We need a word for this!According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. Dmitri Borgmann in Beyond Language (Scribner's, 1967), the English language English language, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages). Spoken by about 470 million people throughout the world, English is the official language of about 45 nations. contains two to three million words. However, this is not enough to take care of all situations one meets in daily life:
* What do you call it when one nods off for a few seconds and then jolts awake? catsnap
* I'm looking for Looking for
In the context of general equities, this describing a buy interest in which a dealer is asked to offer stock, often involving a capital commitment. Antithesis of in touch with. the term describing the confusion experienced by everyone near a ringing cell phone--who does it belong to? pandephonium
* What do you call plastic bags caught in trees and flapping in the wind? foulage
* Is there a word for a fear of running over squirrels? swervousness
Many questions like these are amusingly answered in Barbara Wailraff's clever new book Word Fugitives (Collins, 2006). The editor of the columns Word Court and Word Fugitives in The Atlantic Monthly for the past decade, she has received enthusiastic help from her readers.
In the book, she traces the history of this type of wordplay, identifying a number of predecessors. Perhaps the earliest ones are the coinages of Lewis Carroll, who created both portmanteau words like slithy (lithe LITHE - Object-oriented with extensible syntax.
"LITHE: A Language Combining a Flexible Syntax and Classes", D. Sandberg, Conf Rec 9th Ann ACM Sym POPL, ACM 1982, pp.142-145. + slimy) and utter nonsense such as "did gyre gyre: see ocean. and gimble in the wabe". A few years later, Ambrose Bierce Noun 1. Ambrose Bierce - United States writer of caustic wit (1842-1914)
Ambrose Gwinett Bierce, Bierce instituted a different sort of wordplay, the cynical definition of a standard word. This resulted in the landmark The Devil's Dictionary (1911), previously The Cynic's Word Book.
Diplomacy the patriotic art of lying for one's country Bigot one who is obstinately and zealously attached to an opinion you do not entertain Hers his
He spawned a host of imitators such as Gideon Wurdz's The Foolish Dictionary (1904), featured in the Nov 2005 Kickshaws Kick´shaws`
n. 1. Something fantastical; any trifling, trumpery thing; a toy.
Art thou good at these kickshawses!
2. A fancy dish; a tidbit; a delicacy.
Some pigeons, . . . .
Gelett Burgess Frank Gelett Burgess (January 30, 1866 - September 18, 1951) was an artist, art critic, poet, author, and humorist. He was born in Boston, and graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a B.S., in 1887. wrote Burgess Unabridged (1914), subtitled "A New Dictionary of Words You Have Always Needed", perhaps the first time the necessity for language enlargement was specifically recognized.
Digmix to engage in a necessary but painful task Jurp a haughty inferior; an impudent servant or clerk Nink a useless "antique" object, preserved in worship of the picturesque Udney a beloved bore; one who loves you but does not understand you
These effusions were accompanied by doggerel dog·ger·el also dog·grel
Crudely or irregularly fashioned verse, often of a humorous or burlesque nature.
[From Middle English, poor, worthless, from dogge, dog; see .
It was ajurp who answered back, Impenitent and pert; A filthy beast, who drove a hack-- You should have seen his shirt ...
Amazingly, one of his inventions, blurb blurb
A brief publicity notice, as on a book jacket.
[Coined by Gelett Burgess (1866-1951), American humorist.]
blurb v. , subsequently entered the English language.
English may have niches that cry out to be filled, but it also contains dictionary-sanctioned words that fill unnecessary niches. These might be termed over-specialized words; some splendid examples are found in Webster's Second Unabridged:
Ucalegon a neighbor whose house is on fire Nosarian one who argues there is no limit to the possible largeness of a nose Qualtagh the first person one sees on going out from home on a special occasion; the first person entering a house on New Year's Day Wayzgoose an annual holiday or entertainment for printers Serein a mist or fine rain which sometimes falls from a clear sky a few moments after sunset
A more extensive collection can be found in Eric Albert's "A Lode for Logastelli" in the November 1988 Word Ways. (Tom Puiliam exhibits strange rather than over-specialized definitions in "Merry Am Webster!" in the February 1976 issue.)
