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Wages and benefits paid to correctional employees. (Survey Summary).

Once again, as stated in the summary in the March 1999 issue of Corrections Compendium, "the only common pattern or trend regarding correctional staff wages is the lack of any common pattern or trend." For this year's survey, salary information for correctional staff was provided by 47 U.S. respondents and four Canadian systems and reflects the same lack of pattern or trend.

In an attempt to make fair comparisons among the jurisdictions, the wages per employee categories were limited to: beginning correctional officers, correctional officers after the first year, correctional captains or the equivalent, case managers and wardens/superintendents.

Wages by Category

Correctional Officers. In Connecticut, beginning officers earn $33,435 per year, based on a 36.25-hour week. Top wages of $51,584 per year are paid to officers in Massachusetts. After their first year, correctional officers are paid a top wage of $60,981 per year in New Jersey.

Captains or Equivalent. In California, the starting wage for correctional captains is $73,608, and it is $65,260 in Massachusetts. Top wages in that category range from $74,020 in Nevada to $81,156 in California and include Illinois, New Jersey and Wisconsin.

Case Managers. Beginning case managers can expect to earn an average of $52,000 per year in Alaska, California and Nevada, or nearly $54,000 in New Jersey. Top wages are similar for Nevada and New Jersey, averaging approximately $75,000, and peak at $87,000 in Pennsylvania.

Wardens/Superintendents. The District of Columbia starts its wardens/superintendents at $80,909 per year, followed by Rhode Island at $83,946. Even higher is New York at $91,294, and California at $95,640. Top wages reported by the respective systems indicated a wide variance from starting wages. In fact, Louisiana shows the widest variance for wardens/superintendents--from $47,364 to start, up to $120,792. A warden/ superintendent can expect to earn a top wage exceeding $115,000 per year in Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois and New York.

For the four responding Canadian systems, an entry-level correctional officer averages $35,345 annually, with a top wage averaging $44,229. After the first year, a correctional officer averages from $37,680 to a top average wage of $45,698. The starting wage for a correctional captain averages $45,407 and subsequently reaches an average top wage of $56,805. Case managers can earn a top average wage of $50,207 after an average starting wage of $40,770. A warden or superintendent in the represented Canadian systems averages $55,323 as a starting wage and tops off at an average of $85,764.

A shift differential is a salary enhancement in 68 percent of the reporting U.S. systems. Roll call pay is an option in 28 percent of them and a longevity supplement is in place in 49 percent. Only Connecticut and Maine report paying a direct-care stipend to their correctional employees. Other payroll options include subsistence pay for each day worked, a geographical differential, hazardous duty pay, uniform allowance, physical fitness and educational leave in California, meal allowance, weekend or holiday pay, bilingual expertise, education incentive and a competency training supplement in Vermont. Other than those mentioned for U.S. systems, Canada adds inmate escort and dog handler allowances to its options packages and receiving a public service award in Nova Scotia.

Fringe Benefits

Cost of Living. Primarily based on actions by the state legislatures, 35 U.S. systems provide the cost-of-living benefit. Other factors for determining the amount of the benefit include governors' approval, bargaining contracts and available budgetary funds.

Merit Increases. Merit increases are applied to employees in 28 U.S. systems. The amount is set at 5 percent in Alabama, California and Washington, and is determined by respective state legislatures in other systems. The amount is up to 5 percent in Michigan for wardens and administrators.

Leave of Absence. Among the 31 systems that offer leave of absence, 15 days is the minimum in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Nevada and Rhode Island. The number of allowable days increases to 18 in Mississippi and up to 30 in Texas. A total of nine days was noted by 12 systems, with some variations and restrictions.

Paid Holidays. Days off for official holidays range from nine in Florida to 14 in California and Indiana, and 15 in Kansas, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. The day after Thanksgiving is a sanctioned holiday in Arkansas, if preapproved by the current governor. Four systems also add an extra day for elections.

Paid Vacation. Set hours per pay period accrue within a variety of ranges in most U.S. systems, based on length of service. Accrual of sick leave beyond a set amount in Colorado is converted to annual leave. Up to 30 vacation days may be taken in Alaska, Ohio and Texas, and 35 days may be used in Pennsylvania. Fifty days is the top vacation period permitted in New Hampshire.

Education. Full payment of educational expenses is authorized for job-related courses in Alaska, as well as in Delaware if funds are available. Other educational stipends are provided in 17 U.S. systems. A fee-waiver policy exists in Florida and there is a sliding monetary scale in effect in Connecticut, depending on the employee's level.

Child Care. Options for offering paid child care to corrections personnel were reported only by Connecticut and Texas.

Retirement Plans

Employees in Connecticut, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland (correctional officers only) and New Jersey may qualify to retire at any age. The retirement age varies by employment level or length of service in most other U.S. systems and a set age has been established in 21 systems, ranging from 50 in the district to 65 in five systems. The qualifying years of service also vary, from three years in Minnesota and South Dakota to 30 years in 14 systems and 35 years in Pennsylvania.

Early retirement may be taken at any age in Kentucky, Nevada and New Jersey, or from age 45 in South Dakota and 65 in Connecticut. Early retirement is based on years of service, ranging from three years in Kansas to 25 years in six U.S. systems and after 30 years in South Dakota. A formula that combines age and length of service to equal a set age value applies in many reporting systems. A combined state plan, Social Security and deferred system are used by 62 percent of the reporting U.S. systems, while a state plan plus Social Security is in place in 30 percent of other U.S. systems. A state plan including a deferred option is used by 40 percent of the reporting U.S. systems and a state plan was indicated by only 23 percent of the systems. Regarding the state plans offered to employees, the percentage paid by the states varies widely, as do the factors relative to those payments. Payment for 100 percent of the plans is made by Alaska, Delaware, Tennessee and Wyoming. Florida also provides 100 percent, but the number of years of service and age of retirement are different for some staff considered special-risk, based on their correctional classification.

Insurance Options

Health plans are available in 45 reporting U.S. systems; life insurance in 26; dental plans in 34; vision care in 14; accidental death and dismemberment insurance in five systems; disability payments in six systems; and cancer-specific policies in three. Other insurance options mentioned were long-term care, personal legal assistance, prescription medications, child care, automobile insurance, hearing aids, college payment assistance, mental health treatment and substance abuse counseling. Canadian systems also indicated available plans for health, life, dental, vision and accidental death and dismemberment.

The percentage of premiums paid by the agencies varies widely as well. Full payment of the costs was stated by Alaska, Arkansas, Minnesota, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon and South Dakota. Paying 100 percent for health and/or dental policies is indicated in several other systems, and a fixed dollar match is applied in six U.S. systems. Payments are variable in Kansas and Washington, based on the areas of residence. The same variables exist in Canada.

Union Affiliations

Arkansas, Georgia, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont and Wyoming report that unions are not part of their correctional systems, while unions may be available in Idaho, but are not required for participation. The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees is mentioned in 32 percent of the U.S. systems, often in addition to state-organized unions. Pennsylvania and Wisconsin are heavily affiliated with unions, followed by Colorado. Such alignments, however, do not appear to have an impact on the salaries earned by various levels of their correctional employees.

Salaries and benefits are not established high or low based on geographical location. As has been stated in the past, "Corrections personnel are worth whatever the market will bear."

For information on monthly surveys featured in this or past issues of Corrections Compendium, please contact Cece Hill, CEGA Services Inc., P.O. Box 81826, Lincoln, NE 68501; (402) 420-0602.
WAGES AND BENEFITS--TABLE 1: SALARY RANGES AND OPTIONS

 SYSTEM POSITION STARTING WAGE TOP WAGE

ALABAMA CO at entry $920, biweekly 41,398
 CO after first year $991, biweekly $1,398
 Captain or equivalent $1,267, biweekly $1,920
 Case manager $1,016, biweekly $1,541
 Warden/superintendent $1,541, biweekly $2,345

ALASKA CO at entry $2,725, monthly $3,666
 CO after first year $3,087, monthly $4,225
 Captain or equivalent $4,031, monthly $5,568
 Case manager $4,300, monthly $5,774
 Warden/superintendent $4,602, monthly $6,362

ARIZONA CO at entry $24,954, yearly $41,998
 CO after first year $26,139, yearly $41,998
 Captain or equivalent $36,126, yearly $57,621
 Case manager $32,672, yearly $53,799
 Warden/superintendent $50,077, yearly $85,675

ARKANSAS CO at entry $20,981, yearly $41,220
 CO after first year $23,768, yearly $46,732
 Captain or equivalent $28,763, yearly $56,564
 Case manager $22,148, yearly $43,876
 Warden/superintendent $39,366, yearly $77,356

CALIFORNIA CO at entry $2,272, monthly $2,272
 CO after first year $2,809, monthly $3,249
 Captain or equivalent $6,134, monthly $6,763
 Case manager $4,330, monthly $5,220
 Warden/superintendent $7,970, monthly $8,618

COLORADO CO at entry $2,233, monthly $3,131
 CO after first year $2,774, monthly $3,890
 Captain or equivalent $3,370, monthly $4,730
 Case manager N/A N/A
 Warden/superintendent $5,461, monthly $8,357

