideological character of that conception which ends by enclosing en·close   also in·close
tr.v. en·closed, en·clos·ing, en·clos·es
1. To surround on all sides; close in.

2. To fence in so as to prevent common use: enclosed the pasture.
 men and women in determined social roles, of course with women being placed in a subordinate state which affects all the areas of their Lives. They sometimes fulfill humiliating hu·mil·i·ate  
tr.v. hu·mil·i·at·ed, hu·mil·i·at·ing, hu·mil·i·ates
To lower the pride, dignity, or self-respect of. See Synonyms at degrade.
 roles within Liberal economy in order to be able to survive. When they are in fact affected by misery, they revert back to the household tasks at the service of Local elites, into prostitution at the service of foreign tourism or into export industries at the service of multinationals.

In conclusion, to fight against the injustices and violence that women suffer every day, we all need to reflect on models that are inspired by justice between sexes and social justice.

Quand femmes disent << justice d'abord >>, c'est parce qu'elles subissent plusieurs formes (language, music) Formes - An object-oriented language for music composition and synthesis, written in VLISP.

["Formes: Composition and Scheduling of Processes", X. Rodet & P. Cointe, Computer Music J 8(3):32-50 (Fall 1984)].
 de violences, c'est egalement parce qu'elles souhaitent que les Etats accordent une place plus importante aux conditions sociales dans lesquelles naissent ces differentes formes de violence qui se perpetuent contre elles.

Il ne faut pas ceder a l'analyse orthodoxe qui est devenue une analyse interpretant les phenomenes de violences subies par les femmes dans leur vie quotidienne et leurs differentes activites comme de simples perturbations conjoncturelles. Car il s'agit en fait de l'oppression d'une population privee des ses droits les plus elementaires sur les plans Les Plans is the name or part of the name of several communes in France:
  • Les Plans, in the Gard department
  • Les Plans, in the Hérault department
 economiques, sociaux et juridiques.

La violence peut etre entendue comme toute action evitable ev·i·ta·ble  
Possible to avoid; avoidable.

[Latin v
 qui constitue une violation des droits de l'homme au sens Large du terme ou qui empeche La satisfaction des besoins humains fondamentaux.


Dans cette analyse, le positionnement de l'Etat a des consequences directes sur le statut des femmes en particulier. Car au lieu LIEU, place. In lieu of, instead, in the place of.  de promouvoir des gouvernements democratiques d'egalites des avantages et d'opportunites aux populations dont les femmes, il procede a des discriminations entre les groupes et mobilise des populations pour obtenir de l'autorite au moyen d'appel a l'identite religieuse ou ethnique.

Niveaux Politique et Religieux

L'usage de la religion sur fa scene politique est egalement une violence contre les femmes. En effet, ce qui complique la problematique de la religion, des femmes et de leurs droits, c'est l'usage de la religion sur la scene politique.

Considerer que le probleme des femmes viennent de la religion, empeche la comprehension des inegalites sociales et ne participe en rien aux aspirations de la Liberation de la femme La Femme is a women-only beach in Marina, Egypt which caters to Muslims who want to swim in comfort away from prying and prurient view of "men and cameras". External links
  • Egypt unveils no-peeking zone - Mariam Fam (AP) October 26, 2005


Quand, par exemple, on parte << d'islamique >> (ce qui est ordonne par les ecritures religieuses) au lieu de parler de << musulman >> (personne qui adhere a l'Islam) cela entraine des revendications et des dynamiques souvent violentes qui n'ont que peu de rapport avec la religion et dont les consequences sur les femmes sont imprevisibles comme ce fut le cas en Algerie dans les annees 1990 ou Les femmes et les enfants ont du subir des violences physiques et morales.

En Egypte, en juillet 2007, la plus haute haute  
Fashionably elegant: "In Washington, haute gastronomy is at least as important as the national economy" Ann L. Trebbe.
 Autorite religieuse, cheikh Ali Gomaa a declare que << l'excision est totalement interdite par l'Islam >> en raison de ses effets physiques et psychologiques.

Ainsi, le ministre egyptien de la Sante a decide d'interdire definitivement l'excision en Egypte. Et pour cause, cette pratique pra·tique  
Clearance granted to a ship to proceed into port after compliance with health regulations or quarantine.

[French, from Old French practique, from Medieval Latin
 remonte en fait au temps des Pharaons. Selon une etude e·tude  
n. Music
1. A piece composed for the development of a specific point of technique.

2. A composition featuring a point of technique but performed because of its artistic merit.
 faite en 2000, l'excision aurait touche 97% des Egyptiennes ; chretiennes comme musulmanes.

