Printer Friendly
The Free Library
22,728,043 articles and books

Wages and benefits paid to correctional employees. (Survey Summary).



Once again, as stated in the summary in the March 1999 issue of Corrections Compendium com·pen·di·um  
n. pl. com·pen·di·ums or com·pen·di·a
1. A short, complete summary; an abstract.

2. A list or collection of various items.
, "the only common pattern or trend regarding correctional cor·rec·tion  
n.
1. The act or process of correcting.

2. Something offered or substituted for a mistake or fault: made corrections in the report.

3.
a.
 staff wages is the lack of any common pattern or trend." For this year's survey, salary information for correctional staff was provided by 47 U.S. respondents In the context of marketing research, a representative sample drawn from a larger population of people from whom information is collected and used to develop or confirm marketing strategy.  and four Canadian Canadian (kənā`dēən), river, 906 mi (1,458 km) long, rising in NE New Mexico. and flowing E across N Texas and central Oklahoma into the Arkansas River in E Oklahoma.  systems and reflects the same lack of pattern or trend.

In an attempt to make fair comparisons among the jurisdictions, the wages per employee categories were limited to: beginning correctional officers, correctional officers after the first year, correctional captains or the equivalent, case managers and wardens/superintendents.

Wages by Category

Correctional Officers. In Connecticut Connecticut, state, United States
Connecticut (kənĕt`ĭkət), southernmost of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (N), Rhode Island (E), Long Island Sound (S), and New York (W).
, beginning officers earn $33,435 per year, based on a 36.25-hour week. Top wages of $51,584 per year are paid to officers in Massachusetts. After their first year, correctional officers are paid a top wage of $60,981 per year in New Jersey.

Captains or Equivalent. In California California (kăl'ĭfôr`nyə), most populous state in the United States, located in the Far West; bordered by Oregon (N), Nevada and, across the Colorado River, Arizona (E), Mexico (S), and the Pacific Ocean (W). , the starting wage for correctional captains is $73,608, and it is $65,260 in Massachusetts. Top wages in that category range from $74,020 in Nevada Nevada (nəvăd`ə, –vä–), far western state of the United States. It is bordered by Utah (E), Arizona (SE), California (SW, W), and Oregon and Idaho (N).  to $81,156 in California and include Illinois Illinois, river, United States
Illinois, river, 273 mi (439 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Des Plaines and Kankakee rivers, NE Ill., and flowing SW to the Mississippi at Grafton, Ill. It is an important commercial and recreational waterway.
, New Jersey and Wisconsin Wisconsin, state, United States
Wisconsin (wĭskŏn`sən, –sĭn), upper midwestern state of the United States. It is bounded by Lake Superior and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, from which it is divided by the Menominee
.

Case Managers. Beginning case managers can expect to earn an average of $52,000 per year in Alaska Alaska (əlă`skə), largest in area of the United States but third smallest (exceeding only Vermont and Wyoming) in population, occupying the northwest extremity of the North American continent, separated from the coterminous United States , California and Nevada, or nearly $54,000 in New Jersey. Top wages are similar for Nevada and New Jersey, averaging approximately ap·prox·i·mate  
adj.
1. Almost exact or correct: the approximate time of the accident.

2.
 $75,000, and peak at $87,000 in Pennsylvania Pennsylvania (pĕnsəlvā`nyə), one of the Middle Atlantic states of the United States. It is bordered by New Jersey, across the Delaware River (E), Delaware (SE), Maryland (S), West Virginia (SW), Ohio (W), and Lake Erie and New York .

Wardens/Superintendents. The District of Columbia District of Columbia, federal district (2000 pop. 572,059, a 5.7% decrease in population since the 1990 census), 69 sq mi (179 sq km), on the east bank of the Potomac River, coextensive with the city of Washington, D.C. (the capital of the United States).  starts its wardens/superintendents at $80,909 per year, followed by Rhode Island Rhode Island, island, United States
Rhode Island, island, 15 mi (24 km) long and 5 mi (8 km) wide, S R.I., at the entrance to Narragansett Bay. It is the largest island in the state, with steep cliffs and excellent beaches.
 at $83,946. Even higher is New York New York, state, United States
New York, Middle Atlantic state of the United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and the Atlantic Ocean (E), New Jersey and Pennsylvania (S), Lakes Erie and Ontario and the Canadian province of
 at $91,294, and California at $95,640. Top wages reported by the respective systems indicated a wide variance The discrepancy between what a party to a lawsuit alleges will be proved in pleadings and what the party actually proves at trial.

In Zoning law, an official permit to use property in a manner that departs from the way in which other property in the same locality
 from starting wages. In fact, Louisiana Louisiana (ləwē'zēăn`ə, lē'–), state in the S central United States. It is bounded by Mississippi, with the Mississippi R.  shows the widest variance for wardens/superintendents--from $47,364 to start, up to $120,792. A warden/ superintendent Superintendent may refer to:
  • Superintendent (education), an education executive or administrator
  • Superintendent (police), a police rank
  • Superintendent (United States Air Force), a United States Air Force position
 can expect to earn a top wage exceeding $115,000 per year in Connecticut, Delaware Delaware, state, United States
Delaware (dĕl`əwâr, –wər), one of the Middle Atlantic states of the United States, the country's second smallest state (after Rhode Island).
, Illinois and New York.

For the four responding Canadian systems, an entry-level en·try-lev·el
adj.
Appropriate for or accessible to one who is inexperienced in a field or new to a market: an entry-level job in advertising; an entry-level computer. 
 correctional officer averages $35,345 annually, with a top wage averaging $44,229. After the first year, a correctional officer averages from $37,680 to a top average wage of $45,698. The starting wage for a correctional captain averages $45,407 and subsequently reaches an average top wage of $56,805. Case managers can earn a top average wage of $50,207 after an average starting wage of $40,770. A warden WARDEN. A guardian; a keeper. This is the name given to various officers: as, the warden of the prison; the wardens of the port of Philadelphia; church wardens.  or superintendent in the represented Canadian systems averages $55,323 as a starting wage and tops off at an average of $85,764.

A shift differential shift differential 'Shift diff' Nursing An hourly premium for a worker– eg, a skilled nurse, who works an 'undesirable'–eg, evening, night, or weekend–shift. See Sleep-wake shift.  is a salary enhancement in 68 percent of the reporting U.S. systems. Roll call pay is an option in 28 percent of them and a longevity supplement is in place in 49 percent. Only Connecticut and Maine report paying a direct-care stipend sti·pend  
n.
A fixed and regular payment, such as a salary for services rendered or an allowance.



[Middle English stipendie, from Old French, from Latin st
 to their correctional employees. Other payroll payroll

a list of employees, their salary rates, tax deductions, amounts paid, payroll tax, long service leave entitlements.
 options include subsistence subsistence,
n the state of being supported or remaining alive with a minimum of essentials.
 pay for each day worked, a geographical ge·o·graph·ic   also ge·o·graph·i·cal
adj.
1. Of or relating to geography.

2. Concerning the topography of a specific region.



ge
 differential, hazardous duty pay, uniform allowance, physical fitness and educational leave in California, meal allowance, weekend or holiday pay, bilingual bi·lin·gual  
adj.
1.
a. Using or able to use two languages, especially with equal or nearly equal fluency.

b.
 expertise, education incentive and a competency training supplement in Vermont Vermont (vərmŏnt`) [Fr.,=green mountain], New England state of the NE United States. It is bordered by New Hampshire, across the Connecticut R. . Other than those mentioned for U.S. systems, Canada Canada (kăn`ədə), independent nation (2001 pop. 30,007,094), 3,851,787 sq mi (9,976,128 sq km), N North America. Canada occupies all of North America N of the United States (and E of Alaska) except for Greenland and the French islands of  adds inmate INMATE. One who dwells in a part of another's house, the latter dwelling, at the same time, in the said house. Kitch. 45, b; Com. Dig. Justices of the Peace, B 85; 1 B. & Cr. 578; 8 E. C. L. R. 153; 2 Dowl. & Ry. 743; 8 B. & Cr. 71; 15 E. C. L. R. 154; 2 Man. & Ry. 227; 9 B. & Cr.  escort and dog handler A software routine that performs a particular task. It often refers to a routine that "handles" an exception of some kind, such as an error, but it can refer to mainstream processes as well. The term is typically used in operating systems and other system software.  allowances to its options packages and receiving a public service award in Nova Scotia Scotia (skō`shə), originally the Latin name for Ireland. In the Middle Ages, it was used to refer to Scotland, to which the Scots had migrated from Ireland. Today it is used poetically. .

Fringe Benefits fringe benefits,
n.pl the benefits, other than wages or salary, provided by an employer for employees (e.g., health insurance, vacation time, disability income).
 

Cost of Living. Primarily based on actions by the state legislatures, 35 U.S. systems provide the cost-of-living benefit. Other factors for determining the amount of the benefit include governors' approval, bargaining contracts and available budgetary funds.

Merit Increases. Merit increases are applied to employees in 28 U.S. systems. The amount is set at 5 percent in Alabama, California and Washington, and is determined by respective state legislatures in other systems. The amount is up to 5 percent in Michigan Michigan (mĭsh`ĭgən), upper midwestern state of the United States. It consists of two peninsulas thrusting into the Great Lakes and has borders with Ohio and Indiana (S), Wisconsin (W), and the Canadian province of Ontario (N,E).  for wardens and administrators.

Leave of Absence. Among the 31 systems that offer leave of absence, 15 days is the minimum in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia Georgia, country, Asia
Georgia (jôr`jə), Georgian Sakartvelo, Rus. Gruziya, officially Republic of Georgia, republic (2005 est. pop. 4,677,000), c.26,900 sq mi (69,700 sq km), in W Transcaucasia.
, Nevada and Rhode Island. The number of allowable days increases to 18 in Mississippi Mississippi, state, United States
Mississippi (mĭs'əsĭp`ē), one of the Deep South states of the United States. It is bordered by Alabama (E), the Gulf of Mexico (S), Arkansas and Louisiana, with most of the border formed by
 and up to 30 in Texas. A total of nine days was noted by 12 systems, with some variations and restrictions.

Paid Holidays. Days off for official holidays range from nine in Florida Florida, state, United States
Florida (flôr`ĭdə, flŏr`–), state in the extreme SE United States. A long, low peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean (E) and the Gulf of Mexico (W), Florida is bordered by Georgia and
 to 14 in California and Indiana Indiana, state, United States
Indiana, midwestern state in the N central United States. It is bordered by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan (N), Ohio (E), Kentucky, across the Ohio R. (S), and Illinois (W).
, and 15 in Kansas Kansas, state, United States
Kansas (kăn`zəs), midwestern state occupying the center of the coterminous United States. It is bordered by Missouri (E), Oklahoma (S), Colorado (W), and Nebraska (N).
, West Virginia West Virginia, E central state of the United States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania and Maryland (N), Virginia (E and S), and Kentucky and, across the Ohio R., Ohio (W). Facts and Figures


Area, 24,181 sq mi (62,629 sq km). Pop.
, Wisconsin and Wyoming Wyoming, city, United States
Wyoming, city (1990 pop. 63,891), Kent co., W Mich., in the greater Grand Rapids metropolitan area, on the Grand River; settled 1832, inc. 1959.
. The day after Thanksgiving Thanksgiving

annual U.S. holiday celebrating harvest and yearly blessings; originated with Pilgrims (1621). [Am. Culture: EB, IX: 922]

See : America


Thanksgiving

national holiday with luxurious dinner as chief ritual. [Am. Pop.
 is a sanctioned holiday in Arkansas Arkansas, river, United States
Arkansas (ärkăn`zəs, är`kənsô'), river, c.1,450 mi (2,330 km) long, rising in the Rocky Mts., central Colo.
, if preapproved by the current governor. Four systems also add an extra day for elections.

