Violent crime: content revised 02/17/06.Definition
Violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and nonnegligent manslaughter manslaughter, homicide committed without justification or excuse but distinguished from murder by the absence of the element of malice aforethought. Modern criminal statutes usually divide it into degrees, the most common distinction being between voluntary and , forcible forc·i·ble
1. Effected against resistance through the use of force: The police used forcible restraint in order to subdue the assailant.
2. Characterized by force; powerful. rape, robbery robbery, in law, felonious taking of property from a person against his will by threatening or committing force or violence. The injury or threat may be directed against the person robbed, his property, or the person or property of his relative or of anyone in his , and aggravated assault A person is guilty of aggravated assault if he or she attempts to cause serious bodily injury to another or causes such injury purposely, knowingly, or recklessly under circumstances manifesting extreme indifference to the value of human life; or attempts to cause or purposely or . According to according to
1. As stated or indicated by; on the authority of: according to historians.
2. In keeping with: according to instructions.
3. the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR (Under Color Removal) A method for reducing the amount of printing ink used. It substitutes black for gray color (equal amounts of cyan, magenta and yellow). Thus black ink is used instead of the three CMY inks. See GCR and dot gain. ) Programdefinition, violent crimes involve force or threat of force.
Trend Rate per 100,000 Year Number of offenses inhabitants 2003 1,383,676 475.8 2004 1,367,009 465.5 Percent change -1.2 -2.2
National Volume, Trends, and Rates
In 2004, there were an estimated 1,367,009 violent crimes nationwide. Of these, aggravated assaults comprised 62.5 percent; robbery, 29.4 percent; forcible rape, 6.9 percent; and murder, 1.2 percent. (Based on Table 1.)
The UCR Program examines data in increments of 2, 5, and 10 years to formulate formulate /for·mu·late/ (for´mu-lat)
1. to state in the form of a formula.
2. to prepare in accordance with a prescribed or specified method. trend information. From 2003 to 2004, the estimated volume of violent crime in the United States Crime in the United States is characterized by relatively high levels of gun violence and homicide, compared to other developed countries although this is explained by the fact that criminals in America are more likely to use firearms. fell by 1.2 percent. The 5- and 10-year trend data showed that the estimated number of violent crimes decreased 4.1 percent compared with the 2000 figure and 24.0 percent compared with 1995 data. The occurrence of violent crime throughout the Nation in 2004 was estimated at a rate of 465.5 violent offenses per 100,000 inhabitants
The game is based loosely on the concepts from SameGame. , continuing a 13-year decline. (See Tables 1 and 1A.)
A look at the volume of individual offenses within the violent crime category showed that in a year-to-year comparison of 2003 and 2004 data, the estimated number of robberies decreased 3.1 percent, of murders 2.4 percent, and of aggravated assaults 0.5 percent. The only violent crime to show any increase from 2003 to 2004 was forcible rape at 0.8 percent. (See Tables 1 and 1A.)
In terms of the rate of offenses for each of the four violent crimes, aggravated assault had the highest rate, estimated at 291.1 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. There were an estimated 136.7 robberies, 32.2 forcible rapes, and 5.5 murders for each 100,000 resident population in 2004. (See Table 1.)
Regional Offense Trends and Rates
As explained in Appendix appendix, small, worm-shaped blind tube, about 3 in. (7.6 cm) long and 1-4 in. to 1 in. (.64–2.54 cm) thick, projecting from the cecum (part of the large intestine) on the right side of the lower abdominal cavity. III, the UCR Program groups the states into four regions: the Northeast “Northeastern” redirects here. For the Boston college, see Northeastern University, Boston.
Northeast or north east is the ordinal direction halfway between north and east. It is the opposite of southwest. See boxing the compass. , the Midwest Midwest or Middle West, region of the United States centered on the western Great Lakes and the upper-middle Mississippi valley. It is a somewhat imprecise term that has been applied to the northern section of the land between the Appalachians , the South, and the West. The population distribution of the regions is provided in Table 3, and the estimated volume and rate of violent crime by region are presented in Table 4. An examination of violent crime by region showed that:
The Northeast accounted for an estimated 18.6 percent of the Nation's population and an estimated 15.6 percent of violent crime in 2004. Of the four regions, the Northeast had the largest decrease, 2.5 percent, in the volume of violent crime. In addition, each of the offense types comprising the violent crime category had decreases in the volume of violent crime when compared with 2003 data. The number of robbery offenses fell 3.3 percent; forcible rape, 2.7 percent; aggravated assault, 2.0 percent; and murder, 1.9 percent.
In this region, there were an estimated 390.7 violent crimes for each 100,000 resident population, a 2.8-percent decline from the 2003 rate. By offense, the rates were estimated at 220.6 aggravated assaults, 143.6 robberies, 22.4 forcible rapes, and 4.2 murders per 100,000 inhabitants.
