United States : Landmark IMPROVE HF Trial Shows Evidence-Based Programs Result in Improvements in Heart Failure Patients Regardless of Race, and Improves Survival.
The majority of baseline differences in care among race groups studied were reduced or eliminated at 24 months, post-intervention. Funded by Medtronic and recently published in the Journal of the National Medical Association, the study is among the first to assess improvements in the use of clinical guideline-recommended heart failure therapies by race in the outpatient cardiology practice setting.
While African Americans are at greater risk for developing heart failure at an earlier age and at increased risk for disease-related complications and death, studies show that these patients are less likely to receive guideline-recommended medication and device therapies to treat their debilitating condition, said Clyde W. Yancy, M.D., co-chair of the IMPROVE HF steering committee and chief of the Division of Cardiology at Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Seven quality measures were analyzed in the IMPROVE HF study, including use of drug therapy (ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, aldosterone antagonists and anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation atrial fibrillation
Irregular rhythm (arrhythmia) of contraction of the atria (upper heart chambers). The most common major arrhythmia, it may result as a consequence of increased fibrous tissue in the aging heart, of heart disease, or in association with severe infection. ); use of implantable device treatments such as implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT (1) (C RunTime) See runtime library.
(2) (Cathode Ray Tube) A vacuum tube used as a display screen in a computer monitor or TV. The viewing end of the tube is coated with phosphors, which emit light when struck by electrons. ) with a defibrillator defibrillator, device that delivers an electrical shock to the heart in order to stop certain forms of rapid heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias). The shock changes a fibrillation to an organized rhythm or changes a very rapid and ineffective cardiac rhythm to a or pacemaker; and heart failure patient education. Following implementation of the IMPROVE HF physician-based performance interventions, statistically significant improvements in the use of CRT device therapy, aldosterone antagonist drugs and heart failure education were observed across all race groups studied. As confirmed in this study, many physicians do not document race or ethnicity in the outpatient medical chart. However, results from IMPROVE HF demonstrate that improvements in outpatient care and overall treatment adherence were achieved regardless of whether the patient race was African American African American Multiculture A person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. See Race. , Caucasian or undocumented.
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