CONNECTICUT CO at entry (1) $33,435, yearly $44,049
 CO after first year N/A N/A
 Captain or equivalent $53,124, yearly $68,143
 Case manager $42,568, yearly $55,583
 Warden/superintendent $65,885, yearly $115,673

DELAWARE CO at entry $24,310, yearly $36,464
 CO after first year $24,796, yearly $37,193
 Captain or equivalent $41,770, yearly $62,654
 Case manager $34,203, yearly $58,738
 Warden/superintendent $62,687, yearly $123,253

DISTRICT OF CO at entry $30,129, yearly $37,877
COLUMBIA CO after first year $32,522, yearly $41,126
 Captain or equivalent $42,475, yearly $51,459
 Case manager $42,475, yearly $51,459
 Warden/superintendent $80,909, yearly $105,198

FLORIDA CO at entry $25,874, yearly $30,962
 CO after first year $28,462, yearly $42,360
 Captain or equivalent $34,582, yearly $54,028
 Case manager $29,201, yearly $46,608
 Warden/superintendent $51,269, yearly $80,119

GEORGIA CO at entry $23,614, yearly $41,402
 CO after first year $23,614, yearly $41,402
 Captain or equivalent $31,474, yearly $55,072
 Case manager N/A N/A
 Warden/superintendent $50,653, yearly $80,546

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO CO at entry $11.53, hourly $19.25
 CO after first year $11.53, hourly $19.25
 Captain or equivalent $21.25, hourly $35.15
 Case manager $15.25, hourly $25.25
 Warden/superintendent $28.77, hourly $47.61

ILLINOIS CO at entry $2,566, monthly $2,770
 CO after first year $2,873, monthly $3,444
 Captain or equivalent $2,996, monthly $6,558
 Case manager $2,877, monthly $4,743
 Warden/superintendent $4,130, monthly $9,705

INDIANA CO at entry $19,604, yearly $30,784
 CO after first year $19,604, yearly $30,784
 Captain or equivalent $24,518, yearly $36,062
 Case manager N/A N/A
 Warden/superintendent $39,702, yearly $82,342

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS CO at entry $22,610, yearly $29,578
 CO after first year $23,733, yearly $31,013
 Captain or equivalent $35,048, yearly $45,822
 Case manager $36,816, yearly $48,110
 Warden/superintendent $59,966, yearly $78,347

KENTUCKY CO at entry $1,615, monthly No salary
 CO after first year $1,696, monthly cap for COs
 Captain or equivalent N/A
 Case manager N/A
 Warden/superintendent N/A

LOUISIANA CO at entry $15,953, yearly N/A
 CO after first year $17,763, yearly $38,605
 Captain or equivalent $29,496, yearly $50,112
 Case manager $18,242, yearly $34,549
 Warden/superintendent $47,364, yearly $120,792

MAINE CO at entry $528, weekly $638
 CO after first year $546, weekly N/A
 Captain or equivalent $867, weekly $913
 Case manager $593, weekly $813
 Warden/superintendent $1,170, weekly $1,626

MARYLAND CO at entry $26,958, yearly $41,641
 CO after first year $29,844, yearly $44,453
 Captain or equivalent $37,255, yearly $57,844
 Case manager $25,286, yearly $50,700
 Warden/superintendent $58,988, yearly $92,049

MASSACHUSETTS CO at entry $721, weekly $992
 CO after first year $777, weekly $992
 Captain or equivalent $1,255, weekly $1,386
 Case manager $674, weekly $919
 Warden/superintendent $1,013, weekly $1,920

MICHIGAN CO at entry $13.25, hourly $18.90
 CO after first year $13.74, hourly $19.73
 Captain or equivalent $19.01, hourly $26.54
 Case manager $15.44, hourly $22.29
 Warden/superintendent $65,299, yearly $94,947

MINNESOTA CO at entry $13.61, hourly $16.16
 CO after first year $14.85, hourly $20.30
 Captain or equivalent $23.43, hourly $33.93
 Case manager $16.88, hourly $24.65
 Warden $35.40, hourly $50.66

MISSISSIPPI CO at entry $17,073, yearly $29,878
 CO after first year $19,950, yearly $34,913
 Captain or equivalent $29,215, yearly $51,126
 Case manager $21,742, yearly $38,048
 Warden $46,893, yearly $82,063

MISSOURI CO at entry $21,720, yearly $30,204
 CO after first year $22,746, yearly $30,204
 Captain or equivalent $25,464, yearly $36,012
 Case manager $23,268, yearly $33,276
 Warden/superintendent $32,276, yearly $81,876

MONTANA CO at entry $10.52, hourly $16.18
 CO after first year $12.11, hourly $18.16
 Captain or equivalent $17.43, hourly $26.15
 Case manager $12.09, hourly $18.14
 Warden/superintendent $25.85, hourly $38.78

NEBRASKA CO at entry $11.65, hourly $15.69
 CO after first year (2)
 Captain or equivalent $17.13, hourly $24.84
 Case manager $13.79, hourly $20.00
 Warden/superintendent $55,000, yearly $79,749

NEVADA CO at entry $30,902, yearly $43,305
 CO after first year $34,953, yearly $47,231
 Captain or equivalent $51,594, yearly $74,020
 Case manager $51,594, yearly $74,020
 Warden/superintendent $64,540, yearly $93,334

NEW HAMPSHIRE CO at entry $24,321, yearly $32,055
 CO after first year $26,243, yearly $34,938
 Captain or equivalent $38,027, yearly $51,686
 Case manager $36,088, yearly $49,130
 Warden/superintendent $52,560, yearly $70,080

NEW JERSEY CO at entry N/A $39,858
 CO after first year $43,845, yearly $60,981
 Captain or equivalent $56,638, yearly $78,963
 Case manager $53,967, yearly $75,559
 Warden/superintendent $79,733, yearly $106,633

NEW MEXICO CO at entry $11.50, hourly $16.70
 CO after first year $11.50, hourly $16.70
 Captain or equivalent $21.30, hourly $35.48
 Case manager $12.75, hourly $22.67
 Warden/superintendent $28.80, hourly $47.98

NEW YORK CO at entry $28,444, yearly $30,043
 CO after first year $34,742, yearly $43,034
 Captain or equivalent $57,406, yearly $72,756
 Case manager N/A N/A
 Warden/superintendent $91,294, yearly $124,853

NORTH CAROLINA CO at entry $22,894, yearly
 CO after first year $24,007, yearly $34,962
 Captain or equivalent $29,354, yearly $45,155
 Case manager N/A N/A
 Warden/superintendent $45,057, yearly $75,083

NORTH DAKOTA CO at entry $1,750, monthly $1,785
 CO after first year $1,191, monthly $2,765
 Captain or equivalent $2,623, monthly $3,363
 Case manager N/A N/A
 Warden/superintendent $4,368, monthly $5,521

OHIO CO at entry $29,661, yearly $36,046
 CO after first year $30,410, yearly $36,046
 Captain or equivalent $41,766, yearly $54,612
 Case manager $34,424, yearly $43,056
 Warden/superintendent $54,974, yearly $107,037

OKLAHOMA CO at entry $20,672, yearly $27,494
 CO after first year $21,805, yearly $33,441
 Captain or equivalent $30,013, yearly $42,226
 Case manager $26,221, yearly $37,777
 Warden/superintendent $52,049, yearly $60,179

OREGON CO at entry $2,478, monthly $3,398
 CO after first year $2,599, monthly
 Captain or equivalent $2,921, monthly $4,099
 Case manager N/A
 Warden/superintendent $5,229, monthly $7,703

PENNSYLVANIA CO at entry $12.45, hourly $13.10
 CO after first year $13.70, hourly $24.87
 Captain or equivalent $18.53, hourly $31.17
 Case manager $24.96, hourly $41.92
 Warden/superintendent $31.17, hourly $54.98

RHODE ISLAND CO at entry $32,831, yearly $46,468
 CO after first year $33,971, yearly
 Captain or equivalent $45,580, yearly $63,988
 Case manager $41,344, yearly $48,807
 Warden/superintendent $83,946, yearly $83,946

SOUTH CAROLINA CO at entry $20,044, yearly $32,969
 CO after first year $20,850, yearly $32,969
 Captain or equivalent $32,099, yearly $60,681
 Case manager $23,449, yearly $33,435
 Warden/superintendent $39,055, yearly $70,974

SOUTH DAKOTA CO at entry $11.00, hourly $15.31
 CO after first year $12.39, hourly $15.31
 Captain or equivalent $33,571, yearly $50,336
 Case manager $13.09, hourly $19.63
 Warden/superintendent $62,275, yearly $93,434

TENNESSEE CO at entry $1,675, monthly $2,683
 CO after first year N/A N/A
 Captain or equivalent $2,436, monthly $3,872
 Case manager $2,238, monthly $3,595
 Warden/superintendent $4,256, monthly $6,816

