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Vowel-consonant patterns (Part 1).

In Vowel-Consonant Patterns (Word Ways 77221), Philip Cohen presented a list of words based on 125 of the possible 128 ([2.sup.7]) 7-letter vowel-consonant (V-C) patterns. Somewhat belatedly, this has inspired me to undertake similar exercises for 8-letter words and 9-letter words. As Cohen's article appeared more than 25 years ago, before most of us were aquainted with Word Ways, I have also taken the liberty of repeating his 7-letter exercise, using different words wherever appropriate. Part 1 considers 7- and 8-letter words; Part 2 considers 9-letter words, and also analyses the patterns with regard to the number of words they form.

WORD SOURCES

Webster's Second and Third Editions are the preferred sources for the words in most of the articles and Colloquy items listed in History below, although other sources are usually allowed where no Websterian word is found. By way of contrast, the preferred source for my words is the Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition--head words, variant forms or text words including citations--and words derived from therein. These OED words are unreferenced. Where no OED word is found, I admit other sources. In a few cases I use a word from, or reference to, one of the History items 1 to 8 below, in which case a superscript number indicates the item concerned.

References for non-OED words:

aae = California University Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 16.234; bae = The Bulletin of the Amateur Entomological Society 37.320, 1978; bt = Bloomsbury Thesaurus, 1993; cad = Cooper's Archaic Dictionary, 1876; ch = Chambers English Dictionary; coll = Collins English Dictionary, 1998; dbs = The Dictionary of the Biological Sciences by Peter Gray, 1967; ebw = The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Butterfly World by Paul Smart, 1975; gale = Grzimak's Animal Life Encyclopedia; gb = Bartholomew Gazetteer of Britain, 1977; gg = Genera Graminum (Grasses of the World) by W.D. Clayton and S.A. Penvoize; Hod = Handbook of American Indians edited by F.W. Hodge, 1907; lo = Longmans Dictionary; lv = Language on Vacation by Dmitri Borgmannn, 1965; nwd = The New Welsh Dictionary, 1970; nz = Nomenclator Zoologicus; ospd = Official Scrabble Players Dictionary; st = Stedman's Medical Dictionary; tf = Tertiary Faunas vol 1, 1971; wcd = Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Fifth Edition 1943; w2/w3 = Webster's Second/Third Edition; WW = Word Ways Italicised refs. are locations found in The United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN): Alg = Algeria; Aus = Austria; Bul = Bulgaria; Bur=Burma; Cam = Cambodia; Chi = China; Con = Republic of the Congo; Cro = Croatia; Cyp = Cyprus; Cze = Czechoslovakia; Est = Estonia; FP = French Polynesia; Fra = France; Gun = Guinea; Ino =Indonesia; IC = Ivory Coast; Ita = Italy; Mal = Mall; Man = Mauritania; Mor = Morocco; Moz = Mozambique; Net = Nether- lands; PN = Papua New Guinea; Phl = Philippines; Pol = Poland; Rom = Romania; Rus = Russia; Sen = Senegal; SA = South Africa; Syr = Syria; Tog = Togo; Tun = Tunisia; Ukr = Ukraine

HISTORY

Here is a brief resume of pertinent items which have appeared in previous issues of Word Ways. Several of them concentrate on V-C patterns which have an excess of Vs or an excess of Cs. In chronological order, the items are:

1. WW68138 Seven-Letter Words in which Dmitri Borgmann lists 7-letter words having an excess of Cs or Vs, specifically those with no more than 2 Vs (28 patterns) or no more than 2Cs (28 patterns) respectively. According to Cohen, however, most of Borgmann's words were taken, without credit, from an article by Robert Hooke (`Al Gebra') in the August 1949 issue of The Enigma.

2. WW69136 Vowel Language by Temple G. Porter is a crossword made of vowel-rich words.

3. WW70213 Six Vowels, Two Of The Other in which Darryl Francis looks for 8-letter words having 6Vs and 2Cs (28 patterns).

4. WW74140 Vowel Tetragrams by Darryl Francis includes several vowel-rich 8-letter words. More in Colloquy 74213 and 75021.

5. WW77221 Vowel-Consonant Patterns in which Philip Cohen looks for 7-letter words with each of the 128 possible V-C patterns. He also notes a few longer vowel-rich words.