Paid Vacation VACATION. That period of time between the end of one term and beginning of another. During vacation, rules and orders are made in such cases as are urgent, by a judge at his chambers. . Set hours per pay period accrue To increase; to augment; to come to by way of increase; to be added as an increase, profit, or damage. Acquired; falling due; made or executed; matured; occurred; received; vested; was created; was incurred.  within a variety of ranges in most U.S. systems, based on length of service. Accrual accrual,
n continually recurring short-term liabilities. Examples are accrued wages, taxes, and interest.
 of sick leave beyond a set amount in Colorado is converted to annual leave. Up to 30 vacation days may be taken in Alaska, Ohio and Texas, and 35 days may be used in Pennsylvania. Fifty days is the top vacation period permitted in New Hampshire New Hampshire, one of the New England states of the NE United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts (S), Vermont, with the Connecticut R. forming the boundary (W), the Canadian province of Quebec (NW), and Maine and a short strip of the Atlantic Ocean (E). .

Education. Full payment of educational expenses is authorized for job-related courses in Alaska, as well as in Delaware if funds are available. Other educational stipends are provided in 17 U.S. systems. A fee-waiver policy exists in Florida and there is a sliding monetary scale in effect in Connecticut, depending on the employee's level.

Child Care. Options for offering paid child care to corrections personnel were reported only by Connecticut and Texas.

Retirement Plans

Employees in Connecticut, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland Maryland (mâr`ələnd), one of the Middle Atlantic states of the United States. It is bounded by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean (E), the District of Columbia (S), Virginia and West Virginia (S, W), and Pennsylvania (N).  (correctional officers only) and New Jersey may qualify to retire retire v. 1) to stop working at one's occupation. 2) to pay off a promissory note, and thus "retire" the loan. 3) for a jury to go into the jury room to decide on a verdict after all evidence, argument and jury instructions have been completed.  at any age. The retirement age varies by employment level or length of service in most other U.S. systems and a set age has been established in 21 systems, ranging from 50 in the district to 65 in five systems. The qualifying years of service also vary, from three years in Minnesota Minnesota, state, United States
Minnesota (mĭn'ĭsō`tə), upper midwestern state of the United States. It is bordered by Lake Superior and Wisconsin (E), Iowa (S), South Dakota and North Dakota (W), and the Canadian provinces
 and South Dakota South Dakota (dəkō`tə), state in the N central United States. It is bordered by North Dakota (N), Minnesota and Iowa (E), Nebraska (S), and Wyoming and Montana (W).  to 30 years in 14 systems and 35 years in Pennsylvania.

Early retirement may be taken at any age in Kentucky Kentucky, state, United States
Kentucky (kəntŭk`ē, kĭn–), one of the so-called border states of the S central United States. It is bordered by West Virginia and Virginia (E); Tennessee (S); the Mississippi R.
, Nevada and New Jersey, or from age 45 in South Dakota and 65 in Connecticut. Early retirement is based on years of service, ranging from three years in Kansas to 25 years in six U.S. systems and after 30 years in South Dakota. A formula that combines age and length of service to equal a set age value applies in many reporting systems. A combined state plan, Social Security and deferred system are used by 62 percent of the reporting U.S. systems, while a state plan plus Social Security is in place in 30 percent of other U.S. systems. A state plan including a deferred option is used by 40 percent of the reporting U.S. systems and a state plan was indicated by only 23 percent of the systems. Regarding the state plans offered to employees, the percentage paid by the states varies widely, as do the factors relative to those payments. Payment for 100 percent of the plans is made by Alaska, Delaware, Tennessee Tennessee, state, United States
Tennessee (tĕn`əsē', tĕn'əsē`), state in the south-central United States.
 and Wyoming. Florida also provides 100 percent, but the number of years of service and age of retirement are different for some staff considered special-risk, based on their correctional classification.

Insurance Options

Health plans are available in 45 reporting U.S. systems; life insurance in 26; dental dental /den·tal/ (den´t'l) pertaining to a tooth or teeth.

den·tal
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or for the teeth.

2. Of, relating to, or intended for dentistry.
 plans in 34; vision care in 14; accidental death and dismemberment dismemberment /dis·mem·ber·ment/ (dis-mem´ber-ment) amputation of a limb or a portion of it.

dismemberment

amputation of a limb or a portion of it.
 insurance in five systems; disability payments in six systems; and cancer-specific policies in three. Other insurance options mentioned were long-term care, personal legal assistance, prescription prescription

In property law, the effect of the lapse of time in creating and destroying rights. Acquisitive prescription allows an individual, after unequivocal possession for a specific period, to acquire an interest in real property, such as an easement, but not the
 medications, child care, automobile automobile, self-propelled vehicle used for travel on land. The term is commonly applied to a four-wheeled vehicle designed to carry two to six passengers and a limited amount of cargo, as contrasted with a truck, which is designed primarily for the transportation of  insurance, hearing aids Hearing Aids Definition

A hearing aid is a device that can amplify sound waves in order to help a deaf or hard-of-hearing person hear sounds more clearly.
, college payment assistance, mental health treatment and substance abuse counseling. Canadian systems also indicated available plans for health, life, dental, vision and accidental death and dismemberment.

The percentage of premiums paid by the agencies varies widely as well. Full payment of the costs was stated by Alaska, Arkansas, Minnesota, Nevada, Oklahoma Oklahoma (ōkləhō`mə), state in SW United States. It is bordered by Missouri and Arkansas (E); Texas, partially across the Red R. (S, W); New Mexico, across the narrow edge of the Oklahoma Panhandle (W); and Colorado and Kansas (N). , Oregon Oregon, city, United States
Oregon, city (1990 pop. 18,334), Lucas co., NW Ohio, a suburb adjacent to Toledo, on Lake Erie; inc. 1958. It is a port with railroad-owned and -operated docks. The city has industries producing oil, chemicals, and metal products.
 and South Dakota. Paying 100 percent for health and/or dental policies is indicated in several other systems, and a fixed dollar match is applied in six U.S. systems. Payments are variable in Kansas and Washington, based on the areas of residence. The same variables exist in Canada.

Union Affiliations

Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri Missouri, state, United States
Missouri (mĭzr`ē, –ə), one of the midwestern states of the United States.
, Nevada, New Mexico New Mexico, state in the SW United States. At its northwestern corner are the so-called Four Corners, where Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah meet at right angles; New Mexico is also bordered by Oklahoma (NE), Texas (E, S), and Mexico (S). , North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), South Carolina and Georgia (S), Tennessee (W), and Virginia (N). Facts and Figures


Area, 52,586 sq mi (136,198 sq km). Pop.
, North Dakota North Dakota, state in the N central United States. It is bordered by Minnesota, across the Red River of the North (E), South Dakota (S), Montana (W), and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba (N). , South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont and Wyoming report that unions are not part of their correctional systems, while unions may be available in Idaho Idaho (ī`dəhō), one of the Rocky Mt. states in the NW United States. It is bordered by Montana and Wyoming (E), Utah and Nevada (S), Oregon and Washington (W), and the Canadian province of British Columbia (N). , but are not required for participation. The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees is mentioned in 32 percent of the U.S. systems, often in addition to state-organized unions. Pennsylvania and Wisconsin are heavily affiliated af·fil·i·ate  
v. af·fil·i·at·ed, af·fil·i·at·ing, af·fil·i·ates

v.tr.
1. To adopt or accept as a member, subordinate associate, or branch:
 with unions, followed by Colorado. Such alignments, however, do not appear to have an impact on the salaries earned by various levels of their correctional employees.

Salaries and benefits are not established high or low based on geographical location. As has been stated in the past, "Corrections personnel are worth whatever the market will bear."

For information on monthly surveys featured in this or past issues of Corrections Compendium, please contact Cece Hill, CEGA CEGA Combustion Engineering/General Atomics
CEGA Central Electricity Generating Authority
 Services Inc., P.O. Box 81826, Lincoln Lincoln, city and district, England
Lincoln, city (1991 pop. 79,980) and district, Lincolnshire, E England, in the Parts of Kesteven, on the Witham River.
, NE 68501; (402) 420-0602.
WAGES AND BENEFITS--TABLE 1: SALARY RANGES AND OPTIONS

    SYSTEM             POSITION           STARTING WAGE      TOP WAGE

ALABAMA          CO at entry             $920, biweekly     41,398
                 CO after first year     $991, biweekly     $1,398
                 Captain or equivalent   $1,267, biweekly   $1,920
                 Case manager            $1,016, biweekly   $1,541
                 Warden/superintendent   $1,541, biweekly   $2,345

ALASKA           CO at entry             $2,725, monthly    $3,666
                 CO after first year     $3,087, monthly    $4,225
                 Captain or equivalent   $4,031, monthly    $5,568
                 Case manager            $4,300, monthly    $5,774
                 Warden/superintendent   $4,602, monthly    $6,362

ARIZONA          CO at entry             $24,954, yearly    $41,998
                 CO after first year     $26,139, yearly    $41,998
                 Captain or equivalent   $36,126, yearly    $57,621
                 Case manager            $32,672, yearly    $53,799
                 Warden/superintendent   $50,077, yearly    $85,675

ARKANSAS         CO at entry             $20,981, yearly    $41,220
                 CO after first year     $23,768, yearly    $46,732
                 Captain or equivalent   $28,763, yearly    $56,564
                 Case manager            $22,148, yearly    $43,876
                 Warden/superintendent   $39,366, yearly    $77,356

CALIFORNIA       CO at entry             $2,272, monthly    $2,272
                 CO after first year     $2,809, monthly    $3,249
                 Captain or equivalent   $6,134, monthly    $6,763
                 Case manager            $4,330, monthly    $5,220
                 Warden/superintendent   $7,970, monthly    $8,618

COLORADO         CO at entry             $2,233, monthly    $3,131
                 CO after first year     $2,774, monthly    $3,890
                 Captain or equivalent   $3,370, monthly    $4,730
                 Case manager            N/A                N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $5,461, monthly    $8,357

CONNECTICUT      CO at entry (1)         $33,435, yearly    $44,049
                 CO after first year     N/A                N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $53,124, yearly    $68,143
                 Case manager            $42,568, yearly    $55,583
                 Warden/superintendent   $65,885, yearly    $115,673

DELAWARE         CO at entry             $24,310, yearly    $36,464
                 CO after first year     $24,796, yearly    $37,193
                 Captain or equivalent   $41,770, yearly    $62,654
                 Case manager            $34,203, yearly    $58,738
                 Warden/superintendent   $62,687, yearly    $123,253

DISTRICT OF      CO at entry             $30,129, yearly    $37,877
COLUMBIA         CO after first year     $32,522, yearly    $41,126
                 Captain or equivalent   $42,475, yearly    $51,459
                 Case manager            $42,475, yearly    $51,459
                 Warden/superintendent   $80,909, yearly    $105,198

FLORIDA          CO at entry             $25,874, yearly    $30,962
                 CO after first year     $28,462, yearly    $42,360
                 Captain or equivalent   $34,582, yearly    $54,028
                 Case manager            $29,201, yearly    $46,608
                 Warden/superintendent   $51,269, yearly    $80,119

GEORGIA          CO at entry             $23,614, yearly    $41,402
                 CO after first year     $23,614, yearly    $41,402
                 Captain or equivalent   $31,474, yearly    $55,072
                 Case manager            N/A                N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $50,653, yearly    $80,546

HAWAII           No response             No response        No response

IDAHO            CO at entry             $11.53, hourly     $19.25
                 CO after first year     $11.53, hourly     $19.25
                 Captain or equivalent   $21.25, hourly     $35.15
                 Case manager            $15.25, hourly     $25.25
                 Warden/superintendent   $28.77, hourly     $47.61

ILLINOIS         CO at entry             $2,566, monthly    $2,770
                 CO after first year     $2,873, monthly    $3,444
                 Captain or equivalent   $2,996, monthly    $6,558
                 Case manager            $2,877, monthly    $4,743
                 Warden/superintendent   $4,130, monthly    $9,705

