Visa backlogs grow for foreign scientists, students. (Security Beat).Two new antiterrorism an·ti·ter·ror·ist
Intended to prevent or counteract terrorism; counterterror: antiterrorist measures.
an laws are creating unreasonable backlogs and I delays for foreign scientists and students seeking to enter the United States United States, officially United States of America, republic (2005 est. pop. 295,734,000), 3,539,227 sq mi (9,166,598 sq km), North America. The United States is the world's third largest country in population and the fourth largest country in area. , said Albert Teich, director of science and policy programs for the American Association for the Advancement of Science American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), private organization devoted to furthering the work of scientists and improving the effectiveness of science in the promotion of human welfare. .
Nearly a third of all doctoral degrees awarded in this country each year go to foreign nationals, Teich said. Most of them remain in the United States after completing their studies, making "an enormous contribution to U.S. science and technology," he said. "More than a third of U.S. Nobel Laureates Winners of the Nobel Prize are scientists, writers and peacemakers who have been awarded in their field of endeavour, and who are known collectively as either Nobel laureates or Nobel Prize winners. are foreign born."
Before passage of the two laws--the USA Patriot Act USA PATRIOT Act [Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorists], 2001, U.S. of 2001 and the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002--it generally took a foreign student no longer than 30 days to get a visa. Today, visa applications from 26 Arab and Muslim nations are required to receive special FBI security checks before approval, no matter how long it might take, Teich said. Since last summer, consular officers have been applying this procedure to applicants from many countries beyond the 26, including China, he said.