With an estimated 22.4 percent of the Nation's population residing in the Midwest, the region accounted for an estimated 18.8 percent of violent crime. This region had a 1.7-percent decline in violent crime in 2004 compared with 2003 data. The number of murders in that region fell 3.4 percent, aggravated assaults declined 2.1 percent, and robberies decreased 1.6 percent. The offense of forcible rape was the only violent crime that showed an increase in volume (1.1 percent), compared with 2003 data.
The rate of violent crime in the Midwest was estimated at 391.1 offenses per 100,000 resident population, a 2.1-percent decrease from the 2003 rate. There were 233.2 aggravated assaults, 116.8 robberies, and 4.7 murders per 100,000 inhabitants. Forcible rape, with a rate of 36.4 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, was the only violent crime with an increase (0.7 percent) in the rate from the 2003 figure.
The South, the Nation's most populated pop·u·late
tr.v. pop·u·lat·ed, pop·u·lat·ing, pop·u·lates
1. To supply with inhabitants, as by colonization; people.
2. region, had an estimated 36.1 percent of the Nation's inhabitants. An estimated 41.9 percent of the Nation's violent crimes occurred in this region. Overall, violent crime decreased slightly (0.3 percent) in the region when compared with 2003 figures. The number of robberies and murders decreased, 4.1 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively. However, from 2003 to 2004, the estimated volume of forcible rapes and aggravated assaults in that region increased 2.6 percent and 1.2 percent, respectively.
The estimated rate of violent crime in the South was 540.6 offenses per 100,000 in population, a decline of 1.6 percent compared with the 2003 rate. By offense, this region experienced 354.3 aggravated assaults (a 0.2-percent decline), 145.6 robberies (a 5.4-percent decrease), and 6.6 murders (a 5.0-percent decline) per 100,000 in population. Forcible rape was the lone Lone (Hindi: लोन, Urdu: لون) is a Kashmiri tribe in the Kashmir region of India and Pakistan. It is also used as family name. violent crime to increase (1.2 percent) in the rate, 34.1 per 100,000 inhabitants.
With an estimated 23.0 percent of the Nation's population, the West had an estimated 23.7 percent of violent crime. Overall in this region, violent crime declined 1.6 percent. Three of the four violent offenses decreased in the volume of violent crime compared with 2003 data--robbery decreased 2.5 percent, aggravated assaults declined 1.4 percent, and forcible rape declined 0.4 percent. A comparison of the 2004 data with 2003 figures showed that murder was the only offense in the West to show an increase, 0.8 percent.
Overall in this region, the estimated rate of violent crime was 480.7 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, a 3.0-percent decline from the 2003 rate. By offense, the murder rate, 5.7 per 100,000 in population, showed virtually no change from the 2003 data. The rate for aggravated assault was 305.4 per 100,000 inhabitants, a 2.8-percent decrease. The rate of robbery, 136.5, declined 3.9 percent, and the rate of forcible rape, 33.2, decreased 1.8 percent.
The UCR Program aggregates crime data into three community types: Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), cities outside metropolitan statistical areas, and nonmetropolitan counties. Appendix III provides additional information regarding community types. Nearly 83 percent (82.9) of the Nation's population lived in MSAs in 2004. Residents of cities outside MSAs accounted for 6.8 percent of the country's population, and 10.4 percent of the Nation's population lived in nonmetropolitan counties. (Based on Table 2.)
A look at the volume of violent crime by community type showed that an estimated 90.0 percent of violent crime occurred in the Nation's MSAs, 5.5 percent of violent crime occurred in cities outside MSAs, and 4.5 percent of violent crime occurred in the Nation's nonmetropolitan counties. (Based on Table 2.) By community type, the violent crime rates were estimated at 505.8 violent offenses per 100,000 inhabitants within MSAs, 377.0 violent offenses per 100,000 inhabitants in cities outside MSAs, and 201.5 violent offenses per 100,000 inhabitants in nonmetropolitan counties. (See Table 2.)
Population Groups: Trends and Rates
In the UCR Program, data are also aggregated into population groups, a description of which is provided in Appendix III. The Nation's cities collectively had a 1.9-percent decrease in the number of violent offenses in 2004 compared with 2003 data. By city population group, cities with populations of 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants had the lone increase (1.0 percent) in the volume of violent crime. Violent crime decreased by 1.6 percent in the Nation's metropolitan counties but increased slightly (0.3 percent) in the Nation's nonmetropolitan counties. (See Table 12.)
The law enforcement agencies A law enforcement agency (LEA) is a term used to describe any agency which enforces the law. This may be a local or state police, federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). in the Nation's cities, collectively, reported 577.0 violent offenses per 100,000 in population in 2004. By population group with the city label, law enforcement agencies in the Nation's largest cities, those with 250,000 and over inhabitants, reported the highest rate, 932.6 violent crimes for each 100,000 inhabitants in 2004, and agencies in cities with 10,000 to 24,999 inhabitants reported the lowest rate, 303.7. Law enforcement agencies in the Nation's metropolitan counties reported a rate of 331.1 violent crimes per 100,000 resident population; those in nonmetropolitan counties reported a rate of 215.6 violent crimes per 100,000 resident population. (See Table 16.)
