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Ukrainian political unrest intensifies.

By David Holley MOSCOW--The political camps that faced off against each other during Ukraine's "Orange Revolution" slipped into fresh confrontation Monday as the parliament defied a call by the country's pro-Western president for early elections. The clash between President Viktor Yushchenko Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian: Віктор Андрійович Ющенко   and the parliamentary majority backing pro-Russian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich threatened to spiral into a deeper crisis, as each side accused the other of violating the constitution. Yanukovich's ambitions for the presidency were dashed in 2004 when massive street protests against electoral fraud Electoral fraud is illegal interference with the process of an election. Acts of fraud tend to involve affecting vote counts to bring about a desired election outcome, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates,  forced a presidential runoff Runoff

The procedure of printing the end-of-day prices for every stock on an exchange onto ticker tape.

If the "tape is late" then it can take a long time to print off all the closing prices.
 to be repeated. Yanukovich lost, but he won the prime minister's post last August when he put together a coalition of parties to form a parliamentary majority. In a nationally televised address Monday evening, Yushchenko announced that he had signed a decree dissolving parliament and setting a new election for May 27. Such a decree takes legal effect when published. But parliament, which was meeting when the president made his announcement, swiftly approved a defiant de·fi·ant  
Marked by defiance; boldly resisting.

de·fiant·ly adv.

Adj. 1.
 statement in response, declaring that the decree was "a step towards carrying out a coup d'E[umlaut umlaut (m`lout) [Ger.,=transformed sound], in inflection, variation of vowels of the type of English man to men. ]tat, and cannot be executed." Then in late-evening action, parliament suspended the powers of the Central Election Commission and banned the government from allocating money for an early election. The prime minister then called on Yushchenko not to publish his decree and instead to continue negotiations to resolve disputes between the two sides. Opposition leader Yulia Tymoshenko Yulia[1] Volodymyrivna Tymoshenko (Ukrainian: Юлія Володимирівна Тимошéнко , speaking at a late-night televised rally in the central square of Kiev, the Ukrainian capital, praised the president's decision. "A parliament which has become steeped in corruption and started to ... behave in an anti-Ukrainian manner has no right to a political life," she declared. She called on Yanukovich supporters "not to destabilize de·sta·bi·lize  
tr.v. de·sta·bi·lized, de·sta·bi·liz·ing, de·sta·bi·liz·es
1. To upset the stability or smooth functioning of:
 the situation". The current crisis was triggered when Yanukovich began enticing individual legislators from the opposition to join the ruling coalition, a move Yushchenko said was unconstitutional. Yanukovich, who said the expansion of his bloc was constitutional, appeared to be attempting to build a large enough majority to override presidential vetoes and change the constitution. Critics charged that in some cases the ruling coalition was attracting new members through bribes. In his televised speech, President Yushchenko said his move was "prompted by the acute need to defend the state, its sovereignty and territorial integrity Territorial integrity is the principle under international law that nation-states should not attempt to promote secessionist movements or to promote border changes in other nation-states. Conversely it states that border changes imposed by force are acts of aggression. , and to ensure that Ukraine's basic law, human rights and freedoms are observed." Yushchenko said that the "unconstitutional process" of adding individual lawmakers to the ruling coalition was "a cynical challenge to all of us". He also accused parliament of "adopting illegitimate ILLEGITIMATE. That which is contrary to law; it is usually applied to children born out of lawful wedlock. A bastard is sometimes called an illegitimate child.  and unconstitutional decisions", citing as an example a new law that expanded the prime minister's authority over the cabinet at the expense of presidential powers The executive authority given to the president of the United States by Article II of the Constitution to carry out the duties of the office.

Article II, Section 1, of the Constitution provides that the "executive power shall be vested in a President of the United
. The president's supporters in the 2004 "Orange Revolution", which advocated moving the country quickly toward closer ties with the West, came mainly from Western Ukraine Western Ukraine may refer to:
  • Generally, the territories in the West of Ukraine
  • West Ukrainian National Republic
  • West Ukraine, the Ukrainian part of Kresy
 and Kiev, the capital. Yanukovich's power base is in Eastern Ukraine. With a large number of ethnic Russians and Ukrainians who speak Russian as their first language, the region tends to look more toward Moscow. This geographical division sometimes sparks talk of a threat to the country's territorial integrity. Public opinion polls indicate that if a new election is held, the balance in the new parliament is likely to be roughly split between Yanukovich's coalition, and the bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko, a former prime minister. If either of the two camps win a clear majority in a new election, that could bring greater stability to Ukrainian politics, and a shift toward more clearly pro-Russian or pro-Western policies. It is also possible that a challenge to the presidential decree could go to the Constitutional Court, leaving the country in deadlock See deadly embrace.

(parallel, programming) deadlock - A situation where two or more processes are unable to proceed because each is waiting for one of the others to do something.
 until a ruling is issued. Both camps have shown the ability to mobilize thousands of supporters for street protests, raising the potential for weeks of competing demonstrations and the possibility of clashes between the two sides. nLATWP News ServiceUkrainian political unrest intensifies

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Publication:The Star (Amman, Jordan)
Date:Apr 10, 2007
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