USE OF JAILS AS 'ASYLUMS' CRITICIZED REPORT: REFORMS URGED AS COUNTY CONSIDERS OVERHAUL.Byline: Troy Anderson
As Los Angeles Los Angeles (lôs ăn`jələs, lŏs, ăn`jəlēz'), city (1990 pop. 3,485,398), seat of Los Angeles co., S Calif.; inc. 1850. County supervisors consider a nearly $700 million plan to overhaul the jail system, a report set to be released today highlights a critical need to stop using the nation's jails as "asylums" to warehouse the homeless, mentally ill, addicted and those charged with immigration immigration, entrance of a person (an alien) into a new country for the purpose of establishing permanent residence. Motives for immigration, like those for migration generally, are often economic, although religious or political factors may be very important. offenses.
The report by the Washington, D.C.-based Justice Policy Institute finds communities are bearing the cost of a massive increase in the nation's jail population, which has nearly doubled in less than two decades.
"As other metropolitan areas have demonstrated, there are effective, strategic ways to reduce a jail population without compromising public safety," said Mark Rosenbaum, legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), nonpartisan organization devoted to the preservation and extension of the basic rights set forth in the U.S. Constitution. of Southern California Southern California, also colloquially known as SoCal, is the southern portion of the U.S. state of California. Centered on the cities of Los Angeles and San Diego, Southern California is home to nearly 24 million people and is the nation's second most populated region, .
"Los Angeles County is on the right track by considering these approaches. Our county jail system should not be functioning as Los Angeles' largest mental health facility and homeless shelter Homeless shelters are temporary residences for homeless people. Usually located in urban neighborhoods, they are similar to emergency shelters. The primary difference is that homeless shelters are usually open to anyone, without regard to the reason for need. ."
Currently, only about 10 percent of the nearly 20,000 inmates in Los Angeles County jails have been sentenced. The rest are awaiting court appearances and trials or being held on behalf of the federal government for immigration offenses.
More than half of the people in jails are addicted to drugs and alcohol and about six in 10 suffer from mental illnesses.
"The county's jail plan is necessary, but it's not sufficient," Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky said. "The Justice Policy Institute report goes beyond it, which is how do we deal with a growing population of people in our county jails who really need other kinds of help other than incarceration Confinement in a jail or prison; imprisonment.
Police officers and other law enforcement officers are authorized by federal, state, and local lawmakers to arrest and confine persons suspected of crimes. The judicial system is authorized to confine persons convicted of crimes. , whether it's services for homeless people, those with mental health issues or substance abuse issues."
The report comes as the county last month released a plan to revamp the nation's largest jail system. As proposed, the dangerously overcrowded o·ver·crowd
v. o·ver·crowd·ed, o·ver·crowd·ing, o·ver·crowds
To cause to be excessively crowded: a system of consolidation that only overcrowded the classrooms. Men's Central Jail, known as the "largest jail in the Free World," would be torn down.
The Sybil Brand Institute The Sybil Brand Institute (in full, the Sybil Brand Institute For Women) was a famous county jail in Los Angeles County, California. The facility was named after Sybil Brand (May 8, 1899-February 17, 2004), a noted local philanthropist and civic leader. would be demolished and a 1,024-bed replacement jail would be built at the Monterey Park site, while two 1,024-bed facilities would be built at the Pitchess Detention Center in Castaic.
The plan also calls for a 1,152-bed high-security jail to be built for men at the Mira Loma Detention Center in Lancaster.
The JPI JPI Justice Policy Institute
JPI Java Platform Interface
JPI Japan Petroleum Institute
JPI Joint Packaging Instrumentation
JPI Jinnah Polytechnic Institute (Karachi, Pakistan)
JPI Joint Packaging Instruction report discourages the building of more jails, finding that county jail populations nationwide have increased 21percent since 2001 while state prison populations have dropped 11percent.
In 2004, county governments spent $97 billion on criminal justice, including police, courts and jails, according to the report. The amount spent to finance jails leaped 500 percent from 1983 to 2002, rising from $3 billion to $18 billion.
"These counties just cannot afford to invest the bulk of their local public safety budget in jails, and we are beginning to see why -- the more a community relies on jails, the less it has to invest in education, employment and proven public safety strategies," said Nastassia Walsh, co-author of the report.