Some words are over-specialized because they refer to activities no longer pursued. The classic example is collective nouns for groups of animals. Apparently used during hunts in the Middle Ages, collections of such words are found in several medieval manuscripts, notably The Book of St. Albans (1486): a shrewdness of apes, a knot of toads, a murder of crows, etc. The oddness of such collective nouns has been recognized for centuries, and in fact have been the inspiration for coinages in related fields: James Lipton's An Exaltation of Larks (Grossman, 1968), and follow-ons like An Exaltation of Business & Finance (1993), An Exaltation of Home & Family (1993), and An Exaltation of Romance & Revelry Revelry
Revenge (See VENGEANCE.)
Reward (See PRIZE.)
in honor of Bacchus, god of wine. [Rom. Religion: NCE, 203]
Boar’s Head Tavern
scene of Falstaff’s carousals. [Br. Lit. (1994). Willard Espy wrote a charming poem on collective nouns for the February 1975 Word Ways:
He asked, as he had asked before, How much is horror more than whore? To flautists set aside their flutes And listen when a prostitutes? He said, I saw a lively group Of laughing ladies on a stoop. I asked my friends, I asked my teachers For names to call the pretty creatures; And they, as is their wont to do, Replied from varied points of view: An orchestra conductor led: 'A flourish of strumpets, lad,' he said. To which the butcher boy rejoins: 'I say ... a pride of loins.' In ringing tones a campanilist knells: 'A peal ... of Jezebels.' A teacher of domestic arts: 'A jam ... of tarts.' A dietician diagnosed the bawds: 'An expanse of broads.' A jeweler assayed the self-same maids: 'A ring of jades.' 'To me,' said a dancer, 'a wiggle of wenches.' 'To me,' said a chemist, 'a beaker of stenches.' 'A cargo of baggage'--such was the guess Of Henry, who drives for American Express. He asked, as he had asked before, How much is horror more than whore? Do flautists set aside their flutes And listen when a prostitutes?
Howard Rheingold recognized that there are highly-specialized words in other languages than English, devoting There's a Word For It (Severn House, 1988) to this topic.
Koro (Chinese) the hysterical belief that one's penis is shrinking
Tsuris (Yiddish) grief and trouble caused by a son or daughter
Papierkrieg (German) complicated paperwork connected with making a complaint (consciously-created red tape)
Hari Kuyo (Japanese) a shrine for broken sewing needles
Douglas Adams, whose affinity for the number 42 was described by Will Nediger in the February 2005 Word Ways, is the co-author of The Meaning of Liff (1983) and its successor The Deeper Meaning of Liff (1990). He has a different take on the necessity for new words to fill language niches: recycle place names. Although there are more than a million of them to choose among (see, for example, the National Imagery & Mapping Agency database), it is not always easy to find the nom juste.
Ramsgate doors that open the opposite way to the one you expect
Grimmit the small bush on the side of a cliff from which cartoon characters dangle dangle Nursing A popular term for the first movement a Pt is allowed, either after surgery under general anesthesia, or 'under local', where the recuperee allows his/her feet to dangle over the side of the bed
Brithdir the first day in winter on which your breath condenses in the air
Piddletrenthide a trouser stain caused by the last few drops of male urine
Whasset a business card in your wallet belonging to someone you have no recollection of
Piddletrenthide was the subject of a May 1975 Word Ways article by Darryl Francis, reporting London Times correspondence in the summer of 1974 on odd British place names, inspired by a news item mentioning the reassignment of a Church of England Church of England: see England, Church of. cleric!