TEXAS CO at entry $1,716, monthly
 CO after first year $2,036, monthly $2,589
 Captain or equivalent $2,865, monthly
 Case manager $2,436, monthly $2,536
 Warden/superintendent $4,145, monthly $5,318

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT CO at entry $12.10, hourly $18.70
 CO after first year $12.68, hourly $18.70
 Captain or equivalent $15.76, hourly $24.53
 Case manager $15.76, hourly $24.53
 Warden/superintendent $22.40, hourly $35.13

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON CO at entry $2,303, monthly $2,911
 CO after first year $2,414, monthly $3,059
 Captain or equivalent $4,393, monthly $5,370
 Case manager $2,053, monthly $2,586
 Warden/superintendent $6,599, monthly $8,066

WEST VIRGINIA CO at entry $20,124, yearly $33,540
 CO after first year $21,264, yearly $35,892
 Captain or equivalent $28,248, yearly $50,400
 Case manager $22,224, yearly $41,112
 Warden/superintendent $38,244, yearly $70,752

WISCONSIN CO at entry $11.04, hourly $16.28
 CO after first year $11.80, hourly $16.28
 Captain or equivalent $19.03, hourly $39.90
 Case manager $16.88, hourly $22.53
 Warden/superintendent $25.99, hourly $40.24

WYOMING CO at entry $1,987, monthly $2,483
 CO after first year $2,111, monthly
 Captain or equivalent $3,491, monthly $4,360
 Case manager $2,342, monthly $3,289
 Warden/superintendent N/A N/A

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA CO at entry $16.62, hourly $20.69
 CO after first year $18.21, hourly $20.69
 Captain or equivalent $44,557, yearly $53,155
 Case manager $16.62, hourly $20.69
 Warden/superintendent $53,543, yearly $81,194

NOVA SCOTIA CO at entry $33,448, yearly $39,226
 CO after first year $34,842, yearly $39,226
 Captain or equivalent $44,270, yearly $57,551
 Case manager $35,980, yearly $43,926
 Warden/superintendent $41,738, yearly $77,924

ONTARIO CO at entry $18.79, hourly $21.41
 CO after first year $20.22, hourly $24.26
 Captain or equivalent $48,890, yearly $58,730
 Case manager $20.59, hourly $24.77
 Warden/superintendent $54,124, yearly $101,743

CORRECTIONAL CO at entry $34,277, yearly $50,071
SERVICE CANADA CO after first year $35,941, yearly $50,071
 Captain or equivalent $43,912, yearly $57,785
 Case manager $49,703, yearly $62,344
 Warden/superintendent $71,888, yearly $82,196

 OPTIONS

 Shift
 SYSTEM POSITION MEDIAN WAGE Differential

ALABAMA CO at entry $1,121 Yes, HIV
 CO after first year $1,121 and CERT
 Captain or equivalent $1,617 teams
 Case manager $1,237
 Warden/superintendent $1,874

ALASKA CO at entry $3,087 Yes
 CO after first year $3,542
 Captain or equivalent $4,602
 Case manager $4,914
 Warden/superintendent $5,252

ARIZONA CO at entry $29,363 Yes
 CO after first year $29,363
 Captain or equivalent $44,164
 Case manager $44,164
 Warden/superintendent $67,876

ARKANSAS CO at entry $28,470 No
 CO after first year $32,281
 Captain or equivalent $39,010
 Case manager $30,320
 Warden/superintendent $53,440

CALIFORNIA CO at entry Unavailable Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

COLORADO CO at entry Unavailable Yes, discre-
 CO after first year tionary
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CONNECTICUT CO at entry (1) $38,036 Yes
 CO after first year N/A
 Captain or equivalent $60,634
 Case manager $48,210
 Warden/superintendent $90,779

DELAWARE CO at entry $30,387 Yes
 CO after first year $30,994
 Captain or equivalent $52,212
 Case manager $46,470
 Warden/superintendent $92,970

DISTRICT OF CO at entry Unavailable Yes
COLUMBIA CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

FLORIDA CO at entry $25,874 No
 CO after first year $29,520
 Captain or equivalent $42,896
 Case manager $30,467
 Warden/superintendent $72,578

GEORGIA CO at entry $3,070 Yes, some
 CO after first year $3,070 medical
 Captain or equivalent $40,993 prison
 Case manager N/A nurses
 Warden/superintendent $66,104

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO CO at entry $15.40 Yes
 CO after first year $15.40
 Captain or equivalent $28.12
 Case manager $20.20
 Warden/superintendent $38.09

ILLINOIS CO at entry $2,668 Yes
 CO after first year $3,159
 Captain or equivalent $4,777
 Case manager $3,810
 Warden/superintendent $6,918

INDIANA CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS CO at entry $26,094 Yes
 CO after first year $27,373
 Captain or equivalent $40,435
 Case manager $42,463
 Warden/superintendent $69,202

KENTUCKY CO at entry Yes, only
 CO after first year for nurses
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

LOUISIANA CO at entry N/A
 CO after first year $28,368
 Captain or equivalent $39,816
 Case manager $20,883
 Warden/superintendent N/A

MAINE CO at entry $571 Yes
 CO after first year N/A
 Captain or equivalent $765
 Case manager $682
 Warden/superintendent $1,362

MARYLAND CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MASSACHUSETTS CO at entry $889 Yes
 CO after first year $889
 Captain or equivalent $1,319
 Case manager $784
 Warden/superintendent $1,342

MICHIGAN CO at entry $13.28 Yes
 CO after first year $18.72
 Captain or equivalent $26.54
 Case manager $21.26
 Warden/superintendent $91,785

MINNESOTA CO at entry $14.85 Yes
 CO after first year $17.34
 Captain or equivalent $28.19
 Case manager $20.33
 Warden $43.04

MISSISSIPPI CO at entry
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden

MISSOURI CO at entry $26,460 No
 CO after first year $26,460
 Captain or equivalent $31,380
 Case manager $29,040
 Warden/superintendent $60,588

MONTANA CO at entry $13.35 No
 CO after first year $15.13
 Captain or equivalent $21.79
 Case manager $15.11
 Warden/superintendent $32.32

NEBRASKA CO at entry $13.53 Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent $20.99
 Case manager $16.89
 Warden/superintendent $67,375

NEVADA CO at entry $37,103 Yes
 CO after first year $41,092
 Captain or equivalent $62,807
 Case manager $62,807
 Warden/superintendent $78,937

NEW HAMPSHIRE CO at entry $27,364 Yes
 CO after first year $29,594
 Captain or equivalent $43,152
 Case manager $41,184
 Warden/superintendent $63,070

NEW JERSEY CO at entry N/A No
 CO after first year $52,413
 Captain or equivalent $67,800
 Case manager $64,763
 Warden/superintendent $95,683

NEW MEXICO CO at entry $13.04 Yes
 CO after first year $13.04
 Captain or equivalent $28.37
 Case manager $17.71
 Warden/superintendent $38.37

NEW YORK CO at entry $29,244 Yes
 CO after first year $38,888
 Captain or equivalent $65,081
 Case manager N/A
 Warden/superintendent $108,074

NORTH CAROLINA CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year $28,500
 Captain or equivalent $36,751
 Case manager N/A
 Warden/superintendent

NORTH DAKOTA CO at entry $1,768 No
 CO after first year $2,139
 Captain or equivalent $2,754
 Case manager N/A
 Warden/superintendent $5,221

OHIO CO at entry $32,115 Yes
 CO after first year $32,115
 Captain or equivalent $49,067
 Case manager $39,270
 Warden/superintendent $69,000

OKLAHOMA CO at entry $20,672 No
 CO after first year $26,744
 Captain or equivalent $37,383
 Case manager $33,142
 Warden/superintendent $55,901

OREGON CO at entry $2,846 Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent $3,223
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent $6,342

PENNSYLVANIA CO at entry Yes, for
 CO after first year $19.29 COs
 Captain or equivalent $24.85
 Case manager N/A
 Warden/superintendent $43.08

RHODE ISLAND CO at entry $39,266 Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent $54,507
 Case manager $44,194
 Warden/superintendent $83,946

SOUTH CAROLINA CO at entry $22,978 No
 CO after first year $22,978
 Captain or equivalent $38,000
 Case manager $28,000
 Warden/superintendent $61,000

SOUTH DAKOTA CO at entry $11.00 No
 CO after first year N/A
 Captain or equivalent $40,656
 Case manager $15.72
 Warden/superintendent $81,074

TENNESSEE CO at entry $2,179 No
 CO after first year N/A
 Captain or equivalent $3,154
 Case manager $2,916
 Warden/superintendent $5,536

TEXAS CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON CO at entry $2,586 Yes, for
 CO after first year $2,712 COs
 Captain or equivalent $4,881
 Case manager $2,303
 Warden/superintendent $7,333

WEST VIRGINIA CO at entry $26,832 No
 CO after first year $28,578
 Captain or equivalent $39,324
 Case manager $31,668
 Warden/superintendent $54,498

WISCONSIN CO at entry $13.66 Yes
 CO after first year $14.04
 Captain or equivalent $29.50
 Case manager $19.07
 Warden/superintendent $33.10