6. WW85107 in Dutch Crow-Eggs by George J. Levenbach, we find KOEIEOOG (cow's eye), REEEEELT (a callus on a deer), UIEAAIER (onion-caresser), and KRAAIEEI (crow's egg), all 8-letter vowel-rich Dutch words.

7. WW2000236 Near-Alternating Vowels and Consonants in which Ross Eckler selects the 178 10-letter V-C patterns with no more than 2Cs or 2Vs in a run--as the most likely for which to find examples. He confines his search to Webster's Second Edition.

8. WW2001196 Dual Perms by Rex Gooch includes 8-letter transposals in which the position occupied by a vowel in one word is occupied by a consonant in the other.

THE LETTER Y

The letter Y sometimes acts as a consonant, sometimes as a vowel. This often prompts Word Ways contributors to specify `Y is treated as a consonant' or `Y is treated as a vowel'. More often than not, we specify its treatment as a consonant simply because it suits us to do so and also because, subconsciously at least, it intrudes on our concept of a vowel, namely one of the 5 letters A, E, I, O and U. Perversely, Y acts as a vowel more often than as a consonant. In the History items above, Borgmann (1) treats Y as a consonant whilst Francis (3) treats it as a vowel. Cohen (5) only admits Y in a strictly vocalic capacity, and then only if no better word can be found. In the current article I don't admit Y in either capacity. Perhaps Tennyson was sending we contributors a message in his Charge of the Light Brigade when he said "Their's not to reason why ..."

THE PATTERNS

A single example is provided for each of the patterns wherever possible. Palindromes, tautonyms, and phrases are excluded. Gaps indicate patterns for which no word was found. Patterns beginning with a consonant are referred to as C patterns, and those beginning with a vowel as V patterns.

Italicised patterns denote those for which 1 to 5 words were found.

Underlined patterns denote those for which 1000+ words were found.

Asterisked * patterns denote a palindromic or tautonymic V-C arrangement.

The lists read across the pages.
VOWEL-CONSONANT PATTERNS IN 7-LETTER WORDS (128 = [2.sup.7] patterns)

Cohen (5) found words for all 64 C patterns, and for 61 of the 64 V
patterns. I present a largely different list, and fill two of the
three missing V patterns leaving vCCCCCC waiting to be filled.

7-LETTER C PATTERNS

CCCCCCC * LLWCHW[R.sup.5]
CCCCCvv SHTCHE[E.sup.5]
CCCCvvC SCHMEER
CCCvCCv SCRUPLE
CCCvvCC THROUGH
CCCvvvv STRAUUE
CCvCCvC RHOMBUS
CCvCvCv CHARADE
CCvvCCC THOUGHT
CCvvCvv PRAIRIE
CCvvvvC PLOUIER
CvCCCCv NAPHTHA
CvCCvCC NETWORK
CvCCvvv POMPEII
CvCvCvC * LEXICON
CvCvvCv BEHEADS
CvvCCCC WEIGHTS
CvvCCvv TOURNEE
CvvCvvC * LEAGUES
CvvvCCv SEEABLE
CvvvvCC GOOIEST (coll)
Cvvvvvv ZOUOUIA (Mor)
CCCCCCv THRWSSE
CCCCvCC SCHLOSS
CCCCvvv VNGRAUE
CCCvCvC PHRASES
CCCvvCv SCROOGE
CCvCCCC KNIGHTS
CCvCCvv SHAMPOO
CCvCvvC PRONOUN
CCvvCCv TREACLE
CCvvvCC * SHOEING
CCvvvvv CLAIEIE
CvCCCvC * PANGRAM
CvCCvCv BUFFALO
CvCvCCC DELIGHT
CvCvCvv FATIGUE
CvCvvvC CURIOUS
CvvCCCv MAESTRO
CvvCvCC MEANING
CvvCvvv NOUVEAU
CvvvCvC LIAISON
CvvvvCv REUEALE
CCCCCvC CWMBRAN
CCCCvCv SCHRENE
CCCvCCC * STRINGS
CCCvCvv SCRAPIE
CCCvvvC THREIES
CCvCCCv CHUCKLE
CCvCvCC * PROVERB
CCvCvvv SPIRAEA
CCvvCvC SPOONER
CCvvvCv SQUEEZ[E.sup.5]
CvCCCCC DIRNDLS
CvCCCvv MORPHIA
CvCCvvC WORDIER
CvCvCCv GORILLA
CvCvvCC FOREIGN
CvCvvvv SEQUOI[A.sup.5]
CvvCCvC DOUBLET
CvvCvCv COINAGE
CvvvCCC COOINGS
CvvvCvv SUOIDEA (gale)
CvvvvvC * MIAOUED[(wcd).sup.5]