The UCR Program collects weapon data for murder, robbery, and aggravated assault offenses. An examination of these data indicated that most violent crime (30.7 percent) involved the use of personal weapons, such as hands, fists, feet, etc. Firearms This is an extensive list of small arms — pistol, machine gun, grenade launcher, anti-tank rifle — that includes variants.
: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Plural of knife.
the plural of knife
knives knife or cutting instruments were used in 15.5 percent of violent crime. Other dangerous weapons were used in 27.3 percent of violent offenses. (Based on Tables 2.9 and 19.)
In the UCR Program, an offense may be cleared by an arrest when at least one person is arrested, charged with the commission of the offense, and remanded to the court for prosecution prosecution n. 1) in criminal law, the government attorney charging and trying the case against a person accused of a crime. 2) a common term for the government's side in a criminal case, as in "the prosecution will present five witnesses" or "the prosecution rests" . An agency may also clear an offense by exceptional means when some force outside the agency's control prevents the arrest of the individual. More in-depth in-depth
Detailed; thorough: an in-depth study.
detailed or thorough: an in-depth analysis
information regarding clearances is provided in Section III.
In 2004, 46.3 percent of violent crime in the Nation was cleared by arrest or exceptional means. Typical of the violent offenses, murder had the highest percentage of offenses cleared. In 2004, law enforcement agencies cleared 62.6 percent of murders, 55.6 percent of aggravated assaults, 41.8 percent of forcible rapes, and 26.2 percent of robberies. (See Table 25.)
A comparison of clearance CLEARANCE, com. law. The name of a certificate given by the collector of a port, in which is stated the master or commander (naming him) of a ship or vessel named and described, bound for a port, named, and having on board goods described, has entered and cleared his ship or vessel data by region showed that law enforcement agencies in the Northeast cleared 50.3 percent of the violent crime reported to them; the West, 47.1 percent; the South, 46.2 percent; and the Midwest, 41.8 percent. (See Table 26.)
Collectively, in the Nation's cities, law enforcement agencies cleared 43.7 percent of violent crime. Of the population groups with the city designation DESIGNATION, wills. The expression used by a testator, instead of the name of the person or the thing he is desirous to name; for example, a legacy to. the eldest son of such a person, would be a designation of the legatee. Vide 1 Rop. Leg. ch. 2.
2. , the Nation's smallest cities, those with 10,000 and less in resident population, had the highest percentage of violent offenses cleared, 57.7 percent. Cities with 250,000 and over inhabitants had the lowest percentage of violent offenses cleared, 38.5 percent. Law enforcement agencies in the Nation's metropolitan counties cleared 54.5 percent of violent crime; agencies in the Nation's nonmetropolitan counties cleared 60.6 percent of violent crime. (See Table 25.)
Clearances and Juveniles
When an individual under the age of 18 (a juvenile juvenile /ju·ve·nile/ (ju´vin-il)
1. pertaining to youth or childhood.
2. a youth or child; a young animal.
3. a cell or organism intermediate between immature and mature forms. ) is cited to appear before juvenile authorities, the incident is cleared by arrest despite the lack of a physical arrest. In addition, the UCR Program considers any clearance that involves both adults (those aged 18 or older) and juveniles as an adult clearance. Therefore, the juvenile clearance data are limited to those clearances involving juveniles only.
In 2004, 12.1 percent of violent crime clearances nationwide involved only juveniles. In the Nation's cities collectively, 12.3 percent of violent crime clearances involved only juveniles. Of the Nation's city population groups, cities with 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants had the highest percentage of clearances for violent crime solely involving juveniles, 14.2 percent; cities with 250,000 and over inhabitants had the lowest percentage, 10.5 percent. Law enforcement agencies in metropolitan counties reported that 12.3 percent of their clearances for violent crime involved only juveniles, and those in the Nation's nonmetropolitan counties, 9.3 percent of clearances. (See Table 28.)
Table 2.1 Violent Crime Percent Distribution by Month, 2000-2004 Month 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 January 7.9 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.8 February 7.2 6.7 6.8 6.4 7.0 March 8.1 7.9 7.9 8.2 8.3 April 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.2 May 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.9 9.0 June 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.6 July 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.2 August 9.1 8.9 9.3 9.2 9.0 September 8.6 8.7 9.2 8.6 8.5 October 8.7 9.0 8.6 8.8 8.6 November 7.8 8.2 7.7 7.9 7.8 December 7.7 8.1 7.7 7.8 7.9 Figure 2.2 Violent Crime Percent Change from 2000 Rate per 100,000 Volume inhabitants 2000 0 0 2001 1.0 -0.4 2002 -0.1 -2.4 2003 -2.9 -6.1 2004 -4.1 -8.1 Note: Table made from line graph.