WYOMING CO at entry $2,235 Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent $3,925
 Case manager $2,815
 Warden/superintendent N/A

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA CO at entry $18.78 Yes
 CO after first year $18.78
 Captain or equivalent $47,729
 Case manager $18.78
 Warden/superintendent $72,948

NOVA SCOTIA CO at entry $36,237 No
 CO after first year $36,237
 Captain or equivalent $50,911
 Case manager $39,069
 Warden/superintendent $59,831

ONTARIO CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CORRECTIONAL CO at entry $41,428 Yes
SERVICE CANADA CO after first year $41,428
 Captain or equivalent $51,372
 Case manager $55,659
 Warden/superintendent $77,456

 OPTIONS

 Roll Call Direct Care
 SYSTEM POSITION Pay Stipend

ALABAMA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ALASKA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ARIZONA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ARKANSAS CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CALIFORNIA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

COLORADO CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CONNECTICUT CO at entry (1) Yes Yes
 CO after first year (working
 Captain or equivalent conditions
 Case manager stipend)
 Warden/superintendent

DELAWARE CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

DISTRICT OF CO at entry No No
COLUMBIA CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

FLORIDA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

GEORGIA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ILLINOIS CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

INDIANA CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

KENTUCKY CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

LOUISIANA CO at entry
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MAINE CO at entry No Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MARYLAND CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MASSACHUSETTS CO at entry Yes N/A
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MICHIGAN CO at entry Yes, No
 CO after first year COs only
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MINNESOTA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden

MISSISSIPPI CO at entry
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden

MISSOURI CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MONTANA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEBRASKA CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEVADA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEW HAMPSHIRE CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEW JERSEY CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEW MEXICO CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEW YORK CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NORTH CAROLINA CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NORTH DAKOTA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

OHIO CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

OKLAHOMA CO at entry Yes, shift No
 CO after first year briefing
 Captain or equivalent included
 Case manager in regular
 Warden/superintendent hourlys

OREGON CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

PENNSYLVANIA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

RHODE ISLAND CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

SOUTH CAROLINA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

SOUTH DAKOTA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

TENNESSEE CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

TEXAS CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

WEST VIRGINIA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

WISCONSIN CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

WYOMING CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA CO at entry Yes No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NOVA SCOTIA CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ONTARIO CO at entry No No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CORRECTIONAL CO at entry Yes
SERVICE CANADA CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

 OPTIONS

 Longevity Other
 SYSTEM POSITION Supplement

ALABAMA CO at entry Yes $8 per day
 CO after first year subsistence
 Captain or equivalent for each day
 Case manager worked
 Warden/superintendent

ALASKA CO at entry Yes Geographical
 CO after first year differential,
 Captain or equivalent hazard pay and
 Case manager standby pay
 Warden/superintendent

ARIZONA CO at entry No Geographical
 CO after first year stipend, edu-
 Captain or equivalent cational stip-
 Case manager end, hazardous
 Warden/superintendent duty pay, uni-
 form allowance
 and a signing
 bonus
 (currently not
 in use)

ARKANSAS CO at entry No Hazard pay,
 CO after first year CLIP bonus
 Captain or equivalent (percentage of
 Case manager annual wage)
 Warden/superintendent and career
 service bonus
 ($300-$600,
 depending on
 years of
 service)

CALIFORNIA CO at entry Yes Physical fit-
 CO after first year ness and edu-
 Captain or equivalent cational leave
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

COLORADO CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CONNECTICUT CO at entry (1) Yes Meal allowance
 CO after first year and weekend
 Captain or equivalent differential
 Case manager for NP-4-level
 Warden/superintendent officers

DELAWARE CO at entry No Hazardous duty
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

DISTRICT OF CO at entry No Overtime;
COLUMBIA CO after first year within grade,
 Captain or equivalent step increase
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

FLORIDA CO at entry No CERT teams;
 CO after first year FSP and Union
 Captain or equivalent CI, $50
 Case manager biweekly
 Warden/superintendent

GEORGIA CO at entry No Adjustments
 CO after first year for some posi-
 Captain or equivalent tions based on
 Case manager job responsi-
 Warden/superintendent bilities

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO CO at entry No Working on a
 CO after first year holiday
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ILLINOIS CO at entry Yes Bilingual pay,
 CO after first year call-back pay,
 Captain or equivalent standby pay
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

INDIANA CO at entry No Working
 CO after first year leader, 4.5%
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS CO at entry No Longevity
 CO after first year bonus after 10
 Captain or equivalent years of
 Case manager service, up to
 Warden/superintendent $1,000

KENTUCKY CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

LOUISIANA CO at entry Premium pay
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MAINE CO at entry Yes Weekend
 CO after first year differential
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MARYLAND CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MASSACHUSETTS CO at entry Yes Education
 CO after first year incentive
 Captain or equivalent applies to
 Case manager non-management
 Warden/superintendent

MICHIGAN CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MINNESOTA CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden

MISSISSIPPI CO at entry
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden

MISSOURI CO at entry No N/A
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

MONTANA CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEBRASKA CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEVADA CO at entry Yes, semi-
 CO after first year annually upon
 Captain or equivalent completion of
 Case manager 8 years of
 Warden/superintendent continuous
 service

NEW HAMPSHIRE CO at entry Yes $1,300 annual
 CO after first year hazardous duty
 Captain or equivalent pay
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEW JERSEY CO at entry No Cost-of-living
 CO after first year increase,
 Captain or equivalent based on
 Case manager bargaining
 Warden/superintendent agreement

NEW MEXICO CO at entry No Geographic
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NEW YORK CO at entry Yes Security
 CO after first year enforcement
 Captain or equivalent differential,
 Case manager location pay
 Warden/superintendent

NORTH CAROLINA CO at entry Yes Weeklyend and
 CO after first year holiday
 Captain or equivalent premium pay,
 Case manager mentor pay,
 Warden/superintendent geographic
 differential

NORTH DAKOTA CO at entry No Merit/equity/
 CO after first year workload
 Captain or equivalent adjustment
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

OHIO CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

OKLAHOMA CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

OREGON CO at entry No Certification,
 CO after first year 3%-6%, relief
 Captain or equivalent differential,
 Case manager 5% and non-
 Warden/superintendent security
 differential

PENNSYLVANIA CO at entry Yes, for CO 1 COs receive a
 CO after first year and 2 after 5 clothing
 Captain or equivalent years allowance
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

RHODE ISLAND CO at entry Yes, depend- Incentive pay
 CO after first year ing on union after comple-
 Captain or equivalent contract tion of train-
 Case manager ing classes;
 Warden/superintendent supplemental
 pay (for
 certain
 unions) for a
 degree when
 not required

SOUTH CAROLINA CO at entry No Step increase
 CO after first year for COs of 3%
 Captain or equivalent and 2% in
 Case manager 6-month inter-
 Warden/superintendent vals, after
 meeting
 experience
 requirements

SOUTH DAKOTA CO at entry Yes 5% after 2
 CO after first year years as a CO
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

TENNESSEE CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

TEXAS CO at entry No Hazardous duty
 CO after first year pay of $7 per
 Captain or equivalent month for each
 Case manager year of
 Warden/superintendent service in
 certified
 position with
 a maximum of
 $210 per month

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT CO at entry No Competency
 CO after first year training
 Captain or equivalent supplement,
 Case manager $1,400 per
 Warden/superintendent year for 40
 hourlys of
 training

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

WEST VIRGINIA CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

WISCONSIN CO at entry Yes Standby and
 CO after first year on-call pay
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

WYOMING CO at entry Yes
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

NOVA SCOTIA CO at entry No Public service
 CO after first year award
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

ONTARIO CO at entry No
 CO after first year
 Captain or equivalent
 Case manager
 Warden/superintendent

CORRECTIONAL CO at entry Yes Based on clas-
SERVICE CANADA CO after first year sification,
 Captain or equivalent bilingual
 Case manager bonus, offend-
 Warden/superintendent er supervisory
 allowance, in-
 mate escorts,
 dog handler
 allowance,
 responsibility
 allowance,
 clothing
 allowance

(1) CONNECTICUT: Wages for correctional officers are based on a
36.25-hour week.

(2) NEBRASKA: After first year, correctional officer wages are
based on labor contract step plan.