7-LETTER V PATTERNS

vvvvvvv * OIOUEA[E.sup.2]
vvvvvCC AEAEANS[(w2).sup.5]
vvvvCCv AIOURNE
vvvCvvC AEONIAN
vvvCCvv IOUKRIE
vvvCCCC OUACHRD(Mor)
vvCvvCv AUREOLE
vvCvCvC AEROBIC
vvCCvvv EUPNOEA
vvCCvCC AUGMENT
vvCCCCv AESCHNA (ch)
vCvvvvC AQUEOU[S.sup.5]
vCvvCvv AQUARIA
vCvvCCC UNEARTH
vCvCvCv * ANIMATE
vCvCCvC UTENSIL
vCCvvvv AGREEUE
vCCvvCC INQUEST
vCCvCCv * ENHANCE
vCCCvvC APPLAUD
vCCCCvv ELSTREE
vCCCCCC
vvvvvvC IUAEIEN
vvvvCvv EUAEMI[A.sup.5]
vvvvCCC AUOUGHS
vvvCvCv OUURAGE
vvvCCvC IOUGLER
vvCvvvv OUTAOUI[(Mor).sup.5]
vvCvvCC OILIEST
vvCvCCv AUDIBLE
vvCCvvC AUCTION
vvCCCvv * AINTREE
vvCCCCC EIGHTH[S.sup.5]
vCvvvCv * EQUIAXE
vCvvCvC EQUATOR
vCvCvvv EVACUEE
vCvCvCC ITALICS
vCvCCCv EXAMPLE
vCCvvvC ENVIOUS
vCCvCvv EMPORIA
vCCvCCC EXTINCT
vCCCvCv ATHLETE
vCCCCvC UNSCREW
vvvvvCv OUAOURI (Mor)
vvvvCvC IAIOLER
vvvCvvv * OUABAI[O.sup.5]
vvvCvCC AEONIST
vvvCCCv IOOMBLE
vvCvvvC AERIOUS
vvCvCvv * AUTOCUE
vvCvCCC AIRINGS
vvCCvCv AIRLINE
vvCCCvC EARTHED
vCvvvvv ARAOUIA[(Mor).sup.5]
vCvvvCC EPEEIST
vCvvCCv AMIABLE
vCvCvvC EROSION
vCvCCvv INERTIA
vCvCCCC AMONGST
vCCvvCv OBVIATE
vCCvCvC APRICOT
vCCCvvv IMPROUE
vCCCvCC OSTRICH
vCCCCCv * ARCHDDU(place)

VOWEL-CONSONANT PATTERNS IN 8-LETTER WORDS (256 = [2.sup.8] patterns)
Words were found for 126 of the 128 C patterns, and for 123 of the
128 V patterns.