INDIANA          CO at entry             $19,604, yearly    $30,784
                 CO after first year     $19,604, yearly    $30,784
                 Captain or equivalent   $24,518, yearly    $36,062
                 Case manager            N/A                N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $39,702, yearly    $82,342

IOWA             No response             No response        No response

KANSAS           CO at entry             $22,610, yearly    $29,578
                 CO after first year     $23,733, yearly    $31,013
                 Captain or equivalent   $35,048, yearly    $45,822
                 Case manager            $36,816, yearly    $48,110
                 Warden/superintendent   $59,966, yearly    $78,347

KENTUCKY         CO at entry             $1,615, monthly    No salary
                 CO after first year     $1,696, monthly    cap for COs
                 Captain or equivalent   N/A
                 Case manager            N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   N/A

LOUISIANA        CO at entry             $15,953, yearly    N/A
                 CO after first year     $17,763, yearly    $38,605
                 Captain or equivalent   $29,496, yearly    $50,112
                 Case manager            $18,242, yearly    $34,549
                 Warden/superintendent   $47,364, yearly    $120,792

MAINE            CO at entry             $528, weekly       $638
                 CO after first year     $546, weekly       N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $867, weekly       $913
                 Case manager            $593, weekly       $813
                 Warden/superintendent   $1,170, weekly     $1,626

MARYLAND         CO at entry             $26,958, yearly    $41,641
                 CO after first year     $29,844, yearly    $44,453
                 Captain or equivalent   $37,255, yearly    $57,844
                 Case manager            $25,286, yearly    $50,700
                 Warden/superintendent   $58,988, yearly    $92,049

MASSACHUSETTS    CO at entry             $721, weekly       $992
                 CO after first year     $777, weekly       $992
                 Captain or equivalent   $1,255, weekly     $1,386
                 Case manager            $674, weekly       $919
                 Warden/superintendent   $1,013, weekly     $1,920

MICHIGAN         CO at entry             $13.25, hourly     $18.90
                 CO after first year     $13.74, hourly     $19.73
                 Captain or equivalent   $19.01, hourly     $26.54
                 Case manager            $15.44, hourly     $22.29
                 Warden/superintendent   $65,299, yearly    $94,947

MINNESOTA        CO at entry             $13.61, hourly     $16.16
                 CO after first year     $14.85, hourly     $20.30
                 Captain or equivalent   $23.43, hourly     $33.93
                 Case manager            $16.88, hourly     $24.65
                 Warden                  $35.40, hourly     $50.66

MISSISSIPPI      CO at entry             $17,073, yearly    $29,878
                 CO after first year     $19,950, yearly    $34,913
                 Captain or equivalent   $29,215, yearly    $51,126
                 Case manager            $21,742, yearly    $38,048
                 Warden                  $46,893, yearly    $82,063

MISSOURI         CO at entry             $21,720, yearly    $30,204
                 CO after first year     $22,746, yearly    $30,204
                 Captain or equivalent   $25,464, yearly    $36,012
                 Case manager            $23,268, yearly    $33,276
                 Warden/superintendent   $32,276, yearly    $81,876

MONTANA          CO at entry             $10.52, hourly     $16.18
                 CO after first year     $12.11, hourly     $18.16
                 Captain or equivalent   $17.43, hourly     $26.15
                 Case manager            $12.09, hourly     $18.14
                 Warden/superintendent   $25.85, hourly     $38.78

NEBRASKA         CO at entry             $11.65, hourly     $15.69
                 CO after first year     (2)
                 Captain or equivalent   $17.13, hourly     $24.84
                 Case manager            $13.79, hourly     $20.00
                 Warden/superintendent   $55,000, yearly    $79,749

NEVADA           CO at entry             $30,902, yearly    $43,305
                 CO after first year     $34,953, yearly    $47,231
                 Captain or equivalent   $51,594, yearly    $74,020
                 Case manager            $51,594, yearly    $74,020
                 Warden/superintendent   $64,540, yearly    $93,334

NEW HAMPSHIRE    CO at entry             $24,321, yearly    $32,055
                 CO after first year     $26,243, yearly    $34,938
                 Captain or equivalent   $38,027, yearly    $51,686
                 Case manager            $36,088, yearly    $49,130
                 Warden/superintendent   $52,560, yearly    $70,080

NEW JERSEY       CO at entry             N/A                $39,858
                 CO after first year     $43,845, yearly    $60,981
                 Captain or equivalent   $56,638, yearly    $78,963
                 Case manager            $53,967, yearly    $75,559
                 Warden/superintendent   $79,733, yearly    $106,633

NEW MEXICO       CO at entry             $11.50, hourly     $16.70
                 CO after first year     $11.50, hourly     $16.70
                 Captain or equivalent   $21.30, hourly     $35.48
                 Case manager            $12.75, hourly     $22.67
                 Warden/superintendent   $28.80, hourly     $47.98

NEW YORK         CO at entry             $28,444, yearly    $30,043
                 CO after first year     $34,742, yearly    $43,034
                 Captain or equivalent   $57,406, yearly    $72,756
                 Case manager            N/A                N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $91,294, yearly    $124,853

NORTH CAROLINA   CO at entry             $22,894, yearly
                 CO after first year     $24,007, yearly    $34,962
                 Captain or equivalent   $29,354, yearly    $45,155
                 Case manager            N/A                N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $45,057, yearly    $75,083

NORTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             $1,750, monthly    $1,785
                 CO after first year     $1,191, monthly    $2,765
                 Captain or equivalent   $2,623, monthly    $3,363
                 Case manager            N/A                N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $4,368, monthly    $5,521

OHIO             CO at entry             $29,661, yearly    $36,046
                 CO after first year     $30,410, yearly    $36,046
                 Captain or equivalent   $41,766, yearly    $54,612
                 Case manager            $34,424, yearly    $43,056
                 Warden/superintendent   $54,974, yearly    $107,037

OKLAHOMA         CO at entry             $20,672, yearly    $27,494
                 CO after first year     $21,805, yearly    $33,441
                 Captain or equivalent   $30,013, yearly    $42,226
                 Case manager            $26,221, yearly    $37,777
                 Warden/superintendent   $52,049, yearly    $60,179

OREGON           CO at entry             $2,478, monthly    $3,398
                 CO after first year     $2,599, monthly
                 Captain or equivalent   $2,921, monthly    $4,099
                 Case manager            N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $5,229, monthly    $7,703

PENNSYLVANIA     CO at entry             $12.45, hourly     $13.10
                 CO after first year     $13.70, hourly     $24.87
                 Captain or equivalent   $18.53, hourly     $31.17
                 Case manager            $24.96, hourly     $41.92
                 Warden/superintendent   $31.17, hourly     $54.98

RHODE ISLAND     CO at entry             $32,831, yearly    $46,468
                 CO after first year     $33,971, yearly
                 Captain or equivalent   $45,580, yearly    $63,988
                 Case manager            $41,344, yearly    $48,807
                 Warden/superintendent   $83,946, yearly    $83,946

SOUTH CAROLINA   CO at entry             $20,044, yearly    $32,969
                 CO after first year     $20,850, yearly    $32,969
                 Captain or equivalent   $32,099, yearly    $60,681
                 Case manager            $23,449, yearly    $33,435
                 Warden/superintendent   $39,055, yearly    $70,974

SOUTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             $11.00, hourly     $15.31
                 CO after first year     $12.39, hourly     $15.31
                 Captain or equivalent   $33,571, yearly    $50,336
                 Case manager            $13.09, hourly     $19.63
                 Warden/superintendent   $62,275, yearly    $93,434

TENNESSEE        CO at entry             $1,675, monthly    $2,683
                 CO after first year     N/A                N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $2,436, monthly    $3,872
                 Case manager            $2,238, monthly    $3,595
                 Warden/superintendent   $4,256, monthly    $6,816

TEXAS            CO at entry             $1,716, monthly
                 CO after first year     $2,036, monthly    $2,589
                 Captain or equivalent   $2,865, monthly
                 Case manager            $2,436, monthly    $2,536
                 Warden/superintendent   $4,145, monthly    $5,318

UTAH             No response             No response        No response

VERMONT          CO at entry             $12.10, hourly     $18.70
                 CO after first year     $12.68, hourly     $18.70
                 Captain or equivalent   $15.76, hourly     $24.53
                 Case manager            $15.76, hourly     $24.53
                 Warden/superintendent   $22.40, hourly     $35.13

VIRGINIA         No response             No response        No response

WASHINGTON       CO at entry             $2,303, monthly    $2,911
                 CO after first year     $2,414, monthly    $3,059
                 Captain or equivalent   $4,393, monthly    $5,370
                 Case manager            $2,053, monthly    $2,586
                 Warden/superintendent   $6,599, monthly    $8,066

WEST VIRGINIA    CO at entry             $20,124, yearly    $33,540
                 CO after first year     $21,264, yearly    $35,892
                 Captain or equivalent   $28,248, yearly    $50,400
                 Case manager            $22,224, yearly    $41,112
                 Warden/superintendent   $38,244, yearly    $70,752

WISCONSIN        CO at entry             $11.04, hourly     $16.28
                 CO after first year     $11.80, hourly     $16.28
                 Captain or equivalent   $19.03, hourly     $39.90
                 Case manager            $16.88, hourly     $22.53
                 Warden/superintendent   $25.99, hourly     $40.24

WYOMING          CO at entry             $1,987, monthly    $2,483
                 CO after first year     $2,111, monthly
                 Captain or equivalent   $3,491, monthly    $4,360
                 Case manager            $2,342, monthly    $3,289
                 Warden/superintendent   N/A                N/A

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response             No response        No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         CO at entry             $16.62, hourly     $20.69
                 CO after first year     $18.21, hourly     $20.69
                 Captain or equivalent   $44,557, yearly    $53,155
                 Case manager            $16.62, hourly     $20.69
                 Warden/superintendent   $53,543, yearly    $81,194

NOVA SCOTIA      CO at entry             $33,448, yearly    $39,226
                 CO after first year     $34,842, yearly    $39,226
                 Captain or equivalent   $44,270, yearly    $57,551
                 Case manager            $35,980, yearly    $43,926
                 Warden/superintendent   $41,738, yearly    $77,924

ONTARIO          CO at entry             $18.79, hourly     $21.41
                 CO after first year     $20.22, hourly     $24.26
                 Captain or equivalent   $48,890, yearly    $58,730
                 Case manager            $20.59, hourly     $24.77
                 Warden/superintendent   $54,124, yearly    $101,743

CORRECTIONAL     CO at entry             $34,277, yearly    $50,071
SERVICE CANADA   CO after first year     $35,941, yearly    $50,071
                 Captain or equivalent   $43,912, yearly    $57,785
                 Case manager            $49,703, yearly    $62,344
                 Warden/superintendent   $71,888, yearly    $82,196

                                                         OPTIONS

                                                          Shift
    SYSTEM             POSITION          MEDIAN WAGE   Differential

ALABAMA          CO at entry             $1,121        Yes, HIV
                 CO after first year     $1,121        and CERT
                 Captain or equivalent   $1,617        teams
                 Case manager            $1,237
                 Warden/superintendent   $1,874

ALASKA           CO at entry             $3,087        Yes
                 CO after first year     $3,542
                 Captain or equivalent   $4,602
                 Case manager            $4,914
                 Warden/superintendent   $5,252

ARIZONA          CO at entry             $29,363       Yes
                 CO after first year     $29,363
                 Captain or equivalent   $44,164
                 Case manager            $44,164
                 Warden/superintendent   $67,876

ARKANSAS         CO at entry             $28,470       No
                 CO after first year     $32,281
                 Captain or equivalent   $39,010
                 Case manager            $30,320
                 Warden/superintendent   $53,440

CALIFORNIA       CO at entry             Unavailable   Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