WAGES AND BENEFITS--TABLE 2: FRINGE BENEFITS

 SYSTEM COST-OF-LIVING MERIT INCREASES

ALABAMA 3%, by law 5%

ALASKA 2%, subject to annual 3.75%, based on
 negotiation steps; set through 8
 years and varies
 thereafter

ARIZONA Varies, based on the Varies, based on the
 state Legislature state Legislature

ARKANSAS 2.6%, by state general Career Ladder
 assembly and governor Incentive program

CALIFORNIA Based on established 5%
 index

COLORADO N/A N/A

CONNECTICUT Varies, based on 3%, approximately
 negotiated contract or
 governor approval

DELAWARE 2% for all employees, N/A
 based on legislation

DISTRICT OF Depends on budget 3.33%
COLUMBIA forecast and union
 negotiations

FLORIDA 2.5%, based on annual N/A
 legislative approval

GEORGIA N/A 2.25%, determined
 annually by the
 Legislature

HAWAII No response No response

IDAHO Depends on available N/A
 funding in state budget

ILLINOIS 3%-4%, based on annual Up to 5%, reviewed
 union contract annually

INDIANA N/A N/A

IOWA No response No response

KANSAS Based on annual 2.5%, if funded by the
 Legislature determination Legislature

KENTUCKY 2.7% N/A

LOUISIANA N/A 4%, with a
 satisfactory
 performance rating

MAINE 2%-3%-2% for the last 3- 4%-5%
 year collective bargain-
 ing agreement

MARYLAND None None

MASSACHUSETTS 3%, based on collective 3%, for managers
 bargaining agreements only

MICHIGAN 2% 5% maximum, for
 wardens and
 administrators

MINNESOTA 3.5% average, depend- 3%-6%
 ing on contract year

MISSISSIPPI N/A N/A

MISSOURI N/A Determined by the
 Legislature

MONTANA 4% as determined by the N/A
 Legislature

NEBRASKA Varies, based on N/A
 contract negotiations

NEVADA 2%-4%, as determined 4.5%
 by the Legislature

NEW HAMPSHIRE 2%, depending on Automatic
 contract negotiations

NEW JERSEY Based on union contract 5% average for
 for aligned staff aligned staff; based
 on salary regulations
 for nonaligned staff

NEW MEXICO Varies as determined by Determined by the
 the Legislature Legislature

NEW YORK Varies, based on N/A
 contract negotiations

NORTH CAROLINA N/A N/A

NORTH DAKOTA N/A Varies as determined
 by the Legislature

OHIO Varies, based on N/A
 contract negotiations and
 state law

OKLAHOMA Varies as determined by N/A
 the Legislature

OREGON 2%-4%, based on N/A
 biannual contract
 negotiations

PENNSYLVANIA 3.3% 2.1%

RHODE ISLAND Varies, based on Step increases,
 contract negotiations based on years of
 service or time in
 position

SOUTH CAROLINA Based on the Legislature Based on the
 Legislature

SOUTH DAKOTA 3%, increasing 2.5%, N/A
 depending on job class

TENNESSEE Varies N/A

TEXAS N/A N/A

UTAH No response No response

VERMONT Varies, based on Unknown
 contract negotiations

VIRGINIA No response No response

WASHINGTON Based on the Legislature 5%

WEST VIRGINIA N/A N/A

WISCONSIN 2% for nonunion staff; Unavailable
 contract for union mem-
 bers currently being
 negotiated

WYOMING N/A Department compre-
 hensive plan

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA Based on contract 3.8%, approximately
 negotiations

NOVA SCOTIA 1%, determined by union 4.09%, negotiated
 contract

ONTARIO Based on contract Up to 6%, based on
 negotiations position and
 performance

CORRECTIONAL N/A N/A
SERVICE CANADA

 SYSTEM LEAVE OF ABSENCE PAID HOLIDAYS

ALABAMA N/A 13 per year

ALASKA 15-30 days, based on 11 days, negotiated
 years of service with unions

ARIZONA 12 days, based on 8 10 days
 hours per month

ARKANSAS 180 days, not to 10 days, 11 if day
 exceed 6 months after Thanksgiving set
 by governor

CALIFORNIA 1 year; must meet 13 days, plus 1 paid
 established criteria personal holiday per
 fiscal year

COLORADO 6.66 hours per month All legal holidays, as
 and can accrue a designated by the
 maximum of 360 governor or the
 hours; over-accrued president
 sick leave is conver-
 ted to annual leave

CONNECTICUT 15 days for illness, 12 days
 plus 3 personal days
 per year

DELAWARE 15-21 days 12 days, plus 1 for
 election day

DISTRICT OF 13 days entry level to 10 days, based on
COLUMBIA 26 days after 15 duty schedule
 years

FLORIDA Based on LWOP, 9 days
 Military, MFLA and
 workman's comp

GEORGIA 15 days, for sick 12 days
 leave

HAWAII No response No response

IDAHO 12 days, increasing 10 days
 with length of service

ILLINOIS 1 day per month for 12 days, plus 1 day
 illness; accumulated during alternate years
 indefinitely for long- for election day
 term illness (1)

INDIANA N/A 14 days, for 2002

IOWA No response No response

KANSAS 12 days per year with 9 days
 unlimited accumula-
 tion for sick leave

KENTUCKY 1 day per month for 11.5 days, plus 1 day
 illness, if a full-time in presidential
 employee; up to 20 election years
 days after 240
 months of service

LOUISIANA 12 days; 21 days 8-12 days
 after 21 years of
 service

MAINE N/A 12 days

MARYLAND N/A 11 days, 12 in an
 election year

MASSACHUSETTS Up to 52 days for 13 days
 FMLA

MICHIGAN Unavailable 12 days

MINNESOTA N/A 11 days, including 1
 floating holiday

MISSISSIPPI 18-27 days, based on 10 days
 length of service

MISSOURI Up to 5 hours per pay 13 days, determined
 period, for sick leave by legislation

MONTANA 12 days 10 days

NEBRASKA N/A 12 days

NEVADA 15 days for sick leave 11 days

NEW HAMPSHIRE 12-50 days per year, 10 days
 based on length of
 service

NEW JERSEY N/A 13 days

NEW MEXICO N/A 10 days

NEW YORK 13 days for sick leave 12 days
 plus 5 personal days

NORTH CAROLINA N/A 11 days; 12 when
 Christmas falls on
 Tuesday, Wednesday
 or Thursday

NORTH DAKOTA Varies, based on 10.5 days
 reasons for request

OHIO Based on contract 10 days
 negotiations and state
 law

OKLAHOMA Unavailable 10 days

OREGON 12 days, sick leave (8 11 days
 hours per month)

PENNSYLVANIA 13 days, sick leave (2) 11 days

RHODE ISLAND 15 days, sick leave; 10 days
 leave without pay
 depending on circum-
 stances

SOUTH CAROLINA 20 days without pay (3) 12 days

SOUTH DAKOTA N/A 10 days

TENNESSEE N/A 13 days

TEXAS 30 days for general 12 days, based on
 leave; 6 months for the Legislature
 sick leave

UTAH No response No response

VERMONT Unknown 11 days, including 2
 state holidays

VIRGINIA No response No response

WASHINGTON 12 days, sick leave 11 days, including 1
 personal day

WEST VIRGINIA N/A 15 days

WISCONSIN 5 hours per 2-week 9 days
 pay period if full-time
 staff, sick leave

WYOMING N/A 9 days

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA Approved on an 11 days
 individual basis

NOVA SCOTIA N/A 11 days

ONTARIO N/A 11 days

CORRECTIONAL 15 days, cumulative if 14 days
SERVICE CANADA not used

 SYSTEM PAID VACATION EDUCATION CHILD CARE
 REIMBURSEMENT

ALABAMA 4 hours per pay N/A N/A
 period; 5 hours
 after 5 years

ALASKA 15-30 days, based 100%, negotiable N/A
 on years of service for job-related
 courses

ARIZONA 12-21 days, based Stipends available N/A
 on years of service

ARKANSAS 12 days for 20 N/A N/A
 years; up to 22.5
 days thereafter

CALIFORNIA 12-22 days, for $100 per month for N/A
 3-20 years of state those attaining 60
 service semester units or
 an AA degree in an
 accredited college

COLORADO Accrues from 8-14 50% for courses N/A
 hours per month to from accredited
 a maximum of 336 institutions that
 hours, based on benefit the emplo-
 years of service yee and the state

CONNECTICUT 12-15 days, based $1,200 per fiscal May elect
 on years of service year for managers, to parti-
 $90 per credit for cipate in
 undergraduate NP4- a pretax,
 level and $110 for child care
 NP4-level graduates deduction
 plan

DELAWARE 15-21 days, based 100%, depending on N/A
 on years of service available funding

DISTRICT OF Depends on leave Job development N/A
COLUMBIA accumulation training available
 through the D.C.
 Center for
 Workplace

FLORIDA 4-6 hours biweekly Tuition fee waiver N/A
 up to 10 years, applies
 depending on length
 of service

GEORGIA 15-17.5 days, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

HAWAII No response No response No
 response

IDAHO Based on length of N/A N/A
 service

ILLINOIS 10-25 days after 1 50% tuition N/A
 year to 26 or more reimbursement for
 years, based on college job-related
 length of service courses

INDIANA 12 days, plus bonus N/A N/A
 of 3 days after 5
 years; bonus of 13
 days after 15 years

IOWA No response No response No
 response

KANSAS 12-21 days to a N/A N/A
 maximum of 240
 hours, based on
 years of service

KENTUCKY 12-24 days per Available for job- N/A
 year, based on related courses
 length of service

LOUISIANA Unavailable N/A N/A

MAINE 1 day per month N/A N/A
 from 1-5 years of
 service to 2 days
 per month for more
 than 20 years