8-LETTER C PATTERNS

CCCCCCCC * CWMFFRWD(nwd)
CCCCCCvv
CCCCCvvC PWNCHEON
CCCCvCCv SCHRIMPE
CCCCvvCC SCHNOOKS
CCCCvvvv
CCCvCCvC CHRISTEN
CCCvCvCv CHLORINE
CCCvvCCC * STRAIGHT
CCCvvCvv SCHOOLIE
CCCvvvvC CHLEOUAT (Mor)
CCvCCCCv TRINCKLE
CCvCCvCC * CHAMBERS
CCvCCvvv DRAMBUIE
CCvCvCvC PHONETIC
CCvCvvCv PTOMAINE
CCvvCCCC THOUGHTS
CCvvCCvv * WHOOPSIE
CCvvCvvC CROUPIER
CCvvvCCv CREAUNCE
CCvvvvCC * CLEEUERS
CCvvvvvv GRIOUIOU (Mor)
CvCCCCvC * KICKSHAW
CvCCCvCv FILTRATE
CvCCvCCC PATTERNS
CvCCvCvv FORMULAE
CvCCvvvC GORGEOUS
CvCvCCCv RESEMBLE
CvCvCvCC LIMERICK
CvCvCvvv MINUTIAE
CvCvvCvC * ZODIACAL
CvCvvvCv RADIOIZE
CvvCCCCC HEIGHTHS
CvvCCCvv SEAMFREE
CvvCCvvC * QUESTION
CvvCvCCv QUOTABLE
CvvCvvCC HEAVIEST
CvvCvvvv MEULEUEE
CvvvCCvC QUAINTER
CvvvCvCv MEIOCENE
CvvvvCCC COUEISTS
CvvvvCvv CAUEAREE
CvvvvvvC * REUIUOUR
CCCCCCCv SCHTSCHI
CCCCCvCC VTTRMEST
CCCCCvvv CHHNGAEU(Cam)
CCCCvCvC CHTHONIC
CCCCvvCv SCHRIEVE
CCCvCCCC STRENGTH
CCCvCCvv STRUTHIO
CCCvCvvC SPLENOID
CCCvvCCv SCROUNGE
CCCvvvCC SPREEING
CCCvvvvv SCREAUUA
CCvCCCvC * PROMPTED
CCvCCvCv FRACTURE
CCvCvCCC TWILIGHT
CCvCvCvv CRITIQUE
CCvCvvvC STUDIOUS
CCvvCCCv SQUIGGLE
CCvvCvCC THEORIST
CCvvCvvv CLOUSEAU
CCvvvCvC SQUEALED
CCvvvvCv TRAUAILE
CvCCCCCC FISCHSCH
CvCCCCvv CONSTRUE
CvCCCvvC MISCHIEF
CvCCvCCv MULTIPLE
CvCCvvCC LINGUIST
CvCCvvvv DESCEIUE
CvCvCCvC LIPOGRAM
CvCvCvCv * LITERATE
CvCvvCCC RESEARCH
CvCvvCvv DETAINEE
CvCvvvvC HAREIOUS
CvvCCCCv COURSCHE
CvvCCvCC YOURSELF
CvvCCvvv COUSTEAU
CvvCvCvC DIAGONAL
CvvCvvCv DIAPAUSE
CvvvCCCC RAUASCHT
CvvvCCvv FEEOFFEE
CvvvCvvC BEAUTIED
CvvvvCCv COUUERTE
CvvvvvCC QUEUEING
Cvvvvvvv HAOUAOUI(Mor)
CCCCCCvC THRWNTER
CCCCCvCv HWKSTARE
CCCCvCCC SCHNAPPS
CCCCvCvv SCHKAGUE(Hod)
CCCCvvvC PHTHIOIC
CCCvCCCv * SCRABBLE
CCCvCvCC PHRASING
CCCvCvvv SCHIZAEA (w2)
CCCvvCvC THREATEN
CCCvvvCv SCRIVANO
CCvCCCCC TWELFTHS
CCvCCCvv TROCHLEA
CCvCCvvC FRONTIER
CCvCvCCv CHARISMA
CCvCvvCC CHEQUERS
CCvCvvvv BRODIAEA[(w2).sup.4]
CCvvCCvC PREACHER
CCvvCvCv BREAKAGE
CCvvvCCC TRIEUMPH
CCvvvCvv SQUEEGEE
CCvvvvvC SLEAUUOL
CvCCCCCv WOSCHSSE
CvCCCvCC * PUZZLING
CvCCCvvv BUDDLEIA
CvCCvCvC COMPUTER
CvCCvvCv DORMOUSE
CvCvCCCC GALUMPHS
CvCvCCvv DISAGREE
CvCvCvvC DIVISION
CvCvvCCv SEQUENCE
CvCvvvCC CANOEIST
CvCvvvvv BEQUEAUE
CvvCCCvC POUCHFUL
CvvCCvCv JAUNDICE
CvvCvCCC DIADELPH
CvvCvCvv DIALOGUE
CvvCvvvC CAESIOUS
CvvvCCCv NOUEMBRE
CvvvCvCC MIAOWING
CvvvCvvv * BEAULIEU
CvvvvCvC GUAIACIN
CvvvvvCv ZAAOUATA(Mor)