The foregoing examples of much-needed words were largely created by the authors or their friends. During the 1960s Mary Ann Madden, the editor of a column in the New Yorker Magazine, introduced the final essential component of such investigations--the solicitation of reader contributions to a posed linguistic problem. The results of these competitions were summarized in three books: Thank You For the Giant Sea Tortoise (Viking, 1971), Son of Giant Sea Tortoise (Viking, 1975) and Maybe He's Dead (Random House, 1981). The competitions were set on a wide variety of word-oriented recreations, not specifically niche-filling words; the flavor of her material is given in various Word Ways issues (February 1972 p 16, August 1977 p 178, February 1977 p 40, May 1981 p 92,108). Among the more logological ones were one-letter misprints (small apartment for runt The frame that remains after a collision on a CSMA/CD medium such as Ethernet. Runts are undersize packets, smaller than what the network protocol calls for, such as 64 bytes in Ethernet. Electrical interference or faulty wiring can also produce a runt. ), famous name anagrams an·a·gram
1. A word or phrase formed by reordering the letters of another word or phrase, such as satin to stain.
2. anagrams (used with a sing. (William Randolph Hearst : news arm had hilltop lair), near misses (a man, a plan, a canal--Suez!), and repunctuated names (Walt W., Hitman).
Paul Dickson sought contributions from others when collecting nonce-words used only by members of a family. Some were sent in response to his book Words (Delacorte, 1982); others come from listeners of radio talk shows, and audience response at public lectures and speeches. The result was an alphabetized al·pha·bet·ize
tr.v. al·pha·bet·ized, al·pha·bet·iz·ing, al·pha·bet·iz·es
1. To arrange in alphabetical order.
2. To supply with an alphabet. collection in Family Words: The Dictionary For People Who Don't Know Don't know (DK, DKed)
"Don't know the trade." A Street expression used whenever one party lacks knowledge of a trade or receives conflicting instructions from the other party. a Frone from a Brinkle (Addison-Wesley, 1988). These words were obviously created to fill linguistic niches, at least within family groups if not for society at large.
Frone a particle that still sticks to a plate after being washed
Brinkle the mark on your face from the upholstery on a chair or sofa you've napped on
Kerfunkle a car with one back light out
Kidney Buster a very watered-down drink (as when nearly out of liquor)
Rids dry cereal eaten by hand as a snack (from Cheerios)
Giigahoos small spots of light reflected on the ceiling, from water trembling in a glass
Piernserabble ice cream beginning to drip and melt down the side of a cone
Perhaps the most fecund fe·cund
Capable of producing offspring; fertile. objects for name creation are the dust balls that collect under furniture: pummies, tumbleweeds, kittens, mice, mung balls, goofa feather, koodla, bed fluff, dust bunnies, slut's fluff, fizziewiggle, smirf, bouse bouse also bowse
v. boused also bowsed, bous·ing also bows·ing, bous·es also bows·es Nautical
To pull or hoist with a tackle.
To hoist. , scobies, leap jeeps, lazy maids, osse, woozies, foochacha, bunny tails, woolyboogers, feezla, woolywiley, flugs, dust hippos, monk-monks, and people coming and going! A Word Ways example of family words (mostly from mispronunciations) is given by "Slub slub
tr.v. slubbed, slub·bing, slubs
To draw out and twist (a strand of silk or other textile fiber) in preparation for spinning.
1. Gub" in the May 2005 issue.
So there you have it. Word Fugitives owes something to all of these predecessors, but one essential ingredient has not been mentioned--puns. Puns and reader contributions, plus Wallraff's impeccable taste are what make this wordplay sparkle. (Her final chapter explains the criteria she uses to pick the best coinages, and analyzes why so few of these words make it into the English language.) Word Ways material appears three times: Robert Maier's palindromic pal·in·dro·mic
Relapsing; recurring. form for the word palindrome palindrome: see anagram. (palinilap), Faith Eckler's family words (see above), and Dave Morice's dictionary of words beginning with X.
Shouldn't there be an expression for the feeling you get when you finish reading a book you don't want to ever end (asked by Barry Cranmer)?
A. ROSS ECKLER
Albert Ross Eckler (May 22, 1901 - March 14, 1991) served as deputy director of the United States Census Bureau from 1949 to 1965, and its director from 1965 until 1969.
Morristown, New Jersey Morristown is a town in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the town population was 18,544. Its estimated population in 2004 was 18,842. It is the county seat of Morris CountyGR6.