COLORADO         CO at entry             Unavailable   Yes, discre-
                 CO after first year                   tionary
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CONNECTICUT      CO at entry (1)         $38,036       Yes
                 CO after first year     N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $60,634
                 Case manager            $48,210
                 Warden/superintendent   $90,779

DELAWARE         CO at entry             $30,387       Yes
                 CO after first year     $30,994
                 Captain or equivalent   $52,212
                 Case manager            $46,470
                 Warden/superintendent   $92,970

DISTRICT OF      CO at entry             Unavailable   Yes
COLUMBIA         CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

FLORIDA          CO at entry             $25,874       No
                 CO after first year     $29,520
                 Captain or equivalent   $42,896
                 Case manager            $30,467
                 Warden/superintendent   $72,578

GEORGIA          CO at entry             $3,070        Yes, some
                 CO after first year     $3,070        medical
                 Captain or equivalent   $40,993       prison
                 Case manager            N/A           nurses
                 Warden/superintendent   $66,104

HAWAII           No response             No response   No response

IDAHO            CO at entry             $15.40        Yes
                 CO after first year     $15.40
                 Captain or equivalent   $28.12
                 Case manager            $20.20
                 Warden/superintendent   $38.09

ILLINOIS         CO at entry             $2,668        Yes
                 CO after first year     $3,159
                 Captain or equivalent   $4,777
                 Case manager            $3,810
                 Warden/superintendent   $6,918

INDIANA          CO at entry                           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

IOWA             No response             No response   No response

KANSAS           CO at entry             $26,094       Yes
                 CO after first year     $27,373
                 Captain or equivalent   $40,435
                 Case manager            $42,463
                 Warden/superintendent   $69,202

KENTUCKY         CO at entry                           Yes, only
                 CO after first year                   for nurses
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

LOUISIANA        CO at entry             N/A
                 CO after first year     $28,368
                 Captain or equivalent   $39,816
                 Case manager            $20,883
                 Warden/superintendent   N/A

MAINE            CO at entry             $571          Yes
                 CO after first year     N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $765
                 Case manager            $682
                 Warden/superintendent   $1,362

MARYLAND         CO at entry                           Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MASSACHUSETTS    CO at entry             $889          Yes
                 CO after first year     $889
                 Captain or equivalent   $1,319
                 Case manager            $784
                 Warden/superintendent   $1,342

MICHIGAN         CO at entry             $13.28        Yes
                 CO after first year     $18.72
                 Captain or equivalent   $26.54
                 Case manager            $21.26
                 Warden/superintendent   $91,785

MINNESOTA        CO at entry             $14.85        Yes
                 CO after first year     $17.34
                 Captain or equivalent   $28.19
                 Case manager            $20.33
                 Warden                  $43.04

MISSISSIPPI      CO at entry
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden

MISSOURI         CO at entry             $26,460       No
                 CO after first year     $26,460
                 Captain or equivalent   $31,380
                 Case manager            $29,040
                 Warden/superintendent   $60,588

MONTANA          CO at entry             $13.35        No
                 CO after first year     $15.13
                 Captain or equivalent   $21.79
                 Case manager            $15.11
                 Warden/superintendent   $32.32

NEBRASKA         CO at entry             $13.53        Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent   $20.99
                 Case manager            $16.89
                 Warden/superintendent   $67,375

NEVADA           CO at entry             $37,103       Yes
                 CO after first year     $41,092
                 Captain or equivalent   $62,807
                 Case manager            $62,807
                 Warden/superintendent   $78,937

NEW HAMPSHIRE    CO at entry             $27,364       Yes
                 CO after first year     $29,594
                 Captain or equivalent   $43,152
                 Case manager            $41,184
                 Warden/superintendent   $63,070

NEW JERSEY       CO at entry             N/A           No
                 CO after first year     $52,413
                 Captain or equivalent   $67,800
                 Case manager            $64,763
                 Warden/superintendent   $95,683

NEW MEXICO       CO at entry             $13.04        Yes
                 CO after first year     $13.04
                 Captain or equivalent   $28.37
                 Case manager            $17.71
                 Warden/superintendent   $38.37

NEW YORK         CO at entry             $29,244       Yes
                 CO after first year     $38,888
                 Captain or equivalent   $65,081
                 Case manager            N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $108,074

NORTH CAROLINA   CO at entry                           Yes
                 CO after first year     $28,500
                 Captain or equivalent   $36,751
                 Case manager            N/A
                 Warden/superintendent

NORTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             $1,768        No
                 CO after first year     $2,139
                 Captain or equivalent   $2,754
                 Case manager            N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $5,221

OHIO             CO at entry             $32,115       Yes
                 CO after first year     $32,115
                 Captain or equivalent   $49,067
                 Case manager            $39,270
                 Warden/superintendent   $69,000

OKLAHOMA         CO at entry             $20,672       No
                 CO after first year     $26,744
                 Captain or equivalent   $37,383
                 Case manager            $33,142
                 Warden/superintendent   $55,901

OREGON           CO at entry             $2,846        Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent   $3,223
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent   $6,342

PENNSYLVANIA     CO at entry                           Yes, for
                 CO after first year     $19.29        COs
                 Captain or equivalent   $24.85
                 Case manager            N/A
                 Warden/superintendent   $43.08

RHODE ISLAND     CO at entry             $39,266       Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent   $54,507
                 Case manager            $44,194
                 Warden/superintendent   $83,946

SOUTH CAROLINA   CO at entry             $22,978       No
                 CO after first year     $22,978
                 Captain or equivalent   $38,000
                 Case manager            $28,000
                 Warden/superintendent   $61,000

SOUTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             $11.00        No
                 CO after first year     N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $40,656
                 Case manager            $15.72
                 Warden/superintendent   $81,074

TENNESSEE        CO at entry             $2,179        No
                 CO after first year     N/A
                 Captain or equivalent   $3,154
                 Case manager            $2,916
                 Warden/superintendent   $5,536

TEXAS            CO at entry                           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

UTAH             No response             No response   No response

VERMONT          CO at entry                           Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

VIRGINIA         No response             No response   No response

WASHINGTON       CO at entry             $2,586        Yes, for
                 CO after first year     $2,712        COs
                 Captain or equivalent   $4,881
                 Case manager            $2,303
                 Warden/superintendent   $7,333

WEST VIRGINIA    CO at entry             $26,832       No
                 CO after first year     $28,578
                 Captain or equivalent   $39,324
                 Case manager            $31,668
                 Warden/superintendent   $54,498

WISCONSIN        CO at entry             $13.66        Yes
                 CO after first year     $14.04
                 Captain or equivalent   $29.50
                 Case manager            $19.07
                 Warden/superintendent   $33.10

WYOMING          CO at entry             $2,235        Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent   $3,925
                 Case manager            $2,815
                 Warden/superintendent   N/A

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response             No response   No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         CO at entry             $18.78        Yes
                 CO after first year     $18.78
                 Captain or equivalent   $47,729
                 Case manager            $18.78
                 Warden/superintendent   $72,948

NOVA SCOTIA      CO at entry             $36,237       No
                 CO after first year     $36,237
                 Captain or equivalent   $50,911
                 Case manager            $39,069
                 Warden/superintendent   $59,831

ONTARIO          CO at entry                           Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CORRECTIONAL     CO at entry             $41,428       Yes
SERVICE CANADA   CO after first year     $41,428
                 Captain or equivalent   $51,372
                 Case manager            $55,659
                 Warden/superintendent   $77,456

                                                OPTIONS

                                         Roll Call     Direct Care
    SYSTEM             POSITION             Pay          Stipend

ALABAMA          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ALASKA           CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ARIZONA          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ARKANSAS         CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CALIFORNIA       CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

COLORADO         CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CONNECTICUT      CO at entry (1)         Yes           Yes
                 CO after first year                   (working
                 Captain or equivalent                 conditions
                 Case manager                          stipend)
                 Warden/superintendent

DELAWARE         CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

DISTRICT OF      CO at entry             No            No
COLUMBIA         CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

FLORIDA          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

GEORGIA          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

HAWAII           No response             No response   No response

IDAHO            CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ILLINOIS         CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

INDIANA          CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

IOWA             No response             No response   No response

KANSAS           CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

KENTUCKY         CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

LOUISIANA        CO at entry
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MAINE            CO at entry             No            Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MARYLAND         CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MASSACHUSETTS    CO at entry             Yes           N/A
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MICHIGAN         CO at entry             Yes,          No
                 CO after first year     COs only
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MINNESOTA        CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden

MISSISSIPPI      CO at entry
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden

MISSOURI         CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MONTANA          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEBRASKA         CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEVADA           CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEW HAMPSHIRE    CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEW JERSEY       CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEW MEXICO       CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEW YORK         CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NORTH CAROLINA   CO at entry                           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NORTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

OHIO             CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

OKLAHOMA         CO at entry             Yes, shift    No
                 CO after first year     briefing
                 Captain or equivalent   included
                 Case manager            in regular
                 Warden/superintendent   hourlys

OREGON           CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

PENNSYLVANIA     CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

RHODE ISLAND     CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

SOUTH CAROLINA   CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

SOUTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

TENNESSEE        CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

TEXAS            CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

UTAH             No response             No response   No response

VERMONT          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

VIRGINIA         No response             No response   No response

WASHINGTON       CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

WEST VIRGINIA    CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

WISCONSIN        CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

WYOMING          CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response             No response   No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         CO at entry             Yes           No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NOVA SCOTIA      CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ONTARIO          CO at entry             No            No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CORRECTIONAL     CO at entry             Yes
SERVICE CANADA   CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

                                                    OPTIONS

                                           Longevity         Other
    SYSTEM             POSITION           Supplement

ALABAMA          CO at entry             Yes             $8 per day
                 CO after first year                     subsistence
                 Captain or equivalent                   for each day
                 Case manager                            worked
                 Warden/superintendent

ALASKA           CO at entry             Yes             Geographical
                 CO after first year                     differential,
                 Captain or equivalent                   hazard pay and
                 Case manager                            standby pay
                 Warden/superintendent

ARIZONA          CO at entry             No              Geographical
                 CO after first year                     stipend, edu-
                 Captain or equivalent                   cational stip-
                 Case manager                            end, hazardous
                 Warden/superintendent                   duty pay, uni-
                                                         form allowance
                                                         and a signing
                                                         bonus
                                                         (currently not
                                                         in use)

ARKANSAS         CO at entry             No              Hazard pay,
                 CO after first year                     CLIP bonus
                 Captain or equivalent                   (percentage of
                 Case manager                            annual wage)
                 Warden/superintendent                   and career
                                                         service bonus
                                                         ($300-$600,
                                                         depending on
                                                         years of
                                                         service)

CALIFORNIA       CO at entry             Yes             Physical fit-
                 CO after first year                     ness and edu-
                 Captain or equivalent                   cational leave
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

COLORADO         CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CONNECTICUT      CO at entry (1)         Yes             Meal allowance
                 CO after first year                     and weekend
                 Captain or equivalent                   differential
                 Case manager                            for NP-4-level
                 Warden/superintendent                   officers

DELAWARE         CO at entry             No              Hazardous duty
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

DISTRICT OF      CO at entry             No              Overtime;
COLUMBIA         CO after first year                     within grade,
                 Captain or equivalent                   step increase
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

FLORIDA          CO at entry             No              CERT teams;
                 CO after first year                     FSP and Union
                 Captain or equivalent                   CI, $50
                 Case manager                            biweekly
                 Warden/superintendent

GEORGIA          CO at entry             No              Adjustments
                 CO after first year                     for some posi-
                 Captain or equivalent                   tions based on
                 Case manager                            job responsi-
                 Warden/superintendent                   bilities

HAWAII           No response             No response     No response

IDAHO            CO at entry             No              Working on a
                 CO after first year                     holiday
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ILLINOIS         CO at entry             Yes             Bilingual pay,
                 CO after first year                     call-back pay,
                 Captain or equivalent                   standby pay
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

INDIANA          CO at entry             No              Working
                 CO after first year                     leader, 4.5%
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

IOWA             No response             No response     No response

KANSAS           CO at entry             No              Longevity
                 CO after first year                     bonus after 10
                 Captain or equivalent                   years of
                 Case manager                            service, up to
                 Warden/superintendent                   $1,000

KENTUCKY         CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

LOUISIANA        CO at entry                             Premium pay
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MAINE            CO at entry             Yes             Weekend
                 CO after first year                     differential
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MARYLAND         CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MASSACHUSETTS    CO at entry             Yes             Education
                 CO after first year                     incentive
                 Captain or equivalent                   applies to
                 Case manager                            non-management
                 Warden/superintendent

MICHIGAN         CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MINNESOTA        CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden

MISSISSIPPI      CO at entry
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden

MISSOURI         CO at entry             No              N/A
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

MONTANA          CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEBRASKA         CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEVADA           CO at entry             Yes, semi-
                 CO after first year     annually upon
                 Captain or equivalent   completion of
                 Case manager            8 years of
                 Warden/superintendent   continuous
                                         service

NEW HAMPSHIRE    CO at entry             Yes             $1,300 annual
                 CO after first year                     hazardous duty
                 Captain or equivalent                   pay
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEW JERSEY       CO at entry             No              Cost-of-living
                 CO after first year                     increase,
                 Captain or equivalent                   based on
                 Case manager                            bargaining
                 Warden/superintendent                   agreement

NEW MEXICO       CO at entry             No              Geographic
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NEW YORK         CO at entry             Yes             Security
                 CO after first year                     enforcement
                 Captain or equivalent                   differential,
                 Case manager                            location pay
                 Warden/superintendent

NORTH CAROLINA   CO at entry             Yes             Weeklyend and
                 CO after first year                     holiday
                 Captain or equivalent                   premium pay,
                 Case manager                            mentor pay,
                 Warden/superintendent                   geographic
                                                         differential

NORTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             No              Merit/equity/
                 CO after first year                     workload
                 Captain or equivalent                   adjustment
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

OHIO             CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

OKLAHOMA         CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

OREGON           CO at entry             No              Certification,
                 CO after first year                     3%-6%, relief
                 Captain or equivalent                   differential,
                 Case manager                            5% and non-
                 Warden/superintendent                   security
                                                         differential

PENNSYLVANIA     CO at entry             Yes, for CO 1   COs receive a
                 CO after first year     and 2 after 5   clothing
                 Captain or equivalent   years           allowance
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

RHODE ISLAND     CO at entry             Yes, depend-    Incentive pay
                 CO after first year     ing on union    after comple-
                 Captain or equivalent   contract        tion of train-
                 Case manager                            ing classes;
                 Warden/superintendent                   supplemental
                                                         pay (for
                                                         certain
                                                         unions) for a
                                                         degree when
                                                         not required

SOUTH CAROLINA   CO at entry             No              Step increase
                 CO after first year                     for COs of 3%
                 Captain or equivalent                   and 2% in
                 Case manager                            6-month inter-
                 Warden/superintendent                   vals, after
                                                         meeting
                                                         experience
                                                         requirements

SOUTH DAKOTA     CO at entry             Yes             5% after 2
                 CO after first year                     years as a CO
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

TENNESSEE        CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

TEXAS            CO at entry             No              Hazardous duty
                 CO after first year                     pay of $7 per
                 Captain or equivalent                   month for each
                 Case manager                            year of
                 Warden/superintendent                   service in
                                                         certified
                                                         position with
                                                         a maximum of
                                                         $210 per month

UTAH             No response             No response     No response

VERMONT          CO at entry             No              Competency
                 CO after first year                     training
                 Captain or equivalent                   supplement,
                 Case manager                            $1,400 per
                 Warden/superintendent                   year for 40
                                                         hourlys of
                                                         training

VIRGINIA         No response             No response     No response

WASHINGTON       CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

WEST VIRGINIA    CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

WISCONSIN        CO at entry             Yes             Standby and
                 CO after first year                     on-call pay
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

WYOMING          CO at entry             Yes
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response             No response     No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

NOVA SCOTIA      CO at entry             No              Public service
                 CO after first year                     award
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

ONTARIO          CO at entry             No
                 CO after first year
                 Captain or equivalent
                 Case manager
                 Warden/superintendent

CORRECTIONAL     CO at entry             Yes             Based on clas-
SERVICE CANADA   CO after first year                     sification,
                 Captain or equivalent                   bilingual
                 Case manager                            bonus, offend-
                 Warden/superintendent                   er supervisory
                                                         allowance, in-
                                                         mate escorts,
                                                         dog handler
                                                         allowance,
                                                         responsibility
                                                         allowance,
                                                         clothing
                                                         allowance

(1) CONNECTICUT: Wages for correctional officers are based on a
36.25-hour week.

(2) NEBRASKA: After first year, correctional officer wages are
based on labor contract step plan.

WAGES AND BENEFITS--TABLE 2: FRINGE BENEFITS

    SYSTEM            COST-OF-LIVING            MERIT INCREASES

ALABAMA          3%, by law                  5%

ALASKA           2%, subject to annual       3.75%, based on
                 negotiation                 steps; set through 8
                                             years and varies
                                             thereafter

ARIZONA          Varies, based on the        Varies, based on the
                 state Legislature           state Legislature

ARKANSAS         2.6%, by state general      Career Ladder
                 assembly and governor       Incentive program

CALIFORNIA       Based on established        5%
                 index

COLORADO         N/A                         N/A

CONNECTICUT      Varies, based on            3%, approximately
                 negotiated contract or
                 governor approval

DELAWARE         2% for all employees,       N/A
                 based on legislation

DISTRICT OF      Depends on budget           3.33%
COLUMBIA         forecast and union
                 negotiations

FLORIDA          2.5%, based on annual       N/A
                 legislative approval

GEORGIA          N/A                         2.25%, determined
                                             annually by the
                                             Legislature

HAWAII           No response                 No response

IDAHO            Depends on available        N/A
                 funding in state budget

ILLINOIS         3%-4%, based on annual      Up to 5%, reviewed
                 union contract              annually

INDIANA          N/A                         N/A

IOWA             No response                 No response

KANSAS           Based on annual             2.5%, if funded by the
                 Legislature determination   Legislature

KENTUCKY         2.7%                        N/A

LOUISIANA        N/A                         4%, with a
                                             satisfactory
                                             performance rating

MAINE            2%-3%-2% for the last 3-    4%-5%
                 year collective bargain-
                 ing agreement

MARYLAND         None                        None

MASSACHUSETTS    3%, based on collective     3%, for managers
                 bargaining agreements       only

MICHIGAN         2%                          5% maximum, for
                                             wardens and
                                             administrators

MINNESOTA        3.5% average, depend-       3%-6%
                 ing on contract year

MISSISSIPPI      N/A                         N/A

MISSOURI         N/A                         Determined by the
                                             Legislature

MONTANA          4% as determined by the     N/A
                 Legislature

NEBRASKA         Varies, based on            N/A
                 contract negotiations

NEVADA           2%-4%, as determined        4.5%
                 by the Legislature

NEW HAMPSHIRE    2%, depending on            Automatic
                 contract negotiations

NEW JERSEY       Based on union contract     5% average for
                 for aligned staff           aligned staff; based
                                             on salary regulations
                                             for nonaligned staff

NEW MEXICO       Varies as determined by     Determined by the
                 the Legislature             Legislature

NEW YORK         Varies, based on            N/A
                 contract negotiations

NORTH CAROLINA   N/A                         N/A

NORTH DAKOTA     N/A                         Varies as determined
                                             by the Legislature

OHIO             Varies, based on            N/A
                 contract negotiations and
                 state law

OKLAHOMA         Varies as determined by     N/A
                 the Legislature

OREGON           2%-4%, based on             N/A
                 biannual contract
                 negotiations

PENNSYLVANIA     3.3%                        2.1%

RHODE ISLAND     Varies, based on            Step increases,
                 contract negotiations       based on years of
                                             service or time in
                                             position

SOUTH CAROLINA   Based on the Legislature    Based on the
                                             Legislature

SOUTH DAKOTA     3%, increasing 2.5%,        N/A
                 depending on job class

TENNESSEE        Varies                      N/A

TEXAS            N/A                         N/A

UTAH             No response                 No response

VERMONT          Varies, based on            Unknown
                 contract negotiations

VIRGINIA         No response                 No response

WASHINGTON       Based on the Legislature    5%

WEST VIRGINIA    N/A                         N/A

WISCONSIN        2% for nonunion staff;      Unavailable
                 contract for union mem-
                 bers currently being
                 negotiated

WYOMING          N/A                         Department compre-
                                             hensive plan

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response                 No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         Based on contract           3.8%, approximately
                 negotiations

NOVA SCOTIA      1%, determined by union     4.09%, negotiated
                 contract

ONTARIO          Based on contract           Up to 6%, based on
                 negotiations                position and
                                             performance

CORRECTIONAL     N/A                         N/A
SERVICE CANADA

    SYSTEM          LEAVE OF ABSENCE           PAID HOLIDAYS

ALABAMA          N/A                       13 per year

ALASKA           15-30 days, based on      11 days, negotiated
                 years of service          with unions

ARIZONA          12 days, based on 8       10 days
                 hours per month

ARKANSAS         180 days, not to          10 days, 11 if day
                 exceed 6 months           after Thanksgiving set
                                           by governor

CALIFORNIA       1 year; must meet         13 days, plus 1 paid
                 established criteria      personal holiday per
                                           fiscal year

COLORADO         6.66 hours per month      All legal holidays, as
                 and can accrue a          designated by the
                 maximum of 360            governor or the
                 hours; over-accrued       president
                 sick leave is conver-
                 ted to annual leave

CONNECTICUT      15 days for illness,      12 days
                 plus 3 personal days
                 per year

DELAWARE         15-21 days                12 days, plus 1 for
                                           election day

DISTRICT OF      13 days entry level to    10 days, based on
COLUMBIA         26 days after 15          duty schedule
                 years

FLORIDA          Based on LWOP,            9 days
                 Military, MFLA and
                 workman's comp

GEORGIA          15 days, for sick         12 days
                 leave

HAWAII           No response               No response

IDAHO            12 days, increasing       10 days
                 with length of service

ILLINOIS         1 day per month for       12 days, plus 1 day
                 illness; accumulated      during alternate years
                 indefinitely for long-    for election day
                 term illness (1)

INDIANA          N/A                       14 days, for 2002

IOWA             No response               No response

KANSAS           12 days per year with     9 days
                 unlimited accumula-
                 tion for sick leave

KENTUCKY         1 day per month for       11.5 days, plus 1 day
                 illness, if a full-time   in presidential
                 employee; up to 20        election years
                 days after 240
                 months of service

LOUISIANA        12 days; 21 days          8-12 days
                 after 21 years of
                 service

MAINE            N/A                       12 days

MARYLAND         N/A                       11 days, 12 in an
                                           election year

MASSACHUSETTS    Up to 52 days for         13 days
                 FMLA

MICHIGAN         Unavailable               12 days

MINNESOTA        N/A                       11 days, including 1
                                           floating holiday

MISSISSIPPI      18-27 days, based on      10 days
                 length of service

MISSOURI         Up to 5 hours per pay     13 days, determined
                 period, for sick leave    by legislation

MONTANA          12 days                   10 days

NEBRASKA         N/A                       12 days

NEVADA           15 days for sick leave    11 days

NEW HAMPSHIRE    12-50 days per year,      10 days
                 based on length of
                 service

NEW JERSEY       N/A                       13 days

NEW MEXICO       N/A                       10 days

NEW YORK         13 days for sick leave    12 days
                 plus 5 personal days