Il a fallu des siecles de tortures physiques qui ont souvent coute La vie a des petites filles pour mettre fin enfin a cette pratique dans ce pays. L'element declencheur malheureusement fut La mort de cette adolescente de 12 ans recemment decedee lors d'une operation d'excision a Minya en Haute Egypte.

Sur le plan social et juridique:

A travers leurs combats, les femmes ont acquis des droits tout Tout

To promote a security in order to attract buyers.


To foster interest in a particular company or security. For example, a broker might tout a security to a client in the hope that the client will purchase the security.
 simplement en tant que droits humains, mais la rhetorique des droits et de la democratie occulte les violations continues des droits des femmes et leur marginalisation Noun 1. marginalisation - the social process of becoming or being made marginal (especially as a group within the larger society); "the marginalization of the underclass"; "the marginalization of literature"

La relation entre la loi et la religion a ete utilisee par l'Etat pour maintenir un controle patriarcal sur les femmes:

--les lois classees d'origine religieuse, varient parfois de maniere radicale d'un pays a l'autre ;

--beaucoup de pays possedent deux ou plusieurs series de lois : civiles, religieuses, coutumieres ... chacune peut accorder ou refuser differents droits aux femmes.

Par ailleurs, certaines lois officielles sont rarement neutres vis a vis de la femme, que ce soit dans les textes ou dans leurs applications. Ces lois enferment au contraire La femme dans l'impasse et lui font accepter cette violence qu'est la domination dont elle est ELLE is a worldwide magazine that focuses on women's fashion, beauty, health, and entertainment. It was founded by Pierre Lazareff and his spouse Hélène Gordon in 1945.

ELLE was founded in France in 1945.
 reellement victime.

Sur le plan economique:

Les inegalites sur le plan economique peuvent etre egalement considerees comme une variante de la violence. les reactions des femmes en matiere de justice economique, sont aussi variees que leurs realites et leurs strategies de survie.

On peut observer que les Constitutions garantissent la propriete privee etc. mais ne prevoient rien quand il s'agit de proteger Le droit Le Droit (established on March 27, 1913) is a Canadian daily newspaper, published in Ottawa, Canada and is operated by Gesca since 2000. History
The newspaper was launched at that period as a tool to condemn Bill 17, an Ontario legislation that abolished education
 des individus vulnerables, en particuliers les femmes et enfants, a ne pas mourir de faim lors de certaines calamites Calamites is a genus of extinct arborescent (tree-like) horsetails to which the modern horsetails (genus Equisetum) are closely related. Unlike their herbaceous modern cousins, these plants were medium-sized trees, growing to heights of more than 30 meters (100  et conflits. Une hierarchie est etablie au profit du sexe masculin: le caractere ideologique de cette conception qui aboutit a enfermer les hommes et les femmes dans des roles sociaux determines ; les femmes etant placees dans un etat de subordination qui affecte tous les domaines de leur vie. Elles remplissent parfois des roles humiliants dans l'economie liberale pour pouvoir survivre. Quand elles sont en effet affectees par la misere, eues se reconvertissent dans la domesticite au service des elites locales, dans la prostitution au service du tourisme etranger ou dans les industries exportatrices au service des multinationales.

En conclusion, pour lutter contre les injustices et les violences que les femmes subissent chaque jour, elles doivent reflechir a des modeles inspires de la justice entre les sexes et de la justice sociale.

Ms. Hassania Chalbi-Drissi is FEMNET's Executive Board Member representing the North African North Africa

A region of northern Africa generally considered to include the modern-day countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.

North African adj. & n.

Adj. 1.

Chalbi Drissi Hassania est Membre du Conseil d'Administration de FEMNET, representante de la Sous-Region Afrique du Nord
COPYRIGHT 2008 African Women's Development and Communication Network (FEMNET)
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2008 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

 Reader Opinion




Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link >.&body=%22When women say, "justice first!"/Quand les femmes disent: <>.%22 %0d%0afrom Literature and Periodicals Library provided by!%2522%252fQuand%2bles%2bfemmes%2bdisent%253a%2b%253c%253cjustice...-a0193834943">Email Feedback
Author:Chalbi-Drissi, Hassania
Publication:Our Rights
Date:Jan 1, 2008
Previous Article:Report back on the 2008 CSW and the African Women's Caucus/Rapport de la CSF 2008 et du Caucus des Femmes Africaines.
Next Article:A roadmap to advancing gender equality within the new aid modalities/Carte de route vers la promotion de l'egalite des genres au sein des nouvelles...

Terms of use | Copyright © 2014 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters