Unsafe injections cause an estimated 1.3 million deaths every year.
HBV HBV hepatitis B virus.
hepatitis B virus ), hepatitis C virus
hepatitis C virus
HCV 1 Hepatitis C virus, see there 2. Human coronavirus. See Coronavirus. ) and human immunodeficiency virus human immunodeficiency virus
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
A transmissible retrovirus that causes AIDS in humans. (HIV HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), either of two closely related retroviruses that invade T-helper lymphocytes and are responsible for AIDS. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of AIDS in the United States. ). The Vice Chancellor Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Professor Dr. Naushad Ahmed Shaikh talking to reporter here on Friday said that HBV, HCV and HIV viruses initially present no symptoms. He said that HBV is highly infectious and causes the highest number of infections in developing countries where 21.7 million people become infected each year, representing 33 percent of new HBV infections worldwide, while unsafe injections are the most common cause of HCV infection in developing countries, causing two million new infections each year and accounting for 42 percent of cases. About Human Immunodeficiency Virus, he informed that globally nearly two percent of all new HIV infections are caused by unsafe injections. In South Asia up to nine percent of new cases may be caused in this way. Such proportions can no longer be ignored, Prof. Naushad added. Dr. Naushad Ahmed Shaikh said HBV, HCV, and HIV cause chronic infections that lead to disease, disability and death. Those infected with HBV in childhood will typically present with chronic liver disease Chronic liver disease is a liver disease of slow process and persisting over a long period of time, resulting in a progressive destruction of the liver.
It includes amongst others:
midmost of twin epidemics that are claiming far too many lives. He said that the reuse of contaminated needles and syringes has long been established as one of the most efficient ways of transmitting HIV and other diseases including HBV and HCV is analogous to a mini-transfusion of the virus sent directly into the bloodstream. Dr. Naushad Ahmed Shaikh said availability of drug treatment on demand remains a critical goal and services must be expanded to better accommodate growing and diversifying community needs. These services should include a full range of modalities for treatment of users of all types of injectable and non-injectable drugs with a variety of family/life situations, he said. Vice Chancellor also said that it will require more funding and commitment from federal, provincial and local governments, but it is the time to take a hard look at the scientific data and to rethink the value of a law enforcement response to a public health problem. Social service agencies, community-based organizations, housing providers and primary care facilities must become more willing to serve and user-friendlier towards those who are actively using drugs, Naushad added.
(THROUGH ASIA PULSE)