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What is Innateness? (Monist).

What is Innateness? PAUL E. GRIFFITHS

In behavioral ecology some authors regard the innateness concept as irretrievably ir·re·triev·a·ble  
Difficult or impossible to retrieve or recover: Once the ring fell down the drain, it was irretrievable.

 confused whilst others take it to refer to adaptations. In cognitive psychology, however, whether traits are "innate" is regarded as a significant question and is often the subject of heated debate. Several philosophers have tried to define innateness with the intention of making sense of its use in cognitive psychology. In contrast, this paper argues that the concept is irretrievably confused. The vernacular innateness concept represents a key aspect of "folkbiology," namely, the explanatory strategy that psychologists and cognitive anthropologists have labeled "folk essentialism essentialism

In ontology, the view that some properties of objects are essential to them. The “essence” of a thing is conceived as the totality of its essential properties.
." Folk essentialism is inimical inimical,
n a homeopathic remedy whose actions hinder, but do not counteract those of another. Also called
 to Darwinism, and both Darwin and the founders of the modern synthesis struggled to overcome this way of thinking about living systems. Because the vernacular concept of innateness is part of folkbiology, attempts to define it more adequately are unlikely to succeed, making it preferable to introduce new, neutral terms for the various related notions that are needed to understand cognitive development.--Correspondence to:
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Publication:The Review of Metaphysics
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 1, 2001
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