MARYLAND 10-25 days, based N/A N/A
 on years of service

MASSACHUSETTS 10-25 days, based N/A N/A
 on years of service

MICHIGAN 19.8 days N/A N/A

MINNESOTA 12-27 days, based 75% of tuition N/A
 on years of service only, up to $750

MISSISSIPPI N/A N/A N/A

MISSOURI 5-7 hours per semi- N/A N/A
 month, based on
 years of service

MONTANA 15 days for 1-10 N/A N/A
 years of service

NEBRASKA 12 days for first 5 80% for any state N/A
 years school

NEVADA 15 days (leave) N/A N/A

NEW HAMPSHIRE 12-50 days per N/A N/A, but
 year, based on flex time
 length of service hours are
 available

NEW JERSEY 12-25 days, based N/A N/A
 on years of service

NEW MEXICO 10-20 days, based N/A N/A
 on years of service

NEW YORK 13 days, increasing 50% to a maximum of N/A
 with length of $600 per year
 service

NORTH CAROLINA 11.75-25.75, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

NORTH DAKOTA 12-16 days, based Based on course and N/A
 on length of available money
 service

OHIO Varies, up to 30 Based on contract N/A
 days after 25 years negotiations
 of service

OKLAHOMA 10-25 days, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

OREGON 8-17.75 days, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

PENNSYLVANIA 15-35 days for COs, N/A N/A
 7-26 days for other
 staff

RHODE ISLAND 10-28 days, based Based on contract N/A
 on length of negotiations
 service

SOUTH CAROLINA 15 days, increases N/A N/A
 after 10 years

SOUTH DAKOTA 15 days N/A N/A

TENNESSEE 12-24 days, based State pays for 1 N/A
 on length of class per semester
 service

TEXAS 10.5-30 days, based N/A Flexible
 on length of benefits
 service (4)

UTAH No response No response No
 response

VERMONT Varies based on 50% for tuition NA
 length of service only

VIRGINIA No response No response No
 response

WASHINGTON 12-28 days, based Available in N/A
 on length of limited cases
 service

WEST VIRGINIA 15-24 days, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

WISCONSIN 80-200 hours, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

WYOMING Up to 2 days per N/A N/A
 month

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No
OF PRISONS response

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA 3-6 weeks, based on Approved on an N/A
 length of service individual basis

NOVA SCOTIA 15-25 days, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

ONTARIO 15-30 days, based N/A N/A
 on length of
 service

CORRECTIONAL Accrues from 1.25- N/A N/A
SERVICE CANADA 2.5 days per month

(1) ILLINOIS: Other types of leave are available with proper
documentation.

(2) PENNSYLVANIA: 2-8 sick days per year, depending on length of
service, for illness lasting 5 or more consecutive days; sick leave
lasting less than 5 days are deducted from vacation.

(2) SOUTH CAROLINA: Leave without pay is allowed for extremely serious
illness within employee's family or for other hardship situations.

(3) TEXAS: Amounts are deducted from gross pay prior to Social Security
and federal taxes; dependent care reimbursement account is a minimum of
$15 per month to a maximum of $416 per month.

WAGES AND BENEFITS -- TABLE 3: RETIREMENT PLANS

 State Plan,
 Social
 Security
 Years of Age for and
 SYSTEM Service Retirement Deferred

ALABAMA 25 Any age, after Yes
 25 years

ALASKA 5, 20, 55 No
 30

ARIZONA 20 Varies Yes

ARKANSAS 28 65 No

CALIFORNIA 10 Varies from No
 age 50

COLORADO 5, 20, 65, 60, 50 No
 30

CONNECTICUT 20 Any age Yes

DELAWARE 15 Varies from Yes
 25, 30 age 55

DISTRICT OF 20 50 No
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA 30 62 Yes

GEORGIA 30 Any age Yes

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO 5 65 (5) No

ILLINOIS 35 60 (6) Yes

INDIANA 10 Varies from Yes
 15, 30 age 55

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS 10 62 Yes

KENTUCKY Any 65 Yes

LOUISIANA 25 Any

MAINE 25 55

MARYLAND 20, 30 Any age for Yes
 COs; 62 for
 others

MASSACHUSETTS 20 COs, any age No
 after 20 years;
 others, age 55
 with 10 years
 or more

MICHIGAN 30 55 No

MINNESOTA 3 or 55 Yes
 more

MISSISSIPPI 25 60 Yes

MISSOURI 5 62, 65 or 80 Yes

MONTANA 5 60-65 active Yes
 service; any
 age after 30
 years

NEBRASKA N/A 55 No

NEVADA 5, 10, 65, 55, 50 No
 20

NEW HAMPSHIRE 20 65 No

NEW JERSEY Any 60 Yes

NEW MEXICO 25 or Any age Yes
 more

NEW YORK 25 N/A Yes

NORTH CAROLINA 5, 25, 65, 60, any
 30 age with 30

NORTH DAKOTA (8) Yes

OHIO 5 60; 55 with 25 Yes
 years; any age
 after 30 years

OKLAHOMA 20 (9) 62 Yes

OREGON 30 55

PENNSYLVANIA 35 50 for select Yes
 classifications;
 60 for others

RHODE ISLAND 10, 28 60 at 10 years; Yes
 any age after
 28 years

SOUTH CAROLINA 28 65 Yes

SOUTH DAKOTA 3 55 at 20 years; Yes
 45 after 30
 years

TENNESSEE 30 60 Yes

TEXAS 5, 10 60, with varied
 (10) benefits

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT 20 55 Yes

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON (11)

WEST VIRGINIA 25 55 (12) Yes

WISCONSIN 30 57; 59 for Yes
 protective
 position or 55,
 general

WYOMING (13) Yes

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA 10 50 for COs, 55
 for others

NOVA SCOTIA 2 65 No

ONTARIO (14) 65, mandatory

CORRECTIONAL 5 65
SERVICE CANADA

 State
 Plan and State State
 Social Plan and Plan
 SYSTEM Security Deferred Only

ALABAMA No No No

ALASKA No Yes No

ARIZONA Yes Yes Yes

ARKANSAS Yes No No

CALIFORNIA No No Yes

COLORADO No Yes No

CONNECTICUT No No No

DELAWARE No No No

DISTRICT OF No Yes
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA No No No

GEORGIA

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO No No Yes

ILLINOIS Yes No No

INDIANA Yes Yes Yes

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS

KENTUCKY Yes Yes No

LOUISIANA Yes

MAINE Yes

MARYLAND

MASSACHUSETTS No Yes No

MICHIGAN No Yes Yes

MINNESOTA No No No

MISSISSIPPI No No No

MISSOURI No No No

MONTANA Yes Yes Yes

NEBRASKA No Yes No

NEVADA No Yes Yes

NEW HAMPSHIRE Yes No Yes

NEW JERSEY Yes Yes Yes

NEW MEXICO Yes Yes No

NEW YORK No No No

NORTH CAROLINA

NORTH DAKOTA No No No

OHIO No No No

OKLAHOMA

OREGON Yes

PENNSYLVANIA Yes No No

RHODE ISLAND

SOUTH CAROLINA No No No

SOUTH DAKOTA

TENNESSEE Yes Yes Yes

TEXAS

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON Yes

WEST VIRGINIA Yes

WISCONSIN Yes Yes No

WYOMING Yes Yes No

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA Yes

NOVA SCOTIA Yes No No

ONTARIO

CORRECTIONAL
SERVICE CANADA

 Early
 Retirement Early State Plan,
 Years of Retirement Percentage
 SYSTEM Service Age Paid

ALABAMA 10 60 .395%

ALASKA 5 55 100%

ARIZONA (1) 2%

ARKANSAS 5 55

CALIFORNIA N/A N/A

COLORADO 20; 55;
 5 60

CONNECTICUT 5; 65;
 10 55

DELAWARE 15 55 100%

DISTRICT OF 25 (2) 50%
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA (3) 100%

GEORGIA 10 60 (4) 10.7%

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO 5 N/A 9.77%

ILLINOIS 20; 55; 9.53%
 25 50

INDIANA 15 50- 3%
 60

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS 3 52 65%

KENTUCKY 20 Any 17.6%

LOUISIANA 14.1%

MAINE Yes

MARYLAND 15 55 Varies

MASSACHUSETTS N/A (7) N/A 50%
 for
 COs

MICHIGAN 25 51

MINNESOTA More 50- 7.98%
 than 55
 3

MISSISSIPPI N/A N/A 9.75%

MISSOURI 5 57 Yes

MONTANA 25 50 6%

NEBRASKA N/A N/A N/A

NEVADA 25 Any 28.5%

NEW HAMPSHIRE 10 N/A .082%

NEW JERSEY 25 Any Yes

NEW MEXICO N/A N/A 25.1%

NEW YORK N/A N/A Yes

NORTH CAROLINA 20, 50, None
 5 60

NORTH DAKOTA N/A N/A

OHIO No N/A 13.31%
 and
 14%

OKLAHOMA 6 55 10%

OREGON 15.7%

PENNSYLVANIA N/A Yes

RHODE ISLAND 20 50 Varies

SOUTH CAROLINA 5 60 12.7%

SOUTH DAKOTA 30 45 8%

TENNESSEE N/A N/A 100%

TEXAS 6%

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT 20 9%

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON 1.32%

WEST VIRGINIA 10 60 2%

WISCONSIN N/A N/A 13%

WYOMING N/A N/A 100%

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA 25 50 2%

NOVA SCOTIA 30 50 2%

ONTARIO N/A

CORRECTIONAL 20 45 60%
SERVICE CANADA

 SYSTEM Comments on State Plan Payments

ALABAMA

ALASKA

ARIZONA

ARKANSAS Final average salary times 1.72%

CALIFORNIA Based on 8% of the compensation in
 excess of $863 per month for those in
 Peace Officer classifications; the state
 pays 12.923%

COLORADO At age 55, benefits are reduced 3% per
 year and at 6% per year between ages 50
 and 55.

