W3C Director Tim Berners-Lee to Be Knighted by Queen Elizabeth Web Inventor Recognized for Contributions to Internet Development.Business Editors/High-Tech Writers
http://www.w3.org/--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Dec. 31, 2003
Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web and director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C (World Wide Web Consortium, www.w3.org) An international industry consortium founded in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee to develop standards for the Web. It is hosted in the U.S. by the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) at MIT (www.csail.mit.edu/index.php). ), will be made a Knight Commander, Order of the British Empire (KBE KBE (in Britain) Knight (Commander of the Order) of the British Empire ) by Queen Elizabeth. This was announced earlier today by Buckingham Palace as part of the 2004 New Year's Honours list.
The rank of Knight Commander is the second most senior rank of the Order of the British Empire, one of the Orders of Chivalry awarded. Berners-Lee, 48, a British citizen who lives in the United States, is being knighted in recognition of his "services to the global development of the Internet" through the invention of the World Wide Web.
"This is an honor which applies to the whole Web development community, and to the inventors and developers of the Internet, whose work made the Web possible, " stated Berners-Lee. "I accept this as an endorsement of the spirit of the Web; of building it in a decentralized de·cen·tral·ize
v. de·cen·tral·ized, de·cen·tral·iz·ing, de·cen·tral·iz·es
1. To distribute the administrative functions or powers of (a central authority) among several local authorities. way; of making best efforts to keep it open and fair; and of ensuring its fundamental technologies are available to all for broad use and innovation, and without having to pay licensing fees."
"By recognizing the Web in such a significant way, it also makes clear the responsibility its creators and users share," he continued. "Information technology changes the world, and as a result, its practitioners cannot be disconnected from its technical and societal impacts. Rather, we share a responsibility to make this work for the common good, and to take into account the diverse populations it serves."
Born in London, Berners-Lee graduated from the Queen's College at Oxford University, England in 1976. While there he built his first computer with a soldering iron, TTL (1) (Time To Live) A parameter in a network packet that sets a time limit to its validity. In order to prevent an IP packet from propagating endlessly through the network, the value in the TTL field is reduced by each router. gates, an M6800 processor and an old television.
In 1980, while Berners-Lee worked as a consultant software engineer at CERN CERN or European Organization for Nuclear Research, nuclear and particle physics research center straddling the French-Swiss border W of Geneva, Switzerland. , the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva Geneva, canton and city, Switzerland
Geneva (jənē`və), Fr. Genève, canton (1990 pop. 373,019), 109 sq mi (282 sq km), SW Switzerland, surrounding the southwest tip of the Lake of Geneva. , he wrote for his own private use his first program for storing information using the kind of random associations the brain makes. The "Enquire" program -- which was never published -- formed the conceptual basis for the future development of the Web.
While at CERN in 1989, he proposed a global hypertext project to be known as the World Wide Web. Based on the earlier "Enquire" work, it was designed to allow people to work together by combining their knowledge in a Web of hypertext documents.
He wrote the first World Wide Web server, "httpd", and the first client, "World Wide Web," in October 1990. He also wrote the first version of the document formatting language with the capability for hypertext links, known as HTML HTML
in full HyperText Markup Language
Markup language derived from SGML that is used to prepare hypertext documents. Relatively easy for nonprogrammers to master, HTML is the language used for documents on the World Wide Web. .
The program "WorldWideWeb" was first made available within CERN in December 1990, and the first successful demonstration of the Web clients and servers working over the Internet was made that same month. All of his code was made available on the Internet at large in the summer of 1991.
From 1991 to 1993, Berners-Lee continued working on the design of the Web, coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. His initial specifications for URIs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web technology spread.
In 1994, with encouragement and support from the late Michael Dertouzos, director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology, at Cambridge; coeducational; chartered 1861, opened 1865 in Boston, moved 1916. It has long been recognized as an outstanding technological institute and its Sloan School of Management has notable programs in business, (MIT MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology ) Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS LCS - Language for Communicating Systems ), Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium, where he presently serves as director. The W3C coordinates Web development worldwide, with teams at MIT's new Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL CSAIL Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (MIT)
CSAIL Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab ), European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM ERCIM - European Research Consortium on Informatics and Mathematics. An association of European research organisations promoting cooperative research on key issues in Information Technology. ), and Keio University in Japan. Its goal is to lead the Web to its full potential, ensuring its stability through rapid evolution and revolutionary transformations of its usage.
Berners-Lee, who was cited by Time Magazine in 1999 as one of the 100 greatest minds of the 20th century, is a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society Established in 1957, The British Computer Society (BCS) is a body that represents those working in Information and Communications Technology ICT. It is the largest United Kingdom-based professional body for computing. , an Honorary Fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was named a Fellow of the Royal Society Fellow of the Royal Society is an honour accorded to distinguished scientists and a category of membership of the Royal Society. Fellows are entitled to put the letters FRS after their name.
Up to 44 new fellows are elected each year by ballot of the existing fellows. in 2001, and received the Japan Prize in 2002. He was also the recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship in 1998.
He has been awarded many honorary doctorates from universities around the world, including his alma mater (2001). At MIT, he is the holder of the 3Com Founders Chair, and holds the position of senior research scientist at CSAIL.
Berners-Lee is also the author of the book "Weaving The Web" (HarperCollins), published in 1999, which describes the Web's birth and evolution.
About the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
The W3C was created to lead the Web to its full potential by developing common protocols that promote its evolution and ensure its interoperability. It is an international industry consortium jointly run by MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (MIT CSAIL) in the USA, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM) headquartered in France and Keio University in Japan. Services provided by the Consortium include: a repository of information about the World Wide Web for developers and users, and various prototype and sample applications to demonstrate use of new technology. To date, nearly 400 organizations are Members of the Consortium. For more information see http://www.w3.org/
This press release may be found on the Web: http://www.w3.org/2003/12/timbl_knighted.html.en