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Welfare reform may aid drug treatment.

Substance abuse is less common among women receiving welfare than it was 15 years ago, according to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.

2. In keeping with: according to instructions.

 November AJPH AJPH American Journal of Public Health
AJPh American Journal of Philology

Two recent studies examined substance use disorders among low-income women with children and found that welfare reform seemed to have translated into fewer substance-abusing women receiving aid from the national Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, often pronounced "TAN-if") is the July 1, 1997, successor to the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families with dependent children through the United States Department of  program. Program recipients who have drug problems are more likely to get treatment than poor women who do not receive such aid, the study found.

One of the studies, which was based on annual data from mothers between the ages of 18 and 49 who responded to two national surveys, found that the number of low-income, substance-using mothers receiving welfare declined from 54 percent in 1996 to 38 percent in 2001. The decline was much smaller among poor mothers who did not use illicit Not permitted or allowed; prohibited; unlawful; as an illicit trade; illicit intercourse.

ILLICIT. What is unlawful what is forbidden by the law. Vide Unlawful.
 substances. And among 2002 survey respondents In the context of marketing research, a representative sample drawn from a larger population of people from whom information is collected and used to develop or confirm marketing strategy.  deemed to be in need of treatment, welfare recipients were more than twice as likely as non-recipients to receive such services.

Another study found intensive case management was much more effective than the usual model of care for women receiving welfare who had drug problems. In that study, women who received intensive case management, which involved long-term Long-term

Three or more years. In the context of accounting, more than 1 year.


1. Of or relating to a gain or loss in the value of a security that has been held over a specific length of time. Compare short-term.
 support and monitoring, were twice as likely to be drug-free 15 months following the first treatment than those enrolled in more traditional treatment programs. (Pages 2,024 and 2,016)
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Title Annotation:JOURNAL WATCH: Highlights from the November issue of the American Journal of Public Health
Author:Arias, Donya C.
Publication:The Nation's Health
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 2006
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