NORTH CAROLINA   N/A                       11 days; 12 when
                                           Christmas falls on
                                           Tuesday, Wednesday
                                           or Thursday

NORTH DAKOTA     Varies, based on          10.5 days
                 reasons for request

OHIO             Based on contract         10 days
                 negotiations and state
                 law

OKLAHOMA         Unavailable               10 days

OREGON           12 days, sick leave (8    11 days
                 hours per month)

PENNSYLVANIA     13 days, sick leave (2)   11 days

RHODE ISLAND     15 days, sick leave;      10 days
                 leave without pay
                 depending on circum-
                 stances

SOUTH CAROLINA   20 days without pay (3)   12 days

SOUTH DAKOTA     N/A                       10 days

TENNESSEE        N/A                       13 days

TEXAS            30 days for general       12 days, based on
                 leave; 6 months for       the Legislature
                 sick leave

UTAH             No response               No response

VERMONT          Unknown                   11 days, including 2
                                           state holidays

VIRGINIA         No response               No response

WASHINGTON       12 days, sick leave       11 days, including 1
                                           personal day

WEST VIRGINIA    N/A                       15 days

WISCONSIN        5 hours per 2-week        9 days
                 pay period if full-time
                 staff, sick leave

WYOMING          N/A                       9 days

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response               No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         Approved on an            11 days
                 individual basis

NOVA SCOTIA      N/A                       11 days

ONTARIO          N/A                       11 days

CORRECTIONAL     15 days, cumulative if    14 days
SERVICE CANADA   not used

    SYSTEM          PAID VACATION           EDUCATION        CHILD CARE
                                          REIMBURSEMENT

ALABAMA          4 hours per pay       N/A                   N/A
                 period; 5 hours
                 after 5 years

ALASKA           15-30 days, based     100%, negotiable      N/A
                 on years of service   for job-related
                                       courses

ARIZONA          12-21 days, based     Stipends available    N/A
                 on years of service

ARKANSAS         12 days for 20        N/A                   N/A
                 years; up to 22.5
                 days thereafter

CALIFORNIA       12-22 days, for       $100 per month for    N/A
                 3-20 years of state   those attaining 60
                 service               semester units or
                                       an AA degree in an
                                       accredited college

COLORADO         Accrues from 8-14     50% for courses       N/A
                 hours per month to    from accredited
                 a maximum of 336      institutions that
                 hours, based on       benefit the emplo-
                 years of service      yee and the state

CONNECTICUT      12-15 days, based     $1,200 per fiscal     May elect
                 on years of service   year for managers,    to parti-
                                       $90 per credit for    cipate in
                                       undergraduate NP4-    a pretax,
                                       level and $110 for    child care
                                       NP4-level graduates   deduction
                                                             plan

DELAWARE         15-21 days, based     100%, depending on    N/A
                 on years of service   available funding

DISTRICT OF      Depends on leave      Job development       N/A
COLUMBIA         accumulation          training available
                                       through the D.C.
                                       Center for
                                       Workplace

FLORIDA          4-6 hours biweekly    Tuition fee waiver    N/A
                 up to 10 years,       applies
                 depending on length
                 of service

GEORGIA          15-17.5 days, based   N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

HAWAII           No response           No response           No
                                                               response

IDAHO            Based on length of    N/A                   N/A
                 service

ILLINOIS         10-25 days after 1    50% tuition           N/A
                 year to 26 or more    reimbursement for
                 years, based on       college job-related
                 length of service     courses

INDIANA          12 days, plus bonus   N/A                   N/A
                 of 3 days after 5
                 years; bonus of 13
                 days after 15 years

IOWA             No response           No response           No
                                                               response

KANSAS           12-21 days to a       N/A                   N/A
                 maximum of 240
                 hours, based on
                 years of service

KENTUCKY         12-24 days per        Available for job-    N/A
                 year, based on        related courses
                 length of service

LOUISIANA        Unavailable           N/A                   N/A

MAINE            1 day per month       N/A                   N/A
                 from 1-5 years of
                 service to 2 days
                 per month for more
                 than 20 years

MARYLAND         10-25 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on years of service

MASSACHUSETTS    10-25 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on years of service

MICHIGAN         19.8 days             N/A                   N/A

MINNESOTA        12-27 days, based     75% of tuition        N/A
                 on years of service   only, up to $750

MISSISSIPPI      N/A                   N/A                   N/A

MISSOURI         5-7 hours per semi-   N/A                   N/A
                 month, based on
                 years of service

MONTANA          15 days for 1-10      N/A                   N/A
                 years of service

NEBRASKA         12 days for first 5   80% for any state     N/A
                 years                 school

NEVADA           15 days (leave)       N/A                   N/A

NEW HAMPSHIRE    12-50 days per        N/A                   N/A, but
                 year, based on                              flex time
                 length of service                           hours are
                                                             available

NEW JERSEY       12-25 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on years of service

NEW MEXICO       10-20 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on years of service

NEW YORK         13 days, increasing   50% to a maximum of   N/A
                 with length of        $600 per year
                 service

NORTH CAROLINA   11.75-25.75, based    N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

NORTH DAKOTA     12-16 days, based     Based on course and   N/A
                 on length of          available money
                 service

OHIO             Varies, up to 30      Based on contract     N/A
                 days after 25 years   negotiations
                 of service

OKLAHOMA         10-25 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

OREGON           8-17.75 days, based   N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

PENNSYLVANIA     15-35 days for COs,   N/A                   N/A
                 7-26 days for other
                 staff

RHODE ISLAND     10-28 days, based     Based on contract     N/A
                 on length of          negotiations
                 service

SOUTH CAROLINA   15 days, increases    N/A                   N/A
                 after 10 years

SOUTH DAKOTA     15 days               N/A                   N/A

TENNESSEE        12-24 days, based     State pays for 1      N/A
                 on length of          class per semester
                 service

TEXAS            10.5-30 days, based   N/A                   Flexible
                 on length of                                benefits
                 service                                     (4)

UTAH             No response           No response           No
                                                             response

VERMONT          Varies based on       50% for tuition       NA
                 length of service     only

VIRGINIA         No response           No response           No
                                                             response

WASHINGTON       12-28 days, based     Available in          N/A
                 on length of          limited cases
                 service

WEST VIRGINIA    15-24 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

WISCONSIN        80-200 hours, based   N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

WYOMING          Up to 2 days per      N/A                   N/A
                 month

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response           No response           No
OF PRISONS                                                   response

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         3-6 weeks, based on   Approved on an        N/A
                 length of service     individual basis

NOVA SCOTIA      15-25 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

ONTARIO          15-30 days, based     N/A                   N/A
                 on length of
                 service

CORRECTIONAL     Accrues from 1.25-    N/A                   N/A
SERVICE CANADA   2.5 days per month

(1) ILLINOIS: Other types of leave are available with proper
documentation.

(2) PENNSYLVANIA: 2-8 sick days per year, depending on length of
service, for illness lasting 5 or more consecutive days; sick leave
lasting less than 5 days are deducted from vacation.

(2) SOUTH CAROLINA: Leave without pay is allowed for extremely serious
illness within employee's family or for other hardship situations.

(3) TEXAS: Amounts are deducted from gross pay prior to Social Security
and federal taxes; dependent care reimbursement account is a minimum of
$15 per month to a maximum of $416 per month.

WAGES AND BENEFITS -- TABLE 3: RETIREMENT PLANS

                                                  State Plan,
                                                    Social
                                                   Security
                  Years of         Age for            and
    SYSTEM         Service        Retirement       Deferred

ALABAMA          25            Any age, after     Yes
                               25 years

ALASKA           5, 20,        55                 No
                 30

ARIZONA          20            Varies             Yes

ARKANSAS         28            65                 No

CALIFORNIA       10            Varies from        No
                               age 50

COLORADO         5, 20,        65, 60, 50         No
                 30

CONNECTICUT      20            Any age            Yes

DELAWARE         15            Varies from        Yes
                 25, 30        age 55

DISTRICT OF      20            50                 No
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA          30            62                 Yes

GEORGIA          30            Any age            Yes

HAWAII           No response   No response        No response

IDAHO            5             65 (5)             No

ILLINOIS         35            60 (6)             Yes

INDIANA          10            Varies from        Yes
                 15, 30        age 55

IOWA             No response   No response        No response

KANSAS           10            62                 Yes

KENTUCKY         Any           65                 Yes

LOUISIANA        25            Any

MAINE            25            55

MARYLAND         20, 30        Any age for        Yes
                               COs; 62 for
                               others

MASSACHUSETTS    20            COs, any age       No
                               after 20 years;
                               others, age 55
                               with 10 years
                               or more

MICHIGAN         30            55                 No

MINNESOTA        3 or          55                 Yes
                 more

MISSISSIPPI      25            60                 Yes

MISSOURI         5             62, 65 or 80       Yes

MONTANA          5             60-65 active       Yes
                               service; any
                               age after 30
                               years

NEBRASKA         N/A           55                 No

NEVADA           5, 10,        65, 55, 50         No
                 20

NEW HAMPSHIRE    20            65                 No

NEW JERSEY       Any           60                 Yes

NEW MEXICO       25 or         Any age            Yes
                 more

NEW YORK         25            N/A                Yes

NORTH CAROLINA   5, 25,        65, 60, any
                 30            age with 30

NORTH DAKOTA                   (8)                Yes

OHIO             5             60; 55 with 25     Yes
                               years; any age
                               after 30 years

OKLAHOMA         20 (9)        62                 Yes

OREGON           30            55

PENNSYLVANIA     35            50 for select      Yes
                               classifications;
                               60 for others

RHODE ISLAND     10, 28        60 at 10 years;    Yes
                               any age after
                               28 years

SOUTH CAROLINA   28            65                 Yes

SOUTH DAKOTA     3             55 at 20 years;    Yes
                               45 after 30
                               years

TENNESSEE        30            60                 Yes

TEXAS            5, 10         60, with varied
                 (10)          benefits

UTAH             No response   No response        No response

VERMONT          20            55                 Yes

VIRGINIA         No response   No response        No response

WASHINGTON       (11)

WEST VIRGINIA    25            55 (12)            Yes

WISCONSIN        30            57; 59 for         Yes
                               protective
                               position or 55,
                               general

WYOMING          (13)                             Yes

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response   No response        No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         10            50 for COs, 55
                               for others

NOVA SCOTIA      2             65                 No

ONTARIO          (14)          65, mandatory

CORRECTIONAL     5             65
SERVICE CANADA

                    State
                  Plan and        State         State
                   Social       Plan and        Plan
    SYSTEM        Security      Deferred        Only

ALABAMA          No            No            No

ALASKA           No            Yes           No

ARIZONA          Yes           Yes           Yes

ARKANSAS         Yes           No            No

CALIFORNIA       No            No            Yes

COLORADO         No            Yes           No

CONNECTICUT      No            No            No

DELAWARE         No            No            No

DISTRICT OF      No            Yes
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA          No            No            No

GEORGIA

HAWAII           No response   No response   No response

IDAHO            No            No            Yes

ILLINOIS         Yes           No            No

INDIANA          Yes           Yes           Yes

IOWA             No response   No response   No response

KANSAS

KENTUCKY         Yes           Yes           No

LOUISIANA                      Yes

MAINE                                        Yes

MARYLAND

MASSACHUSETTS    No            Yes           No

MICHIGAN         No            Yes           Yes

MINNESOTA        No            No            No

MISSISSIPPI      No            No            No

MISSOURI         No            No            No

MONTANA          Yes           Yes           Yes

NEBRASKA         No            Yes           No

NEVADA           No            Yes           Yes

NEW HAMPSHIRE    Yes           No            Yes

NEW JERSEY       Yes           Yes           Yes

NEW MEXICO       Yes           Yes           No

NEW YORK         No            No            No

NORTH CAROLINA

NORTH DAKOTA     No            No            No

OHIO             No            No            No

OKLAHOMA

OREGON                         Yes

PENNSYLVANIA     Yes           No            No

RHODE ISLAND

SOUTH CAROLINA   No            No            No

SOUTH DAKOTA

TENNESSEE        Yes           Yes           Yes

TEXAS

UTAH             No response   No response   No response

VERMONT

VIRGINIA         No response   No response   No response

WASHINGTON                     Yes

WEST VIRGINIA    Yes

WISCONSIN        Yes           Yes           No

WYOMING          Yes           Yes           No

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response   No response   No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA                                     Yes