8-LETTER V PATTERNS

vvvvvvvv *
vvvvvvCC OUAOUARG(Mor)
vvvvvCCv OUAOUCHA(Mor)
vvvvCvvC IEIUNIUM
vvvvCCvv IUUENTEE
vvvvCCCC
vvvCvvCv IEALOUSE
vvvCvCvC IAIVELIN
vvvCCvvv * OUACHAOU(Mor)
vvvCCvCC EUECTICS
vvvCCCCv UAAKKNMA(Ukr)
vvCvvvvC OUTOUAI[S.sup.3]
vvCvvCvv * IULOIDEA (w2)
vvCvvCCC AUDIENTS
vvCvCvCv OOLOGIZE
vvCvCCvC AUTUMNAL
vvCCvvvv AISSAOU[A.sup.3]
vvCCvvCC * EARLIEST
vvCCvCCv AIGRETTE
vvCCCvvC EIGHTEEN
vvCCCCvv * AUGSTSEE(Aus)
vvCCCCCC AARRGHHS(ospd)
vCvvvvCv * EGUEIITE (w2)
vCvvvCvC ISOIONIC
vCvvCvvv ABOITEAU
vCvvCvCC IDEALISM
vCvvCCCv AGAINSTE
vCvCvvvC EXIGUOUS
vCvCvCvv EPILOGUE
vCvCvCCC ISOMORPH
vCvCCvCv * OVERTURE
vCvCCCvC EVENTFUL
vCCvvvvv EZZAOUIA (Mor)
vCCvvvCC ACQUAINT
vCCvvCCv * AMBIENCE
vCCvCvvC ADDITION
vCCvCCvv INSIGNIA
vCCvCCCC ADJUNCTS
vCCCvvCv INCREASE
vCCCvCvC ORTHODOX
vCCCCvvv ONTCHOUO(Con)
vCCCCvCC ABSTRACT
vCCCCCCv * ULTSCHNA (Hod)
vvvvvvvC AIAOUAIS[(Hod).sup.2]
vvvvvCvv EOOAIGE[E.sup.2]
vvvvvCCC
vvvvCvCv OUUERAGE
vvvvCCvC AUAUNCES
vvvCvvvv OUAMOUIA(nz)
vvvCvvCC OUIGOURS
vvvCvCCv UIOLENCE
vvvCCvvC AUENTOUR
vvvCCCvv AUOWTRIE
vvvCCCCC
vvCvvvCv * IANIUERE
vvCvvCvC AUREOLIN
vvCvCvvv EIRONEIA
vvCvCvCC EERINESS
vvCvCCCv IACINTHE
vvCCvvvC AESTUOUS
vvCCvCvv EUPHORIA
vvCCvCCC OUTRIGHT
vvCCCvCv OOSPHERE
vvCCCCvC EARLSHIP
vCvvvvvv INOEIOIO(Moz)
vCvvvvCC OBEIAUNS
vCvvvCCv AQUIESCE
vCvvCvvC EQUATION
vCvvCCvv ARAIGNEE
vCvvCCCC UNEARTHS
vCvCvvCv INITIATE
vCvCvCvC * ESOTERIC
vCvCCvvv APATHEIA
vCvCCvCC ISOTHERM
vCvCCCCv AFERSCHE
vCCvvvvC ANNOIOUS
vCCvvCvv ILLOOPOO
vCCvvCCC UNLEARNT
vCCvCvCv EXPOSURE
vCCvCCvC ACROSTIC
vCCCvvvv INGREEUE
vCCCvvCC ALTHOUGH
vCCCvCCv EXCHANGE
vCCCCvvC OFFSHOOT
vCCCCCvv AZGDNDIA(Tun)
vCCCCCCC
vvvvvvCv OUAOUILA(Mor)
vvvvvCvC OIOEIDES (ch)
vvvvCvvv OUIANAIA(Mal)
vvvvCvCC IUIEMONT
vvvvCCCv AUUERGNE
vvvCvvvC * IEALIOUS
vvvCvCvv UUESULAE
vvvCvCCC AEONISTS
vvvCCvCv AUENTURE
vvvCCCvC IOUSTLES
vvCvvvvv AETAEAE[I.sup.2]
vvCvvvCC IOWAIANS
vvCvvCCv AUDIENCE
vvCvCvvC EUROPEAN
vvCvCCvv AUTOPSIA
vvCvCCCC IACINTHS
vvCCvvCv AESTUATE
vvCCvCvC OUTLINED
vvCCCvvv IERDSEIE
vvCCCvCC EARTHISH
vvCCCCCv AISCHCHA(Rus)
vCvvvvvC AGAIOUAR(Mor)
vCvvvCvv * EQUOIDEA (tf)
vCvvvCCC EPEEISTS
vCvvCvCv EQUALIZE
vCvvCCvC ORIENTAL
vCvCvvvv EPOPOEIA
vCvCvvCC ELOQUENT
vCvCvCCv UNIVERSE
vCvCCvvC ADOPTION
vCvCCCvv URETHRAE
vCvCCCCC ABOWGHTS
vCCvvvCv INQUEERE
vCCvvCvC OPTIONAL
vCCvCvvv ASSAGAIE
vCCvCvCC IRRITANT
vCCvCCCv ASSEMBLE
vCCCvvvC UNCTUOUS
vCCCvCvv INTRIGUE
vCCCvCCC * INSTINCT
vCCCCvCv INSCRIBE
vCCCCCvC ANGSTROM