CONNECTICUT Employee contribution of 50% after 20
 years of hazardous duty, based on an
 average of the highest 3 years of
 continuous service

DELAWARE

DISTRICT OF
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA Special risk classifications

GEORGIA

HAWAII No response

IDAHO

ILLINOIS

INDIANA

IOWA No response

KANSAS

KENTUCKY Early retirement figures are for hazardous
 duty only

LOUISIANA

MAINE Varies according to union affiliation and is
 based on wages earned

MARYLAND Based on age and length of service

MASSACHUSETTS Depends on age and length of service for
 all others

MICHIGAN

MINNESOTA Annual contribution of gross salary;
 employee contributes 5.69% of gross
 salary

MISSISSIPPI

MISSOURI Varies

MONTANA

NEBRASKA Employees contribute 4.33% pretax of their
 first $19,954 of annual salary and 4.8%
 thereafter; the state contributes 156% of
 employees' contributions

NEVADA No employee contributions; 14.75% for
 employee/employer-paid plans

NEW HAMPSHIRE Receive half of highest wage earned after
 20 years of service

NEW JERSEY Varies

NEW MEXICO

NEW YORK Employees hired since 7/27/76 pay 3% of
 their salary for 10 years; remainder is paid
 by the state

NORTH CAROLINA

NORTH DAKOTA

OHIO The percentages vary based on two
 different computing systems

OKLAHOMA 10% of wages for a defined benefit
 retirement plan; the state matches the first
 25% contributed monthly by employees

OREGON Percentage is based on gross wages

PENNSYLVANIA 2.5% times the number of years of service
 times the highest 3-year average wages;
 employees contribute 6.25% of wages

RHODE ISLAND 7.68% current year; state retirement plan is
 required; deferred is optional

SOUTH CAROLINA Reduced benefits apply for early retirement

SOUTH DAKOTA The percentage is matched by the
 employee

TENNESSEE The noncontributory plan went into
 effective in 1981

TEXAS 6% pretax is contributed by employees

UTAH No response

VERMONT The age for early retirement varies

VIRGINIA No response

WASHINGTON 50% of actual retirement

WEST VIRGINIA 2% for each year of service

WISCONSIN 16.7% for employees in protective
 positions

WYOMING

FEDERAL BUREAU No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA The 2% is approximate and based on
 number of years of service times the
 average wages for the highest 5 years

NOVA SCOTIA 2% per year of service to a maximum 70%

ONTARIO

CORRECTIONAL
SERVICE CANADA

(1) ARIZONA: All categories depend on whether the employee is
enrolled in a deferred compensation plan and/or eligible for
Social Security.

(2) DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Involuntary separation for other than
disciplinary reasons at any age.

(3) FLORIDA: A 5% per year reduction in benefits every year before
age 62; introduced a Retirement Investment Program in July 2002.

(4) GEORGIA: Under an older plan, employees may retire after 25
years if under age 60 or after 34 years at any age.

(5) IDAHO: The age for general retirement and for early retirement
is 65, after a minimum of 5 years of service, or a combination of
age and years of service to equal 80 for COs and 90 for support staff.

(6) ILLINOIS: Age 60, or when years of service plus age equals or
exceeds 85.

(7) MASSACHUSETTS: Special legislation could be passed during a
state fiscal crisis.

(8) NORTH DAKOTA: Employees whose age and length of service equal 85.

(9) OKLAHOMA: The 20 years of service refers to COs, probation and
parole officers, and fugitive apprehension agents.

(10) TEXAS: Employees whose age and length of service equal age 80
also qualify for retirement with full benefits.

(11) WASHINGTON: A number of state plans offered with varying criteria.

(12) WEST VIRGINIA: The years of service plus age must equal 80.

(13) WYOMING: The years of service plus age must equal 85.

WAGES AND BENEFITS -- TABLE 4: INSURANCE OPTIONS

 TYPE OF PERCENTAGE PAID PERCENTAGE PAID
 SYSTEM INSURANCE BY AGENCY BY EMPLOYEE

ALABAMA Health; other 100% $164 for
 companies may dependents
 offer life,
 cancer, heart,
 etc., to be
 handled through
 payroll
 deductions

ALASKA Health; also a 100% N/A
 health trust
 negotiated with
 unions

ARIZONA Health, life, Varies by county Generally, 10%
 dental and type of for health and
 insurance 35% for dental,
 selected by the 100% for life
 employee; and remainder
 generally, 90% due for
 for health, 65% dependent
 dental for coverage
 employee; 80%
 for dependent
 health and 55%
 for dependent
 dental

ARKANSAS Health Options very per Options very per
 plan; the state plan; the state
 matches $247 per matches $247 per
 each position each position

CALIFORNIA Health, dental, Approximately 25% for health;
 vision 75% for health 20% for dental;
 and dental; 100% none for vision
 for vision

COLORADO Health, dental $166 per month Employees may
 for single pay the
 employee, $239 difference for
 with 1 dependent an upgraded
 and $329 for 2 dental plan
 or more
 dependents; 100%
 for basic dental

CONNECTICUT Health, dental Approximately Approximately
 85% for employee 15% for employee
 health and 80% health and 20%
 for family; 100% for family; 20%
 for dental for for family
 employee and 80% dental
 for family

DELAWARE Life, dependent Per union 100% for both
 life contract, $2,000 life and
 in cash for life dependent life
 plan

DISTRICT OF Unavailable
COLUMBIA

FLORIDA Health, life, $220 per month $37 per month
 dental, supple- for state for employee
 mental hospi- health; $450 per state health;
 talization, month for state $134 per month
 disability, health (family); for state health
 cancer, 80% for state (family); 100%
 automobile, life for dental and
 legal, group all supplemental
 life policies

GEORGIA Health; life, 13.1% for health 100% for all
 disability, other options
 legal, dental,
 AD&D, vision,
 college
 savings, long-
 term care,
 dependent
 health and/or
 child care

HAWAII No response No response No response

IDAHO Health, dental, $389 per month Varies
 life for health;
 $30-$40 per
 month for
 dental; $14 per
 month for life

ILLINOIS Health, dental, Varies, Varies,
 vision, life depending on depending on
 annual salary annual salary
 and plan and plan
 selected selected

INDIANA Health, dental, Varies by plan Approximately 5%
 vision selected but for health and
 approximately 60% for family
 95% for health; vision
 100% for dental
 and vision

IOWA No response No response No response

KANSAS Medical, Varies, Varies,
 dental, vision depending on the depending on the
 area of the cost of the
 state in which coverage and the
 the employee number of family
 resides members covered
 by the policy

KENTUCKY Health 100% for 100% for
 full-time full-time
 employees who employees who
 contribute to a contribute to a
 state-sponsored state-sponsored
 retirement plan retirement plan
 (family)

LOUISIANA Health, life 65% for health; 35% for health;
 50% for life 50% for life

MAINE Health, dental 100% for health 40% for family
 and for dental; health; 100% for
 60% for family family dental
 health

MARYLAND Health, dental, 80% for health, 20% for health,
 vision, life, dental, vision dental, vision;
 AD&D varies for all
 other options

MASSACHUSETTS Health 85% 15%

MICHIGAN Medical, 5% for health 95% for medical
 dental, vision, and for dental and dental; 100%
 life for vision and
 life

MINNESOTA Health, dental, 100%
 life

MISSISSIPPI Medical, Varies, Varies,
 dental, life, depending on the depending on the
 legal plan plan

MISSOURI Health $381 per month Remainder of the
 cost

MONTANA Medical, Unavailable Unavailable
 dental, life

NEBRASKA Health, dental, 79% for health; 21% for health;
 life 100% for basic 100% for
 life supplemental
 life and dental

NEVADA Health 100% 100% for
 dependents

NEW HAMPSHIRE Health, dental, 100% for health Varies for life;
 life and dental employees
 typically pay 5%
 of wages for
 life insurance

NEW JERSEY Health, dental, 100% for health; 50% for dental
 life 100% for group
 life, if
 enrolled in the
 Police and
 Firemen's
 Retirement
 Service policy;
 50% for dental

NEW MEXICO Health, dental, 60%-75%, 25%-40%,
 vision, life depending on depending on
 wages wages; 100% for
 supplemental
 life

NEW YORK Health, dental, 90% for health 10% for health;
 vision, (75% for 25% for
 prescriptions dependent dependent health
 health); 100%
 for dental and
 vision; 100% for
 prescriptions
 (until 1/1/03)

NORTH CAROLINA Health, dental, Varies for 100% for all
 vision, life, health, supplemental
 AD&D, legal, depending on the plans
 dependent day plan
 care,

NORTH DAKOTA Health, dental, 100% for health; 100% for dental
 vision, life $1,300 for basic and vision; 100%
 life for supplemental
 life up to
 $500,000

OHIO Health, dental, 100% for dental, 10% for health
 vision vision and life; (full-time
 90% for health employees may
 choose an
 optional plan at
 higher ratio)

OKLAHOMA Health, dental, 100%
 life,
 disability

OREGON Health, dental 100%

PENNSYLVANIA Health, dental, Varies, Varies,
 vision, life, depending on the depending on the
 prescriptions, plan plan
 hearing aids,
 mental health,
 substance abuse

RHODE ISLAND Health, life, 100% for health 100% for all
 disability, other options
 cancer

SOUTH CAROLINA Health, dental 80% 20%
 approximately approximately

SOUTH DAKOTA Health 100% 100% for family
 coverage

TENNESSEE Health, dental, 80% for health; 20% for health;
 life 100% for basic 100% for dental
 term life (1) and optional life
 plans

TEXAS Health, dental, Varies, Varies,
 life, depending on the depending on the
 disability, plan plan
 AD&D, long-term
 care, SKIP (2)

UTAH No response No response No response

VERMONT Health, dental Varies, Varies,
 depending on the depending on the
 plan; routine plan
 dental care is
 100% covered
 after deductible

VIRGINIA No response No response No response

WASHINGTON Health, dental, 77%-100% for Up to 23% for
 life, health and health and
 disability dental (limited dental
 by county and/or
 city of
 residence); life
 and disability
 are optional

WEST VIRGINIA Health, dental, 85% for health; 15% for health;
 vision, life 100% for life dental and
 vision are
 optional

WISCONSIN Health, life, Varies from Varies for
 disability, 50%-100% for health and life
 AD&D, major health and life, plans; 100% for
 medical depending on the AD&D and major
 plan; disability medical
 varies,
 depending on the
 balance of sick
 leave

WYOMING Health, dental, $301 per month
 life toward total
 costs

FEDERAL BUREAU No response No response No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA Health, dental, 100% for 100% for
 vision, employee and extended health;
 prescriptions dependent group 20% for dental,
 health; 80% for vision and
 dental, vision prescriptions
 and
 prescriptions

NOVA SCOTIA Life, Varies, based on Varies, based on
 disability amount of amount of
 coverage and coverage and
 union membership union membership

ONTARIO Life 100% for basic 100% for
 life supplemental and
 dependent life

CORRECTIONAL Health, dental, Varies, Varies,
SERVICE CANADA life, depending on the depending on the
 disability, plan plan
 AD&D

(1) TENNESSEE: The state provides between $20,000 and $50,000 of term
life insurance for all employees who carry health insurance determined
by earned annual wages.

(2) TEXAS: The State Kids Insurance Program provides an additional
contribution over and above the regular state contribution toward
health insurance premiums of eligible dependent children.

WAGES AND BENEFITS -- TABLE 5: UNIONS/ASSOCIATIONS

SYSTEM UNION PARTICIPATION ASSOCIATION AFFILIATION

ALABAMA Alabama Highway Alabama State Employee
 Maintenance Local Association, Alabama
 State Correctional
 Association

ALASKA AFSCME (Association of Alaska Public Safety
 Federal, State, County Employees Association
 Municipal Employees),
 AFL-CIO, Public Employees
 Local 71

ARIZONA AFSCME, Arizona N/A
 Conference of Police and
 Sheriffs

ARKANSAS N/A N/A

CALIFORNIA California Peace Officers N/A
 Association

COLORADO Colorado Association of N/A
 Public Employees,
 Colorado Federation
 of Public Employees,
 Colorado Information
 Management Association,
 Colorado State
 Investigators'
 Association, Colorado
 State Managers
 Association

CONNECTICUT AFSCME N/A

DELAWARE AFSCME, Correctional N/A
 Officers Association of
 Delaware

DISTRICT OF Fraternal Order of Police ACA, Middle Atlantic
COLUMBIA States Correctional
 Association, National
 Association of Blacks in
 Criminal Justice,
 National Institute of
 Corrections

FLORIDA Police Benevolent N/A
 Association

GEORGIA N/A N/A

HAWAII No response No response

IDAHO N/A (unions are available Idaho State Correctional
 but not required) Employees Association
 (optional)

ILLINOIS AFSCME Illinois State Employee
 Association, Illinois
 Nurses Association

INDIANA AFSCME, Unity N/A

IOWA No response No response

KANSAS AFSCME Kansas Association of
 Public Employees

KENTUCKY Unknown Unknown

LOUISIANA AFSCME N/A

MAINE AFSCME, Maine State N/A
 Employees Association,
 Maine State Troopers
 Association

MARYLAND AFSCME Maryland Correctional
 Employees Association

MASSACHUSETTS Massachusetts Correction N/A
 Officer Federated Union,
 National Association of
 Government Employees,
 Service Employees
 International Union,
 Massachusetts Nurses
 Association

MICHIGAN Michigan Corrections N/A
 Organization, United Auto
 Workers

MINNESOTA AFSCME, Minnesota N/A
 Association of
 Professional Employees,
 Middle Management
 Association

MISSISSIPPI State Employees N/A
 Association of
 Mississippi, Correctional
 Peace Officers,
 Mississippi Association
 of State Employees

MISSOURI N/A Missouri Correctional
 Officer Association

MONTANA Montana Educational/ N/A
 Teachers associations,
 Montana Public Employees
 Association, Teamsters,
 Independent Brotherhood
 of Electrical Workers

NEBRASKA AFSCME, Nebraska N/A
 Association of Public
 Employees

NEVADA N/A Nevada Corrections
 Association, State of
 Nevada Employee
 Association, Teamsters
 Local #14

NEW HAMPSHIRE State Employees N/A
 Association of New
 Hampshire

NEW JERSEY State Policemen's N/A
 Benevolent Association
 for Correction (for
 entry-level recruits
 through captains)

NEW MEXICO N/A N/A

NEW YORK New York State N/A
 Correctional Officers and
 Police Benevolent
 Association, Inc.,
 Council 82

NORTH CAROLINA N/A State Employees
 Association of North
 Carolina, ACA

NORTH DAKOTA N/A North Dakota Public
 Employees Association

OHIO AFSCME, Ohio Civil N/A
 Service Employees
 Association, Service
 Employees International
 Union, State Council of
 Professional Educators

OKLAHOMA N/A Oklahoma Public Employees
 Association

OREGON AFSCME, Association of N/A
 Corrections Employees,
 Service Employees
 International Union

PENNSYLVANIA AFSCME, Federation of N/A
 State Cultural and
 Educational
 Professionals, Service
 Employees International
 Union, Pennsylvania
 Social Services Union,
 Pennsylvania State
 Corrections Officer
 Association, Pennsylvania
 Nurses Association,
 Correctional Institution
 Vocational Education
 Association, Pennsylvania
 Doctor's Alliance

RHODE ISLAND AFSCME, Rhode Island N/A
 Brotherhood of
 Correctional Officers,
 Howard Teachers Union,
 Rhode Island Employed
 Physicians Association,
 Rhode Island Probation
 and Parole Association

SOUTH CAROLINA N/A N/A

SOUTH DAKOTA N/A N/A

TENNESSEE N/A Tennessee State Employees
 Association

TEXAS N/A N/A

UTAH No response No response

VERMONT N/A Vermont State Employees
 Association, Corrections
 Bargaining Unit

VIRGINIA No response

WASHINGTON Teamsters Lieutenants Association

WEST VIRGINIA Communication Workers of West Virginia
 America Correctional Association,
 Southern States
 Correctional Association

WISCONSIN Wisconsin State Employees N/A
 Union, Wisconsin
 Professional Employees
 Council, Crafts,
 Wisconsin Science
 Professionals, State
 Engineering Association,
 Wisconsin Attorneys
 Association, Physicians
 and Dentists Association,
 Professional Employees in
 Research, Statistics and
 Analysis, United
 Professionals in Quality
 Health Care, Wisconsin
 Education Association
 Council

WYOMING N/A N/A

FEDERAL BUREAU No response
OF PRISONS

CANADIAN SYSTEMS

MANITOBA Manitoba Government and N/A
 General Employees Union
 (excludes small
 percentage of
 superintendents and
 deputy superintendents)

NOVA SCOTIA Nova Scotia Government N/A
 Employees Union

ONTARIO Ontario Public Service N/A
 Employees Union,
 Association of
 Management,
 Administration and
 Professional Crown
 Employees of Ontario

CORRECTIONAL Union of Canadian N/A
SERVICE CANADA Correctional Officers,
 Public Service Alliance
 of Canada
COPYRIGHT 2003 American Correctional Association, Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2003 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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