NOVA SCOTIA      Yes           No            No

ONTARIO

CORRECTIONAL
SERVICE CANADA

                    Early
                 Retirement       Early      State Plan,
                  Years of     Retirement    Percentage
    SYSTEM         Service         Age          Paid

ALABAMA          10            60            .395%

ALASKA           5             55            100%

ARIZONA          (1)                         2%

ARKANSAS         5             55

CALIFORNIA       N/A           N/A

COLORADO         20;           55;
                 5             60

CONNECTICUT      5;            65;
                 10            55

DELAWARE         15            55            100%

DISTRICT OF      25            (2)           50%
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA          (3)                         100%

GEORGIA          10            60 (4)        10.7%

HAWAII           No response   No response   No response

IDAHO            5             N/A           9.77%

ILLINOIS         20;           55;           9.53%
                 25            50

INDIANA          15            50-           3%
                               60

IOWA             No response   No response   No response

KANSAS           3             52            65%

KENTUCKY         20            Any           17.6%

LOUISIANA                                    14.1%

MAINE                                        Yes

MARYLAND         15            55            Varies

MASSACHUSETTS    N/A (7)       N/A           50%
                                             for
                                             COs

MICHIGAN         25            51

MINNESOTA        More          50-           7.98%
                 than          55
                 3

MISSISSIPPI      N/A           N/A           9.75%

MISSOURI         5             57            Yes

MONTANA          25            50            6%

NEBRASKA         N/A           N/A           N/A

NEVADA           25            Any           28.5%

NEW HAMPSHIRE    10            N/A           .082%

NEW JERSEY       25            Any           Yes

NEW MEXICO       N/A           N/A           25.1%

NEW YORK         N/A           N/A           Yes

NORTH CAROLINA   20,           50,           None
                 5             60

NORTH DAKOTA     N/A           N/A

OHIO             No            N/A           13.31%
                                             and
                                             14%

OKLAHOMA         6             55            10%

OREGON                                       15.7%

PENNSYLVANIA     N/A                         Yes

RHODE ISLAND     20            50            Varies

SOUTH CAROLINA   5             60            12.7%

SOUTH DAKOTA     30            45            8%

TENNESSEE        N/A           N/A           100%

TEXAS                                        6%

UTAH             No response   No response   No response

VERMONT          20                          9%

VIRGINIA         No response   No response   No response

WASHINGTON                                   1.32%

WEST VIRGINIA    10            60            2%

WISCONSIN        N/A           N/A           13%

WYOMING          N/A           N/A           100%

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response   No response   No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         25            50            2%

NOVA SCOTIA      30            50            2%

ONTARIO                                      N/A

CORRECTIONAL     20            45            60%
SERVICE CANADA

    SYSTEM              Comments on State Plan Payments

ALABAMA

ALASKA

ARIZONA

ARKANSAS         Final average salary times 1.72%

CALIFORNIA       Based on 8% of the compensation in
                 excess of $863 per month for those in
                 Peace Officer classifications; the state
                 pays 12.923%

COLORADO         At age 55, benefits are reduced 3% per
                 year and at 6% per year between ages 50
                 and 55.

CONNECTICUT      Employee contribution of 50% after 20
                 years of hazardous duty, based on an
                 average of the highest 3 years of
                 continuous service

DELAWARE

DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA          Special risk classifications

GEORGIA

HAWAII           No response

IDAHO

ILLINOIS

INDIANA

IOWA             No response

KANSAS

KENTUCKY         Early retirement figures are for hazardous
                 duty only

LOUISIANA

MAINE            Varies according to union affiliation and is
                 based on wages earned

MARYLAND         Based on age and length of service

MASSACHUSETTS    Depends on age and length of service for
                 all others

MICHIGAN

MINNESOTA        Annual contribution of gross salary;
                 employee contributes 5.69% of gross
                 salary

MISSISSIPPI

MISSOURI         Varies

MONTANA

NEBRASKA         Employees contribute 4.33% pretax of their
                 first $19,954 of annual salary and 4.8%
                 thereafter; the state contributes 156% of
                 employees' contributions

NEVADA           No employee contributions; 14.75% for
                 employee/employer-paid plans

NEW HAMPSHIRE    Receive half of highest wage earned after
                 20 years of service

NEW JERSEY       Varies

NEW MEXICO

NEW YORK         Employees hired since 7/27/76 pay 3% of
                 their salary for 10 years; remainder is paid
                 by the state

NORTH CAROLINA

NORTH DAKOTA

OHIO             The percentages vary based on two
                 different computing systems

OKLAHOMA         10% of wages for a defined benefit
                 retirement plan; the state matches the first
                 25% contributed monthly by employees

OREGON           Percentage is based on gross wages

PENNSYLVANIA     2.5% times the number of years of service
                 times the highest 3-year average wages;
                 employees contribute 6.25% of wages

RHODE ISLAND     7.68% current year; state retirement plan is
                 required; deferred is optional

SOUTH CAROLINA   Reduced benefits apply for early retirement

SOUTH DAKOTA     The percentage is matched by the
                 employee

TENNESSEE        The noncontributory plan went into
                 effective in 1981

TEXAS            6% pretax is contributed by employees

UTAH             No response

VERMONT          The age for early retirement varies

VIRGINIA         No response

WASHINGTON       50% of actual retirement

WEST VIRGINIA    2% for each year of service

WISCONSIN        16.7% for employees in protective
                 positions

WYOMING

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         The 2% is approximate and based on
                 number of years of service times the
                 average wages for the highest 5 years

NOVA SCOTIA      2% per year of service to a maximum 70%

ONTARIO

CORRECTIONAL
SERVICE CANADA

(1) ARIZONA: All categories depend on whether the employee is
enrolled in a deferred compensation plan and/or eligible for
Social Security.

(2) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Involuntary separation for other than
disciplinary reasons at any age.

(3) FLORIDA: A 5% per year reduction in benefits every year before
age 62; introduced a Retirement Investment Program in July 2002.

(4) GEORGIA: Under an older plan, employees may retire after 25
years if under age 60 or after 34 years at any age.

(5) IDAHO: The age for general retirement and for early retirement
is 65, after a minimum of 5 years of service, or a combination of
age and years of service to equal 80 for COs and 90 for support staff.

(6) ILLINOIS: Age 60, or when years of service plus age equals or
exceeds 85.

(7) MASSACHUSETTS: Special legislation could be passed during a
state fiscal crisis.

(8) NORTH DAKOTA: Employees whose age and length of service equal 85.

(9) OKLAHOMA: The 20 years of service refers to COs, probation and
parole officers, and fugitive apprehension agents.

(10) TEXAS: Employees whose age and length of service equal age 80
also qualify for retirement with full benefits.

(11) WASHINGTON: A number of state plans offered with varying criteria.

(12) WEST VIRGINIA: The years of service plus age must equal 80.

(13) WYOMING: The years of service plus age must equal 85.

WAGES AND BENEFITS -- TABLE 4: INSURANCE OPTIONS

                     TYPE OF       PERCENTAGE PAID    PERCENTAGE PAID
    SYSTEM          INSURANCE         BY AGENCY         BY EMPLOYEE

ALABAMA          Health; other     100%               $164 for
                 companies may                        dependents
                 offer life,
                 cancer, heart,
                 etc., to be
                 handled through
                 payroll
                 deductions

ALASKA           Health; also a    100%               N/A
                 health trust
                 negotiated with
                 unions

ARIZONA          Health, life,     Varies by county   Generally, 10%
                 dental            and type of        for health and
                                   insurance          35% for dental,
                                   selected by the    100% for life
                                   employee;          and remainder
                                   generally, 90%     due for
                                   for health, 65%    dependent
                                   dental for         coverage
                                   employee; 80%
                                   for dependent
                                   health and 55%
                                   for dependent
                                   dental

ARKANSAS         Health            Options very per   Options very per
                                   plan; the state    plan; the state
                                   matches $247 per   matches $247 per
                                   each position      each position

CALIFORNIA       Health, dental,   Approximately      25% for health;
                 vision            75% for health     20% for dental;
                                   and dental; 100%   none for vision
                                   for vision

COLORADO         Health, dental    $166 per month     Employees may
                                   for single         pay the
                                   employee, $239     difference for
                                   with 1 dependent   an upgraded
                                   and $329 for 2     dental plan
                                   or more
                                   dependents; 100%
                                   for basic dental

CONNECTICUT      Health, dental    Approximately      Approximately
                                   85% for employee   15% for employee
                                   health and 80%     health and 20%
                                   for family; 100%   for family; 20%
                                   for dental for     for family
                                   employee and 80%   dental
                                   for family

DELAWARE         Life, dependent   Per union          100% for both
                 life              contract, $2,000   life and
                                   in cash for life   dependent life
                                   plan

DISTRICT OF      Unavailable
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA          Health, life,     $220 per month     $37 per month
                 dental, supple-   for state          for employee
                 mental hospi-     health; $450 per   state health;
                 talization,       month for state    $134 per month
                 disability,       health (family);   for state health
                 cancer,           80% for state      (family); 100%
                 automobile,       life               for dental and
                 legal, group                         all supplemental
                 life                                 policies

GEORGIA          Health; life,     13.1% for health   100% for all
                 disability,                          other options
                 legal, dental,
                 AD&D, vision,
                 college
                 savings, long-
                 term care,
                 dependent
                 health and/or
                 child care

HAWAII           No response       No response        No response

IDAHO            Health, dental,   $389 per month     Varies
                 life              for health;
                                   $30-$40 per
                                   month for
                                   dental; $14 per
                                   month for life

ILLINOIS         Health, dental,   Varies,            Varies,
                 vision, life      depending on       depending on
                                   annual salary      annual salary
                                   and plan           and plan
                                   selected           selected

INDIANA          Health, dental,   Varies by plan     Approximately 5%
                 vision            selected but       for health and
                                   approximately      60% for family
                                   95% for health;    vision
                                   100% for dental
                                   and vision

IOWA             No response       No response        No response

KANSAS           Medical,          Varies,            Varies,
                 dental, vision    depending on the   depending on the
                                   area of the        cost of the
                                   state in which     coverage and the
                                   the employee       number of family
                                   resides            members covered
                                                      by the policy

KENTUCKY         Health            100% for           100% for
                                   full-time          full-time
                                   employees who      employees who
                                   contribute to a    contribute to a
                                   state-sponsored    state-sponsored
                                   retirement plan    retirement plan
                                                      (family)

LOUISIANA        Health, life      65% for health;    35% for health;
                                   50% for life       50% for life

MAINE            Health, dental    100% for health    40% for family
                                   and for dental;    health; 100% for
                                   60% for family     family dental
                                   health

MARYLAND         Health, dental,   80% for health,    20% for health,
                 vision, life,     dental, vision     dental, vision;
                 AD&D                                 varies for all
                                                      other options

MASSACHUSETTS    Health            85%                15%

MICHIGAN         Medical,          5% for health      95% for medical
                 dental, vision,   and for dental     and dental; 100%
                 life                                 for vision and
                                                      life

MINNESOTA        Health, dental,   100%
                 life

MISSISSIPPI      Medical,          Varies,            Varies,
                 dental, life,     depending on the   depending on the
                 legal             plan               plan

MISSOURI         Health            $381 per month     Remainder of the
                                                      cost

MONTANA          Medical,          Unavailable        Unavailable
                 dental, life