PATTERNS SHARED

In Near-Alternating Vowels and [Consonants.sup.7], Ross Eckler cites the apposite EISENHOWER and AUTOCRATIC as sharing the same V-C pattern vvCvCCvCvC. Amongst 7-letter words, I discovered that HAVANAS and CIGARED both have the pattern CvCvCvC. This same pattern forms the basis of a group of mathematical words ... COSINES, DECIMAL, DIVIDED, DIVISOR, FIGURES, HEXAGON, MINUSES, NUMERAL ...and a pair of near synonyms: DEDUCED, LOGICAL
Readers will also be familiar with these 7-letter words:

CvCvCvC CAPITAL, LEXICON, LITERAL, SIMILES, VOCALIC
CvCvCCv BALANCE, CADENCE, CEDILLA
CvCCvCC BIGRAMS, CASSELL, COLLINS, LADDERS, LETTERS, NETWORK,
 NUMBERS, PATTERN
vCvCvCC ITALICS, EDITING
vCvCCCv EPISTLE, EXAMPLE

Amongst 8-letter words, ANGLICAN and ORTHODOX both have the pattern
vCCCvCvC, and DIVORCES and FINISHED both have the pattern CvCvCCvC.
Other groups include:

CvCvCvCv DATABASE, GENITIVE, VOWELIZE
CCvCvCvC CHARADES, CLERIHEW, MNEMONIC, PHONETIC, RHOPALIC
CvCvCCvC LIPOGRAM, MALAPROP, METAPHOR, REVERSAL
CvCvCvCC DECODING, DOCUMENT, LIMERICK
CCvCCvCC SHIFTING, SNOWBALL, SPELLING, TRIGRAMS
CvCCCvCC PANGRAMS, PUZZLING, MISPRINT, WEBSTERS, WORDLESS
CvCCvCvC COMPUTER, MATRICES, PENTAGON, SINGULAR
vCCvCCvC ACROSTIC, ANTIGRAM
vCCvCvCv APPOSITE, OBSOLETE
vCCvCvCC APHORISM, ASTERISK, INDEXING


OPPOSING PATTERNS

Each C-V pattern has its opposing V-C pattern in which a C in one word is represented by a V in the other and vice versa. Appropriately, word pairs based on these opposing V-C patterns can have antonymic, or near antonymic, meanings:
7 letters:
CvCvCvC--vCvCvCv LOWERED--ELEVATE, FOREVER--EPISODE, BOTANIC--
 ANIMATE, RELATES--EVASIVE, SIMILAR--UNALIKE,
 NOTICES--UNAWARE, DISUSED--UTILIZE
CvvCvvC--vCCvCCv CAUTION--ADVANCE, WEENIER--IMMENSE

8 letters:

CvCvCvCC--vCvCvCvv FOREWARD--EPILOGUE


Words based on opposing patterns sometimes make phrases, as with this 7-letter example: CvvCvCv--vCCvCvC LEISURE ARCADES

These same two patterns are responsible for he who IMBIBES the OPTIMUM MEASURE of ALCOHOL.

The reader might like to try another exercise--searching for pairs of words with back to front V-C patterns such as ANAGRAM (vCvCCvC) and SURNAME (CvCCvCv).
COPYRIGHT 2002 Jeremiah Farrell
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2002 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Title Annotation:word games
Author:Thorpe, Susan
Publication:Word Ways
Date:Nov 1, 2002
Words:2230
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