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What is dimension?

Hardwood hardwood: see wood.
hardwood

Timber obtained from broad-leaved, flower-bearing trees. Hardwood trees are deciduous trees, except in the warmest regions.
 dimension components area normally kiln-dried and have been processed to a point where maximum waste is left at the dimension mill, and the maximum yield is achieved by the user. They are manufactured from rough board, bolts, cants or logs to the specific requirements of a particular product or use. Dimension products are specified by thickness, width and length or multiples thereof. They may be solid or glued-up as specified.

Dimension products are classified as rough dimension, semi-machined dimension or fully-mechanized dimension. Rough dimension stock consists of blanks cut and ripped to specific sizes, normally rough surfaced two sides or more to a nominal size.

Semi-machined dimension components are rough dimension parts that have been carried further in the manufacturing process. These processes may include one or more of several wood-working operations including edge or face gluing, surfacing, moulding, tenoning, turning, sanding, equalizing, trimming, mitering, boring, embossing embossing, process of producing upon various materials designs or patterns in relief by mechanical means. The material is pressed between a pair of dies especially adapted to its hardness and the depth of the design needed. , shaping, routing, carving, etc.

Fully-machined dimension parts are completely machined with no additional machining to be done prior to assembly except for a final polish sanding operation before finishing or painting.

PRODUCT USES AND APPLICATIONS

Most hardwood dimension wood products are used for household and office furniture, kitchen and bath cabinets, building materials Building materials used in the construction industry to create .

These categories of materials and products are used by and construction project managers to specify the materials and methods used for .
 and a wide variety of other decorative wood products. Typical dimensioned wood products include: cut-to-size blanks, edge-glued panels, solid or laminated laminated /lam·i·nat·ed/ (-nat?ed) having, composed of, or arranged in layers or laminae.

laminated

made up of laminae or thin layers.
 squares, mouldings, turnings, bendings, upholstered frame stock, interior trim, millwork, staircase parts and a wide variety of component parts for cabinets such as cabinet doors, face frames, and drawer sides and fronts.

HOW TO BUY DIMENSION PRODUCTS

The secret to buying dimension products is to communicate with your suppliers. Tell your dimension suppliers exactly how the part is going to be used in your finished product. The better informed both buyer and seller are, the better chance of developing a mutually beneficial Adj. 1. mutually beneficial - mutually dependent
interdependent, mutualist

dependent - relying on or requiring a person or thing for support, supply, or what is needed; "dependent children"; "dependent on moisture"
, long-term relationship.

Discuss tolerances, specifications and quantities with your dimension suppliers. Ask them for suggestions to improve lumber yields, production efficienceis, product quality and ways to reduce costs, especially material costs. Since material costs account for over half of the total cost of producing dimension, the use of lower grade materials and optional species can result in dramatic savings. Be sure to discuss alternative solutions to meet your needs.

Dimension buyers should specify the minimum requirements possible in order to maximize the wood utilization and minimize their costs. To arrive at the most efficient cost, dimension buyers are encouraged to specify only those faces and tolerances necessary to produce a satisfactory wood component product suited to the end use. All too often, a higher grade of material is specified than is actually needed. When this happens, it means the dimension purchaser is paying more than is necessary for the product and results in wasting our nation's valuable forest resources.

THE WOOD ADVANTAGE

Wood is a very versatile raw material that can be shaped into almost any size or form and can be stained or painted to achieve a variety of attractive finishes. These characteristics make any product made from wood look more appealing. This is especially true products made from American hardwoods. American hardwoods are noted for their distinctive grains and colors that set them apart from other hardwood materials found around the world. American hardwood dimension products can be produced from several commercially available American hardwood dimension products can be produced from several commercially available American hardwood species including alder, ash, beech beech, common name for the Fagaceae, a family of trees and shrubs mainly of temperate and subtropical regions in the Northern Hemisphere. The principal genera—Castanea (chestnut and chinquapin), Fagus (beech), and Quercus , birch, cherry, hackberry hackberry: see elm. , hickory Hickory, city, United States
Hickory, city (1990 pop. 28,301), Burke and Catawba counties, W N.C., at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mts.; inc. 1870. It is a processing and trade center for an abundant agricultural region (grain, soybeans, poultry, hogs,
, gum, hard and soft maple, pecan, red and white oak, poplar Poplar, city, England
Poplar, former metropolitan borough, SE England. See Tower Hamlets.
poplar, in botany
poplar: see willow.
, sycamore sycamore: see plane tree.
sycamore

Any of several distinct trees called by the same name though in different genera and families. In the U.S. the term refers to the American plane tree or buttonwood (Platanus occidentalis), a hardy street tree.
 and walnut to name a few.

Wood is also a renewable resource Noun 1. renewable resource - any natural resource (as wood or solar energy) that can be replenished naturally with the passage of time
natural resource, natural resources - resources (actual and potential) supplied by nature
 and is managed for sustained growth to meet the needs of future generations. According to according to
prep.
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

3.
 the latest U.S. Forest Service data, hardwood growth significantly exceeds harvests and the quantity and quality of the U.S. hardwood resource continues to improve. Because of this, there is an adequate supply of a wide variety of American hardwoods that can be machined into almost any size or shape as required [Incomplete Text in Original Publication].
COPYRIGHT 1994 Vance Publishing Corp.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1994, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

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Article Details
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Title Annotation:hardwood dimension components
Author:Lawser, Steven V.
Publication:Wood & Wood Products
Article Type:Industry Overview
Date:Jul 1, 1994
Words:668
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