NEBRASKA         Health, dental,   79% for health;    21% for health;
                 life              100% for basic     100% for
                                   life               supplemental
                                                      life and dental

NEVADA           Health            100%               100% for
                                                      dependents

NEW HAMPSHIRE    Health, dental,   100% for health    Varies for life;
                 life              and dental         employees
                                                      typically pay 5%
                                                      of wages for
                                                      life insurance

NEW JERSEY       Health, dental,   100% for health;   50% for dental
                 life              100% for group
                                   life, if
                                   enrolled in the
                                   Police and
                                   Firemen's
                                   Retirement
                                   Service policy;
                                   50% for dental

NEW MEXICO       Health, dental,   60%-75%,           25%-40%,
                 vision, life      depending on       depending on
                                   wages              wages; 100% for
                                                      supplemental
                                                      life

NEW YORK         Health, dental,   90% for health     10% for health;
                 vision,           (75% for           25% for
                 prescriptions     dependent          dependent health
                                   health); 100%
                                   for dental and
                                   vision; 100% for
                                   prescriptions
                                   (until 1/1/03)

NORTH CAROLINA   Health, dental,   Varies for         100% for all
                 vision, life,     health,            supplemental
                 AD&D, legal,      depending on the   plans
                 dependent day     plan
                 care,

NORTH DAKOTA     Health, dental,   100% for health;   100% for dental
                 vision, life      $1,300 for basic   and vision; 100%
                                   life               for supplemental
                                                      life up to
                                                      $500,000

OHIO             Health, dental,   100% for dental,   10% for health
                 vision            vision and life;   (full-time
                                   90% for health     employees may
                                                      choose an
                                                      optional plan at
                                                      higher ratio)

OKLAHOMA         Health, dental,   100%
                 life,
                 disability

OREGON           Health, dental    100%

PENNSYLVANIA     Health, dental,   Varies,            Varies,
                 vision, life,     depending on the   depending on the
                 prescriptions,    plan               plan
                 hearing aids,
                 mental health,
                 substance abuse

RHODE ISLAND     Health, life,     100% for health    100% for all
                 disability,                          other options
                 cancer

SOUTH CAROLINA   Health, dental    80%                20%
                                   approximately      approximately

SOUTH DAKOTA     Health            100%               100% for family
                                                      coverage

TENNESSEE        Health, dental,   80% for health;    20% for health;
                 life              100% for basic     100% for dental
                                   term life (1)      and optional life
                                                      plans

TEXAS            Health, dental,   Varies,            Varies,
                 life,             depending on the   depending on the
                 disability,       plan               plan
                 AD&D, long-term
                 care, SKIP (2)

UTAH             No response       No response        No response

VERMONT          Health, dental    Varies,            Varies,
                                   depending on the   depending on the
                                   plan; routine      plan
                                   dental care is
                                   100% covered
                                   after deductible

VIRGINIA         No response       No response        No response

WASHINGTON       Health, dental,   77%-100% for       Up to 23% for
                 life,             health and         health and
                 disability        dental (limited    dental
                                   by county and/or
                                   city of
                                   residence); life
                                   and disability
                                   are optional

WEST VIRGINIA    Health, dental,   85% for health;    15% for health;
                 vision, life      100% for life      dental and
                                                      vision are
                                                      optional

WISCONSIN        Health, life,     Varies from        Varies for
                 disability,       50%-100% for       health and life
                 AD&D, major       health and life,   plans; 100% for
                 medical           depending on the   AD&D and major
                                   plan; disability   medical
                                   varies,
                                   depending on the
                                   balance of sick
                                   leave

WYOMING          Health, dental,   $301 per month
                 life              toward total
                                   costs

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response       No response        No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         Health, dental,   100% for           100% for
                 vision,           employee and       extended health;
                 prescriptions     dependent group    20% for dental,
                                   health; 80% for    vision and
                                   dental, vision     prescriptions
                                   and
                                   prescriptions

NOVA SCOTIA      Life,             Varies, based on   Varies, based on
                 disability        amount of          amount of
                                   coverage and       coverage and
                                   union membership   union membership

ONTARIO          Life              100% for basic     100% for
                                   life               supplemental and
                                                      dependent life

CORRECTIONAL     Health, dental,   Varies,            Varies,
SERVICE CANADA   life,             depending on the   depending on the
                 disability,       plan               plan
                 AD&D

(1) TENNESSEE: The state provides between $20,000 and $50,000 of term
life insurance for all employees who carry health insurance determined
by earned annual wages.

(2) TEXAS: The State Kids Insurance Program provides an additional
contribution over and above the regular state contribution toward
health insurance premiums of eligible dependent children.

WAGES AND BENEFITS -- TABLE 5: UNIONS/ASSOCIATIONS

SYSTEM           UNION PARTICIPATION         ASSOCIATION AFFILIATION

ALABAMA          Alabama Highway             Alabama State Employee
                 Maintenance Local           Association, Alabama
                                             State Correctional
                                             Association

ALASKA           AFSCME (Association of      Alaska Public Safety
                 Federal, State, County      Employees Association
                 Municipal Employees),
                 AFL-CIO, Public Employees
                 Local 71

ARIZONA          AFSCME, Arizona             N/A
                 Conference of Police and
                 Sheriffs

ARKANSAS         N/A                         N/A

CALIFORNIA       California Peace Officers   N/A
                 Association

COLORADO         Colorado Association of     N/A
                 Public Employees,
                 Colorado Federation
                 of Public Employees,
                 Colorado Information
                 Management Association,
                 Colorado State
                 Investigators'
                 Association, Colorado
                 State Managers
                 Association

CONNECTICUT      AFSCME                      N/A

DELAWARE         AFSCME, Correctional        N/A
                 Officers Association of
                 Delaware

DISTRICT OF      Fraternal Order of Police   ACA, Middle Atlantic
COLUMBIA                                     States Correctional
                                             Association, National
                                             Association of Blacks in
                                             Criminal Justice,
                                             National Institute of
                                             Corrections

FLORIDA          Police Benevolent           N/A
                 Association

GEORGIA          N/A                         N/A

HAWAII           No response                 No response

IDAHO            N/A (unions are available   Idaho State Correctional
                 but not required)           Employees Association
                                             (optional)

ILLINOIS         AFSCME                      Illinois State Employee
                                             Association, Illinois
                                             Nurses Association

INDIANA          AFSCME, Unity               N/A

IOWA             No response                 No response

KANSAS           AFSCME                      Kansas Association of
                                             Public Employees

KENTUCKY         Unknown                     Unknown

LOUISIANA        AFSCME                      N/A

MAINE            AFSCME, Maine State         N/A
                 Employees Association,
                 Maine State Troopers
                 Association

MARYLAND         AFSCME                      Maryland Correctional
                                             Employees Association

MASSACHUSETTS    Massachusetts Correction    N/A
                 Officer Federated Union,
                 National Association of
                 Government Employees,
                 Service Employees
                 International Union,
                 Massachusetts Nurses
                 Association

MICHIGAN         Michigan Corrections        N/A
                 Organization, United Auto
                 Workers

MINNESOTA        AFSCME, Minnesota           N/A
                 Association of
                 Professional Employees,
                 Middle Management
                 Association

MISSISSIPPI      State Employees             N/A
                 Association of
                 Mississippi, Correctional
                 Peace Officers,
                 Mississippi Association
                 of State Employees

MISSOURI         N/A                         Missouri Correctional
                                             Officer Association

MONTANA          Montana Educational/        N/A
                 Teachers associations,
                 Montana Public Employees
                 Association, Teamsters,
                 Independent Brotherhood
                 of Electrical Workers

NEBRASKA         AFSCME, Nebraska            N/A
                 Association of Public
                 Employees

NEVADA           N/A                         Nevada Corrections
                                             Association, State of
                                             Nevada Employee
                                             Association, Teamsters
                                             Local #14

NEW HAMPSHIRE    State Employees             N/A
                 Association of New
                 Hampshire

NEW JERSEY       State Policemen's           N/A
                 Benevolent Association
                 for Correction (for
                 entry-level recruits
                 through captains)

NEW MEXICO       N/A                         N/A

NEW YORK         New York State              N/A
                 Correctional Officers and
                 Police Benevolent
                 Association, Inc.,
                 Council 82

NORTH CAROLINA   N/A                         State Employees
                                             Association of North
                                             Carolina, ACA

NORTH DAKOTA     N/A                         North Dakota Public
                                             Employees Association

OHIO             AFSCME, Ohio Civil          N/A
                 Service Employees
                 Association, Service
                 Employees International
                 Union, State Council of
                 Professional Educators

OKLAHOMA         N/A                         Oklahoma Public Employees
                                             Association

OREGON           AFSCME, Association of      N/A
                 Corrections Employees,
                 Service Employees
                 International Union

PENNSYLVANIA     AFSCME, Federation of       N/A
                 State Cultural and
                 Educational
                 Professionals, Service
                 Employees International
                 Union, Pennsylvania
                 Social Services Union,
                 Pennsylvania State
                 Corrections Officer
                 Association, Pennsylvania
                 Nurses Association,
                 Correctional Institution
                 Vocational Education
                 Association, Pennsylvania
                 Doctor's Alliance

RHODE ISLAND     AFSCME, Rhode Island        N/A
                 Brotherhood of
                 Correctional Officers,
                 Howard Teachers Union,
                 Rhode Island Employed
                 Physicians Association,
                 Rhode Island Probation
                 and Parole Association

SOUTH CAROLINA   N/A                         N/A

SOUTH DAKOTA     N/A                         N/A

TENNESSEE        N/A                         Tennessee State Employees
                                             Association

TEXAS            N/A                         N/A

UTAH             No response                 No response

VERMONT          N/A                         Vermont State Employees
                                             Association, Corrections
                                             Bargaining Unit

VIRGINIA         No response

WASHINGTON       Teamsters                   Lieutenants Association

WEST VIRGINIA    Communication Workers of    West Virginia
                 America                     Correctional Association,
                                             Southern States
                                             Correctional Association

WISCONSIN        Wisconsin State Employees   N/A
                 Union, Wisconsin
                 Professional Employees
                 Council, Crafts,
                 Wisconsin Science
                 Professionals, State
                 Engineering Association,
                 Wisconsin Attorneys
                 Association, Physicians
                 and Dentists Association,
                 Professional Employees in
                 Research, Statistics and
                 Analysis, United
                 Professionals in Quality
                 Health Care, Wisconsin
                 Education Association
                 Council

WYOMING          N/A                         N/A

FEDERAL BUREAU   No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA         Manitoba Government and     N/A
                 General Employees Union
                 (excludes small
                 percentage of
                 superintendents and
                 deputy superintendents)

NOVA SCOTIA      Nova Scotia Government      N/A
                 Employees Union

ONTARIO          Ontario Public Service      N/A
                 Employees Union,
                 Association of
                 Management,
                 Administration and
                 Professional Crown
                 Employees of Ontario

CORRECTIONAL     Union of Canadian           N/A
SERVICE CANADA   Correctional Officers,
                 Public Service Alliance
                 of Canada
COPYRIGHT 2003 American Correctional Association, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2003 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

 Reader Opinion

Title:

Comment:



 

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Corrections Compendium
Geographic Code:1U1CT
Date:Jan 1, 2003
Words:12452
Previous Article:The United Nations protects the rights of detainees from the former Yugoslavia. (International).
Next Article:Sitting Inside Buddhist Practice in America's Prisons.
Topics:



Related Articles
Correctional officer education and training. (Survey Summary).
Correctional officers.
Delaware union offers plan to hire and keep officers.
Keeling v. Schaefer.
Keeling v. Schaefer.
Keeling v. Schaefer.
Personnel.
Strategies for employee retention in corrections.
Correctional officers: hiring requirements and wages.
Correctional officers: hiring requirements and wages.

Terms of use | Copyright © 2014 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters